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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 99

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 99

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 99

1. The Lord has reigned, nations will quake; [before] Him Who dwells between the cherubim, the earth will falter.   א. יְהֹוָה מָלָךְ יִרְגְּזוּ עַמִּים יֹשֵׁב כְּרוּבִים תָּנוּט הָאָרֶץ:
nations will quake: [This] deals with the war of Gog and Magog. Then the nations will quake, as the matter that is said (Zech. 14: 12): “And this shall be the plague, etc.”  
will falter: Heb. תנוט, an expression of (73:2): “my feet faltered (נטוי).”  
2. The Lord is great in Zion, and He is high over all the peoples.   ב. יְהֹוָה בְּצִיּוֹן גָּדוֹל וְרָם הוּא עַל כָּל הָעַמִּים:
3. They will acknowledge Your great and awesome name, [that] it is holy,   ג. יוֹדוּ שִׁמְךָ גָּדוֹל וְנוֹרָא קָדוֹשׁ הוּא:
They will acknowledge Your name: They will acknowledge the might of the King Who loves judgment.  
4. And the might of the King who loves judgment; You founded equity; judgment and righteousness You made in Jacob.   ד. וְעֹז מֶלֶךְ מִשְׁפָּט אָהֵב אַתָּה כּוֹנַנְתָּ מֵּישָׁרִים מִשְׁפָּט וּצְדָקָה בְּיַעֲקֹב | אַתָּה עָשִׂיתָ:
and the might of the King Who loves judgment: This refers back to the preceding verse.  
You founded equity: You founded compromise and peacemaking between persons, by Your statement (Exod. 23:5): “Should you see your enemy’s donkey lying etc.” ; (ibid. verse 4), “Should you come upon Your enemy’s ox, etc.” Now who is it who sees his enemy being kind to him, whose heart will not be inspired to embrace him and kiss him? (Tanchuma).  
5. Exalt the Lord our God and prostrate yourselves to His footstool, it is holy.   ה. רוֹמְמוּ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לַהֲדֹם רַגְלָיו קָדוֹשׁ הוּא:
6. Moses and Aaron among His priests, and Samuel among those who call in His name, would call out to the Lord, and He would answer them.   ו. משֶׁה וְאַהֲרֹן | בְּכֹהֲנָיו וּשְׁמוּאֵל בְּקֹרְאֵי שְׁמוֹ קֹרִאים אֶל יְהֹוָה וְהוּא יַעֲנֵם:
7. In a pillar of cloud He would speak to them; they kept His testimonies and the statutes He gave them.   ז. בְּעַמּוּד עָנָן יְדַבֵּר אֲלֵיהֶם שָׁמְרוּ עֵדֹתָיו וְחֹק נָתַן לָמוֹ:
In a pillar of cloud He would speak to them: Even with Samuel. This is what is stated (I Sam. 9:11f.): “and they said to them, Is the seer here? and they answered them and said, He is (יֵש).” You will see a cloud attached to his doorway, as Scripture says (Num. 9:20): “And sometimes the cloud would be…”  
they kept His testimonies and the statute He gave them: The statute that He gave them.  
8. O Lord, Our God, You answered them; You were a forgiving God for them but vengeful for their misdeeds.   ח. יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ אַתָּה עֲנִיתָם אֵל נֹשֵׂא הָיִיתָ לָהֶם וְנֹקֵם עַל עֲלִילוֹתָם:
a forgiving God: [Forgiving] the iniquity of Israel.  
for them: Heb. להם, for their sake.  
but vengeful: You were vengeful for their misdeeds: Moses and Aaron for “Hear now, you rebels!” As for Samuel, because he did not direct his sons in the good way, he died young.  
9. Exalt the Lord our God and prostrate yourselves to the mount of His sanctuary, for the Lord our God is holy.   ט. רוֹמְמוּ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ וְהִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לְהַר קָדְשׁוֹ כִּי קָדוֹשׁ יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ:
for the Lord our God is holy: because He is strict with the righteous, He is sanctified in the world, and so He says (Exod. 29: 43): “and it will be sanctified with My glory,” meaning “with those glorified by Me.”  
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