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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Amos - Chapter 7

Amos - Chapter 7

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 7

1. Thus the Lord God showed me, and behold He was forming locusts at the beginning of the shooting up of the latter growth, and behold the latter growth after the king's mowings.   א. כֹּה הִרְאַנִי אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה וְהִנֵּה יוֹצֵר גֹּבַי בִּתְחִלַּת עֲלוֹת הַלָּקֶשׁ וְהִנֵּה לֶקֶשׁ אַחַר גִּזֵּי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
Thus… showed me: retribution, that He wished to bring locusts.  
at the beginning of the shooting up of the latter growth: [Heb. לֶקֶשׁ, an expression of the latter rain (מַלְקוֹש) when the grain shoots up in its stalk.  
and behold the latter growth: was growing.  
after the king’s mowings: After they mowed the king’s grains. Before it would shoot up in its stalk, they would mow it [as] young corn (שַׁחַת) to feed the cattle, and so did Jonathan render it: [After] the king’s young corn (שַׁחֲתָא) was mown. This is a mishnaic expression. (Menachoth 10:8) “One may cut young corn (שַׁחַת) and feed the cattle.”  
2. And it came to pass, when it finished eating the grass of the earth, that I said, "O Lord God! Forgive now! Who shall arise [with] Jacob, for he is small?"   ב. וְהָיָה אִם כִּלָּה לֶאֱכוֹל אֶת עֵשֶׂב הָאָרֶץ וָאֹמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה סְלַח נָא מִי יָקוּם יַעֲקֹב כִּי קָטֹן הוּא:
And it came to pass when it finished: Heb. אִם. When it finished eating.  
the grass of the earth: in that field.  
and I said, “O Lord God! Forgive now!”: and destroy not the land.  
who shall arise [with] Jacob: [Jonathan renders:] Who shall arise and beseech for their sins?  
for he is small: [Jonathan renders:] For they are wandering.  
3. The Lord relented concerning this. It shall not come about, said the Lord.   ג. נִחַם יְהֹוָה עַל זֹאת לֹא תִהְיֶה אָמַר יְהֹוָה:
The Lord relented concerning this: He acquiesced to my prayer and was entreated of me.  
4. Thus the Lord God showed me, and behold the Lord God calls to contend by fire, and it consumed the great deep and consumed the field.   ד. כֹּה הִרְאַנִי אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה וְהִנֵּה קֹרֵא לָרִב בָּאֵשׁ אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה וַתֹּאכַל אֶת תְּהוֹם רַבָּה וְאָכְלָה אֶת הַחֵלֶק:
showed me: another retribution to bring upon them.  
and behold… calls: His household to contend with them by the retribution of the kindling of fire.  
the field: Heb. הַחֵלֶק, the parcel of land.  
5. And I said, "O Lord God! Desist now! Who shall arise [with] Jacob, for he is small?"   ה. וָאֹמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה חֲדַל נָא מִי יָקוּם יַעֲקֹב כִּי קָטֹן הוּא:
6. The Lord relented concerning this; this too shall not come to pass, said the Lord God.   ו. נִחַם יְהֹוָה עַל זֹאת גַּם הִיא לֹא תִהְיֶה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
7. Thus He showed me, and behold the Lord was standing on a wall made by a plumbline, with a plumbline in His hand.   ז. כֹּה הִרְאַנִי וְהִנֵּה אֲדֹנָי נִצָּב עַל חוֹמַת אֲנָךְ וּבְיָדוֹ אֲנָךְ:
on a wall made by a plumbline: On the wall of justice, and so did Dunash interpret it: אֲנָ is an Arabic expression for the plumbline. The lead by which the builder of the walls looks to straighten the row of stones. Here, too, it is an expression of the plumbline of justice. [from Teshuvoth Dunash , p.12]  
8. And the Lord said to me; What do you see, Amos? And I said, "A plumbline." And the Lord said: Behold I place a plumbline in the midst of My people Israel; I will no longer pardon them.   ח. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי מָה אַתָּה רֹאֶה עָמוֹס וָאֹמַר אֲנָךְ וַיֹּאמֶר אֲדֹנָי הִנְנִי שָׂם אֲנָךְ בְּקֶרֶב עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא אוֹסִיף עוֹד עֲבוֹר לוֹ:
Behold I place a plumbline: Behold I judge them with the line of strict justice.  
pardon them: to wait for them for their transgressions.  
9. And the high places of Isaac shall become desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be ruined, and I will rise upon the house of Jeroboam with the sword.   ט. וְנָשַׁמּוּ בָּמוֹת יִשְׂחָק וּמִקְדְּשֵׁי יִשְׂרָאֵל יֶחֱרָבוּ וְקַמְתִּי עַל בֵּית יָרָבְעָם בֶּחָרֶב:
and the sanctuaries of Israel: That is Bethel, as it is said: (verse 13) “For it is the sanctuary of a king.”  
upon the house of Jeroboam: son of Joash.  
10. And Amaziah the priest of Bethel sent to Jeroboam king of Israel, saying, "Amos has conspired against you in the midst of the house of Israel. The land will be unable to endure all his words.   י. וַיִּשְׁלַח אֲמַצְיָה כֹּהֵן בֵּית אֵל אֶל יָרָבְעָם מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר קָשַׁר עָלֶיךָ עָמוֹס בְּקֶרֶב בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא תוּכַל הָאָרֶץ לְהָכִיל אֶת כָּל דְּבָרָיו:
the priest of Bethel: A priest of the idols.  
11. For so said Amos; Jeroboam shall die by the sword, and Israel shall be exiled off its land."   יא. כִּי כֹה אָמַר עָמוֹס בַּחֶרֶב יָמוּת יָרָבְעָם וְיִשְׂרָאֵל גָּלֹה יִגְלֶה מֵעַל אַדְמָתוֹ:
Jeroboam shall die by the sword: But he did not say that, only, “And I will rise upon the house of Jeroboam,” and that refers to his son, Zechariah, who was assassinated by Shallum son of Jabesh (II Kings 15).  
12. And Amaziah said to Amos, "Seer, go, run away to the land of Judah and eat bread there; and prophesy there.   יב. וַיֹּאמֶר אֲמַצְיָה אֶל עָמוֹס חֹזֶה לֵךְ בְּרַח לְךָ אֶל אֶרֶץ יְהוּדָה וֶאֱכָל שָׁם לֶחֶם וְשָׁם תִּנָּבֵא:
“Seer”: You, who prophesy the future.  
go, run away to the land of Judah: for there is the sanctuary of the Holy One, blessed be He, in Whose Name you prophesy.  
and eat bread there: This is an expression of derision. He said to him, “There they will give you crumbs of bread as pay for what you prophesy.”  
13. But do not continue to prophesy in Bethel for it is the sanctuary of a king and the capital of the kingdom.   יג. וּבֵית אֵל לֹא תוֹסִיף עוֹד לְהִנָּבֵא כִּי מִקְדַּשׁ מֶלֶךְ הוּא וּבֵית מַמְלָכָה הוּא:
But do not continue to prophesy in Bethel: for here they mention only the name of the idols.  
14. And Amos replied and said to Amaziah, "I am neither a prophet nor the son of a prophet, but I am a cattle herder and an inspector of sycamores.   יד. וַיַּעַן עָמוֹס וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל אֲמַצְיָה לֹא נָבִיא אָנֹכִי וְלֹא בֶן נָבִיא אָנֹכִי כִּי בוֹקֵר אָנֹכִי וּבוֹלֵס שִׁקְמִים:
I am neither a prophet: I am not one of your false prophets, who take pay for prophesying. I do not need all this, and I never behaved in that manner, for I am wealthy and an owner of cattle and property, as Jonathan renders: For I am an owner of cattle and I have sycamores in the plain.  
a cattle herder: Heb. בוֹקֵר  
and an inspector of sycamores: Heb. וּבוֹלֵס. One who searches the sycamores to see which one has reached its time to cut in order to increase the branches, and which one is fit for beams, for so was the custom to cut the virgin sycamores. וּבוֹלֵס is like וּבוֹלֵש, a searcher, but Amos was a stammerer, for so they said: Why was he named Amos? Because he was burdened (עָמוּס) by his tongue, and Israel would call him pesilus (Greek for tongue-tied) as it is stated in Pesikta. [from Pesikta de-Rav Kahana p.125]  
15. And the Lord took me from following the flock, and He said to me; Go, prophesy to My people Israel.   טו. וַיִּקָּחֵנִי יְהֹוָה מֵאַחֲרֵי הַצֹּאן וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי יְהֹוָה לֵךְ הִנָּבֵא אֶל עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
16. And now, hearken to the word of the Lord. You say, "Do not prophesy concerning Israel and do not prophesy concerning the house of Isaac."   טז. וְעַתָּה שְׁמַע דְּבַר יְהֹוָה אַתָּה אֹמֵר לֹא תִנָּבֵא עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְלֹא תַטִּיף עַל בֵּית יִשְׂחָק:
and do not prophesy: [Heb.. וְלֹאתַטִּיף. It is an expression of prophecy, and there are many in Scripture, e.g. (Ezekiel 21:2) “And prophesy (וְהַטֵּף) to the south.”  
17. Therefore, so said the Lord: Your wife shall play the harlot in the city, and your sons and daughters shall fall by the sword, and your land shall be divided by lot, and you shall die on unclean soil, and Israel shall be exiled from its land.   יז. לָכֵן כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה אִשְׁתְּךָ בָּעִיר תִּזְנֶה וּבָנֶיךָ וּבְנֹתֶיךָ בַּחֶרֶב יִפֹּלוּ וְאַדְמָתְךָ בַּחֶבֶל תְּחֻלָּק וְאַתָּה עַל אֲדָמָה טְמֵאָה תָּמוּת וְיִשְׂרָאֵל גָּלֹה יִגְלֶה מֵעַל אַדְמָתוֹ:
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