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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 27

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 27

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 27

1. Of David. The Lord is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? The Lord is the stronghold of my life; from whom shall I be frightened?   א. לְדָוִד | יְהֹוָה | אוֹרִי וְיִשְׁעִי מִמִּי אִירָא יְהֹוָה מָעוֹז חַיַּי מִמִּי אֶפְחָד:
2. When evildoers draw near to me to devour my flesh, my adversaries and my enemies against me-they stumbled and fell.   ב. בִּקְרֹב עָלַי | מְרֵעִים לֶאֱכֹל אֶת בְּשָׂרִי צָרַי וְאֹיְבַי לִי הֵמָּה כָּשְׁלוּ וְנָפָלוּ:
3. If a camp encamps against me, my heart shall not fear; if a war should rise up against me, in this I trust.   ג. אִם תַּחֲנֶה עָלַי | מַחֲנֶה לֹא יִירָא לִבִּי אִם תָּקוּם עָלַי מִלְחָמָה בְּזֹאת אֲנִי בוֹטֵחַ:
in this I trust: In what is stated above: “The Lord is the stronghold of my life.”  
4. One [thing] I ask of the Lord, that I seek-that I may dwell in the house of the Lord all the days of my life, to see the pleasantness of the Lord and to visit His Temple every morning.   ד. אַחַת | שָׁאַלְתִּי מֵאֵת יְהֹוָה אוֹתָהּ אֲבַקֵּשׁ שִׁבְתִּי בְּבֵית יְהֹוָה כָּל יְמֵי חַיַּי לַחֲזוֹת בְּנֹעַם יְהֹוָה וּלְבַקֵּר בְּהֵיכָלוֹ:
and to visit His Temple every morning: To appear there every morning. Dunash (Teshuvoth Dunash, p. 53) explained in this manner. Menachem (Machbereth Menachem, p. 47) however associated it with (Lev. 27:33), “He shall not inquire (יבקר) ,” but Dunash interpreted it as an expression of “morning” (בקר).  
5. That He will hide me in His tabernacle on the day of calamity; He will conceal me in the secrecy of His tent; He will lift me up on a rock.   ה. כִּי יִצְפְּנֵנִי | בְּסֻכּוֹ בְּיוֹם רָעָה יַסְתִּירֵנִי בְּסֵתֶר אָהֳלוֹ בְּצוּר יְרוֹמְמֵנִי:
That He will hide me in His tabernacle: I am confident that He will hide me in His Temple, and we learned in Seder Olam (ch. 18) that this verse was stated concerning Joash the son of Ahaziah, who was hidden by his sister, Jehosheba, in the attic of the Holy of Holies, as the matter is stated (in II Kings 11:3): “And he was hiding with her in the house of the Lord for six years.”  
He will lift me up on a rock: He stood my feet on a rock.  
6. And now, my head will be raised over my enemies around me, and I will sacrifice in His tent sacrifices with joyous song; I will sing and chant praise to the Lord.   ו. וְעַתָּה יָרוּם רֹאשִׁי עַל אֹיְבַי סְבִיבוֹתַי וְאֶזְבְּחָה בְאָהֳלוֹ זִבְחֵי תְרוּעָה אָשִׁירָה וַאֲזַמְּרָה לַיהֹוָה:
sacrifices with joyous song: Sacrifices over which a song is recited.  
7. Hearken, O Lord, to my voice [which] I call out, and be gracious to me and answer me.   ז. שְׁמַע יְהֹוָה קוֹלִי אֶקְרָא וְחָנֵּנִי וַעֲנֵנִי:
8. On Your behalf, my heart says, "Seek My presence." Your presence, O Lord, I will seek.   ח. לְךָ | אָמַר לִבִּי בַּקְּשׁוּ פָנָי אֶת פָּנֶיךָ יְהֹוָה אֲבַקֵּשׁ:
On Your behalf, my heart says, “Seek My presence.”: On Your behalf, as Your agent, my heart says to me, “All of you Israelites, seek My presence.” And I obey it.“Your presence, O Lord, I will seek.” [The word] לך is like (Job 33:6): “Behold I am like your mouth to God (לא-ל) ,” [that is,] in His stead; (ibid. 13:8), “Will you contend for God (לא-ל) ?” [that is,] in His stead. Here, too, “On Your behalf, my heart says,” in Your stead, my heart comes to me to say this.  
9. Do not hide Your presence from me; do not turn Your servant away with anger. You were my help; do not forsake me and do not abandon me, O God of my salvation.   ט. אַל תַּסְתֵּר פָּנֶיךָ | מִמֶּנִּי אַל תַּט בְּאַף עַבְדֶּךָ עֶזְרָתִי הָיִיתָ אַל תִּטְּשֵׁנִי וְאַל תַּעַזְבֵנִי אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׁעִי:
do not turn… away: Heb. תט, do not bend over, as (above 18: 10): “And He bent (ויט) the heavens.”  
10. For my father and my mother have forsaken me, but the Lord gathers me in.   י. כִּי אָבִי וְאִמִּי עֲזָבוּנִי וַיהֹוָה יַאַסְפֵנִי:
For my father and my mother have forsaken me: At the time of coitus, they intended their own pleasure. As soon as their pleasure is over, this one turns his face this way and that one turns her face the other way.  
but the Lord gathers me in: The Holy One, blessed be He, guards the droplet and forms the fetus.  
11. Instruct me, O Lord, in Your way, and lead me in the straight path because of those who lie in wait for me.   יא. הוֹרֵנִי יְהֹוָה דַּרְכֶּךָ וּנְחֵנִי בְּאֹרַח מִישׁוֹר לְמַעַן שׁוֹרְרָי:
12. Do not deliver me to the desires of my adversaries, for false witnesses and speakers of evil have risen against me.   יב. אַל תִּתְּנֵנִי בְּנֶפֶשׁ צָרָי כִּי קָמוּ בִי עֵדֵי שֶׁקֶר וִיפֵחַ חָמָס:
to the desires of my adversaries: To the desire of my enemies, to have their desire fulfilled through me.  
and speakers of evil: Heb. ויפח חמס, speakers of evil. Another explanation: An expression of a trap (פח).  
13. Had I not believed in seeing the good of the Lord in the land of the living!   יג. לוּלֵא הֶאֱמַנְתִּי לִרְאוֹת בְּטוּב יְהֹוָה בְּאֶרֶץ חַיִּים:
Had I not believed in seeing, etc.: If I had not believed in the Holy One, blessed be He, those false witnesses would have already risen against me and destroyed me. [The word] לולא is punctuated for the homily which our Sages expounded (Ber. 4a): I know that You give reward to the righteous in the world to come, but I do not know whether I have a share with them or not.  
14. Hope for the Lord, be strong and He will give your heart courage, and hope for the Lord.   יד. קַוֵּה אֶל יְהֹוָה חֲזַק וְיַאֲמֵץ לִבֶּךָ וְקַוֵּה אֶל יְהֹוָה:
Hope for the Lord: and if your prayer is not accepted, reinforce your hope.  
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