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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 119

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 119

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 119

1Praiseworthy are those whose way is perfect, who walk with the law of the Lord.   אאַשְׁרֵי תְמִימֵי דָרֶךְ הַהֹלְכִים בְּתוֹרַת יְהֹוָה:
2Praiseworthy are those who keep His testimonies; who seek Him wholeheartedly.   באַשְׁרֵי נֹצְרֵי עֵדֹתָיו בְּכָל לֵב יִדְרְשׁוּהוּ:
3Not only have they committed no injustice, they walked in His ways.   גאַף לֹא פָעֲלוּ עַוְלָה בִּדְרָכָיו הָלָכוּ:
Not only have they committed no injustice: They are praiseworthy if all this is in them.  
they walked in His ways: Although they committed no injustice, their reward is incomplete unless they walked in His ways. And so he says (above 43: 15): “Shun evil and do good.” Even though you shun evil, everything is not complete unless you do good. Midrash Aggadah.  
4You commanded Your precepts, to keep diligently.   דאַתָּה צִוִּיתָה פִקֻּדֶיךָ לִשְׁמֹר מְאֹד:
5My prayers are that my ways should be established, to keep Your statutes.   האַחֲלַי יִכֹּנוּ דְּרָכָי לִשְׁמֹר חֻקֶּיךָ:
My prayers are that my ways should be established: Heb. אחלי. The “aleph” is a radical that is sometimes dropped, like the “aleph” in (Job 13:17): “and my speech (ואחותי) in your ears,” and the “aleph” of (II Kings 4:2): “a jug (אסוך) of oil.”  
My prayers: These prayers of mine are that my ways should be established Likewise (II Kings 5:3): “The supplications (אחלי) for my master should be that he go before the prophet who is in Samaria, etc.” The supplications of those who pray should be that he go before the prophet who is in Samaria, and it is an expression of wishes, souhait in French, as a person says, “If only I were a prophet and a sage.”  
6Then I shall not be ashamed when I look at all Your commandments.   ואָז לֹא אֵבוֹשׁ בְּהַבִּיטִי אֶל כָּל מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ:
7I shall thank You with an upright heart when I learn the judgments of Your righteousness.   זאוֹדְךָ בְּיֹשֶׁר לֵבָב בְּלָמְדִי מִשְׁפְּטֵי צִדְקֶךָ:
8I shall keep Your statutes; do not forsake me utterly.   חאֶת חֻקֶּיךָ אֶשְׁמֹר אַל תַּעַזְבֵנִי עַד מְאֹד:
9In what manner should a youth purify his way? To observe according to Your word.   טבַּמֶּה יְזַכֶּה נַּעַר אֶת אָרְחוֹ לִשְׁמֹר כִּדְבָרֶךָ:
10With all my heart I searched for You; do not cause me to stray from Your commandments.   יבְּכָל לִבִּי דְרַשְׁתִּיךָ אַל תַּשְׁגֵּנִי מִמִּצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ:
11In my heart I hid Your word, in order that I should not sin against You.   יאבְּלִבִּי צָפַנְתִּי אִמְרָתֶךָ לְמַעַן לֹא אֶחֱטָא לָךְ:
In my heart I hid: I did not allow myself to forget it.  
12Blessed are You, O Lord; teach me Your statutes.   יבבָּרוּךְ אַתָּה יְהֹוָה לַמְּדֵנִי חֻקֶּיךָ:
13With my lips I recited all the judgments of Your mouth.   יגבִּשְׂפָתַי סִפַּרְתִּי כֹּל מִשְׁפְּטֵי פִיךָ:
14With the way of Your testimonies I rejoiced as over all riches.   ידבְּדֶרֶךְ עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ שַׂשְׂתִּי כְּעַל כָּל הוֹן:
15Concerning Your precepts I shall converse, and I shall look at Your ways.   טובְּפִקּוּדֶיךָ אָשִׂיחָה וְאַבִּיטָה אֹרְחֹתֶיךָ:
16With Your statutes I shall occupy myself; I shall not forget Your speech.   טזבְּחֻקֹּתֶיךָ אֶשְׁתַּעֲשָׁע לֹא אֶשְׁכַּח דְּבָרֶךָ:
I shall occupy myself: Heb. אשתעשע, I shall engage, like (Isa. 17:7): “man shall turn to his Maker” ; (Exod. 5:9) “and let them not engage (ישעו) in useless things.”  
17Bestow kindness upon Your servant; I shall live and I shall keep Your word.   יזגְּמֹל עַל עַבְדְּךָ אֶחְיֶה וְאֶשְׁמְרָה דְבָרֶךָ:
Bestow kindness upon Your servant: A thing with which I shall be able to live, through the bestowal of your kindness.  
18Uncover my eyes and I shall look at hidden things from Your Torah.   יחגַּל עֵינַי וְאַבִּיטָה נִפְלָאוֹת מִתּוֹרָתֶךָ:
hidden things from Your Torah: Hidden things in it, which are not explained therein.  
(from Your Torah): Wonders from the explanations of your Torah which are not explained therein.  
19I am a stranger in the land; do not hide Your commandments from me.   יטגֵּר אָנֹכִי בָאָרֶץ אַל תַּסְתֵּר מִמֶּנִּי מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ:
I am a stranger in the land: for a short time.  
do not hide Your commandments from me: The hidden ones, so that I should be able to fulfill them, for if not now, when?  
20My soul is crushed from longing for Your judgments at all times.   כגָּרְסָה נַפְשִׁי לְתַאֲבָה אֶל מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ בְכָל עֵת:
is crushed: Heb. גרסה. My soul breaks because of longing, as (Lev. 2:14): “crushed kernels (גרשׂ) of the fresh ears.” Menachem (p. 183), however, associated “from longing” (לתאבה) with (Amos 6:8) “I destroy (מתאב) the pride of Jacob,” and both are an expression of breaking.  
21You shall rebuke cursed willful sinners who stray from Your commandments.   כאגָּעַרְתָּ זֵדִים אֲרוּרִים הַשֹּׁגִים מִמִּצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ:
22Remove from me disgrace and contempt, for I kept Your testimonies.   כבגַּל מֵעָלַי חֶרְפָּה וָבוּז כִּי עֵדֹתֶיךָ נָצָרְתִּי:
Remove from me: Heb. גל, an expression of rolling, like (Gen. 29:10): “and he rolled (ויגל) the stone.”  
23Although princes sat and talked about me, Your servant conversed about Your statutes.   כגגַּם יָשְׁבוּ שָׂרִים בִּי נִדְבָּרוּ עַבְדְּךָ יָשִׂיחַ בְּחֻקֶּיךָ:
talked about me: Although the kings of the heathens scorn me because I engage in the Torah.  
24Also, Your testimonies are my affairs, men of my counsel.   כדגַּם עֵדֹתֶיךָ שַׁעֲשֻׁעַי אַנְשֵׁי עֲצָתִי:
25My soul clung to the dust; revive me according to Your word.   כהדָּבְקָה לֶעָפָר נַפְשִׁי חַיֵּנִי כִּדְבָרֶךָ:
26I told of my ways, and You answered me; teach me Your statutes.   כודְּרָכַי סִפַּרְתִּי וַתַּעֲנֵנִי לַמְּדֵנִי חֻקֶּיךָ:
I told of my ways: to You, [of] my needs and my sin, and You answered me.  
27Make me understand Your precepts, and I shall speak of Your wonders.   כזדֶּרֶךְ פִּקּוּדֶיךָ הֲבִינֵנִי וְאָשִׂיחָה בְּנִפְלְאוֹתֶיךָ:
28My soul drips from grief; sustain me according to Your word.   כחדָּלְפָה נַפְשִׁי מִתּוּגָה קַיְּמֵנִי כִּדְבָרֶךָ:
My soul drips: Heb. דלפה, drips; i.e., it is becoming less and less.  
29Remove from me the way of falsehood, and favor me with Your Torah.   כטדֶּרֶךְ שֶׁקֶר הָסֵר מִמֶּנִּי וְתוֹרָתְךָ חָנֵּנִי:
30I chose the way of faith; Your judgments I have set [before me].   לדֶּרֶךְ אֱמוּנָה בָחָרְתִּי מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ שִׁוִּיתִי:
Your judgments I have set: I applied myself to your judgments and I clung to your testimony, to choose the way of faith. Therefore, I ask, “Remove from me the way of falsehood.”  
31I clung to Your testimonies; O Lord; put me not to shame.   לאדָּבַקְתִּי בְעֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ יְהֹוָה אַל תְּבִישֵׁנִי:
32[In] the way of Your commandments I shall run, for You will broaden my understanding.   לבדֶּרֶךְ מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ אָרוּץ כִּי תַרְחִיב לִבִּי:
33Instruct me, O Lord, [in] the way of Your statutes, and I shall keep it at every step.   לגהוֹרֵנִי יְהֹוָה דֶּרֶךְ חֻקֶּיךָ וְאֶצְּרֶנָּה עֵקֶב:
and I shall keep it at every step: Heb. עקב. I shall keep it in all its paths and the steps of its paths, an expression of “heels” (עקבים) , traces in French, footsteps.  
34Enable me to understand and I shall keep Your Torah, and I shall keep it wholeheartedly.   לדהֲבִינֵנִי וְאֶצְּרָה תוֹרָתֶךָ וְאֶשְׁמְרֶנָּה בְכָל לֵב:
35Lead me in the path of Your commandments for I desired it.   לההַדְרִיכֵנִי בִּנְתִיב מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ כִּי בוֹ חָפָצְתִּי:
36Extend my heart to Your testimonies and not to monetary gain.   לוהַט לִבִּי אֶל עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ וְאַל אֶל בָּצַע:
37Turn away my eyes from seeing vanity; with Your ways sustain me.   לזהַעֲבֵר עֵינַי מֵרְאוֹת שָׁוְא בִּדְרָכֶךָ חַיֵּנִי:
38Fulfill for Your servant Your word that is for Your fear.   לחהָקֵם לְעַבְדְּךָ אִמְרָתֶךָ אֲשֶׁר לְיִרְאָתֶךָ:
Fulfill for Your servant Your word: that You promised me.  
that is for Your fear: That I and my children shall fear Your name, for on that condition You promised me (I Kings 2:4): “if your children take heed in their way, etc.”  
39Remove my disgrace, which I feared, for Your judgments are good.   לטהַעֲבֵר חֶרְפָּתִי אֲשֶׁר יָגֹרְתִּי כִּי מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ טוֹבִים:
Remove my disgrace: Forgive me for that sin [with Bath-sheba], and my enemies will no longer be able to disgrace me with it.  
for Your judgments are good: and I already accept upon myself “to repay the ewe-lamb fourfold.”  
40Behold, I longed for Your precepts; with Your righteousness sustain me.   מהִנֵּה תָּאַבְתִּי לְפִקֻּדֶיךָ בְּצִדְקָתְךָ חַיֵּנִי:
41And may Your acts of kindness befall me, O Lord, Your salvation according to Your word.   מאוִיבֹאֻנִי חֲסָדֶךָ יְהֹוָה תְּשׁוּעָתְךָ כְּאִמְרָתֶךָ:
And may… befall me: May Your salvation befall me according to Your word which You promised me.  
42And I shall answer a word to those who disgrace me, for I trusted in Your word.   מבוְאֶעֱנֶה חֹרְפִי דָבָר כִּי בָטַחְתִּי בִּדְבָרֶךָ:
43And do not take out utterly from my mouth a word of truth, because I hoped for Your words.   מגוְאַל תַּצֵּל מִפִּי דְבַר אֱמֶת עַד מְאֹד כִּי לְמִשְׁפָּטֶךָ יִחָלְתִּי:
And do not take… from my mouth a word of truth: Heb. תצל. Do not separate from my mouth a word of truth, as (Gen. 31:9): “And God separated (ויצל) your father’s property and gave it to me.” I found this.  
utterly… a word of truth: in all my instructions [regarding ritual law] and in all my legal decisions, that I should not stumble over them.  
44And I shall keep Your Torah constantly, forever and ever.   מדוְאֶשְׁמְרָה תוֹרָתְךָ תָמִיד לְעוֹלָם וָעֶד:
45And I shall walk in widely accepted ways, for I sought Your precepts.   מהוְאֶתְהַלְּכָה בָרְחָבָה כִּי פִקֻּדֶיךָ דָרָשְׁתִּי:
And I shall walk in widely accepted ways: in the halachah that is widely accepted and widespread in Israel.  
46And I shall speak of Your testimonies in the presence of kings, and I shall not be ashamed.   מווַאֲדַבְּרָה בְעֵדֹתֶיךָ נֶגֶד מְלָכִים וְלֹא אֵבוֹשׁ:
47And I shall engage in Your commandments, which I love.   מזוְאֶשְׁתַּעֲשַׁע בְּמִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר אָהָבְתִּי:
48And I shall lift up my palms to your commandments, which I love, and I shall converse about Your statutes.   מחוְאֶשָּׂא כַפַּי אֶל מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ אֲשֶׁר אָהָבְתִּי וְאָשִׂיחָה בְחֻקֶּיךָ:
49Remember a word to Your servant, through which You gave me hope.   מטזְכָר דָּבָר לְעַבְדֶּךָ עַל אֲשֶׁר יִחַלְתָּנִי:
Remember a word: through which You gave me hope, through Nathan the prophet to your servant.  
50This is my consolation in my affliction, for Your word has sustained me.   נזֹאת נֶחָמָתִי בְעָנְיִי כִּי אִמְרָתְךָ חִיָּתְנִי:
51Willful sinners derided me greatly; I did not turn away from Your Torah.   נאזֵדִים הֱלִיצֻנִי עַד מְאֹד מִתּוֹרָתְךָ לֹא נָטִיתִי:
52I remembered Your judgments of old, O Lord, and I was consoled.   נבזָכַרְתִּי מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ מֵעוֹלָם | יְהֹוָה וָאֶתְנֶחָם:
Your judgments of old: that You bring sufferings and You repent of your anger and forgive. Therefore, I was consoled.  
53Quaking gripped me because of the wicked men who abandoned Your Torah.   נגזַלְעָפָה אֲחָזַתְנִי מֵרְשָׁעִים עֹזְבֵי תּוֹרָתֶךָ:
54Your statutes were to me as songs in the house of my sojournings.   נדזְמִרוֹת הָיוּ לִי חֻקֶּיךָ בְּבֵית מְגוּרָי:
55At night I remembered Your name, O Lord, and I kept Your Torah.   נהזָכַרְתִּי בַלַּיְלָה שִׁמְךָ יְהֹוָה וָאֶשְׁמְרָה תּוֹרָתֶךָ:
At night I remembered: At a time of distress and darkness.  
56This came to me because I kept Your precepts.   נוזֹאת הָיְתָה לִּי כִּי פִקֻּדֶיךָ נָצָרְתִּי:
This came to me: A crown that fits me [was given] to me as a testimony and to my children who are fit to reign, as a reward for my having kept Your precepts. So did the Sages of Israel explain it. I found this:  
57"The Lord is my portion," I said, to keep Your words.   נזחֶלְקִי יְהֹוָה אָמַרְתִּי לִשְׁמֹר דְּבָרֶיךָ:
to keep Your words: the fulfillment of your words, with which You gave me hope, in that You are my portion.  
58I entreated You with all my heart; favor me according to Your word.   נחחִלִּיתִי פָנֶיךָ בְכָל לֵב חָנֵּנִי כְּאִמְרָתֶךָ:
I entreated You: Heb. חליתי, from the expression of (Lam. 3: 24): “‘The Lord is my portion,’ says my soul; ‘therefore, I will hope (אוחיל) to Him.’”  
59I considered my ways, and I returned my feet to Your testimonies.   נטחִשַּׁבְתִּי דְרָכָי וָאָשִׁיבָה רַגְלַי אֶל עֵדֹתֶיךָ:
I considered my ways: The loss of a commandment as compared to its gain, and the gain of a transgression as compared to its loss. Therefore, “I returned my feet to Your testimonies,” because I saw that it [Your way] is the best of all of them.  
60I hastened and did not delay to keep Your commandments.   סחַשְׁתִּי וְלֹא הִתְמַהְמָהְתִּי לִשְׁמֹר מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ:
61Bands of wicked men robbed me; I did not forget Your Torah.   סאחֶבְלֵי רְשָׁעִים עִוְּדֻנִי תּוֹרָתְךָ לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי:
Bands of wicked men robbed me: Heb. עודני. Bands of wicked men plundered me, like (Gen. 49:27): “in the morning he will eat plunder (עד).” In this manner, Menachem (p. 131) associated it. It may also be interpreted as an expression of עוֹד, more, i.e., increased and outnumbered me.  
62At midnight, I rise to give thanks to You for Your just judgments.   סבחֲצוֹת לַיְלָה אָקוּם לְהוֹדוֹת לָךְ עַל מִשְׁפְּטֵי צִדְקֶךָ:
63I am a companion to all who fear You and to those who keep your precepts.   סגחָבֵר אָנִי לְכָל אֲשֶׁר יְרֵאוּךָ וּלְשֹׁמְרֵי פִּקּוּדֶיךָ:
64O Lord, the earth is full of Your kindness; teach me Your statutes.   סדחַסְדְּךָ יְהֹוָה מָלְאָה הָאָרֶץ חֻקֶּיךָ לַמְּדֵנִי:
65You have done good with Your servant, O Lord, according to Your word.   סהטוֹב עָשִׂיתָ עִם עַבְדְּךָ יְהֹוָה כִּדְבָרֶךָ:
66The best of reason and knowledge, teach me for I believe in Your commandments.   סוטוּב טַעַם וָדַעַת לַמְּדֵנִי כִּי בְמִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ הֶאֱמָנְתִּי:
67Before I recited, I erred, but now I keep Your word.   סזטֶרֶם אֶעֱנֶה אֲנִי שֹׁגֵג וְעַתָּה אִמְרָתְךָ שָׁמָרְתִּי:
Before I recited: to You about Your commandments, before I uttered them in the study halls, I erred in them and sinned. But now that I have recited them, I kept your Torah, for study teaches me to turn away from sin: therefore, I beg of You, “Teach me the best of reason and knowledge.”  
I recited: Heb. אענה, an expression of studying and reciting in the study hall, like (verse 172): “My tongue will utter (תען) Your word.” Similarly (Mal. 2:12): “From the man who commits it, the Lord shall cut off one of acuity or erudition (ועונה) from the tents of Jacob.” An ingenious one among the sages, and one who can answer among the students.  
68You are good and You do good; teach me Your statutes.   סחטוֹב אַתָּה וּמֵטִיב לַמְּדֵנִי חֻקֶּיךָ:
69Willful sinners have heaped false accusations upon me, but I keep your precepts wholeheartedly.   סטטָפְלוּ עָלַי שֶׁקֶר זֵדִים אֲנִי בְּכָל לֵב | אֶצֹּר פִּקּוּדֶיךָ:
Willful sinners have heaped false accusations upon me: Heb. טפלו, they joined upon me, and similarly (Job 14:17): “and You have attached Yourself (ותטפל) to my iniquity.”  
70Thick like fat is their heart, but I engage in Your Torah.   עטָפַשׁ כַּחֵלֶב לִבָּם אֲנִי תּוֹרָתְךָ שִׁעֲשָׁעְתִּי:
71It is good for me that I was afflicted, in order that I learn Your statutes.   עאטוֹב לִי כִי עֻנֵּיתִי לְמַעַן אֶלְמַד חֻקֶּיךָ:
It is good for me that I was afflicted: That I was chastised and afflicted in order that I repent of the evil way and keep Your statutes. In other commentaries I found the following:  
It is good for me that I was afflicted, etc.: It appeared good to me when I suffered privations in order to learn Your statutes, when I learned the Torah in pain.  
72The instruction of Your mouth is better for me than thousands of gold and silver.   עבטוֹב לִי תּוֹרַת פִּיךָ מֵאַלְפֵי זָהָב וָכָסֶף:
73Your hands made me and fashioned me; enable me to understand, and I shall learn Your commandments.   עגיָדֶיךָ עָשׂוּנִי וַיְכוֹנְנוּנִי הֲבִינֵנִי וְאֶלְמְדָה מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ:
74Those who fear You will see me and rejoice for I hoped for Your word.   עדיְרֵאֶיךָ יִרְאוּנִי וְיִשְׂמָחוּ כִּי לִדְבָרְךָ יִחָלְתִּי:
Those who fear You will see me: in prosperity and rejoice, because what was bestowed upon me will be bestowed upon them, for I am among those who fear You, and I hoped for Your word.  
75I know, O Lord, that Your judgments are just, and in faith You afflicted me.   עהיָדַעְתִּי יְהֹוָה כִּי צֶדֶק מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ וֶאֱמוּנָה עִנִּיתָנִי:
in faith You afflicted me: With justice, You afflicted me.  
76May Your kindness be [upon me] now to comfort me, as Your word to Your servant.   עויְהִי נָא חַסְדְּךָ לְנַחֲמֵנִי כְּאִמְרָתְךָ לְעַבְדֶּךָ:
77May Your mercy come upon me so that I shall live, for Your Torah is my occupation.   עזיְבֹאוּנִי רַחֲמֶיךָ וְאֶחְיֶה כִּי תוֹרָתְךָ שַׁעֲשֻׁעָי:
78May the willful sinners be shamed for they condemned me falsely; I shall converse about Your precepts.   עחיֵבֹשׁוּ זֵדִים כִּי שֶׁקֶר עִוְּתוּנִי אֲנִי אָשִׂיחַ בְּפִקּוּדֶיךָ:
for they condemned me falsely: For no reason they condemned me. (I found:) I say that this deals with the embarrassment [of David] when they would say to him, “If one is intimate with a married woman, with what [method] is his death penalty?” when he [David] had not sinned.  
79May those who fear You and those who know Your testimonies return to me.   עטיָשׁוּבוּ לִי יְרֵאֶיךָ וְיֹדְעֵי (כתיב וְיֹדְעֵו) עֵדֹתֶיךָ:
May those who fear You… return to me: For the Sanhedrin separated from him when he became a mezora because of that iniquity [with Bath- sheba]. Even if she was divorced, whoever puts his eyes on her, anyone who touches her, will not be guiltless.  
80May my heart be perfect in Your statutes in order that I not be shamed.   פיְהִי לִבִּי תָמִים בְּחֻקֶּיךָ לְמַעַן לֹא אֵבוֹשׁ:
81My soul pines for Your salvation; for Your word I hope.   פאכָּלְתָה לִתְשׁוּעָתְךָ נַפְשִׁי לִדְבָרְךָ יִחָלְתִּי:
pines: Heb. כלתה, desires.  
82My eyes pine for Your word, saying, "When will You console me?"   פבכָּלוּ עֵינַי לְאִמְרָתֶךָ לֵאמֹר מָתַי תְּנַחֲמֵנִי:
My eyes pine: Heb. כלו, lit. fail. My eyes look constantly until they fail.  
83For I have become like a wineskin in smoke; I have not forgotten Your statutes.   פגכִּי הָיִיתִי כְּנֹאד בְּקִיטוֹר חֻקֶּיךָ לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי:
like a wineskin in smoke: Like a flask of skin that dries in smoke.  
84How many are Your servant's days? When will You execute judgments upon my pursuers?   פדכַּמָּה יְמֵי עַבְדֶּךָ מָתַי תַּעֲשֶׂה בְרֹדְפַי מִשְׁפָּט:
When will You execute: that I might see it in my days.  
85Willful sinners have dug pits for me, which is not according to Your Torah.   פהכָּרוּ לִי זֵדִים שִׁיחוֹת אֲשֶׁר לֹא כְתוֹרָתֶךָ:
Willful sinners have dug pits for me: Those who come to disqualify me do not do so according to the Torah.  
86All Your commandments are faithful; they pursued me in vain; help me.   פוכָּל מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ אֱמוּנָה שֶׁקֶר רְדָפוּנִי עָזְרֵנִי:
All Your commandments are faithful: A Moabite and not a Moabitess; but they pursue [me] to prohibit me [from entering the congregation of the Lord].  
they pursued me in vain: My enemies pursued me in vain.  
87They almost destroyed me on earth, but I did not forsake Your precepts.   פזכִּמְעַט כִּלּוּנִי בָאָרֶץ וַאֲנִי לֹא עָזַבְתִּי פִקֻּדֶיךָ:
They almost destroyed me: I was on the earth as nothing, but I stood with my strength. Likewise (verse 95): “Concerning me, the wicked hoped to destroy me” from entering the congregation, and so (above 116:16): “You loosed my thongs.”  
88According to Your kindness, sustain me, and I shall keep the testimony of Your mouth.   פחכְּחַסְדְּךָ חַיֵּנִי וְאֶשְׁמְרָה עֵדוּת פִּיךָ:
89Forever, O Lord, Your word stands in the heavens.   פטלְעוֹלָם יְהֹוָה דְּבָרְךָ נִצָּב בַּשָּׁמָיִם:
90Your faith is to every generation; You established the earth and it endures.   צלְדֹר וָדֹר אֱמוּנָתֶךָ כּוֹנַנְתָּ אֶרֶץ וַתַּעֲמֹד:
91For Your judgments they stand today, for all are Your servants.   צאלְמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ עָמְדוּ הַיּוֹם כִּי הַכֹּל עֲבָדֶיךָ:
92Were not Your Torah my occupation, then I would have perished in my affliction.   צבלוּלֵי תוֹרָתְךָ שַׁעֲשֻׁעָי אָז אָבַדְתִּי בְעָנְיִי:
93I shall never forget Your precepts for through them You have sustained me.   צגלְעוֹלָם לֹא אֶשְׁכַּח פִּקּוּדֶיךָ כִּי בָם חִיִּיתָנִי:
94I am Yours; save me for I sought Your precepts.   צדלְךָ אֲנִי הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ דָרָשְׁתִּי:
95Concerning me: the wicked hoped to destroy me; I shall ponder Your testimonies.   צהלִי קִוּוּ רְשָׁעִים לְאַבְּדֵנִי עֵדֹתֶיךָ אֶתְבּוֹנָן:
96Of every finite thing I have seen the end; Your commandments are very broad.   צולְכָל תִּכְלָה רָאִיתִי קֵץ רְחָבָה מִצְוָתְךָ מְאֹד:
or every finite thing, etc.: to search them and to debate about them.  
Of every finite thing: To every conclusion of a thing there is an end and a boundary, but Your commandments have no end or boundary to their conclusion.  
97How I love Your Torah! All day it is my conversation.   צזמָה אָהַבְתִּי תוֹרָתֶךָ כָּל הַיּוֹם הִיא שִׂיחָתִי:
98Each of Your commandments makes me wiser than my enemies, for it is always mine.   צחמֵאֹיְבַי תְּחַכְּמֵנִי מִצְו‍ֹתֶךָ כִּי לְעוֹלָם הִיא לִי:
Each of Your commandments makes me wiser than my enemies: Concerning Doeg and Ahithophel they [the Rabbis] said that their final conclusions did not agree with adopted practice. The secret of the Torah is in my hands forever, for I gained understanding from all my teachers; I learned a little from this one and I learned a little from that one (after I learned from my distinguished teacher).  
99From all my teachers I gained understanding, for Your testimonies are my conversation.   צטמִכָּל מְלַמְּדַי הִשְׂכַּלְתִּי כִּי עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ שִׂיחָה לִי:
are my conversation: All my conversation was about them.  
100From the wise elders I gain understanding, for I kept Your precepts.   קמִזְּקֵנִים אֶתְבּוֹנָן כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ נָצָרְתִּי:
101From every evil way I restrained my feet in order that I keep Your word.   קאמִכָּל אֹרַח רָע כָּלִאתִי רַגְלָי לְמַעַן אֶשְׁמֹר דְּבָרֶךָ:
I restrained my feet: Heb. כלאתי, I restrained, as (I Sam. 25: 33): “who have restrained me (כלתני) this day from coming into bloodshed.”  
102From Your judgments I did not turn away, for You guided me.   קבמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָ לֹא סָרְתִּי כִּי אַתָּה הוֹרֵתָנִי:
103How sweet are Your words to my palate, more than honey to my mouth!   קגמַה נִּמְלְצוּ לְחִכִּי אִמְרָתֶךָ מִדְּבַשׁ לְפִי:
104From Your precepts I shall gain understanding; therefore, I hate all ways of falsehood.   קדמִפִּקּוּדֶיךָ אֶתְבּוֹנָן עַל כֵּן שָׂנֵאתִי | כָּל אֹרַח שָׁקֶר:
105Your words are a lamp for my foot, and light for my path.   קהנֵר לְרַגְלִי דְבָרֶךָ וְאוֹר לִנְתִיבָתִי:
Your words are a lamp for my foot: When I come to promulgate a decision of law, I look in the Torah and it separates me from [transgressing] the prohibition, like a lamp which saves a man from [falling into] the pits.  
106I swore and I fulfilled, to keep the judgments of Your righteousness.   קונִשְׁבַּעְתִּי וָאֲקַיֵּמָה לִשְׁמֹר מִשְׁפְּטֵי צִדְקֶךָ:
107I have been exceedingly humbled; O Lord, sustain me according to Your word.   קזנַעֲנֵיתִי עַד מְאֹד יְהֹוָה חַיֵּנִי כִדְבָרֶךָ:
I have been… humbled: Heb. נעניתי, I have been made poor and humble, like (Exod. 10): “to humble Yourself from before Me” ; (Hos. 5: 5), “And the pride of Israel shall be humbled before them,” which Jonathan renders: וימא. And a poor man is accounted as dead. Therefore, revive me according to Your words.  
I have been… humbled: Heb. נעניתי. This is a sickness that deranges the mind, and it is called עֲוִית convulsion, in the language of the Mishnah (Chul. 60b).  
108The freewill offerings of my mouth accept now, O Lord, and teach me Your judgments.   קחנִדְבוֹת פִּי רְצֵה נָא יְהֹוָה וּמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ לַמְּדֵנִי:
The freewill offering of my mouth: Words of appeasement that my mouth offers You. Every נדבה, is an expression of appeasement.  
109My soul is constantly in my hand, and I have not forgotten Your Torah.   קטנַפְשִׁי בְכַפִּי תָמִיד וְתוֹרָתְךָ לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי:
My soul is constantly in my hand: I have very often been in serious danger, close to death, but nonetheless, I have not forgotten Your Torah (following the pattern of “Whoever has a headache should engage in the Torah”).  
110The wicked laid a snare for me, but I did not stray from Your precepts.   קינָתְנוּ רְשָׁעִים פַּח לִי וּמִפִּקּוּדֶיךָ לֹא תָעִיתִי:
111I inherited Your testimonies forever, for they are the joy of my heart.   קיאנָחַלְתִּי עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ לְעוֹלָם כִּי שְׂשׂוֹן לִבִּי הֵמָּה:
112I have inclined my heart to perform Your statutes forever on their paths.   קיבנָטִיתִי לִבִּי לַעֲשׂוֹת חֻקֶּיךָ לְעוֹלָם עֵקֶב:
forever on their paths: On their paths and their roads.  
113I hate those who harbor iniquitous thoughts, but Your Torah I love.   קיגסֵעֲפִים שָׂנֵאתִי וְתוֹרָתְךָ אָהָבְתִּי:
I hate those who harbor iniquitous thoughts: Those who think thoughts of iniquity, like (Job 20:2): “Therefore, my thoughts (סעפי) answer me” ; (I Kings 18:21), “between two ideas (הסעפים).” When you read סְעִפִים, it concerns the thought, but when you read סֵעֲפִים, the language refers to those who think it.  
114You are my protection and my shield; I hoped for Your word.   קידסִתְרִי וּמָגִנִּי אָתָּה לִדְבָרְךָ יִחָלְתִּי:
115Go away from me, you evildoers, and I shall keep the commandments of my God.   קטוסוּרוּ מִמֶּנִּי מְרֵעִים וְאֶצְּרָה מִצְו‍ֹת אֱלֹהָי:
116Support me as Your word, and I shall live, and do not put me to shame because of my hope.   קטזסָמְכֵנִי כְאִמְרָתְךָ וְאֶחְיֶה וְאַל תְּבִישֵׁנִי מִשִּׂבְרִי:
117Sustain me and I shall be saved, and I shall constantly engage in Your statutes.   קיזסְעָדֵנִי וְאִוָּשֵׁעָה וְאֶשְׁעָה בְחֻקֶּיךָ תָמִיד:
and I shall constantly engage in Your statutes: Heb. ואשעה, and I shall engage, like (Exod. 5:9): “and let them not engage (ישעו) in useless things.” Another explanation: [It is] an expression of telling and reciting, as we translate (Deut. 28:37): “and a recitation (ולשועין).”  
118You trampled all who stray from Your statutes, for their deceit is false.   קיחסָלִיתָ כָּל שֹׁגִים מֵחֻקֶּיךָ כִּי שֶׁקֶר תַּרְמִיתָם:
You trampled: Heb. סלית, You trampled; You made them a thing trampled on, like (Lam. 1:15): “The Lord trampled (סלה) all my mighty men.”  
119As dross, You cut off all the wicked of the earth; therefore I love Your testimonies.   קיטסִגִים הִשְׁבַּתָּ כָל רִשְׁעֵי אָרֶץ לָכֵן אָהַבְתִּי עֵדֹתֶיךָ:
120My flesh bristles from fear of You, and I dread Your judgments.   קכסָמַר מִפַּחְדְּךָ בְשָׂרִי וּמִמִּשְׁפָּטֶיךָ יָרֵאתִי:
bristles: Heb. סמר, like (Job 4:15): “it made the hair of my flesh stand on end (מסמר),” as a person whose hair stands on end, harizer in Old French, se herisser in modern French, to bristle.  
and I dread Your judgments: The retribution for Your decrees.  
121I performed justice and righteousness; do not leave me to my oppressors.   קכאעָשִׂיתִי מִשְׁפָּט וָצֶדֶק בַּל תַּנִּיחֵנִי לְעֹשְׁקָי:
122Be surety for Your servant for good; let the willful sinners not oppress me.   קכבעֲרֹב עַבְדְּךָ לְטוֹב אַל יַעַשְׁקֻנִי זֵדִים:
Be surety: Heb. ערב, garantis in French, to vouch for. Be a guarantor for me against the evil (i.e., be a guarantor that I keep Your precepts).  
123My eyes pined for Your salvation and for the word of Your righteousness.   קכגעֵינַי כָּלוּ לִישׁוּעָתֶךָ וּלְאִמְרַת צִדְקֶךָ:
and for the word of Your righteousness: The promise that You promised me.  
124Deal with Your servant according to Your kindness, and teach me Your statutes.   קכדעֲשֵׂה עִם עַבְדְּךָ כְחַסְדֶּךָ וְחֻקֶּיךָ לַמְּדֵנִי:
125I am Your servant; enable me to understand, and I shall know Your testimonies.   קכהעַבְדְּךָ אָנִי הֲבִינֵנִי וְאֵדְעָה עֵדֹתֶיךָ:
revive me according to Your word: Just as You promised me good, through Nathan the prophet.  
126A time to do for the Lord; they have made void Your Torah.   קכועֵת לַעֲשׂוֹת לַיהֹוָה הֵפֵרוּ תּוֹרָתֶךָ:
A time to do for the Lord, etc.: This goes back to the verse preceding it: Enable me to understand, and I shall know Your testimonies, to know a time to do for Your name. What should they do, those who made Your Torah void, to find good will and forgiveness, and that You should be found by them, and I will do so for every transgression that I have committed. Our Rabbis, however, derived from it [from this verse] that we may transgress the words of the Torah in order to make a fence and a wall [a safeguard] for Israel, e.g. Gideon and Elijah on Mount Carmel, who sacrificed on high places (Ber. 63a). I saw [it] further expounded upon in the Aggadah (Yerushalmi Ber. 9:4, Mid. Sam 1: 1) as meaning: A person who is idle and leisurely, who devotes [only occasional] times to his Torah, makes void the covenant, for an idle person must toil in the Torah all hours of the day.  
127Because I loved Your commandments more than gold, even more than fine gold.   קכזעַל כֵּן אָהַבְתִּי מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ מִזָּהָב וּמִפָּז:
Because I loved: Heb. על-כן. Because I loved Your commandments, it is fitting that You teach me a time of good will, and what I should do for You that You should accept me. There are many [instances of] על-כן that are to be interpreted as “because” ; e. g., (Gen. 33:10): “because (כי על-כן) I have seen your face” ; (Num. 10:33).“because (כי על-כן) you know our encampment” ; (Isa. 15: 7), “Because of (כי על-כן) the many things they did.”  
128Because I considered all precepts of all things upright; [and] every false way I hated.   קכחעַל כֵּן | כָּל פִּקּוּדֵי כֹל יִשָּׁרְתִּי כָּל אֹרַח שֶׁקֶר שָׂנֵאתִי:
Because I considered all precepts of all things upright: All precepts, everything that You commanded in your Torah.  
I considered upright: Heb. ישרתי. They were upright in my eyes, and I said about them that they are upright. Because of this, I deserve that You forgive me and favor me.  
129Your testimonies are hidden; therefore, my soul kept them.   קכטפְּלָאוֹת עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ עַל כֵּן נְצָרָתַם נַפְשִׁי:
Your testimonies are hidden: They are covered, and your testimonies are hidden from the sons of men. There are easy commandments for which He gave a large reward, such as sending away the nest.  
therefore, my soul kept them: All of them, because it is not known which is better.  
130The commencement of Your words enlightens; You make the simple understand.   קלפֵּתַח דְּבָרֶיךָ יָאִיר מֵבִין פְּתָיִים:
The commencement of Your words enlightens: The beginning of your words enlightened the heart of Israel, that You understated the simple, by Your statement (Exod. 20:2): “I am… Who took you out.” You let them know the favor that You did for themthat You acquired them from the house of bondageto know that You are their Master, and they should accept Your kingdom upon themselves. (Exod. 20:3): “You shall not have another god, etc.” and afterwards You made Your decrees (Cf. Mechilta ad loc.). Another explanation:  
The commencement of Your words enlightens: The beginning of Your words in the Creation was (Gen. 1:3): “Let there be light.”  
You make the simple understand: From there, everyone will understand and will commence with words of Torah. Tanchuma (Vayakhel 6).  
131I opened my mouth and panted because I yearned for Your commandments.   קלאפִּי פָעַרְתִּי וָאֶשְׁאָפָה כִּי לְמִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ יָאָבְתִּי:
and panted: Heb. ואשאפה, an expression of swallowing, as (Jer. 2:24): “snuffs up (שאפה) the wind.”  
132Turn to me and favor me as is Your custom with those who love Your name.   קלבפְּנֵה אֵלַי וְחָנֵּנִי כְּמִשְׁפָּט לְאֹהֲבֵי שְׁמֶךָ:
133Prepare my steps with Your word, and do not allow any iniquity to rule over me.   קלגפְּעָמַי הָכֵן בְּאִמְרָתֶךָ וְאַל תַּשְׁלֶט בִּי כָל אָוֶן:
134Redeem me from the oppression of man, and I shall keep Your precepts.   קלדפְּדֵנִי מֵעֹשֶׁק אָדָם וְאֶשְׁמְרָה פִּקּוּדֶיךָ:
Redeem me from the oppression of man: From the evil inclination, which oppresses the people (from the good pathParshandatha). In other commentaries I found:  
Redeem me from the oppression of man: Redeem me so that no man oppress me.  
135Cause Your countenance to shine upon Your servant and teach me Your statutes.   קלהפָּנֶיךָ הָאֵר בְּעַבְדֶּךָ וְלַמְּדֵנִי אֶת חֻקֶּיךָ:
136Rivulets of water ran down from my eyes because they did not keep Your Torah.   קלופַּלְגֵי מַיִם יָרְדוּ עֵינָי עַל לֹא שָׁמְרוּ תוֹרָתֶךָ:
137You are righteous, O Lord, and Your judgments are upright.   קלזצַדִּיק אַתָּה יְהֹוָה וְיָשָׁר מִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ:
138You commanded Your testimonies, [which are] righteousness, and they are exceedingly faithful.   קלחצִוִּיתָ צֶדֶק עֵדֹתֶיךָ וֶאֱמוּנָה מְאֹד:
139My zeal incenses me, for my adversaries have forgotten Your words.   קלטצִמְּתַתְנִי קִנְאָתִי כִּי שָׁכְחוּ דְבָרֶיךָ צָרָי:
My zeal incenses me: Heb. קנאתי. The zeal with which I am zealous for Your name against those who forget Your words, cuts me and incenses me against them.  
140Your word is very pure, and Your servant loves it.   קמצְרוּפָה אִמְרָתְךָ מְאֹד וְעַבְדְּךָ אֲהֵבָהּ:
141I am young and despised; I have not forgotten Your precepts.   קמאצָעִיר אָנֹכִי וְנִבְזֶה פִּקֻּדֶיךָ לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי:
I am young and despised: As it is stated (I Sam. 17:14): “And David was the youngest.” I am despised to the extent that I humble myself beside those who engage in the Torah, to learn, for I have not forgotten Your precepts; [nor have I refrained] from searching and debating with them about Your righteousness that is within them [the precepts], which is righteousness and truth to eternity; and even though troubles have befallen me, they were my occupation. And forever enable me to understand their righteousness and I shall live by them (Deut. 30:20): “for it [the Torah] is your life and the length of your days.”  
142Your righteousness is perpetual righteousness, and Your Torah is true.   קמבצִדְקָתְךָ צֶדֶק לְעוֹלָם וְתוֹרָתְךָ אֱמֶת:
143Distress and anguish have overtaken me; Your commandments are my occupation.   קמגצַר וּמָצוֹק מְצָאוּנִי מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ שַׁעֲשֻׁעָי:
144The righteousness of Your testimonies is eternal; enable me to understand and I shall live.   קמדצֶדֶק עֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ לְעוֹלָם הֲבִינֵנִי וְאֶחְיֶה:
145I called with all my heart; answer me, O Lord; I shall keep Your statutes.   קמהקָרָאתִי בְכָל לֵב עֲנֵנִי יְהֹוָה חֻקֶּיךָ אֶצֹּרָה:
146I called to You; save me and I shall keep Your testimonies.   קמוקְרָאתִיךָ הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי וְאֶשְׁמְרָה עֵדֹתֶיךָ:
and I shall keep: (The acronym of, עֵדְוֹתֶי is דמה בן פֶרֶץ; the “vav” is vowelized with a “holam,” but in the other instances, it is עֵדֹתֶי; the “daleth” is vowelized with a “holam.”)  
147I arose early, when it was still night, and I cried out; I hoped for Your word.   קמזקִדַּמְתִּי בַנֶּשֶׁף וָאֲשַׁוֵּעָה לִדְבָרְךָ (כתיב לִדְבָרְיךָ) יִחָלְתִּי:
148My eyes preceded the watches to speak of Your word.   קמחקִדְּמוּ עֵינַי אַשְׁמֻרוֹת לָשִׂיחַ בְּאִמְרָתֶךָ:
watches: Half the night, two watches, and according to one who says that the night consists of three watches, David would rise from bed at the first third of the night and engage in Torah until midnight, as it is said: “to speak of Your word.” From midnight on, he would engage in songs and praises, as it is said (verse 62): “At midnight, I rise to give thanks to You.”  
149Hearken to my voice according to Your kindness; O Lord, according to Your custom sustain me.   קמטקוֹלִי שִׁמְעָה כְּחַסְדֶּךָ יְהֹוָה כְּמִשְׁפָּטֶךָ חַיֵּנִי:
150Pursuers of lewdness have drawn near; from Your Torah they have distanced themselves.   קנקָרְבוּ רֹדְפֵי זִמָּה מִתּוֹרָתְךָ רָחָקוּ:
Pursuers of lewdness have drawn near: a counsel of sins. They follow the counsel of their sins and distance themselves from your Torah to draw near to the counsel of their evil.  
151You are near, O Lord, and all Your commandments are true.   קנאקָרוֹב אַתָּה יְהֹוָה וְכָל מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ אֱמֶת:
You are near: to these faraway people, who distance themselves from Your Torah, if they repent of their way.  
152From before, I knew from Your testimonies, for You established them to [the end of] the world.   קנבקֶדֶם יָדַעְתִּי מֵעֵדֹתֶיךָ כִּי לְעוֹלָם יְסַדְתָּם:
From before, I knew from Your testimonies: Before the thing came about, I knew it from Your testimonies. Before they inherited the land, You commanded them about the first fruits, heave offerings, and tithes, and before You gave them rest from their enemies, You commanded them (Deut. 25:19): “And it will be, when the Lord Your God gives you rest, etc.” to appoint a king, to annihilate Amalek, and to build the Temple.  
to the world: For You established Your testimonies concerning all things destined to be until the end of the world.  
153See my affliction and release me, for I have not forgotten Your Torah.   קנגרְאֵה עָנְיִי וְחַלְּצֵנִי כִּי תוֹרָתְךָ לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי:
154Plead my cause and redeem me; for Your word sustains me.   קנדרִיבָה רִיבִי וּגְאָלֵנִי לְאִמְרָתְךָ חַיֵּנִי:
155Salvation is far from the wicked, for they did not seek Your statutes.   קנהרָחוֹק מֵרְשָׁעִים יְשׁוּעָה כִּי חֻקֶּיךָ לֹא דָרָשׁוּ:
156Your mercies, O Lord, are abundant; according to Your custom, sustain me.   קנורַחֲמֶיךָ רַבִּים | יְהֹוָה כְּמִשְׁפָּטֶיךָ חַיֵּנִי:
157Many are my pursuers and my adversaries; from Your testimonies I did not turn away.   קנזרַבִּים רֹדְפַי וְצָרָי מֵעֵדְו‍ֹתֶיךָ לֹא נָטִיתִי:
158I saw traitors and I quarreled [with them] because they did not keep your word.   קנחרָאִיתִי בֹגְדִים וָאֶתְקוֹטָטָה אֲשֶׁר אִמְרָתְךָ לֹא שָׁמָרוּ:
159See that I love Your precepts, O Lord; according to Your kindness, sustain me.   קנטרְאֵה כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ אָהָבְתִּי יְהֹוָה כְּחַסְדְּךָ חַיֵּנִי:
160The beginning of Your word is true, and each of Your righteous judgments is eternal.   קסרֹאשׁ דְּבָרְךָ אֱמֶת וּלְעוֹלָם כָּל מִשְׁפַּט צִדְקֶךָ:
The beginning of Your word is true: And the end of Your word is not true? Rather, the end of Your word proves that the beginning of Your word is true. For, when the nations heard, “I am the Lord your God,” and “You shall not have [another god],” and “You shall not take, etc.,” they said, “Everything is for His benefit and for His glory.” As soon as they heard, “Honor, etc.; You shall not murder; You shall not commit adultery,” they admitted [that they had erred] about the beginning of Your word, that it is true.  
161Princes pursued me for nothing, but my heart feared Your word.   קסאשָׂרִים רְדָפוּנִי חִנָּם וּמִדְּבָרְךָ (כתיב וּמִדְּבָרְיךָ) פָּחַד לִבִּי:
162I rejoice over Your word as one who finds great spoil.   קסבשָׂשׂ אָנֹכִי עַל אִמְרָתֶךָ כְּמוֹצֵא שָׁלָל רָב:
I rejoice over Your word: Over Your promise that You promised me. Another explanation: Over one of Your enigmatic statements, when I understand it. Our Rabbis, however, interpreted it as referring to circumcision, for [when] David was in the bathhouse and saw himself without zizith, without tefillin, and without Torah, he said, “Woe is to me, for I am naked of all commandments.” As soon as he thought of the circumcision, he rejoiced and said when he emerged (from the bathhouse), “I rejoice over Your word.” [This refers to] circumcision, which was first given with a saying (אמירה), and not with speaking (דיבור) , as it is said (Gen. 17:9): “And God said (ויאמר) to Abraham, ‘And you shall keep My covenant.’”  
163I hate falsehood, and I abominate [it], I love Your Torah.   קסגשֶׁקֶר שָׂנֵאתִי וָאֲתַעֵבָה תּוֹרָתְךָ אָהָבְתִּי:
164Seven times a day I praise You for Your righteous judgments.   קסדשֶׁבַע בַּיּוֹם הִלַּלְתִּיךָ עַל מִשְׁפְּטֵי צִדְקֶךָ:
Seven times a day: In the morning, twice before the reading of “Shema” and once after it, and in the evening, twice before it and twice after it.  
for Your righteous judgments: For the reading of the Shema, which consists of words of Torah.  
165There is abundant peace to those who love Your Torah, and they have no obstacle.   קסהשָׁלוֹם רָב לְאֹהֲבֵי תוֹרָתֶךָ וְאֵין לָמוֹ מִכְשׁוֹל:
166I hoped for Your salvation, O Lord, and I performed Your commandments.   קסושִׂבַּרְתִּי לִישׁוּעָתְךָ יְהֹוָה וּמִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ עָשִׂיתִי:
167My soul kept Your testimonies, and I love them exceedingly.   קסזשָׁמְרָה נַפְשִׁי עֵדֹתֶיךָ וָאֹהֲבֵם מְאֹד:
168I kept Your precepts and Your testimonies, for all my ways are before You.   קסחשָׁמַרְתִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ וְעֵדֹתֶיךָ כִּי כָל דְּרָכַי נֶגְדֶּךָ:
for all my ways are before You: You know all my ways.  
169May my song of prayer draw near before You, O Lord; according to Your word, enable me to understand.   קסטתִּקְרַב רִנָּתִי לְפָנֶיךָ יְהֹוָה כִּדְבָרְךָ הֲבִינֵנִי:
according to Your word, enable me to understand: the words of Your Torah; according to their law and in the order in which they stand.  
170May my supplication come before You; according to Your word, save me.   קעתָּבוֹא תְחִנָּתִי לְפָנֶיךָ כְּאִמְרָתְךָ הַצִּילֵנִי:
171My lips will utter praise when You teach me Your statutes.   קעאתַּבַּעְנָה שְׂפָתַי תְּהִלָּה כִּי תְלַמְּדֵנִי חֻקֶּיךָ:
will utter: will speak.  
172My tongue will proclaim Your word, for all Your commandments are righteous.   קעבתַּעַן לְשׁוֹנִי אִמְרָתֶךָ כִּי כָל מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ צֶּדֶק:
My tongue will proclaim: Heb. תען. Every [expression of] עַנִיָה is an expression of a loud voice, and the “father” of them all is (Deut. 27:14): “And the Levites shall proclaim (וענו) and say [to all Israel with a loud voice].”  
173May Your hand be [ready] to help me, for I have chosen Your precepts.   קעגתְּהִי יָדְךָ לְעָזְרֵנִי כִּי פִקּוּדֶיךָ בָחָרְתִּי:
174I yearned for Your salvation, O Lord, and Your Torah is my occupation.   קעדתָּאַבְתִּי לִישׁוּעָתְךָ יְהֹוָה וְתוֹרָתְךָ שַׁעֲשֻׁעָי:
175May my soul live and praise You, and may Your judgments help me.   קעהתְּחִי נַפְשִׁי וּתְהַלְלֶךָּ וּמִשְׁפָּטֶךָ יַעְזְּרֻנִי:
176I went astray like a lost lamb; seek Your servant, for I did not forget Your commandments.   קעותָּעִיתִי כְּשֶׂה אֹבֵד בַּקֵּשׁ עַבְדֶּךָ כִּי מִצְו‍ֹתֶיךָ לֹא שָׁכָחְתִּי:
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