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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Iyov - Job - Chapter 2

Iyov - Job - Chapter 2

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 2

1. Now the day came about that the angels of God came to stand beside the Lord, and the Adversary too came among them to stand beside the Lord.   א. וַיְהִי הַיּוֹם וַיָּבֹאוּ בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים לְהִתְיַצֵּב עַל יְהֹוָה וַיָּבֹא גַם הַשָּׂטָן בְּתֹכָם לְהִתְיַצֵּב עַל יְהֹוָה:
2. Now the Lord said to the Adversary, "Where are you coming from?" And the Adversary replied to the Lord and said, "From going to and fro on the earth and from walking in it."   ב. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל הַשָּׂטָן אֵי מִזֶּה תָּבֹא וַיַּעַן הַשָּׂטָן אֶת יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמַר מִשֻּׁט בָּאָרֶץ וּמֵהִתְהַלֵּךְ בָּהּ:
“Where are you coming from?”: Where is the place about which you may say, “From this place I come” ?  
3. And the Lord said to the Adversary, "Have you paid attention to My servant Job? For there is none like him in the earth, a sincere and upright man, God-fearing and shunning evil, and he still maintains his sincerity. Yet you enticed Me against him."   ג. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל הַשָּׂטָן הֲשַׂמְתָּ לִבְּךָ אֶל עַבְדִּי אִיּוֹב כִּי אֵין כָּמֹהוּ בָּאָרֶץ אִישׁ תָּם וְיָשָׁר יְרֵא אֱלֹהִים וְסָר מֵרָע וְעֹדֶנּוּ מַחֲזִיק בְּתֻמָּתוֹ וַתְּסִיתֵנִי בוֹ לְבַלְּעוֹ חִנָּם:
maintains: Heb. מחזיק, holds, as in (Exod. 4:4) “and he held (ויחזק) onto it” ; (Prov. 26:17), “One who holds (מחזיק) onto a dog’s ears.”  
Yet you enticed Me against him: You enticed Me to destroy him. Every expression of הֲסָתָה is only an expression of attracting a person to his counsel.  
4. Now the Adversary replied to the Lord and said, "Skin for skin, and whatever a person has he will give for his life.   ד. וַיַּעַן הַשָּׂטָן אֶת יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמַר עוֹר בְּעַד עוֹר וְכֹל אֲשֶׁר לָאִישׁ יִתֵּן בְּעַד נַפְשׁוֹ:
Skin for skin: One limb for another limb. It is human nature that, when one sees a sword coming toward his head, he protects it with his arm in front of it. Surely a person will give all the money he has.  
for his life: For his life to protect it. Because this person knows that he is liable to lose his life, he does not worry about his money.  
5. But, stretch forth Your hand now and touch his bones and his flesh, will he not blaspheme You to Your face?"   ה. אוּלָם שְׁלַח נָא יָדְךָ וְגַע אֶל עַצְמוֹ וְאֶל בְּשָׂרוֹ אִם לֹא אֶל פָּנֶיךָ יְבָרְכֶךָּ:
But: Heb. אולם, but.  
will he not: Will You not see immediately that he will blaspheme You to Your face?  
6. And the Lord said to the Adversary, "Here he is in your hands, but preserve his life."   ו. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֶל הַשָּׂטָן הִנּוֹ בְיָדֶךָ אַךְ אֶת נַפְשׁוֹ שְׁמֹר:
but preserve his life: that it does not go out. From here the Sages said, “The Adversary’s pain was greater than Job’s. This is analogous to one saying to his friend, ‘Break this barrel but preserve its wine.’”  
7. Now the Adversary departed from the presence of the Lord, and he smote Job with severe boils from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head.   ז. וַיֵּצֵא הַשָּׂטָן מֵאֵת פְּנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיַּךְ אֶת אִיּוֹב בִּשְׁחִין רָע מִכַּף רַגְלוֹ וְעַד קָדְקֳדוֹ:
8. Then he took himself a potsherd to scratch himself with, and he sat down in the midst of the ashes.   ח. וַיִּקַּח לוֹ חֶרֶשׂ לְהִתְגָּרֵד בּוֹ וְהוּא יֹשֵׁב בְּתוֹךְ הָאֵפֶר:
to scratch himself with: Heb. להתגרד.This word is spelled with a “dalet.” It is a Mishnaic expression (Rosh Hashanah 27b): “If he scraped it (גרדו) and reduced it to its normal size,” but גורר with a “reish” is only an expression of dragging, like (Shabbath 29b), “A person may drag a bed or a bench.”  
9. Then his wife said to him, "Do you still maintain your sincerity? Blaspheme God and die!"   ט. וַתֹּאמֶר לוֹ אִשְׁתּוֹ עֹדְךָ מַחֲזִיק בְּתֻמָּתֶךָ בָּרֵךְ אֱלֹהִים וָמֻת:
maintain: Heb. מחזיק, hold.  
and die: Heb. ומת. This is an imperative expression, as (Deut. 32:50), “And die on the mountain.”  
10. And he said to her, "You talk as one of the disgraceful women talks. Shall we also accept the good from God, and not accept the evil?" Despite all this, Job did not sin with his lips.   י. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ כְּדַבֵּר אַחַת הַנְּבָלוֹת תְּדַבֵּרִי גַּם אֶת הַטּוֹב נְקַבֵּל מֵאֵת הָאֱלֹהִים וְאֶת הָרָע לֹא נְקַבֵּל בְּכָל זֹאת לֹא חָטָא אִיּוֹב בִּשְׂפָתָיו:
also: Is it not enough that He created us? Should we also accept the good, but not accept the evil? This is a wonder.  
with his lips: but in his heart he did sin.  
11. Now Job's three friends heard about all this evil that befell him, and they came, each one from his place; Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite, and they met together to come to bemoan him and console him.   יא. וַיִּשְׁמְעוּ שְׁלֹשֶׁת | רֵעֵי אִיּוֹב אֵת כָּל הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת הַבָּאָה עָלָיו וַיָּבֹאוּ אִישׁ מִמְּקֹמוֹ אֱלִיפַז הַתֵּימָנִי וּבִלְדַּד הַשּׁוּחִי וְצוֹפַר הַנַּעֲמָתִי וַיִּוָּעֲדוּ יַחְדָּו לָבוֹא לָנוּד לוֹ וּלְנַחֲמוֹ:
Job’s three friends: Heb. רעי, those who loved him.  
to bemoan: Heb. לנוד, as in (Isa. 51:19): “who will lament (ינוד) for you?” ; (Jer. 22:10), “neither bemoan (תנדו) him.”  
12. Now they lifted their eyes [and looked] from afar but they did not recognize him; so they raised their voices and wept, and each one rent his robe, and they threw earth on their heads towards heaven.   יב. וַיִּשְׂאוּ אֶת עֵינֵיהֶם מֵרָחוֹק וְלֹא הִכִּירֻהוּ וַיִּשְׂאוּ קוֹלָם וַיִּבְכּוּ וַיִּקְרְעוּ אִישׁ מְעִלוֹ וַיִּזְרְקוּ עָפָר עַל רָאשֵׁיהֶם הַשָּׁמָיְמָה:
but they did not recognize him: because his face had changed as a result of the agonies.  
towards heaven: i.e., high over their heads. That was their mourning custom.  
13. Now they sat down with him on the ground for seven days and seven nights, but no one said a word to him because they perceived that the pain was very severe.   יג. וַיֵּשְׁבוּ אִתּוֹ לָאָרֶץ שִׁבְעַת יָמִים וְשִׁבְעַת לֵילוֹת וְאֵין דֹּבֵר אֵלָיו דָּבָר כִּי רָאוּ כִּי גָדַל הַכְּאֵב מְאֹד:
on the ground: On the ground, to share his pain.  
14. Afterwards, Job opened his mouth and cursed his day.   יד. אַחֲרֵי כֵן פָּתַח אִיּוֹב אֶת פִּיהוּ וַיְקַלֵּל אֶת יוֹמוֹ:
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