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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 111

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 111

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 111

1. Hallelujah, I shall thank the Lord with all my heart with the counsel of the upright and [in] the congregation.   א. הַלְלוּיָהּ | אוֹדֶה יְהֹוָה בְּכָל לֵבָב בְּסוֹד יְשָׁרִים וְעֵדָה:
Hallelujah, I shall thank, etc.: This psalm was based on the alphabet, one letter at the beginning of the verse and one in the middle of it, and so all of them [this psalm’s verses are] from “aleph” to “tav,” and so too is the second psalm. The first one speaks in praises of the Holy One, blessed be He, and the second one speaks in praise of a righteous, God-fearing person.  
2. Great are the works of the Lord, available to all who desire them.   ב. גְּדֹלִים מַעֲשֵׂי יְהֹוָה דְּרוּשִׁים לְכָל חֶפְצֵיהֶם:
3. Majesty and splendor are His work, and His righteousness endures forever.   ג. הוֹד וְהָדָר פָּעֳלוֹ וְצִדְקָתוֹ עֹמֶדֶת לָעַד:
4. He made a memorial for His wonders; the Lord is gracious and merciful.   ד. זֵכֶר עָשָׂה לְנִפְלְאוֹתָיו חַנּוּן וְרַחוּם יְהֹוָה:
He made a memorial: He set down for Israel Sabbaths and festivals and commandments, of which was stated (Deut. 5:15): “And remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt,” because He is gracious and merciful to His children, and He wishes to make them righteous.  
5. He gave food to those who fear Him; He remembers His covenant forever.   ה. טֶרֶף נָתַן לִירֵאָיו יִזְכֹּר לְעוֹלָם בְּרִיתוֹ:
He gave food: Heb. טֶרֶף, food.  
6. The strength of His works He related to His people, to give them the inheritance of the nations.   ו. כֹּחַ מַעֲשָׂיו הִגִּיד לְעַמּוֹ לָתֵת לָהֶם נַחֲלַת גּוֹיִם:
The strength of His works He related to His people: When He gave them the inheritance of the nations, He let them know His strength and His might. And Midrash Tanchuma (Buber, Bereishith 11): He wrote for Israel [about] the Creation to let them know that the earth is His and that it is in His power to settle in it anyone He wishes, and to move these out and settle others, so that the nations will not be able to say to Israel, “You are thieves, for you conquered the land of the seven nations.”  
7. The works of His hands are truth and justice; all His commandments are faithful.   ז. מַעֲשֵׂי יָדָיו אֱמֶת וּמִשְׁפָּט נֶאֱמָנִים כָּל פִּקּוּדָיו:
8. Steadfast forever, made in truth and uprightness.   ח. סְמוּכִים לָעַד לְעוֹלָם עֲשׂוּיִם בֶּאֱמֶת וְיָשָׁר:
Steadfast: are His commandments, supported by might, strengthened with punishments and warnings, and the chapters are set one next to the other in sequence and to expound on them. This is what Solomon said (Song 5:15): “His thighs are pillars of marble, etc.”  
9. He sent redemption to His people; He commanded His covenant forever; His name is holy and awesome.   ט. פְּדוּת | שָׁלַח לְעַמּוֹ צִוָּה לְעוֹלָם בְּרִיתוֹ קָדוֹשׁ וְנוֹרָא שְׁמוֹ:
10. The beginning of wisdom is the fear of the Lord; good understanding to all who perform them; his praise endures forever.   י. רֵאשִׁית חָכְמָה | יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה שֵׂכֶל טוֹב לְכָל עֹשֵׂיהֶם תְּהִלָּתוֹ עֹמֶדֶת לָעַד:
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