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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 20

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 20

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Chapter 20

1And now it came to pass in the seventh year, in the fifth [month], on the tenth of the month, that certain men of the elders of Israel came to inquire of the Lord and sat before me.   אוַיְהִי | בַּשָּׁנָה הַשְּׁבִיעִית בַּחֲמִשִּׁי בֶּעָשׂוֹר לַחֹדֶשׁ בָּאוּ אֲנָשִׁים מִזִּקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לִדְרֹשׁ אֶת יְהֹוָה וַיֵּשְׁבוּ לְפָנָי:
to inquire of the Lord: concerning their needs, and if He does not listen to us, neither will we be punished for the sins in our hands, for He has already sold us, and He has nothing on us. If a master has sold his slave, or a husband has divorced his wife, does one have anything on the other? And from the conclusion of the matter you learn [this], from the reply that he gave them (verse 32): “What enters your thoughts, etc.”  
2Then came the word of the Lord to me, saying:   בוַיְהִי דְבַר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר:
3"Son of man, speak to the elders of Israel and say to them: So says the Lord God, Have you come to inquire of Me? As true as I live, I will not be inquired of by you! says the Lord God.   גבֶּן אָדָם דַּבֵּר אֶת זִקְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵהֶם כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה הֲלִדְרֹשׁ אֹתִי אַתֶּם בָּאִים חַי אָנִי אִם אִדָּרֵשׁ לָכֶם נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
I will not be inquired of by you!: in your request. Yet at the end of this Book (36:37): He says: “I will… be inquired of by the house of Israel.” This is one of the places that teach us that the Holy One, blessed be He, recants on evil. And regarding matters similar to this, it is said (Num. 23:19): “He says but He does not do.” Midrash of Rabbi Tanchuma (Vayera 13).  
4Will you contend with them? Will you contend, O son of man? Let them know the abominations of their fathers.   דהֲתִשְׁפֹּט אֹתָם הֲתִשְׁפּוֹט בֶּן אָדָם אֶת תּוֹעֲבֹת אֲבוֹתָם הוֹדִיעֵם:
Will you contend with them: Heb. הֲתִישְׁפֹּט, an expression of contending.  
5And you shall say to them: So says the Lord God, On the day I chose Israel, then I lifted up My hand to the seed of the house of Jacob, and made Myself known to them in the land of Egypt, when I lifted up My hand to them, saying: I am the Lord your God.   הוְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה בְּיוֹם בָּחֳרִי בְיִשְׂרָאֵל וָאֶשָּׂא יָדִי לְזֶרַע בֵּית יַעֲקֹב וָאִוָּדַע לָהֶם בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם וָאֶשָּׂא יָדִי לָהֶם לֵאמֹר אֲנִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם:
On the day I chose Israel: This hatred was pent up before the Omnipresent close to nine hundred yearsfrom [the days] that they were in Egypt until [those of] Ezekielbut His love had shielded them. Now that they had increased their transgressions, though, it was awakened, and concerning this it is stated (Prov. 10: 12): “Hatred arouses quarrels [but love covers up all transgressions].”  
6On that day I lifted up My hand to them to bring them out of the land of Egypt, to a land that I had sought out for them, flowing with milk and honey; it is the glory of all the lands.   ובַּיּוֹם הַהוּא נָשָׂאתִי יָדִי לָהֶם לְהוֹצִיאָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם אֶל אֶרֶץ אֲשֶׁר תַּרְתִּי לָהֶם זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבַשׁ צְבִי הִיא לְכָל הָאֲרָצוֹת:
7And I said to them: Every man cast away the despicable idols from before his eyes, and pollute not yourselves with the idols of Egypt; I am the Lord your God.   זוָאֹמַר אֲלֵיהֶם אִישׁ שִׁקּוּצֵי עֵינָיו הַשְׁלִיכוּ וּבְגִלּוּלֵי מִצְרַיִם אַל תִּטַּמָּאוּ אֲנִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם:
And I said to them: Aaron proclaimed this prophecy to them before the Holy One, blessed be He, revealed Himself to Moses in the thorn bush. This is what was said to Eli (I Sam. 2:27): “Did I appear to the house of your father when they were in Egypt, etc.?”  
8But they rebelled against Me and would not consent to hearken to Me; they did not cast away, every man, the despicable idols from before their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of Egypt; and I said to pour out My wrath over them, to give My anger full rein over them, in the midst of the land of Egypt.   חוַיַּמְרוּ בִי וְלֹא אָבוּ לִשְׁמֹעַ אֵלַי אִישׁ אֶת שִׁקּוּצֵי עֵינֵיהֶם לֹא הִשְׁלִיכוּ וְאֶת גִּלּוּלֵי מִצְרַיִם לֹא עָזָבוּ וָאֹמַר לִשְׁפֹּךְ חֲמָתִי עֲלֵיהֶם לְכַלּוֹת אַפִּי בָּהֶם בְּתוֹךְ אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם:
But they rebelled against Me: They are the wicked, the majority of Israel, who died in the three days of darkness, as it is said (Exod. 13:18): “and the children of Israel went out of Egypt, (חֲמֻשִּׁים) ” one out of fifty, and some say, one out of five hundred.  
9But I wrought for the sake of My Name so that it should not be desecrated before the eyes of the nations in whose midst they were, before whose eyes I made Myself known to them, to bring them out of the land of Egypt.   טוָאַעַשׂ לְמַעַן שְׁמִי לְבִלְתִּי הֵחֵל לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הֵמָּה בְתוֹכָם אֲשֶׁר נוֹדַעְתִּי אֲלֵיהֶם לְעֵינֵיהֶם לְהוֹצִיאָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם:
that it should not be desecrated: That My Name should not be desecrated; since I became known to them and I promised to take them out, and the Egyptians recognized that they are My people, if I were to destroy them their enemies would say, “Because He has not the ability to take them out.”  
10And I brought them out of the land of Egypt, and I brought them into the wilderness.   יוָאוֹצִיאֵם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם וָאֲבִאֵם אֶל הַמִּדְבָּר:
11And I gave them My statutes, and My ordinances I made known to them, which, if a man perform, he shall live through them.   יאוָאֶתֵּן לָהֶם אֶת חֻקּוֹתַי וְאֶת מִשְׁפָּטַי הוֹדַעְתִּי אוֹתָם אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה אוֹתָם הָאָדָם וָחַי בָּהֶם:
12Moreover, I gave them My Sabbaths to be for a sign between Me and them, to know that I, the Lord, make them holy.   יבוְגַם אֶת שַׁבְּתוֹתַי נָתַתִּי לָהֶם לִהְיוֹת לְאוֹת בֵּינִי וּבֵינֵיהֶם לָדַעַת כִּי אֲנִי יְהֹוָה מְקַדְּשָׁם:
to be for a sign: It is a great sign for them, that I gave the day of My resting to them for a resting. Behold this is a phenomenal manifestation that I hallowed them to Myself.  
13But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness; they walked not in My statutes, and they despised My ordinances, which, if a man keep, he will live through them, and My Sabbaths they desecrated exceedingly. Then I said to pour out My wrath upon them in the wilderness, to make an end to them.   יגוַיַּמְרוּ בִי בֵית יִשְׂרָאֵל בַּמִּדְבָּר בְּחֻקּוֹתַי לֹא הָלָכוּ וְאֶת מִשְׁפָּטַי מָאָסוּ אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה אֹתָם הָאָדָם וָחַי בָּהֶם וְאֶת שַׁבְּתֹתַי חִלְּלוּ מְאֹד וָאֹמַר לִשְׁפֹּךְ חֲמָתִי עֲלֵיהֶם בַּמִּדְבָּר לְכַלּוֹתָם:
they walked not in My statutes: They tested Me with the calf, and in Rephidim [i.e., showing unwillingness] to receive the Torah, and they left over some of the manna.  
and My Sabbaths they desecrated: Some of the people went out to gather manna.  
14And I wrought for the sake of My Name, so it should not be desecrated before the eyes of the nations before whose eyes I had brought them out.   ידוָאֶעֱשֶׂה לְמַעַן שְׁמִי לְבִלְתִּי הֵחֵל לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתִים לְעֵינֵיהֶם:
15But I also lifted up My hand to them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey; it is the glory of all lands.   טווְגַם אֲנִי נָשָׂאתִי יָדִי לָהֶם בַּמִּדְבָּר לְבִלְתִּי הָבִיא אוֹתָם אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבַשׁ צְבִי הִיא לְכָל הָאֲרָצוֹת:
16Because they despised My ordinances, and in My statutes they did not walk, and My Sabbaths they desecrated- for their heart went constantly after their idols.   טזיַעַן בְּמִשְׁפָּטַי מָאָסוּ וְאֶת חֻקּוֹתַי לֹא הָלְכוּ בָהֶם וְאֶת שַׁבְּתוֹתַי חִלֵּלוּ כִּי אַחֲרֵי גִלּוּלֵיהֶם לִבָּם הֹלֵךְ:
17Nevertheless, My eye looked pityingly upon them, not to destroy them, and I did not make an end to them in the wilderness.   יזוַתָּחָס עֵינִי עֲלֵיהֶם מִשַּׁחֲתָם וְלֹא עָשִׂיתִי אוֹתָם כָּלָה בַּמִּדְבָּר:
18But I said to their children in the wilderness: 'In the statutes of your fathers do not walk and do not observe their ordinances, and do not defile yourselves with their idols.   יחוָאֹמַר אֶל בְּנֵיהֶם בַּמִּדְבָּר בְּחוּקֵּי אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם אַל תֵּלֵכוּ וְאֶת מִשְׁפְּטֵיהֶם אַל תִּשְׁמֹרוּ וּבְגִלּוּלֵיהֶם אַל תִּטַּמָּאוּ:
19I am the Lord your God: walk in My statutes, and keep My ordinances and fulfill them.   יטאֲנִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם בְּחֻקּוֹתַי לֵכוּ וְאֶת מִשְׁפָּטַי שִׁמְרוּ וַעֲשׂוּ אוֹתָם:
20And keep My Sabbaths holy so that they be a sign between Me and you, that you may know that I am the Lord your God.'   כוְאֶת שַׁבְּתוֹתַי קַדֵּשׁוּ וְהָיוּ לְאוֹת בֵּינִי וּבֵינֵיכֶם לָדַעַת כִּי אֲנִי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם:
21But the children rebelled against Me; they did not walk in My statutes, and they did not observe My ordinances to perform them, which if a man perform, he shall live through them; My Sabbaths they desecrated, and I said to pour out My wrath upon them, to spend My anger upon them in the wilderness.   כאוַיַּמְרוּ בִי הַבָּנִים בְּחֻקּוֹתַי לֹא הָלָכוּ וְאֶת מִשְׁפָּטַי לֹא שָׁמְרוּ לַעֲשׂוֹת אוֹתָם אֲשֶׁר יַעֲשֶׂה אוֹתָם הָאָדָם וָחַי בָּהֶם אֶת שַׁבְּתוֹתַי חִלֵּלוּ וָאֹמַר לִשְׁפֹּךְ חֲמָתִי עֲלֵיהֶם לְכַלּוֹת אֲפִּי בָּם בַּמִּדְבָּר:
But the children rebelled against Me: The tribe of Dan, and likewise those who became attached to Baal Peor after the generation of the wilderness had died out.  
22I drew back My hand and acted for the sake of My Name, that it should not be desecrated before the eyes of the nations, before whose eyes I took them out.   כבוַהֲשִׁבֹתִי אֶת יָדִי וָאַעַשׂ לְמַעַן שְׁמִי לְבִלְתִּי הֵחֵל לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצֵאתִי אוֹתָם לְעֵינֵיהֶם:
23I also lifted My hand to them in the wilderness to scatter them among the nations and disperse them in the lands.   כגגַּם אֲנִי נָשָׂאתִי אֶת יָדִי לָהֶם בַּמִּדְבָּר לְהָפִיץ אֹתָם בַּגּוֹיִם וּלְזָרוֹת אוֹתָם בָּאֲרָצוֹת:
to scatter them: Back then, I promised them to scatter them (Deut. 4: 25ff.): “When you will beget children and children’s children, etc. [the Lord will scatter you among the nations, etc.].”  
24Because they did not perform My ordinances, and they rejected My statutes and desecrated My Sabbaths, and their eyes were after the idols of their fathers.   כדיַעַן מִשְׁפָּטַי לֹא עָשׂוּ וְחֻקּוֹתַי מָאָסוּ וְאֶת שַׁבְּתוֹתַי חִלֵּלוּ וְאַחֲרֵי גִּלּוּלֵי אֲבוֹתָם הָיוּ עֵינֵיהֶם:
25I, too, gave them statutes that were not good and ordinances through which they should not live.   כהוְגַם אֲנִי נָתַתִּי לָהֶם חֻקִּים לֹא טוֹבִים וּמִשְׁפָּטִים לֹא יִחְיוּ בָּהֶם:
statutes that were not good: I delivered them into the hands of their temptation to stumble over their iniquity, and so did Jonathan render: And I delivered them into the hands of their foolish temptation, and they went and made decrees that were not good, and practices by which they cannot live.  
26And I defiled them with their gifts, when causing to pass all who open the womb, in order that I lay them desolate, in order that they know that I am the Lord.   כווָאֲטַמֵּא אוֹתָם בְּמַתְּנוֹתָם בְּהַעֲבִיר כָּל פֶּטֶר רָחַם לְמַעַן אֲשִׁמֵּם לְמַעַן אֲשֶׁר יֵדְעוּ אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי יְהֹוָה:
And I defiled them with their gifts: Those gifts that I legislated for themto hallow for Me every firstbornI delivered them into the hands of their temptation: to pass those firstborn to the Molech. Hence the statutes that are not good.  
in order that I lay them desolate: Heb. אֲשְּׁמֵם. I shall lay them desolate and destroy them. אֲשְּׁמֵם, is an expression of שְּׁמָמָה, desolation. Whoever explains it as an expression of אַשְּׁמָה, guilt, errs, because the ‘aleph’ is not part of the radical.  
that they know: when I will bring upon them the evil.  
27Therefore, speak to the house of Israel, son of man, and say to them: So said the Lord God, [With] this too, your fathers blasphemed Me when they dealt treacherously with Me.   כזלָכֵן דַּבֵּר אֶל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל בֶּן אָדָם וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה עוֹד זֹאת גִּדְּפוּ אוֹתִי אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם בְּמַעֲלָם בִּי מָעַל:
this too: they continued to do when I brought them into the land.  
28And I brought them to the land, that which I lifted My hand to give to them, and they saw every high hill and every many-branched tree, and they slaughtered there their sacrifices, and they presented the provocation of their offering, and there they placed their pleasing savors, and there they poured their libations.   כחוָאֲבִיאֵם אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָשָׂאתִי אֶת יָדִי לָתֵת אוֹתָהּ לָהֶם וַיִּרְאוּ כָל גִּבְעָה רָמָה וְכָל עֵץ עָבוֹת וַיִּזְבְּחוּ שָׁם אֶת זִבְחֵיהֶם וַיִּתְּנוּ שָׁם כַּעַס קָרְבָּנָם וַיָּשִׂימוּ שָׁם רֵיחַ נִיחוֹחֵיהֶם וַיַּסִּיכוּ שָׁם אֶת נִסְכֵּיהֶם:
29And I said to them: 'What is this high place that you are the ones coming there?' So its name was called Bamah until this day.   כטוָאֹמַר אֲלֵיהֶם מָה הַבָּמָה אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם הַבָּאִים שָׁם וַיִּקָּרֵא שְׁמָהּ בָּמָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
So its name was called Bamah: A pejorative: i.e., of what (בַּמֶה) importance is it?  
30Therefore, say to the house of Israel: So said the Lord God: Are you defiling yourselves in the way of your forefathers, and are you going astray after their abominations?   ללָכֵן אֱמֹר | אֶל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה הַבְּדֶרֶךְ אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם אַתֶּם נִטְמְאִים וְאַחֲרֵי שִׁקּוּצֵיהֶם אַתֶּם זֹנִים:
in the way of your forefathers, etc.: [This is] a rhetorical question. Is this proper, that you should have defiled yourselves in the way of your forefathers, and I should be inquired of by you to reply to your question?  
31And when you take your gifts, when you cause your children to pass through the fire, you defile yourselves to all your idols until this day, shall I then be inquired of by you, O house of Israel? As I live, says the Lord God, I will not be inquired of by you.   לאוּבִשְׂאֵת מַתְּנֹתֵיכֶם בְּהַעֲבִיר בְּנֵיכֶם בָּאֵשׁ אַתֶּם נִטְמְאִים לְכָל גִּלּוּלֵיכֶם עַד הַיּוֹם וַאֲנִי אִדָּרֵשׁ לָכֶם בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל חַי אָנִי נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה אִם אִדָּרֵשׁ לָכֶם:
And when you take your gifts: And with the taking of your gifts that you should have given Me, and you take them from Me to cause your firstborn to pass to idols.  
32But what enters your mind shall not come about, what you say, 'Let us be like the nations, like the families of the lands, to serve wood and stone.'   לבוְהָעֹלָה עַל רוּחֲכֶם הָיוֹ לֹא תִהְיֶה אֲשֶׁר | אַתֶּם אֹמְרִים נִהְיֶה כַגּוֹיִם כְּמִשְׁפְּחוֹת הָאֲרָצוֹת לְשָׁרֵת עֵץ וָאָבֶן:
But what enters your mind: Heb. רוחכם והעלה על- [lit. what ascends upon your spirit], what ascends upon your mind.  
‘Let us be like the nations’: Let us break off His yoke from our necks since He sent us away from Him.  
shall not come about: For you already accepted upon yourselves of your own free will in the days of Joshua, as it is written (Josh. 24:1): “And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel,” and the entire episode.  
33As I live, says the Lord God, surely with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm and with poured out fury, will I reign over you.   לגחַי אָנִי נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה אִם לֹא בְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבְחֵמָה שְׁפוּכָה אֱמְלוֹךְ עֲלֵיכֶם:
34And I shall take you out of the peoples, and I shall gather you from the lands in which you were scattered, with a strong hand and with an outstretched arm and with poured out fury.   לדוְהוֹצֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם מִן הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפוֹצוֹתֶם בָּם בְּיָד חֲזָקָה וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה וּבְחֵמָה שְׁפוּכָה:
35And I shall bring you to the wilderness of the peoples, and I shall contend with you there face to face.   להוְהֵבֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל מִדְבַּר הָעַמִּים וְנִשְׁפַּטְתִּי אִתְּכֶם שָׁם פָּנִים אֶל פָּנִים:
the wilderness of the peoples: That is the wilderness through which they [the children of Israel] traveled for forty years, and so did Hosea prophesy (2:16): “and I will… lead her into the desert.” That is the desert of Sihon and Og. Ezekiel called it the wilderness of the peoples because many nations bordered upon it.  
36As I contended with your forefathers in he wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I contend with you, says the Lord God.   לוכַּאֲשֶׁר נִשְׁפַּטְתִּי אֶת אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם בְּמִדְבַּר אֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם כֵּן אִשָּׁפֵט אִתְּכֶם נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
37And I shall cause you to pass under the rod, and I shall bring you into the transmission of the covenant.   לזוְהַעֲבַרְתִּי אֶתְכֶם תַּחַת הַשָּׁבֶט וְהֵבֵאתִי אֶתְכֶם בְּמָסֹרֶת הַבְּרִית:
under the rod: That you shall be subordinate to Me and to My chastisement.  
into the transmission of the covenant: The covenant that I transmitted to you.  
38And I shall separate from you those who rebel and those who transgress against Me; from the land of their sojournings I shall take them, but to the land of Israel they shall not come, and you will know that I am the Lord.   לחוּבָרוֹתִי מִכֶּם הַמֹּרְדִים וְהַפּוֹשְׁעִים בִּי מֵאֶרֶץ מְגוּרֵיהֶם אוֹצִיא אוֹתָם וְאֶל אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא יָבוֹא וִידַעְתֶּם כִּי אֲנִי יְהֹוָה:
And I shall separate: Heb. וּבָרוֹתִי, an expression of ברד [selecting, separating].  
from the land of their sojournings: From the land of their exile I shall take them and slay them in the wilderness.  
39And you, the house of Israel, so said the Lord God: Each man, go worship his idols since you do not hearken to Me, and no longer desecrate My holy Name with your gifts and with your idols.   לטוְאַתֶּם בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּה אָמַר | אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה אִישׁ גִּלּוּלָיו לְכוּ עֲבֹדוּ וְאַחַר אִם אֵינְכֶם שֹׁמְעִים אֵלָי וְאֶת שֵׁם קָדְשִׁי לֹא תְחַלְּלוּ עוֹד בְּמַתְּנוֹתֵיכֶם וּבְגִלּוּלֵיכֶם:
go worship: and do not show the nations that you are called by My Name by coming to the prophet to inquire of him [about the] Torah, and, after he tells you My words, not hearkening to Me, as the matter that is stated (33:32): “And behold you are to them like the song of the flutes, etc.” They hear your words, but they do not carry them out.  
with your gifts and with your idols: For you separate the first born to be designated as a firstborn as I commanded you, but once My Name is called upon the thing, you sacrifice them to idols.  
40But on My holy mount, on the mountain of the height of Israel, says the Lord God. There all the house of Israel-yea, all of them-will serve Me in the land; there I will accept them, and there I will require your heave offerings and the first of your food with all your hallowed things.   מכִּי בְהַר קָדְשִׁי בְּהַר | מְרוֹם יִשְׂרָאֵל נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה שָׁם יַעַבְדֻנִי כָּל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל כֻּלֹּה בָּאָרֶץ שָׁם אֶרְצֵם וְשָׁם אֶדְרוֹשׁ אֶת תְּרוּמֹתֵיכֶם וְאֶת רֵאשִׁית מַשְׂאוֹתֵיכֶם בְּכָל קָדְשֵׁיכֶם:
and the first of your food: Heb. מַשְׂאוֹתֵיכֶם, like מִשְׁאַרוֹתֵיכֶם your kneading troughs, an expression of food, like (Exod. 21:10): “her food (שְּׁאֵרָה), her clothing, or her conjugal rights shall not be diminished.” Menachem also (p. 168) associated it in this manner.  
41With a pleasing savor I shall accept you when I take you out of the nations, and I shall gather you from the lands in which you were scattered, and I shall be hallowed through you before the eyes of the nations.   מאבְּרֵיחַ נִיחֹחַ אֶרְצֶה אֶתְכֶם בְּהוֹצִיאִי אֶתְכֶם מִן הָעַמִּים וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִן הָאֲרָצוֹת אֲשֶׁר נְפֹצֹתֶם בָּם וְנִקְדַּשְׁתִּי בָכֶם לְעֵינֵי הַגּוֹיִם:
42And you will know that I am the Lord when I bring you to the land of Israel, to the land that I lifted My hand to give to your forefathers.   מבוִידַעְתֶּם כִּי אֲנִי יְהֹוָה בַּהֲבִיאִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל אַדְמַת יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָשָׂאתִי אֶת יָדִי לָתֵת אוֹתָהּ לַאֲבוֹתֵיכֶם:
43And there you will remember your ways and your deeds, with which you have been defiled, and you will quarrel with yourselves because of all your evils that you have done.   מגוּזְכַרְתֶּם שָׁם אֶת דַּרְכֵיכֶם וְאֵת כָּל עֲלִילוֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר נִטְמֵאתֶם בָּם וּנְקֹטֹתֶם בִּפְנֵיכֶם בְּכָל רָעוֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר עֲשִׂיתֶם:
and you will quarrel: Heb. וּנְקֹטֹתֶם, an expression of quarreling (קְטָטָה). Another explanation, following the Targum: וְתִּידַנְקוּן, and so does Jonathan render (9:4) הַנֶאֱנָחִים : “and those who groan,” demonir in Old French, to melt away.  
44And you will know that I am the Lord when I do with you for My Name's sake, not according to your evil ways or according to your corrupt deeds, O house of Israel," says the Lord God.   מדוִידַעְתֶּם כִּי אֲנִי יְהֹוָה בַּעֲשׂוֹתִי אִתְּכֶם לְמַעַן שְׁמִי לֹא כְדַרְכֵיכֶם הָרָעִים וְכַעֲלִילוֹתֵיכֶם הַנִּשְׁחָתוֹת בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל נְאֻם אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
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