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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 8

Tehillim - Psalms - Chapter 8

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 8

1. To the conductor, on the gittith, a song of David.   א. לַמְנַצֵּחַ עַל הַגִּתִּית מִזְמוֹר לְדָוִד:
the gittith: A musical instrument that came from Gath, where craftsmen were found to make it (Machbereth Menachem p. 60). But our Sages said (Mid. Ps. 8:1): Concerning a nation [Edom] that is destined to be trodden like a winepress, as it is written (in Isaiah 63:3): “A winepress I trod alone.” However, the contents of the psalm do not indicate it.  
2. O Lord, our Master, how mighty is Your name in all the earth, for which You should bestow Your majesty upon the heavens.   ב. יְהֹוָה אֲדֹנֵינוּ מָה אַדִּיר שִׁמְךָ בְּכָל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר תְּנָה הוֹדְךָ עַל הַשָּׁמָיִם:
how mighty is Your name: more than the strength of the measure of the earthlings. The earthlings did not deserve that You should cause Your Shechinah to rest among them.  
for which You should bestow Your majesty upon the heavens: It is fitting that You bestow it upon the heavens. But You, with Your great humility…  
3. Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings You have established strength because of Your adversaries, in order to put an end to enemy and avenger.   ג. מִפִּי עוֹלְלִים | וְיֹנְקִים יִסַּדְתָּ עֹז לְמַעַן צוֹרְרֶיךָ לְהַשְׁבִּית אוֹיֵב וּמִתְנַקֵּם:
Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings You have established strength: You caused Your Shechinah to rest in the Temple, and You decreed that we thank You. This is strength [that emerges] from the mouth of the Levites and the priests, who are people raised in filth like babes and sucklings. [The word] עוללים is an expression of (Job 16:15) “and sullied my radiance in the dust,” and because of the filth, all infants are called עוללים.  
because of Your adversaries: To inform them that we are Your people.  
to put an end to: the disgrace of the enemy and avenger, who says, “You are no better than the other nations.” But I, when I see Your heavens, etc.,… I wonder in my heart, what is man that You should remember him?  
4. When I see Your heavens, the work of Your fingers, the moon and stars that You have established,   ד. כִּי אֶרְאֶה שָׁמֶיךָ מַעֲשֵׂה אֶצְבְּעֹתֶיךָ יָרֵחַ וְכוֹכָבִים אֲשֶׁר כּוֹנָנְתָּה:
5. what is man that You should remember him, and the son of man that You should be mindful of him?   ה. מָה אֱנוֹשׁ כִּי תִזְכְּרֶנּוּ וּבֶן אָדָם כִּי תִפְקְדֶנּוּ:
6. Yet You have made him slightly less than the angels, and You have crowned him with glory and majesty.   ו. וַתְּחַסְּרֵהוּ מְעַט מֵאֱלֹהִים וְכָבוֹד וְהָדָר תְּעַטְּרֵהוּ:
Yet You have made him slightly less than the angels, etc.: Heb. מאלהים, which is an expression of angels, for You gave power to Joshua to still the sun and to dry up the Jordan, and to Moses to split the waters of the Sea of Reeds and to ascend to the heavens, and to Elijah to resurrect the dead.  
7. You give him dominion over the work of Your hands; You have placed everything beneath his feet.   ז. תַּמְשִׁילֵהוּ בְּמַעֲשֵׂי יָדֶיךָ כֹּל שַׁתָּה תַחַת רַגְלָיו:
8. Flocks and cattle, all of them, and also the beasts of the field;   ח. צֹנֶה וַאֲלָפִים כֻּלָּם וְגַם בַּהֲמוֹת שָׂדָי:
Flocks and cattle: Heb. צנה ואלפים [equivalent to] צאן ובקר, like (Deut. 7:13), “the young of your cattle (אלפך).” צנה is an expression of industry, as (in Num. 32:24), “and enclosures for your flocks (לצנאכם) ”; oveyledic in Old French, enclosures to pen the small livestock. There are many Aggadic midrashim, but they do not fit the verses.  
9. the birds of the sky and the fish of the sea, he traverses the ways of the seas.   ט. צִפּוֹר שָׁמַיִם וּדְגֵי הַיָּם עֹבֵר אָרְחוֹת יַמִּים:
10. O Lord, our Master, how mighty is Your name in all the earth!   י. יְהֹוָה אֲדֹנֵינוּ מָה אַדִּיר שִׁמְךָ בְּכָל הָאָרֶץ:
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