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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 34

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 34

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 34

1Of David, when he disguised his sanity before Abimelech, whereupon he drove him out and he departed.   אלְדָוִד בְּשַׁנּוֹתוֹ אֶת טַעְמוֹ לִפְנֵי אֲבִימֶלֶךְ וַיְגָרְשֵׁהוּ וַיֵּלַךְ:
when he disguised his sanity: as the matter that is stated (in I Sam. 21:14): “And he changed his speech before their eyes, etc. And he scribbled upon the doors of the gates.” That he disguised his speech and his sanity and feigned madness and let his saliva run down upon his beard.  
before Abimelech: All Philistine kings were called thus, and all Egyptian kings [were called] Pharaoh. Although his name was Achish, he was called Abimelech. The Midrash Aggadah explains that he was as righteous as Abimelech (mentioned in the Torah in relation to Sarah), for he did not want to kill him although his men said to him, “Is this not David, the king of the land?” As is stated in Midrash Psalms (34:1).  
2I will bless the Lord at all times; His praise is always in my mouth.   באֲבָרְכָה אֶת יְהֹוָה בְּכָל עֵת תָּמִיד תְּהִלָּתוֹ בְּפִי:
3My soul boasts of the Lord; may the humble hear and rejoice.   גבַּיהֹוָה תִּתְהַלֵּל נַפְשִׁי יִשְׁמְעוּ עֲנָוִים וְיִשְׂמָחוּ:
My soul boasts of the Lord: I boast, and praise myself that I have a patron like this to save me and protect me. Se porvantera in French, I will boast.  
may the humble hear: the wonders that He did for me. Through my praise, they will understand it and rejoice.  
4Declare the greatness of the Lord with me, and let us exalt His name together.   דגַּדְּלוּ לַיהֹוָה אִתִּי וּנְרוֹמְמָה שְׁמוֹ יַחְדָּו:
5I sought the Lord and He answered me, and He delivered me from all my terrors.   הדָּרַשְׁתִּי אֶת יְהֹוָה וְעָנָנִי וּמִכָּל מְגוּרוֹתַי הִצִּילָנִי:
my terrors: Heb. מגורותי, an expression of fear, as (in Num. 22:3): “and Moab became terrified (ויגר).”  
6They looked to Him and they became radiant, and their faces will not be ashamed.   והִבִּיטוּ אֵלָיו וְנָהָרוּ וּפְנֵיהֶם אַל יֶחְפָּרוּ:
They looked to Him: All those who looked to Him out of their trouble.  
and they became radiant: Their faces shone.  
be ashamed: Heb. יחפרו, they will be ashamed, as (in Isa. 24:23): “And the moon shall be ashamed (וחפרה) and the sun shall be abashed.”  
7This poor man called and the Lord heard, and He saved him from all his troubles.   זזֶה עָנִי קָרָא וַיהֹוָה שָׁמֵעַ וּמִכָּל צָרוֹתָיו הוֹשִׁיעוֹ:
8An angel of the Lord is stationed around those who fear Him, and He saved them.   חחֹנֶה מַלְאַךְ יְהֹוָה סָבִיב לִירֵאָיו וַיְחַלְּצֵם:
9Comprehend and see that the Lord is good; praiseworthy is the man who takes shelter in Him.   טטַעֲמוּ וּרְאוּ כִּי טוֹב יְהֹוָה אַשְׁרֵי הַגֶּבֶר יֶחֱסֶה בּוֹ:
Comprehend and see that the Lord is good: Comprehend His word.  
10Fear the Lord, His holy ones; for there is no want to those who fear Him.   ייְראוּ אֶת יְהֹוָה קְדֹשָׁיו כִּי אֵין מַחְסוֹר לִירֵאָיו:
Fear: Heb. יראו. Be afraid, the imperative form.  
11Young lions suffer want and are hungry, but those who seek the Lord lack no good.   יאכְּפִירִים רָשׁוּ וְרָעֵבוּ וְדֹרְשֵׁי יְהֹוָה לֹא יַחְסְרוּ כָל טוֹב:
suffer want: Heb. רשו, an expression of poverty.  
no good: Heb. כל טוב, nient bon, any good, as (in Exod. 12:16): “any work (כל-מלאכה).”  
12Come, children, hearken to me; I will teach you the fear of the Lord.   יבלְכוּ בָנִים שִׁמְעוּ לִי יִרְאַת יְהֹוָה אֲלַמֶּדְכֶם:
13Who is the man who desires life, who loves days to see goodness?   יגמִי הָאִישׁ הֶחָפֵץ חַיִּים אֹהֵב יָמִים לִרְאוֹת טוֹב:
14Guard your tongue from evil and your lips from speaking deceitfully.   ידנְצֹר לְשׁוֹנְךָ מֵרָע וּשְׂפָתֶיךָ מִדַּבֵּר מִרְמָה:
15Shun evil and do good, seek peace and pursue it.   טוסוּר מֵרָע וַעֲשֵׂה טוֹב בַּקֵּשׁ שָׁלוֹם וְרָדְפֵהוּ:
seek peace: in your place.  
and pursue it: elsewhere.  
16The eyes of the Lord are to the righteous, and His ears are to their cry.   טזעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה אֶל צַדִּיקִים וְאָזְנָיו אֶל שַׁוְעָתָם:
17The face of the Lord is against evildoers, to cut off their remembrance from the earth.   יזפְּנֵי יְהֹוָה בְּעֹשֵׂי רָע לְהַכְרִית מֵאֶרֶץ זִכְרָם:
The face of the Lord: His angry face, les ires in Old French, ire, as (in Lev. 20:5): “And I will direct My face, etc.” So did Menachem (p. 143) associate it.  
18They cry out and the Lord hearkens, and He saves them from all their troubles.   יחצָעֲקוּ וַיהֹוָה שָׁמֵעַ וּמִכָּל צָרוֹתָם הִצִּילָם:
They cry out: i.e., the righteous, and the Lord hearkens.  
19The Lord is near to the broken-hearted, and He saves those of crushed spirit.   יטקָרוֹב יְהֹוָה לְנִשְׁבְּרֵי לֵב וְאֶת דַּכְּאֵי רוּחַ יוֹשִׁיעַ:
20Many evils befall the righteous, but the Lord saves him from them all.   כרַבּוֹת רָעוֹת צַדִּיק וּמִכֻּלָּם יַצִּילֶנּוּ יְהֹוָה:
Many evils befall the righteous: Many evils and terrors befall him, and he is saved from all of them.  
21He guards all his bones; not one of them was broken.   כאשֹׁמֵר כָּל עַצְמוֹתָיו אַחַת מֵהֵנָּה לֹא נִשְׁבָּרָה:
He guards: The Holy One, blessed be He, [guards] all his bones.  
22Evil will kill the wicked, and those who hate the righteous shall be accounted guilty.   כבתְּמוֹתֵת רָשָׁע רָעָה וְשׂנְאֵי צַדִּיק יֶאְשָׁמוּ:
Evil will kill the wicked: The evil that the wicked man does will kill him.  
will kill: Heb. תמותת, [equivalent to] תמית.  
23The Lord redeems the soul of His servants, and all who take refuge in Him shall not be accounted guilty.   כגפּוֹדֶה יְהֹוָה נֶפֶשׁ עֲבָדָיו וְלֹא יֶאְשְׁמוּ כָּל הַחוֹסִים בּוֹ:
shall not be accounted guilty: They will not regret saying, “We are guilty, because we took shelter in You.” Repontiront in Old French, se repentiront: they repent.  
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