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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 24

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 24

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Chapter 24

1Of David, a song. The land and the fullness thereof are the Lord's; the world and those who dwell therein.   אלְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר לַיהֹוָה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ:
The land… are the Lord’s: The land of Israel.  
the world: The other lands.  
2For He founded it upon seas and established it upon rivers.   בכִּי הוּא עַל יַמִּים יְסָדָהּ וְעַל נְהָרוֹת יְכוֹנְנֶהָ:
founded it upon seas: Seven seas surrounded Eretz Yisroel and four rivers: the Jordan, Yarmuk, Karmion, and Pigah.  
3Who will ascend upon the Lord's mount and who will stand in His Holy place?   גמִי יַעֲלֶה בְּהַר יְהֹוָה וּמִי יָקוּם בִּמְקוֹם קָדְשׁוֹ:
Who will ascend upon the Lord’s mount: Although all the inhabitants of the world are His, not everyone deserves to come near to Him, except these: he who has clean hands, etc.  
4He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who has not taken My name in vain and has not sworn deceitfully.   דנְקִי כַפַּיִם וּבַר לֵבָב אֲשֶׁר לֹא נָשָׂא לַשָּׁוְא נַפְשִׁי (כתיב נַפְשִׁו) וְלֹא נִשְׁבַּע לְמִרְמָה:
who has not taken My name in vain: Who has not sworn with My name and My soul in vain. We find an expression of an oath used with the soul (נפש) , as it is stated (in Amos 6:8): “The Lord God swore by Himself (בנפשו).”  
5He shall receive a blessing from the Lord and charity from the God of his salvation.   היִשָּׂא בְרָכָה מֵאֵת יְהֹוָה וּצְדָקָה מֵאֱלֹהֵי יִשְׁעוֹ:
6This is the generation of those who seek Him, who seek Your presence-Jacob, forever.   וזֶה דּוֹר דֹּרְשָׁיו (כתיב דֹּרְשָׁו) מְבַקְשֵׁי פָנֶיךָ יַעֲקֹב סֶלָה:
This: [generation,] whose deeds are such - this is the generation of those who seek him.  
7[You] gates, lift your heads and be uplifted, [you] everlasting portals, so that the King of Glory may enter.   זשְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים | רָאשֵׁיכֶם וְהִנָּשְׂאוּ פִּתְחֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבוֹא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד:
[You] gates, lift your heads: In the days of Solomon his son, when he comes to bring the Ark into the Holy of Holies and the gates cling to each other, he [Solomon] recited twenty-four praises, but he was not answered until he said (II Chron. 6:42): “Do not turn back the face of Your anointed; remember the kind deeds of David, Your servant.”  
8Who is this King of Glory? The Lord, Who is strong and mighty, the Lord Who is a mighty warrior.   חמִי זֶה מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהֹוָה עִזּוּז וְגִבּוֹר יְהֹוָה גִּבּוֹר מִלְחָמָה:
9[You] gates, lift your heads and lift up, [you] everlasting portals, so that the King of Glory may enter.   טשְׂאוּ שְׁעָרִים | רָאשֵׁיכֶם וּשְׂאוּ פִּתְחֵי עוֹלָם וְיָבֹא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד:
everlasting portals: Portals whose sanctity is everlasting.  
10Who is this King of Glory? The Lord of Hosts-He is the King of Glory forever.   ימִי הוּא זֶה מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת הוּא מֶלֶךְ הַכָּבוֹד סֶלָה:
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