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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 14

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 14

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 14

1. For the conductor, of David; The fool said in his heart, "There is no God"; they have dealt corruptly; they have committed abominable deeds; no one does good.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ לְדָוִד אָמַר נָבָל בְּלִבּוֹ אֵין אֱלֹהִים הִשְׁחִיתוּ הִתְעִיבוּ עֲלִילָה אֵין עֹשֵׂה טוֹב:
The fool said in his heart, etc.: David recited two psalms in this Book, in one manner [with almost identical wording]: the first one concerning Nebuchadnezzar and the second one (ch. 53) concerning Titus. In this one, he prophesied concerning Nebuchadnezzar, who was destined to enter the Temple and to destroy it, with not one [man] of all his armies protesting against him.  
“There is no God”: and “I will ascend above the heights of the clouds.”  
they have committed abominable deeds: Heb. עלילה, deeds.  
2. The Lord in Heaven looked down upon the sons of men to see whether there is a man of understanding, who seeks the Lord.   ב. יְהֹוָה מִשָּׁמַיִם הִשְׁקִיף עַל בְּנֵי אָדָם לִרְאוֹת הֲיֵשׁ מַשְׂכִּיל דֹּרֵשׁ אֶת אֱלֹהִים:
3. All have turned away; together they have spoiled; no one does good, not even one.   ג. הַכֹּל סָר יַחְדָּו נֶאֱלָחוּ אֵין עֹשֵׂה טוֹב אֵין גַּם אֶחָד:
All have turned away, etc.: Not one man of his armies protested against him.  
they have spoiled: Heb. נאלחו, have turned to rot.  
4. Did not all the workers of iniquity know? Those who devoured My people partook of a feast; they did not call upon the Lord.   ד. הֲלֹא יָדְעוּ כָּל פֹּעֲלֵי אָוֶן אֹכְלֵי עַמִּי אָכְלוּ לֶחֶם יְהֹוָה לֹא קָרָאוּ:
Did not… know?: Did they not know at the end what had befallen them?  
Those who devoured My people: The seed of Nebuchadnezzar.  
partook of a feast: Heb. לחם, lit. bread. They made a feast (as in Dan. 5:1) “made a huge feast (לחם).”  
they did not call upon the Lord: They neither considered Him nor remembered His wondrous and awesome deeds at their feast, and [they] used His vessels.  
5. There they were in great fear, for God is in the generation of a righteous man.   ה. שָׁם | פָּחֲדוּ פָחַד כִּי אֱלֹהִים בְּדוֹר צַדִּיק:
There they were in great fear: For recompense was paid to Belshazzar king of Babylon [causing him] to be in great fear, as it is stated (in Dan. 5:6): “Then the king’s color changed, his thoughts terrified him, the joints of his loins came loose, and his knees knocked against each other.” But our Sages explained this (Sanh. 104b, Mid. Ps. 14:4) as referring to the heathens: Whoever does not rob Israel does not experience a pleasant taste in his food. Those who devoured my people felt as though they ate bread, for they experienced a pleasant taste.  
for God is in the generation of a righteous man: In the generation of Jeconiah, who were righteous.  
6. You put to shame the counsel of the poor, for the Lord is his refuge.   ו. עֲצַת עָנִי תָבִישׁוּ כִּי יְהֹוָה מַחְסֵהוּ:
You put to shame the counsel of the poor: You say that the counsel of Israel is shameful, for they trust in the Lord because He is their refuge.  
7. O that the salvation of Israel would come out of Zion; when the Lord returns the captivity of His people, Jacob shall rejoice, Israel shall be glad.   ז. מִי יִתֵּן מִצִּיּוֹן יְשׁוּעַת יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשׁוּב יְהֹוָה שְׁבוּת עַמּוֹ יָגֵל יַעֲקֹב יִשְׂמַח יִשְׂרָאֵל:
O that: Then the day will arrive when He will give out of Zion the salvation of Israel in the future; then Jacob shall rejoice; Israel shall be glad.  
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