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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Iyov - Job - Chapter 10

Iyov - Job - Chapter 10

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 10

1. My soul quarrels with my life; I will leave my speech with me; I will speak with the bitterness of my life.   א. נָקְטָה נַפְשִׁי בְּחַיָּי אֶעֶזְבָה עָלַי שִׂיחִי אֲדַבְּרָה בְּמַר נַפְשִׁי:
My soul quarrels: Heb. נקטה. My soul quarrels about the fact that I am alive. That is an expression of (Ezek. 20:43), "and you shall quarrel (ונקטתם) with yourselves.  
I will leave my speech: i.e., my trouble, to cry and lament, and I cannot forget it or restrain it.  
2. I will say to God, 'do not condemn me; let me know why You quarrel with me.   ב. אֹמַר אֶל אֱלוֹהַּ אַל תַּרְשִׁיעֵנִי הוֹדִיעֵנִי עַל מַה תְּרִיבֵנִי:
3. Is it good to You that You should oppress, that You should reject the toil of Your hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?   ג. הֲטוֹב לְךָ | כִּי תַעֲשֹׁק כִּי תִמְאַס יְגִיעַ כַּפֶּיךָ וְעַל עֲצַת רְשָׁעִים הוֹפָעְתָּ:
Is it good: Heb. הטוב, an interrogative form. [Is it good to You] that You should oppress and rob the righteous man of his righteousness, [while] upon the council of the wicked, who vex You, You shine Your splendor to show them a friendly countenance?  
4. Do You have eyes of flesh, or do You see as a man sees?   ד. הַעֵינֵי בָשָׂר לָךְ אִם כִּרְאוֹת אֱנוֹשׁ תִּרְאֶה:
5. Are Your days like the days of a mortal, or are Your years like the days of a man,   ה. הֲכִימֵי אֱנוֹשׁ יָמֶיךָ אִם שְׁנוֹתֶיךָ כִּימֵי גָבֶר:
Are Your days like the days of a mortal: to provoke him and pursue [him]?  
6. that You should search for my iniquity and seek my sin?   ו. כִּי תְבַקֵּשׁ לַעֲו‍ֹנִי וּלְחַטָּאתִי תִדְרוֹשׁ:
7. It is in Your knowledge that I will not be condemned, but no one can save [me] from Your hand.   ז. עַל דַּעְתְּךָ כִּי לֹא אֶרְשָׁע וְאֵין מִיָּדְךָ מַצִּיל:
It is in Your knowledge: You know.  
8. Your hands shaped me and made me; [Your hosts are] together round about, and You destroy me.   ח. יָדֶיךָ עִצְּבוּנִי וַיַּעֲשׂוּנִי יַחַד סָבִיב וַתְּבַלְּעֵנִי:
shaped me: Heb. עצבוני, They made me a shape, a mold, like “nor straighten (מעצבין) an infant’s limbs,” in Tractate Shabbath (22:6). But now Your hosts are together round about.  
and You destroy me: These are the worms.  
9. Remember now that You made me like clay, and You will return me to dust.   ט. זְכָר נָא כִּי כַחֹמֶר עֲשִׂיתָנִי וְאֶל עָפָר תְּשִׁיבֵנִי:
You will return me: in the end.  
10. Did You not pour me like milk and curdle me like cheese?   י. הֲלֹא כֶחָלָב תַּתִּיכֵנִי וְכַגְּבִנָּה תַּקְפִּיאֵנִי:
Did you not pour me like milk: Concerning the drop from which I was born.  
11. Clothe me with skin and flesh and cover me with bones and sinews?   יא. עוֹר וּבָשָׂר תַּלְבִּישֵׁנִי וּבַעֲצָמוֹת וְגִידִים תְּשׂכְכֵנִי:
12. You have granted me life and kindness, and Your providence watched my spirit.   יב. חַיִּים וָחֶסֶד עָשִׂיתָ עִמָּדִי וּפְקֻדָּתְךָ שָׁמְרָה רוּחִי:
and Your providence: The providence of Your watch, for You appointed watchers for me.  
watched my spirit: in my mother’s womb, and afterwards…  
13. But You hid these in Your heart; I knew that it was with You.   יג. וְאֵלֶּה צָפַנְתָּ בִלְבָבֶךָ יָדַעְתִּי כִּי זֹאת עִמָּךְ:
But You hid these in Your heart: to destroy me as though You did not remember them, but I knew that this was with You, everything as it was delineated, and You did not forget.  
14. If I sinned, You watched me, and would not cleanse me of my iniquity,   יד. אִם חָטָאתִי וּשְׁמַרְתָּנִי וּמֵעֲו‍ֹנִי לֹא תְנַקֵּנִי:
If I sinned, You watched me: You laid Your eyes on me so as not to ignore [my sins] nor to forbear retaliation, and [from now on] You are not cleansing me of my iniquity but are requiting me for everything.  
15. If I dealt wickedly, woe is to me; and if I am righteous I will not raise my head, sated with disgrace and seeing my affliction.   טו. אִם רָשַׁעְתִּי אַלְלַי לִי וְצָדַקְתִּי לֹא אֶשָּׂא רֹאשִׁי שְׂבַע קָלוֹן וּרְאֵה עָנְיִי:
sated with disgrace: am I.  
and seeing my affliction: Heb. וראה. This is not an expression of the imperative, but is an adjective. וראה עניי is badlace (?) in Old French, “that I see it all the time.” As you say (below, at the end of the Book), “ וּשְׂבַע יָמִים, and I am sated with days,” like “ וְשָׂבֵע ַיָמִים ” (with a “kamatz” under the “sin”) so do you say; וּרְאֵה, like וְרוֹאֶה, “and seeing my affliction.”  
16. And it is so great that You hunt me like a lion, and You repeatedly pronounce a verdict upon me.   טז. וְיִגְאֶה כַּשַּׁחַל תְּצוּדֵנִי וְתָשֹׁב תִּתְפַּלָּא בִי:
And it is so great that You hunt me like a lion: And it is so great in Your eyes to be to You as a burden and a disappointment, that You hunt me like a lion; You spread out a net for me as though I was as mighty as a lion.  
and You repeatedly: from day to day.  
pronounce a verdict upon me: Heb. תתפלא, to exact and to pronounce judgment, an expression of (Num. 6:2).“shall pronounce (יפלא).”  
17. You renew Your witnesses against me, and You increase Your anger with me; shifts with set times are with me.   יז. תְּחַדֵּשׁ עֵדֶיךָ | נֶגְדִּי וְתֶרֶב כַּעַשְׂךָ עִמָּדִי חֲלִיפוֹת וְצָבָא עִמִּי:
Your witnesses: to testify about the changes of the ailments and the pains.  
with set times are with me: Times set for these my tortures, which serve (once) and [then] repeatedly shift with changes different from these, and serve again.  
18. Now why did You take me out of the womb? Would that I had died and no eye had seen me.   יח. וְלָמָּה מֵרֶחֶם הוֹצֵאתָנִי אֶגְוַע וְעַיִן לֹא תִרְאֵנִי:
Would that I had died and no eye had seen me: If only I had died [upon emerging] from the womb.  
19. Then I would have been as though I had not existed; would that I was brought from the womb to the grave.   יט. כַּאֲשֶׁר לֹא הָיִיתִי אֶהְיֶה מִבֶּטֶן לַקֶּבֶר אוּבָל:
would that I was brought from the womb to the grave: Would that I was brought.  
20. Are not my days few? So desist and withdraw from me, and I will strengthen myself a little,   כ. הֲלֹא מְעַט יָמַי וַחֲדָל וְשִׁית מִמֶּנִּי וְאַבְלִיגָה מְּעָט:
withdraw from me: Withdraw Yourself from me and from upon me, like (Isa. 65:5), “Keep to yourself” Remain by yourself and distance yourself from me.  
21. before I go and do not return, to a land of darkness and the shadow of death,   כא. בְּטֶרֶם אֵלֵךְ וְלֹא אָשׁוּב אֶל אֶרֶץ חשֶׁךְ וְצַלְמָוֶת:
before I go: While I am still alive, and the time for me to die has not yet arrived, desist from me and I will rest.  
22. a land of darkness like darkness itself; the shadow of death without orders, and where the light is as darkness.' "   כב. אֶרֶץ עֵפָתָה | כְּמוֹ אֹפֶל צַלְמָוֶת וְלֹא סְדָרִים וַתֹּפַע כְּמוֹ אֹפֶל:
darkness: Heb. עפתה. This is a noun meaning darkness, like (Amos 4: 13) “dawn and darkness (ועיפתה).”  
the shadow of death: it is, without orders in it (that there are no orders of man; i.e., there are no customs, for there is no civilization, and its light is like darkness).  
and where the light is as darkness: The illuminated place [therein] is like darkness.  
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