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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 57

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 57

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 57

1. For the conductor, al tashcheth, of David a michtam, when he fled from before Saul in the cave.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ אַל תַּשְׁחֵת לְדָוִד מִכְתָּם בְּבָרְחוֹ מִפְּנֵי שָׁאוּל בַּמְּעָרָה:
For the conductor, al tashcheth: David called this psalm by this name because he was near death, and he established this psalm, saying, “Do not destroy me, O Lord.”  
2. Be gracious to me, O God, be gracious to me, because my soul took refuge in You, and in the shadow of Your wings I will take refuge until the destruction passes.   ב. חָנֵּנִי אֱלֹהִים | חָנֵּנִי כִּי בְךָ חָסָיָה נַפְשִׁי וּבְצֵל כְּנָפֶיךָ אֶחְסֶה עַד יַעֲבֹר הַוּוֹת:
Be gracious to me, etc., be gracious to me: that I should neither kill nor be killed.  
until the destruction passes: Heb. הוות, until the evil passes.  
3. I will call upon the Most High God, upon the God Who completes [what He promised] for me.   ג. אֶקְרָא לֵאלֹהִים עֶלְיוֹן לָאֵל גֹּמֵר עָלָי:
4. He will send from Heaven and save me from the disgrace of him who yearns to swallow me up forever; God will send His kindness and His truth.   ד. יִשְׁלַח מִשָּׁמַיִם | וְיוֹשִׁיעֵנִי חֵרֵף שֹׁאֲפִי סֶלָה יִשְׁלַח אֱלֹהִים חַסְדּוֹ וַאֲמִתּוֹ:
from the disgrace of him who yearns to swallow me up: And He will save me from the disgrace of ֹשֹאַפִי, who says to swallow me up, golosa moy in Old French, longs to swallow me up. (See above 56:2.)  
5. My soul is among lions; I lie among men who are aflame; their teeth are [like] spears and arrows, and their tongue is [like] a sharp sword.   ה. נַפְשִׁי | בְּתוֹךְ לְבָאִם אֶשְׁכְּבָה לֹהֲטִים בְּנֵי אָדָם שִׁנֵּיהֶם חֲנִית וְחִצִּים וּלְשׁוֹנָם חֶרֶב חַדָּה:
My soul is among lions: Abner and Amassa, who were “lions” [leaders] the in Torah, and who do not protest against Saul.  
I lie among men who are aflame: En flanboyanz, or enflamoyonz, among those who are flaming. Among the Ziphim, who are aflame after slander.  
6. Be exalted above the heavens, O God; over all the earth be Your glory.   ו. רוּמָה עַל הַשָּׁמַיִם אֱלֹהִים עַל כָּל הָאָרֶץ כְּבוֹדֶךָ:
Be exalted above the heavens: Withdraw from the earthlings, who are unworthy of having Your Shechinah rest among them, and on the earth You shall be honored by this.  
7. They prepared a net for my steps, he bent down my soul; they dug a pit before me, they will fall into it forever.   ז. רֶשֶׁת הֵכִינוּ | לִפְעָמַי כָּפַף נַפְשִׁי כָּרוּ לְפָנַי שִׁיחָה נָפְלוּ בְתוֹכָהּ סֶלָה:
he bent down my soul: i.e., the enemy.  
they will fall into it: They will ultimately fall into it. כפף is cline, or clina in Old French, bent, bent down, an expression of (below 145:14): “and straightens all who are bent down (הכפופים).”  
8. My heart is steadfast with God, my heart is steadfast; I will sing, yea, I will sing praises.   ח. נָכוֹן לִבִּי אֱלֹהִים נָכוֹן לִבִּי אָשִׁירָה וַאֲזַמֵּרָה:
My heart is steadfast with God, my heart is steadfast: Faithful to You in the Divine standard of justice and faithful to You in the Divine standard of mercy.  
9. Awaken, my honor; awaken [me], lyre and harp; I will awaken the dawn.   ט. עוּרָה כְבוֹדִי עוּרָה הַנֵּבֶל וְכִנּוֹר אָעִירָה שָּׁחַר:
Awaken, my honor: and let me not sleep until three hours [of the day have passed], as other kings do.  
awaken [me], lyre and harp: Awaken me, you lyre and harp hanging on my bed, open to the north side. And as soon as midnight arrived, the north wind would blow on it, and David would get up and engage in Torah.  
I will awaken the dawn: I awaken the dawn; the dawn does not awaken me.  
10. I will thank You among the peoples, O Lord; I will sing Your praises among the kingdoms.   י. אוֹדְךָ בָעַמִּים | אֲדֹנָי אֲזַמֶּרְךָ בַּלְאֻמִּים:
11. For Your kindness is great up to the heavens, and Your truth is up to the skies.   יא. כִּי גָדֹל עַד שָׁמַיִם חַסְדֶּךָ וְעַד שְׁחָקִים אֲמִתֶּךָ:
12. Be exalted above the heavens, O God, over all the earth be Your glory.   יב. רוּמָה עַל שָׁמַיִם אֱלֹהִים עַל כָּל הָאָרֶץ כְּבוֹדֶךָ:
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