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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 52

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 52

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 52

1. For the conductor, a maskil of David.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ מַשְׂכִּיל לְדָוִד:
2. When Doeg the Edomite came and told Saul and said to him, "David came to the house of Ahimelech."   ב. בְּבוֹא | דּוֹאֵג הָאֲדֹמִי וַיַּגֵּד לְשָׁאוּל וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ בָּא דָוִד אֶל בֵּית אֲחִימֶלֶךְ:
3. Why do you boast of evil, you mighty man? God's kindness is constant.   ג. מַה תִּתְהַלֵּל בְּרָעָה הַגִּבּוֹר חֶסֶד אֵל כָּל הַיּוֹם:
Why do you boast of evil, you mighty man?: Why do you boast and brag of the evil that you do, you who are mighty in Torah?  
God’s kindness is constant: to rescue the one whom you pursue. Another explanation: God’s kindness is constant. Had Abimelech not given me bread, do you think that I would have died of hunger? God always shows kindness toward Israel, and if he had not given me [to eat], others would have given me.  
4. Your tongue plots destruction, as a sharpened razor, working deceit.   ד. הַוּוֹת תַּחְשֹׁב לְשׁוֹנֶךָ כְּתַעַר מְלֻטָּשׁ עֹשֵׂה רְמִיָּה:
sharpened: Heb. מְלֻטֳשּׁ.  
working deceit: Cutting the flesh with the hair.  
5. You loved evil more than good, falsehood more than speaking righteousness forever.   ה. אָהַבְתָּ רָע מִטּוֹב שֶׁקֶר | מִדַּבֵּר צֶדֶק סֶלָה:
6. You loved all destructive words, a deceitful tongue.   ו. אָהַבְתָּ כָל דִּבְרֵי בָלַע לְשׁוֹן מִרְמָה:
7. God, too, shall tear you down forever; He will break you and pluck you from [your] tent, and uproot you from the land of the living forever.   ז. גַּם אֵל יִתָּצְךָ לָנֶצַח יַחְתְּךָ וְיִסָּחֲךָ מֵאֹהֶל וְשֵׁרֶשְׁךָ מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים סֶלָה:
shall tear you down: Heb. יתצך, an expression of demolition (נתיצה).  
He will break you: Heb. יחתך, an expression of breaking.  
and pluck you: Heb. ויסחך, and shall tear you out.  
and uproot you: He shall uproot after you, to tear out all the roots; esraciner or esraziner in Old French, to uproot, deraciner in modern French.  
8. And righteous men will see and fear, and laugh at him.   ח. וְיִרְאוּ צַדִּיקִים וְיִירָאוּ וְעָלָיו יִשְׂחָקוּ:
and laugh at him: And this is the ridicule they will say about him: “Behold! This is the man who does not place his trust in the Holy One, blessed be He. See what happened to him.”  
9. "Behold the man who does not place his strength in God and trusts his great wealth; he strengthened himself in his wickedness."   ט. הִנֵּה הַגֶּבֶר לֹא יָשִׂים אֱלֹהִים מָעוּזּוֹ וַיִּבְטַח בְּרֹב עָשְׁרוֹ יָעֹז בְּהַוָּתוֹ:
he strengthened himself in his wickedness: Heb. יעז בהותו.  
10. But I am like a fresh olive tree in the house of God; I have trusted in the kindness of God forever and ever.   י. וַאֲנִי | כְּזַיִת רַעֲנָן בְּבֵית אֱלֹהִים בָּטַחְתִּי בְחֶסֶד אֱלֹהִים עוֹלָם וָעֶד:
But I: who am now being pursued by you, will be like an olive tree, fresh with children and grandchildren, in the house of the Holy One, blessed be He.  
11. I will thank You forever and ever when You have done [this], and I will hope for Your name, for it is good, in the presence of Your devoted ones.   יא. אוֹדְךָ לְעוֹלָם כִּי עָשִׂיתָ וַאֲקַוֶּה שִׁמְךָ כִי טוֹב נֶגֶד חֲסִידֶיךָ:
when You have done [this]: When You do this for me. This verse is addressed to the Holy One, blessed be He.  
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