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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 20

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 20

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 20

1. For the conductor, a song of David.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד:
2. May the Lord answer you on a day of distress; may the name of the God of Jacob fortify you.   ב. יַעַנְךָ יְהֹוָה בְּיוֹם צָרָה יְשַׂגֶּבְךָ שֵׁם | אֱלֹהֵי יַעֲקֹב:
May the Lord answer you on a day of distress: This psalm was [composed] because he [David] would send Joab and all Israel to war, and he would stand in Jerusalem and pray for them, as the matter is stated (in II Sam. 18:3): “It is better that you be for us from the city as aid.” Were it not for David, Joab would not have succeeded in battle.  
the name of the God of Jacob: Who promised him [Jacob] when he went to Haran and kept His promise; therefore, it is stated: “the God of Jacob.”  
3. May He send your aid from His sanctuary, and may He support you from Zion.   ג. יִשְׁלַח עֶזְרְךָ מִקֹּדֶשׁ וּמִצִּיּוֹן יִסְעָדֶךָּ:
from His sanctuary: From His Holy Temple, in which He dwells.  
4. May He remember all your meal offerings and may He accept your fat burnt offerings forever.   ד. יִזְכֹּר כָּל מִנְחֹתֶיךָ וְעוֹלָתְךָ יְדַשְּׁנֶה סֶּלָה:
your meal offerings… burnt offerings: They are the prayers that you pray in battle.  
fat: Heb. ידשנה, an expression of fat, as (in Deut. 31: 20): “and it will eat and be satisfied, and it will become obese (ודשן),” i.e., He will accept them [the prayers] willingly like fat burnt offering.  
5. May He give you as your heart [desires], and may He fulfill all your counsel.   ה. יִתֶּן לְךָ כִלְבָבֶךָ וְכָל עֲצָתְךָ יְמַלֵּא:
6. Let us sing praises for your salvation, and let us assemble in the name of our God; may the Lord fulfill all your requests.   ו. נְרַנְּנָה | בִּישׁוּעָתֶךָ וּבְשֵׁם אֱלֹהֵינוּ נִדְגֹּל יְמַלֵּא יְהֹוָה כָּל מִשְׁאֲלוֹתֶיךָ:
Let us sing praises for your salvation: When the Holy One, blessed be He, saves you, we will all sing praises to the Holy One, blessed be He.  
and let us assemble in the name of our God: Heb. נדגל, let us assemble and become strong.  
7. Now I know that the Lord saved His anointed; He answered him from His holy heavens; with the mighty acts of salvation from His right hand.   ז. עַתָּה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי הוֹשִׁיעַ | יְהֹוָה מְשִׁיחוֹ יַעֲנֵהוּ מִשְּׁמֵי קָדְשׁוֹ בִּגְבוּרוֹת יֵשַׁע יְמִינוֹ:
Now I know: This is the praise that we will sing now for this salvation that came to Joab and to Israel: I know that the Omnipresent desired me and has answered me from His holy heavens, for their salvation is my salvation.  
8. These trust in chariots and these in horses, but we-we mention the name of the Lord our God.   ח. אֵלֶּה בָרֶכֶב וְאֵלֶּה בַסּוּסִים וַאֲנַחְנוּ | בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵינוּ נַזְכִּיר:
These trust in chariots: Some nations trust in their iron chariots, and some trust in horses, but wewe pray in the name of the Lord, because the salvation is His. נזכיר is an expression of burning sacrifices and of prayer, as (in Isa. 66:3): “he who burns (מזכיר) frankincense,” (and in Lev. 2:2): “its memorial part (אזכרתה).” Therefore, they kneel and fall…  
9. They kneel and fall, but we rise and gain strength.   ט. הֵמָּה כָּרְעוּ וְנָפָלוּ וַאֲנַחְנוּ קַּמְנוּ וַנִּתְעוֹדָד:
but we rise and gain strength: We gain strength over them, as (below 147:6): “strengthens (מעודד) the humble,” an expression of strength.  
10. O Lord, save [us]; may the King answer us on the day we call.   י. יְהֹוָה הוֹשִׁיעָה הַמֶּלֶךְ יַעֲנֵנוּ בְיוֹם קָרְאֵנוּ:
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