Here's a great tip:
Enter your email address and we'll send you our weekly magazine by email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life, week after week. And it's free.
Oh, and don't forget to like our facebook page too!
Printed from chabad.org
All Departments
Jewish Holidays
TheRebbe.org
Jewish.TV - Video
Jewish Audio
News
Kabbalah Online
JewishWoman.org
Kids Zone
Contact Us
Visit us on Facebook
The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Iyov - Job - Chapter 26

Iyov - Job - Chapter 26

E-mail
Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 26

1. Then Job replied and said,   א. וַיַּעַן אִיּוֹב וַיֹּאמַר:
2. "How have you helped the powerless, saved the one who has no strength in his arm?   ב. מֶה עָזַרְתָּ לְלֹא כֹחַ הוֹשַׁעְתָּ זְרוֹעַ לֹא עֹז:
3. How have you advised the one without wisdom, and plentifully declared sound knowledge?   ג. מַה יָּעַצְתָּ לְלֹא חָכְמָה וְתֻשִׁיָּה לָרֹב הוֹדָעְתָּ:
4. Whom did you tell these words, and whose breath emerged from you?   ד. אֶת מִי הִגַּדְתָּ מִלִּין וְנִשְׁמַת מִי יָצְאָה מִמֶּךָּ:
and whose breath emerged from you?: Who put into you this breath that emerged from your mouth? Who does not know this?  
5. Gehinnom is hollow beneath the water and its denizens.   ה. הָרְפָאִים יְחוֹלָלוּ מִתַּחַת מַיִם וְשֹׁכְנֵיהֶם:
Gehinnom: Gehinnom, which weakens the creatures.  
is hollow: Its seven hollows.  
beneath the water and its denizens: in the deepest of the depths, but that too…  
6. Sheol is naked before Him, and there is no cover for Abaddon.   ו. עָרוֹם שְׁאוֹל נֶגְדּוֹ וְאֵין כְּסוּת לָאֲבַדּוֹן:
Sheol is naked before Him: to know and to see all that is within it.  
7. He stretches out the north over chaos; He suspends the earth on nothing.   ז. נֹטֶה צָפוֹן עַל תֹּהוּ תֹּלֶה אֶרֶץ עַל בְּלִימָה:
on nothing: Heb. בלימה. There is nothing in the foundation because they stand in the air on the strength of the arms of the Holy One, blessed be He. Dunash, however, explains בלימה as evenness, like (Ps. 32: 9), “with a bit and a bridle as its adornment to guide it evenly (לבלום).” (So I saw)  
8. He binds water in His clouds, and the cloud does not split beneath it.   ח. צֹרֵר מַיִם בְּעָבָיו וְלֹא נִבְקַע עָנָן תַּחְתָּם:
and the cloud does not split: It never [split] so that its water [i.e., rain] should fall together.  
beneath it: Beneath the water.  
9. He closes in the face of His throne; He spreads His cloud over it.   ט. מְאַחֵז פְּנֵי כִסֵּה פַּרְשֵׁז עָלָיו עֲנָנוֹ:
He closes in: with walls the face of His throne of glory, like (Ps. 18:12), “He made darkness His secret place.”  
He spreads: over the throne His cloud (Ezek. 1:22), “And there was a likeness over the heads of the living creatures, of an expanse.”  
10. He encircled a boundary on the face of the water, until the ending of light with darkness.   י. חֹק חָג עַל פְּנֵי מָיִם עַד תַּכְלִית אוֹר עִם חֹשֶׁךְ:
He encircled a boundary: (compas in French), an expression of (Isa. 44: 13), “and with a compass (ובמחוגה) he rounds it.” [He surrounded it with sand for the sand to be a circle for it. Does not appear in all editions.] The word חֹק denotes a perpetual boundary. The sea will not cross that circle until light and dark come to an end.  
11. The pillars of the heavens trembled and are astonished from His rebuke.   יא. עַמּוּדֵי שָׁמַיִם יְרוֹפָפוּ וְיִתְמְהוּ מִגַּעֲרָתוֹ:
trembled: when He created them, and He caused them to congeal. They were trembling, and He rebuked them, and they stood dry and strong.  
astonished: (wondering and ascending. Other editions: wondering and standing) in one place.  
12. With His strength, the sea wrinkled, and with His understanding, He smote Rahab.   יב. בְּכֹחוֹ רָגַע הַיָּם וּבִתְבוּנָתוֹ מָחַץ רָהַב:
the sea wrinkled: Like (above 7:5), “my skin wrinkled.” Many wrinkles were formed. (So, when He said (Gen. 1:9), “Let the waters… gather,” they were gathered from their straightness and were wrinkled into many wrinkles) until they gathered into one place, which was prepared for them.  
He smote Rahab: The Egyptians, who are called רהב, haughty.  
13. By His breath He made the heavens a tent; His hand caused pain to the bar- like serpent.   יג. בְּרוּחוֹ שָׁמַיִם שִׁפְרָה חֹלְלָה יָדוֹ נָחָשׁ בָּרִחַ:
By His breath He made the heavens a tent: Heb. שפרה. With His words and with the breath of His mouth, He made a tent, like (Jer. 43:10), “and he shall spread his royal pavilion (שפרירו).”  
His hand caused pain: to Pharaoh, who was called the barlike serpent (Isa. 26:1). חללה is an expression of pain and trouble. Likewise, elsewhere (ibid. 51: 9): “are you not the one that hewed Rahab and slew (מחוללת) , the sea monster?” Another explanation: His hand founded the leviathan, as in (Prov. 8:25), “before the hills I was created (חוללתי).”  
14. Behold these are the outskirts of His ways, and what implication of any matter can be understood therein, and who understands the thunder of His mighty deeds?"   יד. הֶן אֵלֶּה | קְצוֹת דְּרָכָיו וּמַה שֶּׁמֶץ דָּבָר נִשְׁמַע בּוֹ וְרַעַם גְּבוּרוֹתָיו מִי יִתְבּוֹנָן:
the outskirts of His ways: The easiest and the smallest in comparison to His other qualities.  
and what implications of any matter can be understood: What hint of anything can a man understand from His deeds? Another explanation: שֶמֶץ is like (Exod. 32:25), “to the scandal (לשמצה),” uncomplimentary.  
E-mail
The text on this page contains sacred literature. Please do not deface or discard.
FEATURED ON CHABAD.ORG