Here's a great tip:
Enter your email address and we'll send you our weekly magazine by email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life, week after week. And it's free.
Oh, and don't forget to like our facebook page too!
Printed from chabad.org
All Departments
Jewish Holidays
TheRebbe.org
Jewish.TV - Video
Jewish Audio
News
Kabbalah Online
JewishWoman.org
Kids Zone
The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 81

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 81

E-mail
Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 81

1. For the conductor, on the gittith, of Asaph.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ | עַל הַגִּתִּית לְאָסָף:
on the gittith: A musical instrument that comes from Gath.  
2. Sing praises to the God Who is our might, sound the shofar to the God of Jacob.   ב. הַרְנִינוּ לֵאלֹהִים עוּזֵּנוּ הָרִיעוּ לֵאלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב:
sound the shofar: on Rosh Hashanah.  
3. Raise [your voice in] song and give forth [with] a timbrel, a pleasant harp with a lyre.   ג. שְׂאוּ זִמְרָה וּתְנוּ תֹף כִּנּוֹר נָעִים עִם נָבֶל:
a pleasant harp with a lyre: Rabbi Chiyya bar Abba says: The “kinnor” and the “nevel” are the same. Rabbi Simon says: The [number of] strings distinguishes one from the other. Why is it called “nevel” ? Because it puts all other types of music to shame.  
4. Sound the shofar on the New Moon, on the appointed time for the day of our festival.   ד. תִּקְעוּ בַחֹדֶשׁ שׁוֹפָר בַּכֶּסֶה לְיוֹם חַגֵּנוּ:
on the New Moon: When the moon renews itself.  
on the appointed time: The appointed day for it, and so (Prov. 7:20): “on the appointed day (בכסה) he will come home”; to the appointed time that had been fixed.  
and I shall fill it: According to whatever you ask I will fill.  
5. For it is a statute for Israel, the judgment of the God of Jacob.   ה. כִּי חֹק לְיִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא מִשְׁפָּט לֵאלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב:
For it is a statute: for Israel from the Holy One, blessed be He, to sound the shofar on that day, the day of the judgment of the Holy One, blessed be He.  
6. As a testimony for Jehoseph, He ordained it, when he went forth over the land of Egypt, [when] I understood a language that I had not known.   ו. עֵדוּת | בִּיהוֹסֵף שָׂמוֹ בְּצֵאתוֹ עַל אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם שְׂפַת לֹא יָדַעְתִּי אֶשְׁמָע:
As a testimony for Jehoseph He ordained it: On Rosh Hashanah, Joseph went out of prison.  
[when] I understood a language that I had not known: It is explained in tractate Sotah (36b) that [the angel] Gabriel taught him seventy languages.  
7. I removed his shoulder from burdens; his hands were removed from the cauldron.   ז. הֲסִירוֹתִי מִסֵּבֶל שִׁכְמוֹ כַּפָּיו מִדּוּד תַּעֲבֹרְנָה:
from the cauldron: From slave labor to cook the pots in the manner of other slaves.  
from the cauldron: Heb. מדוד, a pot, as (I Sam. 2: 14): “And he would thrust into the fire-pot or into the pot (הדוד).”  
8. In distress, you called and I released you; I answered you-[though you called] in secret- with thunder; I tried you by the waters of Meribah, forever.   ח. בַּצָּרָה קָרָאתָ וָאֲחַלְּצֶךָּ אֶעֶנְךָ בְּסֵתֶר רַעַם אֶבְחָנְךָ עַל מֵי מְרִיבָה סֶלָה:
In distress, you called: to Me, all of you. You called from the distress of the labor of the burdens of Egypt, and I released you.  
I answered you in secret with thunder: You called in secret between Me and you, but I answered you with a voice of thunder; I made known My might and My awesome deeds in public.  
I tried you by the waters of Meribah, forever: Although it was revealed and tried before Me that you were destined to provoke Me with the waters of Meribah. So it was taught in Mechilta (Exod. 19:2).  
9. Hearken, My people, and I shall admonish you, Israel, if you hearken to Me.   ט. שְׁמַע עַמִּי וְאָעִידָה בָּךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אִם תִּשְׁמַע לִי:
Hearken, My people: Since I did all this for you, it is fitting for you to hearken to Me.  
10. No strange god shall be within you, neither shall you prostrate yourself to a foreign god.   י. לֹא יִהְיֶה בְךָ אֵל זָר וְלֹא תִשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לְאֵל נֵכָר:
11. I am the Lord, your God, Who brought you up from the land of Egypt; open your mouth wide, and I shall fill it.   יא. אָנֹכִי | יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ הַמַּעַלְךָ מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם הַרְחֶב פִּיךָ וַאֲמַלְאֵהוּ:
open your mouth wide: to request of Me whatever your heart desires.  
12. But My people did not hearken to My voice, neither did Israel desire to [follow] Me.   יב. וְלֹא שָׁמַע עַמִּי לְקוֹלִי וְיִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא אָבָה לִי:
13. So I let them go after their heart's fantasies; let them go in their counsels.   יג. וָאֲשַׁלְּחֵהוּ בִּשְׁרִירוּת לִבָּם יֵלְכוּ בְּמוֹעֲצוֹתֵיהֶם:
after their heart’s fantasies: Heb. בשרירותלבם, after the views of their heart, as (above 5: 9): “because of those who lie in wait for me (שוררי).”  
14. If only My people would hearken to Me, if Israel would go in My ways.   יד. לוּ עַמִּי שֹׁמֵעַ לִי יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּדְרָכַי יְהַלֵּכוּ:
If only My people would hearken to Me: Still, if they desired to return to Me and to hearken to Me…  
15. In a short time I would subdue their enemies and upon their enemies I would return My hand.   טו. כִּמְעַט אוֹיְבֵיהֶם אַכְנִיעַ וְעַל צָרֵיהֶם אָשִׁיב יָדִי:
In a short time I would subdue their enemies: In a short time I would subdue their enemies.  
I would return My hand: I would return my blow from upon you to lay it upon them, and then…  
16. The enemies of the Lord would lie to Him, and their time would be forever.   טז. מְשַׂנְאֵי יְהֹוָה יְכַחֲשׁוּ לוֹ וִיהִי עִתָּם לְעוֹלָם:
The enemies of the Lord would lie to Him, and their time would be: [The time of] their retribution [would be] forever.  
17. Then He would feed them with the fat of wheat and I would sate you with honey from a rock.   יז. וַיַּאֲכִילֵהוּ מֵחֵלֶב חִטָּה וּמִצּוּר דְּבַשׁ אַשְׂבִּיעֶךָּ:
Then He would feed them: Israel.  
and… from a rock: He sated them with honey when they went in His ways, as the matter that is stated (Deut. 32:13): “He suckled them with honey from the rock.”  
E-mail
The text on this page contains sacred literature. Please do not deface or discard.
FEATURED ON CHABAD.ORG