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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 15

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 15

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 15

1. A song of David; O Lord, who will sojourn in Your tent, who will dwell upon Your holy mount?   א. מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד יְהֹוָה מִי יָגוּר בְּאָהֳלֶךָ מִי יִשְׁכֹּן בְּהַר קָדְשֶׁךָ:
2. He who walks uprightly and works righteousness, and speaks truth in his heart.   ב. הוֹלֵךְ תָּמִים וּפֹעֵל צֶדֶק וְדֹבֵר אֱמֶת בִּלְבָבוֹ:
3. He did not slander with his tongue; he did his neighbor no harm, neither did he take up reproach upon his kinsman.   ג. לֹא רָגַל | עַל לְשֹׁנוֹ לֹא עָשָׂה לְרֵעֵהוּ רָעָה וְחֶרְפָּה לֹא נָשָׂא עַל קְרֹבוֹ:
He did not slander with his tongue: Ankuza in Old French, to accuse, as (in II Sam. 19:28) “And he slandered (וירגל) your servant.” This psalm is to inform us of the [proper] measure of piety.  
and speaks truth in his heart: The good that he says in his heart is true. He is not a hypocrite [lit. one in mouth and one in heart].  
neither did he take up reproach: Rapporta in Old French, to report.  
upon his kinsman: If his kinsman committed a transgression for which he was punishable, he would punish him with justice, and he did not bear upon himself his reproach, that the reproacher should have an excuse to say, “So-and-so, your relative, committed such-and-such a sin, and you covered up for him.”  
4. A base person is despised in his eyes, and he honors the God-fearing; he swears to [his own] hurt and does not retract.   ד. נִבְזֶה בְעֵינָיו נִמְאָס וְאֶת יִרְאֵי יְהֹוָה יְכַבֵּד נִשְׁבַּע לְהָרַע וְלֹא יָמִר:
A base person is despised in his eyes: One who is base with his wickedness is despised in the eyes of the righteous man, e.g. Hezekiah, who dragged his father’s remains in disgrace.  
he swears to hurt: himself.  
and does not retract: his oath. How much more does he not retract it if it concerns something that is not to his hurt!  
5. He did not give his money with interest, nor did he accept a bribe against the innocent; he who does these shall not falter forever.   ה. כַּסְפּוֹ | לֹא נָתַן בְּנֶשֶׁךְ וְשֹׁחַד עַל נָקִי לֹא לָקָח עֹשֵׂה אֵלֶּה לֹא יִמּוֹט לְעוֹלָם:
nor did he accept a bribe, etc.: against a poor man, to condemn him in judgment by judging perversely. Our Sages explained it further to mean that he would not accept a bribe to exonerate him in judgment, and he certainly will not take a bribe to pervert the judgment.  
shall not falter: and he deserves to sojourn in Your tent.  
shall not falter forever: If he falters, his faltering will not be permanent faltering, but he will falter and ascend.  
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