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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Mishlei - Proverbs - Chapter 8

Mishlei - Proverbs - Chapter 8

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 8

1. Will not wisdom call out, and understanding give forth its voice?   א. הֲלֹא חָכְמָה תִקְרָא וּתְבוּנָה תִּתֵּן קוֹלָהּ:
Will not wisdom call out: Does not the Torah announce for you the things mentioned below in this section?  
2. At the top of the heights upon the road; at the crossroads she stands.   ב. בְּרֹאשׁ מְרוֹמִים עֲלֵי דָרֶךְ בֵּית נְתִיבוֹת נִצָּבָה:
3. Beside the gates, at the entrance of the roof, at the entrance of the portals she cries,   ג. לְיַד שְׁעָרִים לְפִי קָרֶת מְבוֹא פְתָחִים תָּרֹנָּה:
at the entrance of the roof: Heb. קרת, the ceiling above the gate, where people sit.  
she cries: Heb. תרנה, she cries, and what does she say?“To you, O men, I call.”  
4. "To you, O men, I call, and my voice [is] to the children of man.   ד. אֲלֵיכֶם אִישִׁים אֶקְרָא וְקוֹלִי אֶל בְּנֵי אָדָם:
5. O simpletons, understand cunning, and you fools, give understanding to your heart.   ה. הָבִינוּ פְתָאיִם עָרְמָה וּכְסִילִים הָבִינוּ לֵב:
6. Hearken for I will speak noble things, and the opening of my lips shall be right things.   ו. שִׁמְעוּ כִּי נְגִידִים אֲדַבֵּר וּמִפְתַּח שְׂפָתַי מֵישָׁרִים:
Hearken for I will speak noble things: Words of nobility and importance.  
7. For my palate shall utter truth, and wickedness is an abomination of my lips.   ז. כִּי אֱמֶת יֶהְגֶּה חִכִּי וְתוֹעֲבַת שְׂפָתַי רֶשַׁע:
8. All the sayings of my lips are with righteousness; there is nothing twisted or crooked in them.   ח. בְּצֶדֶק כָּל אִמְרֵי פִי אֵין בָּהֶם נִפְתָּל וְעִקֵּשׁ:
there is nothing twisted or crooked in them: There is no crookedness.  
9. They are all true to the understanding one, and straight to those who find knowledge.   ט. כֻּלָּם נְכֹחִים לַמֵּבִין וִישָׁרִים לְמֹצְאֵי דָעַת:
10. Take my discipline and not silver; knowledge is chosen above gold.   י. קְחוּ מוּסָרִי וְאַל כָּסֶף וְדַעַת מֵחָרוּץ נִבְחָר:
gold: Heb. חרוץ. A type of gold.  
11. For wisdom is better than pearls; all desirable things cannot be compared to it.   יא. כִּי טוֹבָה חָכְמָה מִפְּנִינִים וְכָל חֲפָצִים לֹא יִשְׁווּ בָהּ:
than pearls: Heb. מפנינים, pearls.  
cannot be compared to it: They will not equal its value.  
12. I am wisdom; I dwelt [beside] cunning, and the knowledge of devices I will find.   יב. אֲנִי חָכְמָה שָׁכַנְתִּי עָרְמָה וְדַעַת מְזִמּוֹת אֶמְצָא:
I dwelt [beside] cunning: Beside cunning, for since a man has learned Torah, cunning about every matter enters into him.  
13. Fear of the Lord is to hate evil, haughtiness, pride, the way of evil, and a perverse mouth; [these] I hate.   יג. יִרְאַת יְהוָה שְֹנֹאת רָע גֵּאָה וְגָאוֹן וְדֶרֶךְ רָע וּפִי תַהְפֻּכוֹת שָׂנֵאתִי:
Fear of the Lord is to hate evil: This is the discipline that wisdom announces to the people.  
14. I have counsel and sound wisdom; I am understanding; I have might.   יד. לִי עֵצָה וְתוּשִׁיָּה אֲנִי בִינָה לִי גְבוּרָה:
15. Kings reign with me, and rulers legislate righteousness.   טו. בִּי מְלָכִים יִמְלֹכוּ וְרוֹזְנִים יְחֹקְקוּ צֶדֶק:
Kings reign with me: for the judges and the judgments I teach them.  
16. Through me princes govern, and nobles, yea, all judges of righteousness.   טז. בִּי שָׂרִים יָשֹרוּ וּנְדִיבִים כָּל שֹׁפְטֵי צֶדֶק:
17. I will love those who love me, and those who seek me eagerly will find me.   יז. אֲנִי אֹהֲבַיה אֹהֲבַי אֵהָב וּמְשַׁחֲרַי יִמְצָאֻנְנִי:
I will love those who love me: Heb. אהבי. [This is the reading.] The text is written: אוהביה, those who love her. Said the Holy One, blessed be He: “I will love those who love the Torah.” I heard this from Rabbi Aaron in the name of Rabbi Nathan.  
I will love: Heb. אהב, like אאהב.  
will find me: Heb. ימצאנני. There is an extra “nun,” denoting fifty. I will allow him to find the fifty gates of understanding.  
18. Riches and honor are with me, powerful wealth and charity.   יח. עשֶׁר וְכָבוֹד אִתִּי הוֹן עָתֵק וּצְדָקָה:
19. My fruit is better than gold-yea than fine gold- and my produce [is better] than choice silver.   יט. טוֹב פִּרְיִי מֵחָרוּץ וּמִפָּז וּתְבוּאָתִי מִכֶּסֶף נִבְחָר:
20. In the way of righteousness I will go, in the midst of the paths of justice.   כ. בְּאֹרַח צְדָקָה אֲהַלֵּך בְּתוֹךְ נְתִיבוֹת מִשְׁפָּט:
21. There is substance to give inheritance to those who love me, and I will fill their treasuries.   כא. לְהַנְחִיל אֹהֲבַי יֵשׁ וְאֹצְרֹתֵיהֶם אֲמַלֵּא:
There is substance to give inheritance: Heb. יש, lit. there is. There is with me a great inheritance.  
22. The Lord acquired me at the beginning of His way, before His works of old.   כב. יְהוָה קָנָנִי רֵאשִׁית דַּרְכּוֹ קֶדֶם מִפְעָלָיו מֵאָז:
at the beginning of His way: before the creation of the world.  
23. From the distant past I was enthroned, from the beginning, of those that preceded the earth.   כג. מֵעוֹלָם נִסַּכְתִּי מֵרֹאשׁ מִקַּדְמֵי אָרֶץ:
I was enthroned, from the beginning: Heb. נסכתי, an expression of (Ezek. 35): “Princes (נסיכי) of the sons of man.”  
24. I was created when there were yet no deeps, when there were no fountains replete with water.   כד. בְּאֵין תְּהֹמוֹת חוֹלָלְתִּי בְּאֵין מַעְיָנוֹת נִכְבַּדֵּי מָיִם:
I was created: Heb. חוללתי.  
25. I was created before the mountains were sunk, before the hills;   כה. בְּטֶרֶם הָרִים הָטְבָּעוּ לִפְנֵי גְבָעוֹת חוֹלָלְתִּי:
before the mountains were sunk: within the water.  
26. when He had not yet made the land and the outsides and the beginning of the dust of the earth.   כו. עַד לֹא עָשָׂה אֶרֶץ וְחוּצוֹת וְרֹאשׁ עַפְרוֹת תֵּבֵל:
the land and the outsides: The land of Israel and other lands.  
and the beginning of the dust of the earth: The first man.  
27. When He established the heavens, there I was, when He drew a circle over the face of the deep;   כז. בַּהֲכִינוֹ שָׁמַיִם שָׁם אָנִי בְּחוּקוֹ חוּג עַל פְּנֵי תְהוֹם:
when He drew a circle over the face of the deep: When He drew the circle of the earth over the water, to draw a boundary that it may not pass. חוג is an expression of encircling, as in (Isa. 44: 13): “and with a compass (ובמחוגה) he rounds it.” (Compas in French, zirkel in German, as in Gen. 29:17, Isa. 5:22, 44:13, and Job 22: 14.)  
28. when He made the skies above firm, when He strengthened the fountains of the deep;   כח. בְּאַמְּצוֹ שְׁחָקִים מִמָּעַל בַּעֲזוֹז עִינוֹת תְּהוֹם:
when He strengthened the fountains of the deep: When He made mighty the fountains of the deep.  
29. when He gave the sea its boundary, and the water shall not transgress His command, when He established the foundations of the earth   כט. בְּשֹוּמוֹ לַיָּם חֻקּוֹ וּמַיִם לֹא יַעַבְרוּ פִיו בְּחוּקוֹ מוֹסְדֵי אָרֶץ:
when He gave the sea its boundary: and decreed upon the Reed Sea when he created it, on the condition that it split before Moses.  
when He established the foundations of the earth: Heb. בחקו from an expression of engraving (חקוי) , as in (Isa. 49:16): “Behold on [My] hands I have engraved you (חקתיך) ,” and so (Ezek. 43:14): “And from the bottom (מחיק) upon the ground.”  
30. I was a nursling beside Him, and I was [His] delight every day, playing before Him at all times;   ל. וָאֶהְיֶה אֶצְלוֹ אָמוֹן וָאֶהְיֶה שַׁעֲשֻׁעִים יוֹם יוֹם מְשַׂחֶקֶת לְפָנָיו בְּכָל עֵת:
a nursling: Heb. אמון, one that was reared beside Him, an expression of (Lam. 4: 5): "They that were reared (האמנים) amid crimson.  
every day: יום יום, lit. a day a day, two thousand years.  
31. playing in the habitable world of His earth, and [having] my delights with the children of man.   לא. מְשַׂחֶקֶת בְּתֵבֵל אַרְצוֹ וְשַׁעֲשֻׁעַי אֶת בְּנֵי אָדָם:
playing in the habitable world of His earth: All the generations of the wicked that were from Adam to Noah and from Noah to Abraham, I was laughing at them.  
and [having] my delights: I waited until the generation of the desert came and accepted me.  
32. And now, my children, hearken to me, and fortunate are those who observe my ways.   לב. וְעַתָּה בָנִים שִׁמְעוּ לִי וְאַשְׁרֵי דְּרָכַי יִשְׁמֹרוּ:
33. Hearken to discipline and become wise, and do not put it to naught.   לג. שִׁמְעוּ מוּסָר וַחֲכָמוּ וְאַל תִּפְרָעוּ:
and do not put it to naught: Heb. תפרעו, and do not put my discipline to naught.  
34. Fortunate is the man who listens to me to watch by my doors day by day, to watch the doorposts of my entrances.   לד. אַשְׁרֵי אָדָם שֹׁמֵעַ לִי לִשְׁקֹד עַל דַּלְתֹתַי יוֹם יוֹם לִשְׁמֹר מְזוּזֹת פְּתָחָי:
to watch: Heb. לשקד  
by my doors: [to be the] first to enter into the study hall and the synagogue and [the] last to leave.  
35. For he who has found me has found life, and he has obtained favor from the Lord.   לה. כִּי מצאי מָצָא חַיִּים וַיָּפֶק רָצוֹן מֵיְהוָה:
36. But he who sins against me robs his soul; all who hate me, love death."   לו. וְחֹטְאִי חֹמֵס נַפְשׁוֹ כָּל מְשַׂנְאַי אָהֲבוּ מָוֶת:
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