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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 122

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 122

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 122

1. A song of ascents of David. I rejoiced when they said to me, "Let us go to the house of the Lord."   א. שִׁיר הַמַּעֲלוֹת לְדָוִד שָׂמַחְתִּי בְּאֹמְרִים לִי בֵּית יְהֹוָה נֵלֵךְ:
I rejoiced when they said to me: I heard people saying, “When will that old man die, and his son Solomon reign and build the Temple, and we shall go up on the festival pilgrimages?” And I am happy.  
2. Our feet were standing within your gates, O Jerusalem.   ב. עֹמְדוֹת הָיוּ רַגְלֵינוּ בִּשְׁעָרַיִךְ יְרוּשָׁלִָם:
Our feet were standing: in battle everywhere because of the gates of Jerusalem, where they were engaged in Torah.  
3. The built-up Jerusalem is like a city that was joined together within itself.   ג. יְרוּשָׁלִַם הַבְּנוּיָה כְּעִיר שֶׁחֻבְּרָה לָּהּ יַחְדָּו:
The built-up Jerusalem: When my son Solomon builds the Temple within it [Jerusalem], it will be built with the Shechinah, the Temple, the Ark, and the altar.  
is like a city that was joined together within itself: Like Shiloh, for Scripture compared them to one another, as it is said (Deut. 12:9): “to the rest and to the inheritance.” The rest is Shiloh. The inheritance is Jerusalem (see Sifrei Re’eh 66). And our Rabbis said (Ta’an. 5a): There is a Jerusalem in heaven, and the Jerusalem on earth is destined to be like it.  
4. There ascended the tribes, the tribes of God, testimony to Israel, to give thanks to the name of the Lord.   ד. שֶׁשָּׁם עָלוּ שְׁבָטִים שִׁבְטֵי יָהּ עֵדוּת לְיִשְׂרָאֵל לְהֹדוֹת לְשֵׁם יְהֹוָה:
There ascended the tribes: For there in Shiloh the tribes ascended when they went up from Egypt, and the Tabernacle was established in its midst.  
the tribes of God: Heb. י-ָהּ, which is testimony to Israel, for the heathens were talking about them when they left Egypt, and they would say about them that they were the offspring of adulterous unions. If the Egyptians ruled over their own bodies, surely [they ruled] over their wives. Said the Holy One, blessed be He, “I attest that they are the sons of their fathers.” He bestowed His name upon them: the Reubenites (הראובני), the Simeonites (השמעוני) (Num. 26). He added the letters of the name, one on this side and one on that side. The result is that this name י-ָהּ is testimony to Israel.  
5. For there were set thrones for judgment, thrones for the house of David.   ה. כִּי שָׁמָּה | יָשְׁבוּ כִסְאוֹת לְמִשְׁפָּט כִּסְאוֹת לְבֵית דָּוִד:
For there were set thrones, etc.: For also in Jerusalem the Shechinah will rest, and thrones will sit there upon which to judge the nations, and the royal thrones of the house of David.  
6. Request the welfare of Jerusalem; may those who love you enjoy tranquility.   ו. שַׁאֲלוּ שְׁלוֹם יְרוּשָׁלִָם יִשְׁלָיוּ אֹהֲבָיִךְ:
Request the welfare of Jerusalem: and say to her, “May those who love you enjoy tranquility, and let there be peace in your wall.”  
7. May there be peace in your wall, tranquility in your palaces.   ז. יְהִי שָׁלוֹם בְּחֵילֵךְ שַׁלְוָה בְּאַרְמְנוֹתָיִךְ:
8. For the sake of my brethren and my companions, I shall now speak of peace in you.   ח. לְמַעַן אַחַי וְרֵעָי אֲדַבְּרָה נָּא שָׁלוֹם בָּךְ:
For the sake of: Israel, my brethren and my companions  
I shall now speak: I, King David, [shall now speak] of peace in you.  
9. For the sake of the house of the Lord our God, I shall beg for goodness for you.   ט. לְמַעַן בֵּית יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ אֲבַקְשָׁה טוֹב לָךְ:
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