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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 56

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 56

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 56

1. For the conductor, on yonath elem rehokim, of David a michtam, when the Philistines seized him in Gath.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל יוֹנַת אֵלֶם רְחֹקִים לְדָוִד מִכְתָּם בֶּאֱחֹז אוֹתוֹ פְלִשְׁתִּים בְּגַת:
yonath elem rehokim: He said this concerning himself, for he was with Achish, far from the land of Israel, and Goliath’s brothers were requesting permission from Achish to kill him, as it is said (I Sam. 21:12): “Is this not David, the king of the land?” And he was among them as a mute dove.  
2. Be gracious to me, O God, because men yearn to swallow me; all day long the warrior oppresses me.   ב. חָנֵּנִי אֱלֹהִים כִּי שְׁאָפַנִי אֱנוֹשׁ כָּל הַיּוֹם לֹחֵם יִלְחָצֵנִי:
yearn: Heb. שאפנו, yearn to swallow me up, goloseir or goloser, to long, to be impatient. (Cf. Rashi to Amos 2:7.) As (Jer. 2:24): “that snuffs up (שאפה) the wind.”  
the warrior: Heb. לחם, an expression of war (מלחמה).  
3. Those who eye me have yearned to swallow me all day long, for many fight against me, O Most High.   ג. שָׁאֲפוּ שׁוֹרְרַי כָּל הַיּוֹם כִּי רַבִּים לֹחֲמִים לִי מָרוֹם:
O Most High: The Holy One blessed be He, Who dwells on High.  
4. The day I fear, I will hope to You.   ד. יוֹם אִירָא אֲנִי אֵלֶיךָ אֶבְטָח:
5. With God, I will praise His word; in God I trusted, I will not fear. What can flesh do to me?   ה. בֵּאלֹהִים אֲהַלֵּל דְּבָרוֹ בֵּאלֹהִים בָּטַחְתִּי לֹא אִירָא מַה יַּעֲשֶׂה בָשָׂר לִי:
With God, I will praise His word: Even when He deals with me with the Divine standard of justice I will praise His word and trust in Him.  
6. All day long, my words grieve [me]; all their thoughts about me are for evil.   ו. כָּל הַיּוֹם דְּבָרַי יְעַצֵּבוּ עָלַי כָּל מַחְשְׁבֹתָם לָרָע:
All day long, my words grieve [me]: My pursuers grieve me until all the words of my mouth are grief and cries.  
7. They lodge, they hide, they watch my steps, when they hope for my life.   ז. יָגוּרוּ יִצְפּוֹנוּ הֵמָּה עֲקֵבַי יִשְׁמֹרוּ כַּאֲשֶׁר קִוּוּ נַפְשִׁי:
They lodge, they hide: They lurk and lodge in the place they hope I will go, and they watch my steps (traces in French, tracks, explained in Gen. 49:19, Song of Songs 1:8) to spy on me and to lead pursuers there. All this he would complain about the wicked of Israel: that they would lie in wait for him and out of fear of them he had fled to Achish.  
they hide: They lurk.  
when they hope for my life: When they know [that I will pass] and hope for me, “He will go this way.”  
8. For iniquity, they expect rescue. Bring down nations with anger, O God.   ח. עַל אָוֶן פַּלֶּט לָמוֹ בְּאַף עַמִּים | הוֹרֵד אֱלֹהִים:
For iniquity, they expect rescue: To find rescue and riches for a matter of iniquity and wickedness. And פַלֶט is like לפלט, to rescue. They expect reward from Saul for that.  
Bring down… with anger: With Your anger, bring down this nation in whose midst I am, from their wisdom and from the plots that they devise to kill me.  
9. You counted my wanderings; place my tears in Your flask. Is it not in Your accounting?   ט. נֹדִי סָפַרְתָּה אָתָּה שִׂימָה דִמְעָתִי בְנֹאדֶךָ הֲלֹא בְּסִפְרָתֶךָ:
You counted my wanderings: You know the number of the places to which I wandered, to flee.  
place my tears in Your flask: Place my tears in Your flask, and let them be preserved before You.  
Is it not in Your accounting: Place them in Your accounting, to count them with the rest of my troubles. Menachem, however, associated it (p. 128) as an expression of an actual book.  
10. Then my enemies will retreat on the day that I call. Thereby I will know that I have a God.   י. אָז | יָשׁוּבוּ אוֹיְבַי אָחוֹר בְּיוֹם אֶקְרָא זֶה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי אֱלֹהִים לִי:
11. With God['s justice] I will praise a word; with the Lord['s kindness] I will praise a word.   יא. בֵּאלֹהִים אֲהַלֵּל דָּבָר בַּיהֹוָה אֲהַלֵּל דָּבָר:
With God I will praise a word; with the Lord I will praise: For the Divine standard of justice and for the Divine standard of mercy I will praise.  
12. In God I trusted, I will not fear. What can man do to me?   יב. בֵּאלֹהִים בָּטַחְתִּי לֹא אִירָא מַה יַּעֲשֶׂה אָדָם לִי:
13. Upon me, O God, are Your vows; I will pay thanksgiving offerings to You.   יג. עָלַי אֱלֹהִים נְדָרֶיךָ אֲשַׁלֵּם תּוֹדוֹת לָךְ:
14. For You saved my soul from death, even my feet from stumbling, to walk before God in the light of life.   יד. כִּי הִצַּלְתָּ נַפְשִׁי מִמָּוֶת הֲלֹא רַגְלַי מִדֶּחִי לְהִתְהַלֵּךְ לִפְנֵי אֱלֹהִים בְּאוֹר הַחַיִּים:
in the light of life: To return to the Land of Israel.  
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