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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 44

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 44

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 44

1For the conductor, of the sons of Korah, a maskil.   אלַמְנַצֵּחַ לִבְנֵי קֹרַח מַשְׂכִּיל:
2O God, with our ears we heard, our forefathers told us; You performed a deed in their days, in days of old.   באֱלֹהִים | בְּאָזְנֵינוּ שָׁמַעְנוּ אֲבוֹתֵינוּ סִפְּרוּ לָנוּ פֹּעַל פָּעַלְתָּ בִימֵיהֶם בִּימֵי קֶדֶם:
with our ears we heard: From here you learn that the sons of Korah were speaking for the generations following them, for if it were for themselves, they should not say, “our fathers told us,” because they themselves witnessed the miracles of the desert, the Jordan, and Joshua’s war. In this manner, it is explained in the Aggadah of Psalms (Mid. Ps. 44:1).  
3You-[with] Your hand You drove out nations and planted them; You inflicted harm on kingdoms and sent them away.   גאַתָּה | יָדְךָ גּוֹיִם הוֹרַשְׁתָּ וַתִּטָּעֵם תָּרַע לְאֻמִּים וַתְּשַׁלְּחֵם:
You inflicted harm on kingdoms: You inflicted harm on the seven great nations, You sent them out from before us, and with Your hand and Your strength You drove them out of their land and planted our forefathers in its midst.  
4For not by their sword did they inherit the land, neither did their arm save them, but Your right hand and Your arm and the light of Your countenance, for You favored them.   דכִּי לֹא בְחַרְבָּם יָרְשׁוּ אָרֶץ וּזְרוֹעָם לֹא הוֹשִׁיעָה לָּמוֹ כִּי יְמִינְךָ וּזְרוֹעֲךָ וְאוֹר פָּנֶיךָ כִּי רְצִיתָם:
You favored them: Heb. רציתם, an expression of favor.  
5You are my King, O God; command the salvations of Jacob.   האַתָּה הוּא מַלְכִּי אֱלֹהִים צַוֵּה יְשׁוּעוֹת יַעֲקֹב:
command the salvations of Jacob: Now too.  
6With You, we will gore our adversaries; with Your name, we will trample those who rise up against us.   ובְּךָ צָרֵינוּ נְנַגֵּחַ בְּשִׁמְךָ נָבוּס קָמֵינוּ:
we will trample those who rise up against us: Heb. נבוס. We will tread and trample our enemies, an expression of (Ezek. 16:6): “wallowing (מתבוססת) in your blood” ; (Prov. 27:7), “tramples (תבוס) honeycomb” ; (Zech. 10:5), “And they shall be like mighty men, treading (בוסים) the mire of the streets.”  
7For I do not trust in my bow, neither will my sword save me.   זכִּי לֹא בְקַשְׁתִּי אֶבְטָח וְחַרְבִּי לֹא תוֹשִׁיעֵנִי:
8For You saved us from our adversaries and You put our enemies to shame.   חכִּי הוֹשַׁעְתָּנוּ מִצָּרֵינוּ וּמְשַׂנְאֵינוּ הֱבִישׁוֹתָ:
9We praised [ourselves] with God all day long, and we will forever thank Your name, yea forever.   טבֵּאלֹהִים הִלַּלְנוּ כָל הַיּוֹם וְשִׁמְךָ | לְעוֹלָם נוֹדֶה סֶלָה:
10Even if You have forsaken us and put us to shame, and You do not go out in our hosts;   יאַף זָנַחְתָּ וַתַּכְלִימֵנוּ וְלֹא תֵצֵא בְּצִבְאוֹתֵינוּ:
Even if You have forsaken us and put us to shame: Even if You put us to shame, we will forever thank Your name.  
11You make us retreat from the adversary, and our enemies plunder for themselves;   יאתְּשִׁיבֵנוּ אָחוֹר מִנִּי צָר וּמְשַׂנְאֵינוּ שָׁסוּ לָמוֹ:
You make us retreat: Heb. תשיבנו. This is a present tense.  
plunder for themselves: They plunder our property, each man for himself.  
12You deliver us as sheep to be eaten, and You scatter us among the nations.   יבתִּתְּנֵנוּ כְּצֹאן מַאֲכָל וּבַגּוֹיִם זֵרִיתָנוּ:
You scatter us: Epondis nous in Old French, tu nous repandis in modern French.  
13You sell Your people without gain, and You did not increase their price;   יגתִּמְכֹּר עַמְּךָ בְלֹא הוֹן וְלֹא רִבִּיתָ בִּמְחִירֵיהֶם:
14You make us a reproach to our neighbors, a scorn and a derision to those around us;   ידתְּשִׂימֵנוּ חֶרְפָּה לִשְׁכֵנֵינוּ לַעַג וָקֶלֶס לִסְבִיבוֹתֵינוּ:
15You make us a byword among the nations, a [cause for] shaking the head among the kingdoms.   טותְּשִׂימֵנוּ מָשָׁל בַּגּוֹיִם מְנוֹד רֹאשׁ בַּלְאֻמִּים:
16All day long, my disgrace is before me, and the shame of my face has covered me.   טזכָּל הַיּוֹם כְּלִמָּתִי נֶגְדִּי וּבֹשֶׁת פָּנַי כִּסָּתְנִי:
17From the voice of the one who taunts and blasphemes, because of an enemy and an avenger.   יזמִקּוֹל מְחָרֵף וּמְגַדֵּף מִפְּנֵי אוֹיֵב וּמִתְנַקֵּם:
18All this has befallen us and we have not forgotten You, neither have we betrayed Your covenant.   יחכָּל זֹאת בָּאַתְנוּ וְלֹא שְׁכַחֲנוּךָ וְלֹא שִׁקַּרְנוּ בִּבְרִיתֶךָ:
19Our heart has not turned back, nor have our steps turned away from Your path   יטלֹא נָסוֹג אָחוֹר לִבֵּנוּ וַתֵּט אֲשֻׁרֵינוּ מִנִּי אָרְחֶךָ:
20-even when You crushed us in a place of serpents, and You covered us with darkness.   ככִּי דִכִּיתָנוּ בִּמְקוֹם תַּנִּים וַתְּכַס עָלֵינוּ בְצַלְמָוֶת:
when You crushed us in a place of serpents: This כי serves as an expression of כאשר, when. Even when You humbled us in a land of plains and pits; [in] a desert, a place of serpents, and You covered us with the darkness of deathdespite all this, if we forgot the name of our God, will God not search this out? For He knows the secrets of the heart.  
21If we forgot the name of our God and spread out our palms to a strange god,   כאאִם שָׁכַחְנוּ שֵׁם אֱלֹהֵינוּ וַנִּפְרֹשׂ כַּפֵּינוּ לְאֵל זָר:
22Will God not search this out? For He knows the secrets of the heart.   כבהֲלֹא אֱלֹהִים יַחֲקָר זֹאת כִּי הוּא יֹדֵעַ תַּעֲלֻמוֹת לֵב:
23For it is for Your sake that we are killed all the time, [that] we are considered as sheep for the slaughter.   כגכִּי עָלֶיךָ הֹרַגְנוּ כָל הַיּוֹם נֶחְשַׁבְנוּ כְּצֹאן טִבְחָה:
as sheep for the slaughter: As sheep of slaughter.  
24Awaken! Why should You sleep, O Lord? Arouse Yourself, forsake not forever.   כדעוּרָה | לָמָּה תִישַׁן | אֲדֹנָי הָקִיצָה אַל תִּזְנַח לָנֶצַח:
25Why do You hide Your countenance? [Why do] You forget our affliction and oppression?   כהלָמָּה פָנֶיךָ תַסְתִּיר תִּשְׁכַּח עָנְיֵנוּ וְלַחֲצֵנוּ:
26For our soul is cast down to the dust, our belly clings to the earth.   כוכִּי שָׁחָה לֶעָפָר נַפְשֵׁנוּ דָּבְקָה לָאָרֶץ בִּטְנֵנוּ:
27Arise to assist us and redeem us for the sake of Your kindness.   כזקוּמָה עֶזְרָתָה לָּנוּ וּפְדֵנוּ לְמַעַן חַסְדֶּךָ:
and redeem us for the sake of Your kindness: We do not come with the power of our deeds, but do [this] for the sake of Your kindness.  
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