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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Hoshea - Hosea - Chapter 14

Hoshea - Hosea - Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

1Samaria shall be accounted guilty, for she has rebelled against her God: they shall fall by the sword, their infants shall be dashed, and their pregnant women shall be ripped up.   אתֶּאְשַׁם שֹׁמְרוֹן כִּי מָרְתָה בֵּאלֹהֶיהָ בַּחֶרֶב יִפֹּלוּ עֹלְלֵיהֶם יְרֻטָּשׁוּ וְהָרִיּוֹתָיו יְבֻקָּעוּ:
Samaria shall be accounted guilty: From now on, her guilt will be revealed.  
and their pregnant women: Heb. וְהָריּוֹתָיו. The pregnant women in its midst.  
2Return, O Israel, to the Lord your God, for you have stumbled in your iniquity.   בשׁוּבָה יִשְׂרָאֵל עַד יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ כִּי כָשַׁלְתָּ בַּעֲו‍ֹנֶךָ:
Return, O Israel: You, who are in the land of Judah, lest what happens to Samaria happens to you. Therefore, the topics are juxtaposed. This can be compared to a king against whom a province rebelled. The king sent a general and commanded him to destroy it. That general was expert and deliberate. He said to them, “Take for yourselves days (sic); otherwise, I will do to you as I have done to such-and-such a province and to its allies, and to such-and-such a prefecture and to its allies.” Therefore it says, “Samaria shall be accounted guilty,” and then Scripture says: “Return, O Israel.” As is found in Sifrei in the section commencing. (Num. 25:1), “And Israel abode in Shittim.”  
to the Lord your God: One taught in the name of Rabbi Meir: Return, O Israel, while He is still יהוה, with the Divine Attribute of Mercy; otherwise, He is אֶלֹהֶי with the Divine Attribute of Justice, before the defense becomes the prosecution. [from Pesikta d’Rav Kahana, p. 164a]  
for you have stumbled in your iniquity: Obstacles have come to you because of your iniquity.  
3Take words with yourselves and return to the Lord. Say, "You shall forgive all iniquity and teach us [the] good [way], and let us render [for] bulls [the offering of] our lips.   גקְחוּ עִמָּכֶם דְּבָרִים וְשׁוּבוּ אֶל יְהֹוָה אִמְרוּ אֵלָיו כָּל תִּשָּׂא עָו‍ֹן וְקַח טוֹב וּנְשַׁלְּמָה פָרִים שְׂפָתֵינוּ:
You shall forgive all iniquity: Heb. כָּל-תִּשָׂא עָוֹן. Forgive all our iniquities.  
and teach [us the] good [way]: Heb. וְקַח-טוֹב. And teach us the good way. Another explanation: The few good deeds in our hands take in Your hand and judge us accordingly. And so does David say (Psalms 17:2): “Let my sentence come forth from before You, may Your eyes behold the right.” Another explanation: And accept good And accept confession from us, as it is said (Psalms 92:2): “It is good to confess to the Lord.”  
and let us render [for] bulls: that we should have sacrificed before you, let us render them with the placation of the words of our lips.  
4Assyria shall not save us; we will not ride on horses, nor will we say any longer, our gods, to the work of our hands, for in You, by Whom the orphan is granted mercy."   דאַשּׁוּר | לֹא יוֹשִׁיעֵנוּ עַל סוּס לֹא נִרְכָּב וְלֹא נֹאמַר עוֹד אֱלֹהֵינוּ לְמַעֲשֵׂה יָדֵינוּ אֲשֶׁר בְּךָ יְרֻחַם יָתוֹם:
Assyria shall not save us: Say this also before Him, “We no longer seek the aid of man, neither from Assyria nor from Egypt.”  
we will not ride on horses: This is the aid from Egypt, who would send them horses, as they said to Isaiah (30:16), “No, but on horses will we flee… And on swift steeds will we ride.”  
nor will we say any longer: to the work of our hands that they are our gods.  
for in You: alone shall our hope be, You Who grant mercy to the orphans.  
5I will remedy their backsliding; I will love them freely, for My wrath has turned away from them.   האֶרְפָּא מְשׁוּבָתָם אֹהֲבֵם נְדָבָה כִּי שָׁב אַפִּי מִמֶּנּוּ:
I will remedy their backsliding: Said the prophet: So has the Holy Spirit said to me. After they say this before Me, I will remedy their backsliding, and I will love them with My charitable spirit. Although they do not deserve the love, I will love them charitably since My wrath has turned away from them.  
6I will be like dew to Israel, they shall blossom like a rose, and it shall strike its roots like the Lebanon.   ואֶהְיֶה כַטַּל לְיִשְׂרָאֵל יִפְרַח כַּשּׁוֹשַׁנָּה וְיַךְ שָׁרָשָׁיו כַּלְּבָנוֹן:
and it shall strike: I.e. the dew shall strike its roots and cause them to prosper.  
like the Lebanon: like the roots of the trees of the Lebanon, which are large.  
7Its branches shall go forth, and its beauty shall be like the olive tree, and its fragrance like the Lebanon.   זיֵלְכוּ יוֹנְקוֹתָיו וִיהִי כַזַּיִת הוֹדוֹ וְרֵיחַ לוֹ כַּלְּבָנוֹן:
Its branches shall go forth: Sons and daughters shall increase.  
and it shall be: Their beauty shall be like the beauty of the menorah of the Temple, and their fragrance like the fragrance of the incense.  
like the Lebanon: Like the Temple.  
8Those who dwelt in its shade shall return; they shall revive [like] corn and blossom like the vine; its fragrance shall be like the wine of Lebanon.   חיָשֻׁבוּ יֹשְׁבֵי בְצִלּוֹ יְחַיּוּ דָגָן וְיִפְרְחוּ כַגָּפֶן זִכְרוֹ כְּיֵין לְבָנוֹן:
Those who dwelt in its shade shall return: Those who already dwelt in the shade of the Lebanon, to which He compared Israel and the Temple, and now were exiled there from, shall return to it.  
its fragrance shall be like the wine of Lebanon: Jonathan renders: Like the remembrance of the blasts of the trumpets over the old wine poured for libations in the Temple. For they would blow the trumpets over the libations when the Levites would recite the song.  
9Ephraim; What more do I need the images? I will answer him and I will look upon him: I am like a leafy cypress tree; from Me your fruit is found.   טאֶפְרַיִם מַה לִּי עוֹד לָעֲצַבִּים אֲנִי עָנִיתִי וַאֲשׁוּרֶנּוּ אֲנִי כִּבְרוֹשׁ רַעֲנָן מִמֶּנִּי פֶּרְיְךָ נִמְצָא:
Ephraim: will say, “What more do I need to follow the images?” And they will turn away from idolatry.  
I will answer him: I will answer him from his trouble.  
and I will look upon him: I will look upon his affliction.  
I am like a leafy cypress tree: I will bend down for him to hold his hand on Me as the leafy cypress which is bent down to the ground, which a man holds by its branches; i.e., I will be accessible to him.  
from Me your fruit is found: Am I not He? For all your good emanates from Me.  
10Who is wise and will understand these, discerning and will know them; for the ways of the Lord are straight, and the righteous shall walk in them, and the rebellious shall stumble on them.   ימִי חָכָם וְיָבֵן אֵלֶּה נָבוֹן וְיֵדָעֵם כִּי יְשָׁרִים דַּרְכֵי יְהֹוָה וְצַדִּקִים יֵלְכוּ בָם וּפֹשְׁעִים יִכָּשְׁלוּ בָם:
Who is wise and will understand these: Who among you is wise and will ponder to put his heart to all these and return to Me?  
and the rebellious shall stumble on them: i.e., because of them, because they did not walk in them. Jonathan renders in this manner.  
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