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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 136

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 136

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 136

1Give thanks to the Lord because He is good, for His kindness is eternal.   אהוֹדוּ לַיהֹוָה כִּי טוֹב כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
2Give thanks to the God of the angels, for His kindness is eternal.   בהוֹדוּ לֵאלֹהֵי הָאֱלֹהִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
3Give thanks to the Lord of lords, for His kindness is eternal.   גהוֹדוּ לַאֲדֹנֵי הָאֲדֹנִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
4To Him Who performs great wonders alone, for His kindness is eternal.   דלְעֹשֵׂה נִפְלָאוֹת גְּדֹלוֹת לְבַדּוֹ כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
To Him Who performs great wonders alone: In the beginning, no angel was created when He made the wonders: the heaven, the earth, the sun and the moon.  
5To Him Who made the heavens with understanding, for His kindness is eternal.   הלְעֹשֵׂה הַשָּׁמַיִם בִּתְבוּנָה כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
6To Him Who spread out the earth over the water, for His kindness is eternal.   ולְרֹקַע הָאָרֶץ עַל הַמָּיִם כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
7To Him Who made great luminaries, for His kindness is eternal.   זלְעֹשֵׂה אוֹרִים גְּדֹלִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
8The sun to rule by day, for His kindness is eternal.   חאֶת הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ לְמֶמְשֶׁלֶת בַּיּוֹם כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
9The moon and stars to rule at night, for His kindness is eternal.   טאֶת הַיָּרֵחַ וְכוֹכָבִים לְמֶמְשְׁלוֹת בַּלָּיְלָה כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
10To Him Who smote the Egyptians with their firstborn, for His kindness is eternal.   ילְמַכֵּה מִצְרַיִם בִּבְכוֹרֵיהֶם כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
To Him Who smote the Egyptians with their firstborn: It does not say, “their firstborn,” but “with their firstborn.” The firstborn arose and beat their fathers’ legs because they detained Israel, when they heard about the tenth plague from Moses.  
11And He took Israel from their midst, for His kindness is eternal.   יאוַיּוֹצֵא יִשְׂרָאֵל מִתּוֹכָם כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
12With a strong hand and with an outstretched arm, for His kindness is eternal.   יבבְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
13To Him Who cut the Sea of Reeds asunder, for His kindness is eternal.   יגלְגֹזֵר יַם סוּף לִגְזָרִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
asunder: In twelve pieces for the twelve tribes.  
14And caused Israel to cross in its midst, for His kindness is eternal.   ידוְהֶעֱבִיר יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּתוֹכוֹ כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
15And He threw Pharaoh and his host into the Sea of Reeds, for His kindness is eternal.   טווְנִעֵר פַּרְעֹה וְחֵילוֹ בְיַם סוּף כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
16To Him Who led His people in the desert, for His kindness is eternal.   טזלְמוֹלִיךְ עַמּוֹ בַּמִּדְבָּר כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
17To Him Who smote great kings, for His kindness is eternal.   יזלְמַכֵּה מְלָכִים גְּדֹלִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
great kings: Here he alluded to the thirty- one kings, and he compared for them Pharaoh and his host and the plagues of Egypt to mighty kings, harsher than they. Sihon was equal to all of them, [and Og was equal to all of them (Machzor Vitry)], each one individually, and so did he explain above (135: 11): “Sihon the king of the Amorites and Og the king of Bashan and all the kingdoms of Canaan.” So it is in the Aggadah.  
18And slew mighty kings, for His kindness is eternal.   יחוַיַּהֲרֹג מְלָכִים אַדִּירִים כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
19Sihon the king of the Amorites, for His kindness is eternal.   יטלְסִיחוֹן מֶלֶךְ הָאֱמֹרִי כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
20And Og the king of Bashan, for His kindness is eternal.   כוּלְעוֹג מֶלֶךְ הַבָּשָׁן כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
21And He gave their land as an inheritance, for His kindness is eternal.   כאוְנָתַן אַרְצָם לְנַחֲלָה כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
22An inheritance to Israel His servant, for His kindness is eternal.   כבנַחֲלָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל עַבְדּוֹ כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
23Who remembered us in our humble state, for His kindness is eternal.   כגשֶׁבְּשִׁפְלֵנוּ זָכַר לָנוּ כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
Who remembered us in our humble state: In Egypt, He remembered us.  
24And He rescued us from our adversaries, for His kindness is eternal.   כדוַיִּפְרְקֵנוּ מִצָּרֵינוּ כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
And He rescued us: from their midst and performed all these wonders for us.  
25Who gives bread to all flesh, for His kindness is eternal.   כהנֹתֵן לֶחֶם לְכָל בָּשָׂר כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
Who gives bread: He alludes here to kindness (to all creatures).  
26Give thanks to the God of heaven, for His kindness is eternal.   כוהוֹדוּ לְאֵל הַשָּׁמָיִם כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
Gives thanks to the God of heaven: Who prepares therein food for every creature. The expression, “for His kindness is eternal,” appears twenty-six times in this psalm, corresponding to the twenty-six generations that the world was without Torah and existed through the kindness of the Holy One, blessed be He.  
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