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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 133

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 133

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 133

1. A song of ascents of David. Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brothers also to dwell together!   א. שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת לְדָוִד הִנֵּה מַה טּוֹב וּמַה נָּעִים שֶׁבֶת אַחִים גַּם יָחַד:
Behold how good and how pleasant it is for brothers also to dwell together: When the Holy One, blessed be He, will dwell in the Temple with Israel, who are called brothers and friends, and He too will be together with them.  
2. As the good oilon the head runs down upon the beard, the beard of Aaron, which runs down on the mouth of his garments.   ב. כַּשֶּׁמֶן הַטּוֹב | עַל הָרֹאשׁ יֹרֵד עַל הַזָּקָן זְקַן אַהֲרֹן שֶׁיֹּרֵד עַל פִּי מִדּוֹתָיו:
As the good oil: with which Aaron the priest was anointed.  
which runs down: from his head to his beard, to the mouth of his tunic, for the beard rests on the mouth of the tunic. So is the dew of Hermon, which is high, pleasant on the mountains of Zion. Just as the anointing oil is for greatness, so is the dew of Zion for glory and distinction for Israel. Just as the good oil is so, so is the dew of Hermon. Like this, so is that, like (Isa. 24:2): “as with the people, so with the priest.” Our Rabbis explained “for brothers to dwell” as cmemeoncerning Moses and Aaron, regarding unlawful use of the anointment oil, in tractate Horioth (12a) the entire psalm. But [there is], in words of Torah and post-Mosaic Scriptures, an allegory and a figure, and [in the] words of the wise and their riddles, but the primary meaning of the song of ascents is that it was said regarding the Temple.  
3. As the dew of Hermon which runs down on the mountains of Zion, for there the Lord commanded the blessing, life forever.   ג. כְּטַל חֶרְמוֹן שֶׁיֹּרֵד עַל הַרְרֵי צִיּוֹן כִּי שָׁם | צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת הַבְּרָכָה חַיִּים עַד הָעוֹלָם:
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