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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 86

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 86

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 86

1. A prayer of David. O Lord, incline Your ear; answer me for I am poor and needy.   א. תְּפִלָּה לְדָוִד הַטֵּה יְהֹוָה אָזְנְךָ עֲנֵנִי כִּי עָנִי וְאֶבְיוֹן אָנִי:
2. Watch my soul for I am a pious man; save Your servant-You, my God-who trusts in You.   ב. שָׁמְרָה נַפְשִׁי כִּי חָסִיד אָנִי הוֹשַׁע עַבְדְּךָ אַתָּה אֱלֹהַי הַבּוֹטֵחַ אֵלֶיךָ:
for I am a pious man: that I hear my insults and my disgraces, and I am able to wreak vengeance; yet I remain silent. So it is in Aggadath Tehillim (Mid. Ps. 86:1). Another explanation: Our Sages explained in Berachoth (4a): [David said,] “Am I not a pious man, when all the kings of the Orient and the Occident sit in their glory, and Imy hands are sullied with blood, with the sac, and with the afterbirth?”  
3. Be gracious to me, O Lord, for I call to You all the days.   ג. חָנֵּנִי אֲדֹנָי כִּי אֵלֶיךָ אֶקְרָא כָּל הַיּוֹם:
all the days: All the days of the exile, which is day for the wicked and night for the righteous. It is explained in this manner in Aggadath Tehillim (Mid. Ps. 86:2).  
4. Cause the soul of Your servant to rejoice, for to You, O Lord, I lift my soul.   ד. שַׂמֵּחַ נֶפֶשׁ עַבְדֶּךָ כִּי אֵלֶיךָ אֲדֹנָי נַפְשִׁי אֶשָּׂא:
I lift my soul: I direct my heart.  
5. For You, O Lord, are good and forgiving, with much kindness to all who call You.   ה. כִּי אַתָּה אֲדֹנָי טוֹב וְסַלָּח וְרַב חֶסֶד לְכָל קֹרְאֶיךָ:
6. Lend Your ear, O Lord, to my prayer, and hearken to the voice of my supplications.   ו. הַאֲזִינָה יְהֹוָה תְּפִלָּתִי וְהַקְשִׁיבָה בְּקוֹל תַּחֲנוּנוֹתָי:
7. On the day of my distress I shall call You, for You will answer me.   ז. בְּיוֹם צָרָתִי אֶקְרָאֶךָּ כִּי תַעֲנֵנִי:
8. There is none like You among the godly, O Lord, neither is there any like Your works.   ח. אֵין כָּמוֹךָ בָאֱלֹהִים | אֲדֹנָי וְאֵין כְּמַעֲשֶׂיךָ:
like Your works: Who places the heavenly beings before the earthlings.  
9. All nations that You made will come and prostrate themselves before You, O Lord, and glorify Your name.   ט. כָּל גּוֹיִם | אֲשֶׁר עָשִׂיתָ יָבוֹאוּ וְיִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לְפָנֶיךָ אֲדֹנָי וִיכַבְּדוּ לִשְׁמֶךָ:
10. For You are great and perform wonders, You, O God, alone.   י. כִּי גָדוֹל אַתָּה וְעֹשֵׂה נִפְלָאוֹת אַתָּה אֱלֹהִים לְבַדֶּךָ:
and perform wonders, You, O God, alone: Before the angels were created, heaven and earth were created. Therefore, all the nations will glorify Your name.  
11. Teach me Your way, O Lord; I shall walk in Your truth. Unify my heart to fear Your name.   יא. הוֹרֵנִי יְהֹוָה דַּרְכֶּךָ אֲהַלֵּךְ בַּאֲמִתֶּךָ יַחֵד לְבָבִי לְיִרְאָה שְׁמֶךָ:
12. I shall thank You, O Lord my God, with all my heart, and I shall glorify Your name forever.   יב. אוֹדְךָ | אֲדֹנָי אֱלֹהַי בְּכָל לְבָבִי וַאֲכַבְּדָה שִׁמְךָ לְעוֹלָם:
13. For Your kindness is great toward me, and You have saved my soul from the lowest depths of the grave.   יג. כִּי חַסְדְּךָ גָּדוֹל עָלָי וְהִצַּלְתָּ נַפְשִׁי מִשְּׁאוֹל תַּחְתִּיָּה:
from the lowest depths of the grave: It is customary for adulterers to be put into the depth of the grave, and from there You saved me, for Nathan the prophet said to me (II Sam. 12:13): “Also the Lord has removed your sin.”  
14. O God, willful transgressors have risen against me, and a company of mighty ones have sought my life, and they did not place You before themselves.   יד. אֱלֹהִים | זֵדִים קָמוּ עָלַי וַעֲדַת עָרִיצִים בִּקְשׁוּ נַפְשִׁי וְלֹא שָׂמוּךָ לְנֶגְדָּם:
willful transgressors have risen against me: Doeg and Ahithophel.  
and they did not place You before themselves: They did not remember what they saw, that Samuel anointed me on Your orders.  
15. But You, O Lord, are a compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger and with much kindness and truth.   טו. וְאַתָּה אֲדֹנָי אֵל רַחוּם וְחַנּוּן אֶרֶךְ אַפַּיִם וְרַב חֶסֶד וֶאֱמֶת:
16. Turn to me and be gracious to me; grant Your might to Your servant and save the son of Your maidservant.   טז. פְּנֵה אֵלַי וְחָנֵּנִי תְּנָה עֻזְּךָ לְעַבְדֶּךָ וְהוֹשִׁיעָה לְבֶן אֲמָתֶךָ:
the son of Your maidservant: The son of the maidservant humbles himself before his master more than the slave purchased with money, because the son of the maidservant was born in the house and was raised in his master’s bosom.  
17. Grant me a sign for good, and let my enemies see [it] and be ashamed, for You, O Lord, have helped me and comforted me.   יז. עֲשֵׂה עִמִּי אוֹת לְטוֹבָה וְיִרְאוּ שׂנְאַי וְיֵבשׁוּ כִּי אַתָּה יְהֹוָה עֲזַרְתַּנִי וְנִחַמְתָּנִי:
Grant me a sign for good: so it may be apparent to others that You have forgiven me.  
and let my enemies see: the sign and be ashamed. But the Holy One, blessed be He, did not listen to him to grant the sign during his lifetime. Instead, [it came] in his son Solomon’s lifetime when the gates clung to each other and did not open until he said (II Chron. 6:42): “Do not turn back the face of Your anointed; remember the kind deeds of David Your servant.”  
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