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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 128

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 128

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 128

1. A song of ascents. Praiseworthy is every man who fears the Lord, who walks in His ways.   א. שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת אַשְׁרֵי כָּל יְרֵא יְהֹוָה הַהֹלֵךְ בִּדְרָכָיו:
A song of ascents. Praiseworthy is every man who fears the Lord: All of these are admonitions and disciplines. Because it is written, “Praiseworthy is the man”, “Praiseworthy is a man,” it therefore says here “every,” to include a woman.  
2. If you eat the toil of your hands, you are praiseworthy, and it is good for you.   ב. יְגִיעַ כַּפֶּיךָ כִּי תֹאכֵל אַשְׁרֶיךָ וְטוֹב לָךְ:
If… the toil of your hands: He who benefits from the toil of his hands inherits two worlds. In Tractate Berachoth (8a).  
3. Your wife will be as a fruitful vine in the innermost parts of your house; your sons will be like olive shoots around your table.   ג. אֶשְׁתְּךָ | כְּגֶפֶן פֹּרִיָּה בְּיַרְכְּתֵי בֵיתֶךָ בָּנֶיךָ כִּשְׁתִלֵי זֵיתִים סָבִיב לְשֻׁלְחָנֶךָ:
as a fruitful vine: Every woman whose blood is abundant will have many children.  
in the innermost parts of your house: Because it is customary to have marital relations in secret. Another explanation:  
in the innermost parts: If your wife is menstruating, put her into the innermost parts of your house so that you will not become accustomed to being with her.  
your sons will be like olive shoots: Just as olive trees cannot be grafted, so will your sons not have any disqualification.  
4. Behold that so will a man who fears the Lord be blessed.   ד. הִנֵּה כִי כֵן יְבֹרַךְ גָּבֶר יְרֵא יְהֹוָה:
5. May the Lord bless you from Zion, and see the good of Jerusalem all the days of your life.   ה. יְבָרֶכְךָ יְהֹוָה מִצִּיּוֹן וּרְאֵה בְּטוּב יְרוּשָׁלִָם כֹּל יְמֵי חַיֶּיךָ:
from Zion: which is the gate of heaven. Moreover, in the merit of Zion they would be fruitful and multiply, as it is written (I Kings 4: 20): “Judah and Israel [were] many.”  
the good of Jerusalem: And you shall rejoice with all the good.  
6. And may you see children [born] to your children, [and see] peace upon Israel.   ו. וּרְאֵה בָנִים לְבָנֶיךָ שָׁלוֹם עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל:
And may you see children [born] to your children: and they shall not come to quarrel about halitzah, [since that is performed only if there are no children,] and then there will be peace upon Israel (addendum).  
children [born] to your children: They will inherit the estate, and no woman will be subject to the levir [in a levirate marriage]. Then there will be peace in the world.  
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