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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 24

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 24

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 24

1. Of David, a song. The land and the fullness thereof are the Lord's; the world and those who dwell therein.   א. לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר לַיהֹוָה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ:
The land… are the Lord’s: The land of Israel.  
the world: The other lands.  
2. For He founded it upon seas and established it upon rivers.   ב. כִּי הוּא עַל יַמִּים יְסָדָהּ וְעַל נְהָרוֹת יְכוֹנְנֶהָ:
founded it upon seas: Seven seas surrounded Eretz Yisroel and four rivers: the Jordan, Yarmuk, Karmion, and Pigah.  
3. Who will ascend upon the Lord's mount and who will stand in His Holy place?   ג. מִי יַעֲלֶה בְּהַר יְהֹוָה וּמִי יָקוּם בִּמְקוֹם קָדְשׁוֹ:
Who will ascend upon the Lord’s mount: Although all the inhabitants of the world are His, not everyone deserves to come near to Him, except these: he who has clean hands, etc.  
4. He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who has not taken My name in vain and has not sworn deceitfully.   ד. נְקִי כַפַּיִם וּבַר לֵבָב אֲשֶׁר לֹא נָשָׂא לַשָּׁוְא נַפְשִׁי וְלֹא נִשְׁבַּע לְמִרְמָה:
who has not taken My name in vain: Who has not sworn with My name and My soul in vain. We find an expression of an oath used with the soul (נפש) , as it is stated (in Amos 6:8): “The Lord God swore by Himself (בנפשו).”  
5. He shall receive a blessing from the Lord and charity from the God of his salvation.   ה. יִשָּׂא בְרָכָה מֵאֵת יְהֹוָה וּצְדָקָה מֵאֱלֹהֵי יִשְׁעוֹ:
6. This is the generation of those who seek Him, who seek Your presence-Jacob, forever.   ו. זֶה דּוֹר דֹּרְשָׁיו מְבַקְשֵׁי פָנֶיךָ יַעֲקֹב סֶלָה:
This: [generation,] whose deeds are such - this is the generation of those who seek him.  
7. [You] gates, lift your heads and be uplifted, [you] everlasting portals, so that the King of Glory may enter.   ז. שְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים | רָאשֵׁיכֶם וְהִנָּשְׂאוּ פִּתְחֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבוֹא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד:
[You] gates, lift your heads: In the days of Solomon his son, when he comes to bring the Ark into the Holy of Holies and the gates cling to each other, he [Solomon] recited twenty-four praises, but he was not answered until he said (II Chron. 6:42): “Do not turn back the face of Your anointed; remember the kind deeds of David, Your servant.”  
8. Who is this King of Glory? The Lord, Who is strong and mighty, the Lord Who is a mighty warrior.   ח. מִי זֶה מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהֹוָה עִזּוּז וְגִבּוֹר יְהֹוָה גִּבּוֹר מִלְחָמָה:
9. [You] gates, lift your heads and lift up, [you] everlasting portals, so that the King of Glory may enter.   ט. שְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים | רָאשֵׁיכֶם וּשְׂאוּ פִּתְחֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבֹא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד:
everlasting portals: Portals whose sanctity is everlasting.  
10. Who is this King of Glory? The Lord of Hosts-He is the King of Glory forever.   י. מִי הוּא זֶה מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת הוּא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד סֶלָה:
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