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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 82

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 82

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 82

1. A song of Asaph. God stands in the congregation of God; in the midst of the judges He will judge.   א. מִזְמוֹר לְאָסָף אֱלֹהִים נִצָּב בַּעֲדַת אֵל בְּקֶרֶב אֱלֹהִים יִשְׁפֹּט:
God stands in the congregation of God: to see whether they [the judges] judge fairly, and you judges, how long will you judge unjustly?  
2. How long will you judge unjustly and favor the wicked forever?   ב. עַד מָתַי תִּשְׁפְּטוּ עָוֶל וּפְנֵי רְשָׁעִים תִּשְׂאוּ סֶלָה:
3. Judge the poor and orphan; justify the humble and the impoverished.   ג. שִׁפְטוּ דָל וְיָתוֹם עָנִי וָרָשׁ הַצְדִּיקוּ:
justify: If he [the poor man] is right in his cause, do not reverse the verdict to condemn him in order to favor the wicked.  
4. Release the poor and the needy; save [them] from the hands of [the] wicked.   ד. פַּלְּטוּ דַל וְאֶבְיוֹן מִיַּד רְשָׁעִים הַצִּילוּ:
5. They did not know and they do not understand [that] they will walk in darkness; all the foundations of the earth will totter.   ה. לֹא יָדְעוּ | וְלֹא יָבִינוּ בַּחֲשֵׁכָה יִתְהַלָּכוּ יִמּוֹטוּ כָּל מוֹסְדֵי אָרֶץ:
They did not know: The judges who pervert justice.  
and they do not understand: that because of this iniquity, they will walk in the dark (on the order of [Exod. 23:8]: “for bribery blinds, etc.”), and all the foundations of the earth will totter because of it.  
6. I said, "You are angelic creatures, and all of you are angels of the Most High."   ו. אֲנִי אָמַרְתִּי אֱלֹהִים אַתֶּם וּבְנֵי עֶלְיוֹן כֻּלְּכֶם:
You are angelic creatures: Angels. When I gave you the Torah, I gave it to you on the condition that the Angel of Death should not rule over you.  
7. Indeed, as man, you will die, and as one of the princes, you will fall.   ז. אָכֵן כְּאָדָם תְּמוּתוּן וּכְאַחַד הַשָּׂרִים תִּפֹּלוּ:
Indeed, as man, you will die: Indeed, as Adam, you will die since you corrupted your deeds as he did.  
and as one of the princes: the first [princes], who died, so will you fall. The Midrash Aggadah (Mid. Ps. 82:3) [explains]: As one of the celestial princes, for it is said (Isa. 24:21): “the Lord will visit punishment upon the host of heaven on high.”  
8. Arise, O God, judge the earth, for You inherit all the nations.   ח. קוּמָה אֱלֹהִים שָׁפְטָה הָאָרֶץ כִּי אַתָּה תִנְחַל בְּכָל הַגּוֹיִם:
Arise, O God: Asaph commences to pray that He rise and cut off from Israel those corrupt judges.  
for You: are the One Who inherits the nations, and everyone is in Your hands to judge.  
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