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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 46

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 46

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Chapter 46

1For the conductor, a song of the sons of Korah, on alamoth.   אלַֽמְנַצֵּ֥חַ לִבְנֵי־קֹ֑רַח עַל־עֲלָמ֥וֹת שִֽׁיר:
on alamoth: The name of a musical instrument in Chronicles (I Chron. 15:20).  
2God is for us a shelter and a strength, a help in troubles; He is very accessible.   באֱלֹהִ֣ים לָ֖נוּ מַֽחֲסֶ֣ה וָעֹ֑ז עֶזְרָ֥ה בְ֜צָר֗וֹת נִמְצָ֥א מְאֹֽד:
3Therefore we will not fear when the earth changes and when mountains totter into the heart of seas.   געַל־כֵּ֣ן לֹא־נִ֖ירָא בְּהָמִ֣יר אָ֑רֶץ וּבְמ֥וֹט הָ֜רִ֗ים בְּלֵ֣ב יַמִּֽים:
when the earth changes: in the future, on the day concerning which Scripture states (Isa. 51:6): “and the earth shall rot away like a garment.” The sons of Korah saw the miracle that was performed for them, that all those around them were swallowed up while they [the sons of Korah] stood in the air and said to Israel, through the holy spirit, that a similar miracle would be performed for them in the future.  
4His waters shall stir and be muddied; mountains shall quake from His pride forever.   דיֶֽהֱמ֣וּ יֶחְמְר֣וּ מֵימָ֑יו יִֽרְעֲשׁ֨וּ הָרִ֖ים בְּגַֽאֲוָת֣וֹ סֶֽלָה:
His waters shall stir and be muddied: Heb. יחמרו, they shall cast up mud, clay (חמר) , and dirt as is their wont. Menachem (pp. 90f.), however, associated it with (Lam. 1:20), “my reins have shriveled (חמרמרו),” regrezeliront in Old French, have shriveled.  
mountains shall quake from His pride: [The pride] of the Holy One, blessed be He, Who is mentioned in the beginning of the psalm (verse 2).  
5But as for the river-its rivulets shall cause the city of God, the holy place of the dwellings of the Most High, to rejoice.   הנָהָ֗ר פְּלָגָ֗יו יְשַׂמְּח֥וּ עִיר־אֱלֹהִ֑ים קְ֜דֹ֗שׁ מִשְׁכְּנֵ֥י עֶלְיֽוֹן:
But as for the river its rivulets: Heb. פלגיו, ses ruisseaux in French, its rivulets.  
the river: of Paradise.  
6God is in its midst that it should not totter; God shall help it as morning approaches.   ואֱלֹהִ֣ים בְּ֖קִרְבָּהּ בַּל־תִּמּ֑וֹט יַעְזְּרֶ֥הָ אֱ֜לֹהִ֗ים לִפְנ֥וֹת בֹּֽקֶר:
as morning approaches: at the end of the redemption.  
7Nations have stirred, kingdoms have tottered; He let out His voice, the earth shall melt.   זהָמ֣וּ ג֖וֹיִם מָ֣טוּ מַמְלָכ֑וֹת נָתַ֥ן בְּקוֹל֗וֹ תָּמ֥וּג אָֽרֶץ:
Nations have stirred: Heb. המו, an expression of stirring.  
shall melt: Shall melt - so explained Menachem, similar to (Exod. 15:15), “all the inhabitants of Canaan melted (נמוגו) ,” and to (Ezek. 21:12), “every heart will melt (למוג).” But Dunash explained it as an expression of movement, as in (I Sam. 14: 16), “the multitude was wandering (נמוג), and it was coming closer,” and so in every instance.  
8The Lord of Hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress forever.   חיְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֣וֹת עִמָּ֑נוּ מִשְׂגַּב־לָ֜֗נוּ אֱלֹהֵ֖י יַֽעֲקֹ֣ב סֶֽלָה:
9Go and see the works of the Lord, that He has wrought devastation in the earth.   טלְכֽוּ־חֲ֖זוּ מִפְעֲל֣וֹת יְהֹוָ֑ה אֲשֶׁר־שָׂ֖ם שַׁמּ֣וֹת בָּאָֽרֶץ:
that He has wrought devastation: That He has made the lands of the nations desolate.  
10He puts a stop to wars until the end of the earth; He will break the bow and cut the spear [to pieces]; wagons He will burn with fire.   ימַשְׁבִּ֣ית מִלְחָמוֹת֘ עַד־קְצֵ֪ה הָ֫אָ֥רֶץ קֶ֣שֶׁת יְ֖שַׁבֵּר וְקִצֵּ֣ץ חֲנִ֑ית עֲ֜גָל֗וֹת יִשְׂרֹ֥ף בָּאֵֽשׁ:
He puts a stop to wars: from upon us.  
until the end of the earth: that all the lands of the nations shall be at peace with us.  
the bow: of the nations He shall break.  
wagons He will burn with fire: The war chariots of the nations of the world. [The war chariots of the star worshippers.]  
11Desist, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted upon the earth.   יאהַרְפּ֣וּ וּ֖דְעוּ כִּי־אָֽנֹכִ֣י אֱלֹהִ֑ים אָר֥וּם בַּ֜גּוֹיִ֗ם אָר֥וּם בָּאָֽרֶץ:
Desist: all nations from further marching upon Jerusalem.  
and know that I am God: That I will execute judgment upon you.  
I will be exalted among the nations: I will be exalted with My vengeance which I will wreak upon those nations.  
12The Lord of Hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our fortress forever.   יביְהֹוָ֣ה צְבָא֣וֹת עִמָּ֑נוּ מִשְׂגַּב־לָֹ֜נוּ אֱלֹהֵ֖י יַֽעֲקֹ֣ב סֶֽלָה:
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