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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Iyov - Job - Chapter 16

Iyov - Job - Chapter 16

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Rashi's Commentary:
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Chapter 16

1Now Job replied and said,   אוַיַּעַן אִיּוֹב וַיֹּאמַר:
2"I have heard such [things] many [times]; you are all troublesome consolers.   בשָׁמַעְתִּי כְאֵלֶּה רַבּוֹת מְנַחֲמֵי עָמָל כֻּלְּכֶם:
3Is there an end to words of wind? Or what will bring clarity to you that you should answer?   גהֲקֵץ לְדִבְרֵי רוּחַ אוֹ מַה יַּמְרִיצְךָ כִּי תַעֲנֶה:
will bring clarity to you: Heb. ימרצך. Your mouth will make you evaluate to think clear words with proper basis.  
4I, too, could speak like you; if your soul were instead of my soul, I would join words together against you and shake my head at you.   דגַּם | אָנֹכִי כָּכֶם אֲדַבֵּרָה לוּ יֵשׁ נַפְשְׁכֶם תַּחַת נַפְשִׁי אַחְבִּירָה עֲלֵיכֶם בְּמִלִּים וְאָנִיעָה עֲלֵיכֶם בְּמוֹ רֹאשִׁי:
could speak like you: I know how to chide as you do.  
if your soul were: in pain instead of my soul, I too would join words together against you and shake my head at you in your cry, and encourage you with my mouth, saying, “Be still, have courage, and endure your sufferings,” just as you are saying to me.  
5I would encourage you with my mouth, and the movement of my lips would cease.   האֲאַמִּצְכֶם בְּמוֹ פִי וְנִיד שְׂפָתַי יַחְשֹׂךְ:
and the movement of my lips: which I move and [with which I] complain now and cry, would then stop, and I would no longer cry or lament, but now…  
6Should I speak, my pain will not cease, and should I stop, what will leave me?   ואִם אֲדַבְּרָה לֹא יֵחָשֵׂךְ כְּאֵבִי וְאַחְדְּלָה מַה מִנִּי יַהֲלֹךְ:
Should I speak etc.:  
7but now, it has wearied me; you have silenced all my company.   זאַךְ עַתָּה הֶלְאָנִי הֲשִׁמּוֹתָ כָּל עֲדָתִי:
you have silenced: Heb. השמות, you have silenced, like (Dan. 4:16), “was appalled (אשתומם) ,” and like (Jer. 2:12), “O heavens, be astonished (שמו).” Be silent and wonder.  
8You have shrivelled me up; it has become a witness. My leanness has risen against me; it testifies before me.   חוַתִּקְמְטֵנִי לְעֵד הָיָה וַיָּקָם בִּי כַחֲשִׁי בְּפָנַי יַעֲנֶה:
You have shriveled me up; it has become a witness: You have shriveled me up and blackened me for a witness, for it has become a witness to my iniquity, to accuse me.  
9His wrath has torn me; yea, He hates me, He has gnashed His teeth at me. My Adversary sharpens his eyes upon me.   טאַפּוֹ טָרַף | וַיִּשְׂטְמֵנִי חָרַק עָלַי בְּשִׁנָּיו צָרִי | יִלְטוֹשׁ עֵינָיו לִי:
My Adversary: Satan is the adversary.  
sharpens: Heb. ילטוש, sharpens, like (Gen. 4:22), “who sharpened (לטש) every instrument etc.”  
10They open their mouth at me, with disdain they strike my cheeks; united they assemble against me.   יפָּעֲרוּ עָלַי | בְּפִיהֶם בְּחֶרְפָּה הִכּוּ לְחָיָי יַחַד עָלַי יִתְמַלָּאוּן:
They open their mouth at me: Heb. פערו, they open, like (Isa. 5:14), “and opened (ופערה) its mouth.”  
they assemble: Heb. יתמלאון, they gather, and there are many similar words in Scripture, e.g. (Jer. 12:6), “have called a gang (מלא) after you” ; (Isa. 31: 4), “although a band (מלא) of shepherds gather against him,” but it does not deviate from its original meaning because every filling (מלוי) is a gathering together.  
11God delivers me to a fool and heals me through the hands of the wicked.   יאיַסְגִּירֵנִי אֵל אֶל עֲוִיל וְעַל יְדֵי רְשָׁעִים יִרְטֵנִי:
God delivers me to a fool: The Holy One, blessed be He, delivered me to a fool, a scorner, a mocker, to be scornful of me.  
and heals me through the hands of the wicked: Heb. ירטני. The bandage of His consolations and my healing He delivered to the wicked, who only provoke. Another explanation: יַרְטֵנִי is like יַרְצֵנִי, He placates me, an expression of placating and consolation  
12I was tranquil, but he crumbled me to pieces; He held me by my nape and shattered me, and stood me up as a target for him.   יבשָׁלֵו הָיִיתִי | וַיְפַרְפְּרֵנִי וְאָחַז בְּעָרְפִּי וַיְפַצְפְּצֵנִי וַיְקִימֵנִי לוֹ לְמַטָּרָה:
but he crumbled me to pieces: Heb. ויפרפני. That fool [crumbled me]. [It is] an expression of crumbs (פרורין).  
and shattered me: Heb. ויפצפצני, an expression of something being broken into many fragments with a hard blow, like (Jer. 13:14), “And I will dash them (ונפצתים) , one against the other” ; (Ps. 137:90), “and dash (ונפץ) your little ones against the rock.”  
13His archers surround me; he splits my kidneys and does not have compassion. He spills out my gall upon the ground.   יגיָסֹבּוּ עָלַי | רַבָּיו יְפַלַּח כִּלְיוֹתַי וְלֹא יַחְמֹל יִשְׁפֹּךְ לָאָרֶץ מְרֵרָתִי:
His archers: רביו, the one who shoots his arrows, as in (Gen. 21:20), “and he became an archer (רבה קשת).”  
my gall: Heb. מְרֵירָתִי, my gall.  
14He breached me [with] breach upon breach; he runs toward me like a mighty warrior.   ידיִפְרְצֵנִי פֶרֶץ עַל פְּנֵי פָרֶץ יָרֻץ עָלַי כְּגִבּוֹר:
15I sewed sackcloth on my scabs and sullied my radiance in the dust.   טושַׂק תָּפַרְתִּי עֲלֵי גִלְדִּי וְעֹלַלְתִּי בֶעָפָר קַרְנִי:
my scab: Heb. גלדי, a dry wound that forms a crust, and [in] the language of the Mishnah (Rosh Hashanah 27b): He scraped it (the shofar) down to a thin crust (גלדו).  
and sullied: Heb. ועללתי, and I sullied, like (Jud. 19:25), “and abused (ויתעללו) her,” an expression of disgrace and abasement, and like (Lam. 3: 51), “sullies (עוללה) my soul.”  
my radiance: Heb. קרני, my radiance, an expression of (Habakkuk 3:4): “rays of light (קרנים) came to them from his hand.”  
16My face became shrivelled from crying, and upon my eyelids is the shadow of death.   טזפָּנַי חֳמַרְמְרוּ (כתיב חֳמַרְמְרֻה) מִנִּי בֶכִי וְעַל עַפְעַפַּי צַלְמָוֶת:
became shriveled: Heb. חמרמרו, like (Chullin 3:3), “and its internal organs became shriveled (ונחמרו) ,” in the language of the Mishnah. Similarly (Lam. 1: 20), “my intestines have become shriveled (חמרמרו).”  
the shadow of death: it became darkened from weeping and tears.  
17But not because of any violence in my hands, and my prayer is pure.   יזעַל לֹא חָמָס בְּכַפָּי וּתְפִלָּתִי זַכָּה:
and my prayer is pure: I did not curse my friend nor did I think any evil against him.  
18O earth! do not cover my blood, and let there be no place for my cry.   יחאֶרֶץ אַל תְּכַסִּי דָמִי וְאַל יְהִי מָקוֹם לְזַעֲקָתִי:
and let there be no place: in the earth to absorb my cry, but it should ascend to heaven.  
19Even now, behold my Witness is in heaven and He Who testifies for me is on high.   יטגַּם עַתָּה הִנֵּה בַשָּׁמַיִם עֵדִי וְשָׂהֲדִי בַּמְּרוֹמִים:
behold my Witness is in heaven: My Creator, Who knows my ways.  
20My intercessors, my friends, to God my eye pours out tears.   כמְלִיצַי רֵעָי אֶל אֱלוֹהַּ דָּלְפָה עֵינִי:
pours out: Heb. דלפה, tears and sprays tears, an expression of dripping (דלוף).  
21Would that a man could reason with God as a man with his fellow.   כאוְיוֹכַח לְגֶבֶר עִם אֱלוֹהַּ וּבֶן אָדָם לְרֵעֵהוּ:
Would that a man could reason: If only He would do this for me, that He would give me a place so that a man could reason with God, to liken the two contentions: the contention of man with his Maker, and the contention of man with his fellow.  
22For numbered years will come, and I will go on a way from which I will not return.   כבכִּי שְׁנוֹת מִסְפָּר יֶאֱתָיוּ וְאֹרַח לֹא אָשׁוּב אֶהֱלֹךְ:
For numbered [years]: The limited number of the days of my life.  
will come: Will arrive, and then I will go on a way from which I will not return.  
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