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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 106

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 106

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Rashi's Commentary:
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Chapter 106

1Hallelujah. Give thanks to the Lord for He is good, for His kindness is forever.   אהַלְלוּיָהּ | הוֹדוּ לַיהֹוָה כִּי טוֹב כִּי לְעוֹלָם חַסְדּוֹ:
2Who can narrate the mighty deeds of the Lord? [Who] can make heard all His praise?   במִי יְמַלֵּל גְּבוּרוֹת יְהֹוָה יַשְׁמִיעַ כָּל תְּהִלָּתוֹ:
3Fortunate are those who keep justice, who perform righteousness at all times.   גאַשְׁרֵי שֹׁמְרֵי מִשְׁפָּט עֹשֵׂה צְדָקָה בְכָל עֵת:
4Remember me, O Lord, when You favor Your people; be mindful of me with Your salvation.   דזָכְרֵנִי יְהֹוָה בִּרְצוֹן עַמֶּךָ פָּקְדֵנִי בִּישׁוּעָתֶךָ:
when You favor Your people: When You show goodwill to Your people.  
5To see the goodness of Your chosen ones, to rejoice with the joy of Your nation, to boast with Your inheritance.   הלִרְאוֹת | בְּטוֹבַת בְּחִירֶיךָ לִשְׂמֹחַ בְּשִׂמְחַת גּוֹיֶךָ לְהִתְהַלֵּל עִם נַחֲלָתֶךָ:
6We sinned with our forefathers; we committed iniquity and wickedness.   וחָטָאנוּ עִם אֲבוֹתֵינוּ הֶעֱוִינוּ הִרְשָׁעְנוּ:
7Our forefathers in Egypt did not understand Your wonders; they did not remember Your manifold deeds of kindness, and they were rebellious by the sea, by the Sea of Reeds.   זאֲבוֹתֵינוּ בְמִצְרַיִם | לֹא הִשְׂכִּילוּ נִפְלְאוֹתֶיךָ לֹא זָכְרוּ אֶת רֹב חֲסָדֶיךָ וַיַּמְרוּ עַל יָם בְּיַם סוּף:
and they were rebellious by the sea: They had little faith; they said, “Just as we ascend from here, from this side, the Egyptians also are ascending from another side, and they will come after us,” until the Holy One, blessed be He, hinted to the sea, and it vomited them out onto the dry land. Then (Exod. 15:30) “Israel saw the Egyptians dead on the seashore.” Therefore (ibid. verse 31) “they believed in the Lord,” but in the beginning, they did not believe. I found this.  
8And He saved them for His name's sake, to make known His might.   חוַיּוֹשִׁיעֵם לְמַעַן שְׁמוֹ לְהוֹדִיעַ אֶת גְּבוּרָתוֹ:
9And He rebuked the Sea of Reeds, and it dried up, and He led them in the depths as [in] a desert.   טוַיִּגְעַר בְּיַם סוּף וַיֶּחֱרָב וַיּוֹלִיכֵם בַּתְּהֹמוֹת כַּמִּדְבָּר:
and He led them in the depths in the desert: The Sea of Reeds was in the desert, for it is written (Exod. 14:13): “the desert has closed upon them, etc.” ; (Exod. 3: 18): “three days’ journey in the desert.”  
10He saved them from the hand of the enemy, and He redeemed them from the hand of the foe.   יוַיּוֹשִׁיעֵם מִיַּד שׂוֹנֵא וַיִּגְאָלֵם מִיַּד אוֹיֵב:
11And the water covered their adversaries; not one of them survived.   יאוַיְכַסּוּ מַיִם צָרֵיהֶם אֶחָד מֵהֶם לֹא נוֹתָר:
12And they believed His words; they sang His praise.   יבוַיַּאֲמִינוּ בִדְבָרָיו יָשִׁירוּ תְּהִלָּתוֹ:
13Quickly, they forgot His deeds; they did not await His counsel.   יגמִהֲרוּ שָׁכְחוּ מַעֲשָׂיו לֹא חִכּוּ לַעֲצָתוֹ:
they did not await His counsel: They did not hope for Him.  
14They craved a lust in the desert, and they tried God in the wasteland.   ידוַיִּתְאַוּוּ תַאֲוָה בַּמִּדְבָּר וַיְנַסּוּ אֵל בִּישִׁימוֹן:
They craved a lust: (Num. 11:4) “Who will give us meat to eat?”  
15He gave them their request, but He sent emaciation into their soul.   טווַיִּתֵּן לָהֶם שֶׁאֱלָתָם וַיְשַׁלַּח רָזוֹן בְּנַפְשָׁם:
but He sent emaciation into their soul: (Num. 11:33) “and the Lord’s wrath was kindled against the people.”  
16They angered Moses in the camp, Aaron, the holy man of the Lord.   טזוַיְקַנְאוּ לְמֹשֶׁה בַּמַּחֲנֶה לְאַהֲרֹן קְדוֹשׁ יְהֹוָה:
They angered Moses: Heb. ויקנאו. In the desert they angered him, like (Deut. 32:21): “They angered Me (קנאוני) with a no-god.” I found this.  
17The earth opened up and swallowed Dathan and covered the congregation of Abiram.   יזתִּפְתַּח אֶרֶץ וַתִּבְלַע דָּתָן וַתְּכַס עַל עֲדַת אֲבִירָם:
The earth opened up, etc.: It appears that [the Psalmist] bestowed honor upon the sons of Korah [by refraining] from mentioning their father. He attributed the sin to Dathan and Abiram.  
18And fire burned in their congregation; a flame burned the wicked.   יחוַתִּבְעַר אֵשׁ בַּעֲדָתָם לֶהָבָה תְּלַהֵט רְשָׁעִים:
And fire burned: (Num. 16: 35) “and consumed the two hundred and fifty men who burnt the incense. ”  
19They made a calf in Horeb and prostrated themselves to a molten image.   יטיַעֲשׂוּ עֵגֶל בְּחֹרֵב וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ לְמַסֵּכָה:
20They exchanged their glory for the likeness of an ox eating grass.   כוַיָּמִירוּ אֶת כְּבוֹדָם בְּתַבְנִית שׁוֹר אֹכֵל עֵשֶׂב:
eating grass: There is nothing as disgusting and repugnant as an ox. When it eats grass, it emits much dung, with which it sullies itself. Other books read: its saliva.  
21They forgot God, their Savior, Who wrought great deeds in Egypt.   כאשָׁכְחוּ אֵל מוֹשִׁיעָם עֹשֶׂה גְדֹלוֹת בְּמִצְרָיִם:
22Wonders in the land of Ham, awesome deeds by the Sea of Reeds.   כבנִפְלָאוֹת בְּאֶרֶץ חָם נוֹרָאוֹת עַל יַם סוּף:
23He intended to destroy them [and would have] were it not that Moses, His chosen one, stood before Him in the breech to return His wrath from destroying.   כגוַיֹּאמֶר לְהַשְׁמִידָם לוּלֵי מֹשֶׁה בְחִירוֹ עָמַד בַּפֶּרֶץ לְפָנָיו לְהָשִׁיב חֲמָתוֹ מֵהַשְׁחִית:
24They rejected the desirable land; they did not believe His word.   כדוַיִּמְאֲסוּ בְּאֶרֶץ חֶמְדָּה לֹא הֶאֱמִינוּ לִדְבָרוֹ:
They rejected the desirable land: when the spies were sent out, and they brought calumny on the land (Num. 13:32).  
25They complained in their tents; they did not hearken to the voice of the Lord.   כהוַיֵּרָגְנוּ בְאָהֳלֵיהֶם לֹא שָׁמְעוּ בְּקוֹל יְהֹוָה:
26He raised His hand to them to cast them down in the desert,   כווַיִּשָּׂא יָדוֹ לָהֶם לְהַפִּיל אוֹתָם בַּמִּדְבָּר:
He raised His hand: with an oath.  
27And to cast their seed among the nations and to scatter them in the lands.   כזוּלְהַפִּיל זַרְעָם בַּגּוֹיִם וּלְזָרוֹתָם בָּאֲרָצוֹת:
And to cast their seed among the nations: From that time, the destruction of the Temple was decreed upon them, for on the night of the ninth of Ab they went, and the Holy One, blessed be He, said, “They wept for nothing, and I shall establish for them weeping for generations.”  
28They became attached to Baal Pe'or and ate sacrifices of the dead.   כחוַיִּצָּמְדוּ לְבַעַל פְּעוֹר וַיֹּאכְלוּ זִבְחֵי מֵתִים:
29They provoked [God] with their deeds, and a plague broke out among them.   כטוַיַּכְעִיסוּ בְּמַעַלְלֵיהֶם וַתִּפְרָץ בָּם מַגֵּפָה:
30Phinehas stood up and executed justice, and the plague was stopped.   לוַיַּעֲמֹד פִּינְחָס וַיְפַלֵּל וַתֵּעָצַר הַמַּגֵּפָה:
31It was accounted for him as a merit, for generation to generation to eternity.   לאוַתֵּחָשֶׁב לוֹ לִצְדָקָה לְדֹר וָדֹר עַד עוֹלָם:
32They provoked [God] by the waters of Meribah, and Moses suffered because of them.   לבוַיַּקְצִיפוּ עַל מֵי מְרִיבָה וַיֵּרַע לְמֹשֶׁה בַּעֲבוּרָם:
33For they rebelled against His spirit, and He uttered with His lips.   לגכִּי הִמְרוּ אֶת רוּחוֹ וַיְבַטֵּא בִּשְׂפָתָיו:
For they rebelled: Moses and Aaron.  
against His spirit: with (Num. 20:10) “Hear now, you rebels!”  
and He uttered with His lips: an oath (Num. 20: 12): “Therefore you shall not bring this community, etc.”  
34They did not destroy the peoples whom the Lord had told them [to destroy].   לדלֹא הִשְׁמִידוּ אֶת הָעַמִּים אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהֹוָה לָהֶם:
They did not destroy: in the days of Joshua.  
the peoples whom the Lord had told them: (Deut. 20:16): “You shall not allow a soul to remain alive” ; (Exod. 23:33), “They shall not remain as residents in your land,” but they allowed them to dwell in their midst, paying tribute.  
35And they mingled with the nations and learned their deeds.   להוַיִּתְעָרְבוּ בַגּוֹיִם וַיִּלְמְדוּ מַעֲשֵׂיהֶם:
36They worshipped their idols, which became a snare for them.   לווַיַּעַבְדוּ אֶת עֲצַבֵּיהֶם וַיִּהְיוּ לָהֶם לְמוֹקֵשׁ:
37They slaughtered their sons and daughters to the demons.   לזוַיִּזְבְּחוּ אֶת בְּנֵיהֶם וְאֶת בְּנוֹתֵיהֶם לַשֵּׁדִים:
38They shed innocent blood, the blood of their sons and daughters whom they slaughtered to the idols of Canaan, and the land became polluted with the blood.   לחוַיִּשְׁפְּכוּ דָם נָקִי דַּם בְּנֵיהֶם וּבְנוֹתֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר זִבְּחוּ לַעֲצַבֵּי כְנָעַן וַתֶּחֱנַף הָאָרֶץ בַּדָּמִים:
39And they became unclean through their deeds, and they went astray with their acts.   לטוַיִּטְמְאוּ בְמַעֲשֵׂיהֶם וַיִּזְנוּ בְּמַעַלְלֵיהֶם:
40And the Lord's wrath was kindled against His people and He detested His inheritance.   מוַיִּחַר אַף יְהֹוָה בְּעַמּוֹ וַיְתָעֵב אֶת נַחֲלָתוֹ:
41And He delivered them into the hands of nations, and their enemies ruled over them.   מאוַיִּתְּנֵם בְּיַד גּוֹיִם וַיִּמְשְׁלוּ בָהֶם שׂנְאֵיהֶם:
And He delivered them into the hands of nations: in the days of the Judges between one judge and another, e.g. Eglon, Cushan-rishathaim, Sisera, the Philistines, and Midian. (I found.)  
42And their foes oppressed them, and they were humbled under their hand.   מבוַיִּלְחָצוּם אוֹיְבֵיהֶם וַיִּכָּנְעוּ תַּחַת יָדָם:
43Many times He saved them, but they were rebellious with their counsel, and they were humbled because of their iniquity.   מגפְּעָמִים רַבּוֹת יַצִּילֵם וְהֵמָּה יַמְרוּ בַעֲצָתָם וַיָּמֹכּוּ בַּעֲו‍ֹנָם:
Many times He saved them: Many times they provoked Him; yet He was slow to anger and saved them.  
and they were humbled because of their iniquity: Heb. וימכו, and they were humbled because of their iniquity.  
44But He looked upon their distress when He heard their cries.   מדוַיַּרְא בַּצַּר לָהֶם בְּשָׁמְעוֹ אֶת רִנָּתָם:
But He looked upon their distress: On account of prayer.  
when He heard their cries: On account of the merit of the Patriarchs.  
45And He remembered His covenant for them, and He relented in accordance with His abundant kindness.   מהוַיִּזְכֹּר לָהֶם בְּרִיתוֹ וַיִּנָּחֵם כְּרֹב חֲסָדָיו (כתיב חֲסָדָו) :
And He remembered His covenant: On account of repentance.  
and He relented in accordance with His abundant kindness: On account of the end, when He heard, “Save us, etc.” Moses, too, included them in one verse (Deut. 4:30): “In this distress that will befall you etc.”  
46And He caused them to be pitied by all their captors.   מווַיִּתֵּן אוֹתָם לְרַחֲמִים לִפְנֵי כָּל שׁוֹבֵיהֶם:
47Save us, O Lord, our God, and gather us from the nations, to give thanks to Your holy name, to boast with Your praise.   מזהוֹשִׁיעֵנוּ | יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְקַבְּצֵנוּ מִן הַגּוֹיִם לְהֹדוֹת לְשֵׁם קָדְשֶׁךָ לְהִשְׁתַּבֵּחַ בִּתְהִלָּתֶךָ:
save us: now also, O Lord, our God.  
48Blessed be the Lord God of Israel from world to world, and all the people shall say, "Amen." Hallelujah!   מחבָּרוּךְ יְהֹוָה | אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל מִן הָעוֹלָם | וְעַד הָעוֹלָם וְאָמַר כָּל הָעָם אָמֵן הַלְלוּיָהּ:
from world to world: From this world to the world to come.  
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