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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 92

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 92

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 92

1. A song with musical accompaniment for the Sabbath day.   א. מִזְמוֹר שִׁיר לְיוֹם הַשַּׁבָּת:
A song with musical accompaniment: of the Levites.  
for the Sabbath day: that they would recite on Sabbaths, and it deals with the world to come, which is entirely Sabbath.  
2. It is good to give thanks to the Lord, and to sing to Your name, O Most High.   ב. טוֹב לְהֹדוֹת לַיהֹוָה וּלְזַמֵּר לְשִׁמְךָ עֶלְיוֹן:
3. To declare in the morning Your kindness and Your faith at night.   ג. לְהַגִּיד בַּבֹּקֶר חַסְדֶּךָ וֶאֱמוּנָתְךָ בַּלֵּילוֹת:
To declare in the morning Your kindness: At the time of the Redemption.  
and Your faith at night: And during the distress of the exile, to believe in You that You will keep Your promise, all this is splendid and good.  
4. Upon a ten-stringed harp and upon a psaltery, with speech upon a harp.   ד. עֲלֵי עָשׂוֹר וַעֲלֵי נָבֶל עֲלֵי הִגָּיוֹן בְּכִנּוֹר:
Upon a ten-stringed harp and upon a psaltery: Heb. עשור, a harp of ten strings.  
5. For You have made me happy O Lord, with Your work; with the work of Your hands I shall exult.   ה. כִּי שִׂמַּחְתַּנִי יְהֹוָה בְּפָעֳלֶךָ בְּמַעֲשֵׂי יָדֶיךָ אֲרַנֵּן:
6. How great are Your works, O Lord! Your thoughts are very deep.   ו. מַה גָּדְלוּ מַעֲשֶׂיךָ יְהֹוָה מְאֹד עָמְקוּ מַחְשְׁבֹתֶיךָ:
7. A boorish man does not know; neither does a fool understand this.   ז. אִישׁ בַּעַר לֹא יֵדָע וּכְסִיל לֹא יָבִין אֶת זֹאת:
A boorish man does not know: What is stated below.  
8. When the wicked flourish like grass, and all workers of violence blossom, only to be destroyed to eternity.   ח. בִּפְרֹחַ רְשָׁעִים | כְּמוֹ עֵשֶׂב וַיָּצִיצוּ כָּל פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן לְהִשָּׁמְדָם עֲדֵי עַד:
When the wicked flourish like grass: they do not know that their flourishing is only to destroy them to eternity, for He recompenses His enemies to their face to destroy them.  
9. But You remain on high forever, O Lord.   ט. וְאַתָּה מָרוֹם לְעֹלָם יְהֹוָה:
But You remain on high: In all Your judgments, You have the upper hand, for all justify Your judgments.  
10. For behold Your enemies, O Lord, for behold Your enemies will perish; all workers of violence will scatter.   י. כִּי הִנֵּה אֹיְבֶיךָ | יְהוָה כִּי הִנֵּה אֹיְבֶיךָ יֹאבֵדוּ יִתְפָּרְדוּ כָּל פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן:
11. But You have raised my horn like that of a wild ox; to soak me with fresh oil.   יא. וַתָּרֶם כִּרְאֵים קַרְנִי בַּלֹּתִי בְּשֶׁמֶן רַעֲנָן:
to soak me with fresh oil: Heb. בלתי. To soak me with the oil of dominion. בַלֹתִי is like (Num. 15:9): “mingled (בלולה) with oil.”  
12. My eye has gazed upon those who stare at me [with envy]; when evildoers rise up against me, my ears hear [them].   יב. וַתַּבֵּט עֵינִי בְּשׁוּרָי בַּקָּמִים עָלַי מְרֵעִים תִּשְׁמַעְנָה אָזְנָי:
upon those who stare at me: Heb. בשורי, at those who stare at me, as (5:9): “those who lie in wait for me (בשוררי).”  
when evildoers rise up against me: About the wicked who rise up against me, my ears heard from behind the “veil” that they will not succeed in destroying us [perhaps, David and his men]. So I heard.  
13. The righteous one flourishes like the palm; as a cedar in Lebanon he grows.   יג. צַדִּיק כַּתָּמָר יִפְרָח כְּאֶרֶז בַּלְּבָנוֹן יִשְׂגֶּה:
The righteous one flourishes like the palm, etc.: Like the palm that produces fruit, and like the cedar insofar as its trunk renews itself.  
14. Planted in the house of the Lord, in the courts of our God they will flourish.   יד. שְׁתוּלִים בְּבֵית יְהֹוָה בְּחַצְרוֹת אֱלֹהֵינוּ יַפְרִיחוּ:
Planted: The righteous will be [planted] in the house of the Lord.  
15. They will yet grow in old age; fat and fresh will they be.   טו. עוֹד יְנוּבוּן בְּשֵׂיבָה דְּשֵׁנִים וְרַעֲנַנִּים יִהְיוּ:
will… grow: Heb. ישגה, will grow.  
fat: Heb. דשנים, They will be fat and fresh, and then they will declare that the Lord is upright.  
16. To declare that the Lord is upright, my rock in Whom there is no injustice.   טז. לְהַגִּיד כִּי יָשָׁר יְהֹוָה צוּרִי וְלֹא עַוְלָתָה בּוֹ:
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