Here's a great tip:
Enter your email address and we'll send you our weekly magazine by email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life, week after week. And it's free.
Oh, and don't forget to like our facebook page too!
Contact Us
The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 10

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 10

 Email
Rashi's Commentary:
Show content in:

Chapter 10

1And I saw, and behold on the expanse that was over the heads of the cherubim, [a thing] like a sapphire stone; like the appearance of a throne appeared upon them.   אוָאֶרְאֶה וְהִנֵּה אֶל הָרָקִיעַ אֲשֶׁר עַל רֹאשׁ הַכְּרֻבִים כְּאֶבֶן סַפִּיר כְּמַרְאֵה דְּמוּת כִּסֵּא נִרְאָה עֲלֵיהֶם:
over the heads of the cherubim: Over the heads of the four living beings of the Chariot. In this chapter, he switches over to calling them [all] cherubim because the face of the ox was transformed into the face of a cherub, as it is written in this chapter. Our Rabbis said (Chag. 13b): Ezekiel begged for mercy and transformed it to a cherub. He said before Him, “Master of the world, an accuser cannot become a defender.”  
2And He said to the man clothed in linen, and He said, "Come between the wheels under the cherub, and fill your hands with fiery coals from the cherubim, and cast [them] upon the city," and he came, before my eyes.   בוַיֹּאמֶר אֶל הָאִישׁ | לְבֻשׁ הַבַּדִּים וַיֹּאמֶר בֹּא אֶל בֵּינוֹת לַגַּלְגַּל אֶל תַּחַת לַכְּרוּב וּמַלֵּא חָפְנֶיךָ גַחֲלֵי אֵשׁ מִבֵּינוֹת לַכְּרֻבִים וּזְרֹק עַל הָעִיר וַיָּבֹא לְעֵינָי:
between the wheels: Heb. (בֵּינוֹתלַגַלְגַל) [lit. between the wheel.] Wherever it says, “And he said… and he said,” it is meant only to be expounded upon. The Holy One, blessed be He, told Gabriel [to take the coals], but he [Gabriel] asked the cherub to [take them first and then] give them to him so that the coals would cool and the decree would be mitigated. And this is clearly stated in the chapter (verse 7): “and he picked up [the fire] and gave [it] into the hands of the one clothed in linen.”  
and cast [them] upon the city: He did not cast them immediately, and although the one clothed in linen received them, he did not cast them until six years after he had received them, for the coals were smoldering in his hand for all the six years. And you should know [that this is true] because this prophecy was said in the sixth year, and the city was destroyed in the eleventh year.  
3Now the cherubim were standing at the right of the House when the man came, and the cloud filled the inner court.   גוְהַכְּרֻבִים עֹמְדִים מִימִין לַבַּיִת בְּבֹאוֹ הָאִישׁ וְהֶעָנָן מָלֵא אֶת הֶחָצֵר הַפְּנִימִית:
at the right of the House: In the south [of the Temple].  
the inner court: This is the Temple court.  
4Then the glory of the Lord lifted itself from upon the cherub onto the threshold of the House, and the House was filled with the cloud, and the court was filled with the splendor of the glory of the Lord.   דוַיָּרָם כְּבוֹד יְהֹוָה מֵעַל הַכְּרוּב עַל מִפְתַּן הַבָּיִת וַיִּמָּלֵא הַבַּיִת אֶת הֶעָנָן וְהֶחָצֵר מָלְאָה אֶת נֹגַהּ כְּבוֹד יְהֹוָה:
onto the threshold of the House: That is the very [stage of] evacuation mentioned above (9:3).  
5And the sound of the wings of the cherubim was heard until the outer court, like the voice of God Almighty when He speaks.   הוְקוֹל כַּנְפֵי הַכְּרוּבִים נִשְׁמַע עַד הֶחָצֵר הַחִיצֹנָה כְּקוֹל אֵל שַׁדַּי בְּדַבְּרוֹ:
until the outer court: The Temple Mount. I may think that [it was heard no further] because the sound was low. Therefore, Scripture states: “like the voice of God Almighty when He speaks.” Yet, when it would reach the outer court, it would [suddenly] stop.  
6And it came to pass when He commanded the man clothed in linen, saying, "Take fire from between the wheels, from among the cherubim," he came and stood beside the wheel.   ווַיְהִי בְּצַוֹּתוֹ אֶת הָאִישׁ לְבֻשׁ הַבַּדִּים לֵאמֹר קַח אֵשׁ מִבֵּינוֹת לַגַּלְגַּל מִבֵּינוֹת לַכְּרוּבִים וַיָּבֹא וַיַּעֲמֹד אֵצֶל הָאוֹפָן:
7And the cherub extended his hand from among the cherubim to the fire that was between the cherubim, and he picked [it] up and gave [it] into the hands of the one clothed in linen, and he took [it] and left.   זוַיִּשְׁלַח הַכְּרוּב אֶת יָדוֹ מִבֵּינוֹת לַכְּרוּבִים אֶל הָאֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר בֵּינוֹת הַכְּרֻבִים וַיִּשָּׂא וַיִּתֵּן אֶל חָפְנֵי לְבֻשׁ הַבַּדִּים וַיִּקַּח וַיֵּצֵא:
8And there appeared to be to the cherubim a form of a human hand under their wings.   חוַיֵּרָא לַכְּרֻבִים תַּבְנִית יַד אָדָם תַּחַת כַּנְפֵיהֶם:
9And I saw, and behold four wheels beside the cherubim, one wheel beside one cherub and one wheel beside one cherub, and the appearance of the wheels was like the appearance of crystal.   טוָאֶרְאֶה וְהִנֵּה אַרְבָּעָה אוֹפַנִּים אֵצֶל הַכְּרוּבִים אוֹפַן אֶחָד אֵצֶל הַכְּרוּב אֶחָד וְאוֹפַן אֶחָד אֵצֶל הַכְּרוּב אֶחָד וּמַרְאֵה הָאוֹפַנִּים כְּעֵין אֶבֶן תַּרְשִׁישׁ:
and behold four wheels: Since one of the faces was changed, it was necessary to repeat here the entire account of the living beings as at first, so that you should not say that it is another Chariot.  
10As for their appearance-the four of them had one likeness, as a wheel would be within a wheel.   יוּמַרְאֵיהֶם דְּמוּת אֶחָד לְאַרְבַּעְתָּם כַּאֲשֶׁר יִהְיֶה הָאוֹפַן בְּתוֹךְ הָאוֹפָן:
11When they went, they would go toward their four sides, they would not turn when they would go, for [to] the place where the head would turn, after him they would go; they would not turn when they went.   יאבְּלֶכְתָּם אֶל אַרְבַּעַת רִבְעֵיהֶם יֵלֵכוּ לֹא יִסַּבּוּ בְּלֶכְתָּם כִּי הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר יִפְנֶה הָרֹאשׁ אַחֲרָיו יֵלֵכוּ לֹא יִסַּבּוּ בְּלֶכְתָּם:
12And all their flesh and their backs and their hubs and their wings, and the wheels were full of colors all around, [so it was] to their four wheels.   יבוְכָל בְּשָׂרָם וְגַבֵּהֶם וִידֵיהֶם וְכַנְפֵיהֶם וְהָאוֹפַנִּים מְלֵאִים עֵינַיִם סָבִיב לְאַרְבַּעְתָּם אוֹפַנֵּיהֶם:
and their hubs: Heb. וִידֵיהֶם of the wheels. They are the hole in which the [axle of the] chariot turns, called boyol, nave, hub. Jonathan, however, renders: וְאֲשְּׁדַתְהוֹן, and their pourings.  
to their four wheels: To the four wheels of the living beings.  
13To the wheels, to them was called hagalgal to my ears.   יגלָאוֹפַנִּים לָהֶם קוֹרָא הַגַּלְגַּל בְּאָזְנָי:
to them was called hagalgal to my ears: I heard that the angel would call the wheel “galgal.”  
was called hagalgal: to them was called the name “galgal.”  
14Now each one had four faces; the face of one was the face of the cherub, and the face of the second was the face of a man, and the third the face of a lion, and the fourth the face of an eagle.   ידוְאַרְבָּעָה פָנִים לְאֶחָד פְּנֵי הָאֶחָד פְּנֵי הַכְּרוּב וּפְנֵי הַשֵּׁנִי פְּנֵי אָדָם וְהַשְּׁלִישִׁי פְּנֵי אַרְיֵה וְהָרְבִיעִי פְּנֵי נָשֶׁר:
the face of one was the face of the cherub: That was the face of the ox, which was transformed into a cherub.  
15And the cherubim were lifted; it was the living being that I had seen by the river Chebar.   טווַיֵּרֹמּוּ הַכְּרוּבִים הִיא הַחַיָּה אֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי בִּנְהַר כְּבָר:
16And when the cherubim went, the wheels would go beside them, and when the cherubirn would lift their wings to rise off the earth, the wheels, too, did not turn away from [being] beside them.   טזוּבְלֶכֶת הַכְּרוּבִים יֵלְכוּ הָאוֹפַנִּים אֶצְלָם וּבִשְׂאֵת הַכְּרוּבִים אֶת כַּנְפֵיהֶם לָרוּם מֵעַל הָאָרֶץ לֹא יִסַּבּוּ הָאוֹפַנִּים גַּם הֵם מֵאֶצְלָם:
17When they stood, they would stand, and when they would rise, they would rise with them, for the will of the living being was in them.   יזבְּעָמְדָם יַעֲמֹדוּ וּבְרוֹמָם יֵרוֹמּוּ אוֹתָם כִּי רוּחַ הַחַיָּה בָּהֶם:
18Then the glory of the Lord went out from upon the threshold of the House, and it stood on the cherubim.   יחוַיֵּצֵא כְּבוֹד יְהֹוָה מֵעַל מִפְתַּן הַבָּיִת וַיַּעֲמֹד עַל הַכְּרוּבִים:
19And the cherubim raised their wings and lifted themselves from the earth, before my eyes, when they left, and the wheels corresponded to them, and it stood at the entrance of the eastern gate of the House of the Lord, and the glory of the God of Israel was upon them from above.   יטוַיִּשְׂאוּ הַכְּרוּבִים אֶת כַּנְפֵיהֶם וַיֵּרוֹמּוּ מִן הָאָרֶץ לְעֵינַי בְּצֵאתָם וְהָאוֹפַנִּים לְעֻמָּתָם וַיַּעֲמֹד פֶּתַח שַׁעַר בֵּית יְהֹוָה הַקַּדְמוֹנִי וּכְבוֹד אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל עֲלֵיהֶם מִלְמָעְלָה:
at the entrance of the… gate of the House of the Lord: The entrance of the heichal.  
the eastern: Heb. הַקַדְמוֹנִי, that is in the east. This was the second stage of the evacuation, from the threshold of the Holy of Holies to the court.  
20It was the living being that I saw under the God of Israel by the river Chebar, and I knew that they were cherubim.   כהִיא הַחַיָּה אֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי תַּחַת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בִּנְהַר כְּבָר וָאֵדַע כִּי כְרוּבִים הֵמָּה:
It was the living being: Since I saw in this Chariot the entire phenomenon of the first Chariot, I say “[It] is the one I saw by the river Chebar.”  
and I knew: that the face of the ox was transformed into the face of a cherub, and there were in it two faces of man: a small face of a child and a large face of a man.  
21Four faces each for every one, and four wings for every one, and the likeness of the hands of a man was beneath their wings.   כאאַרְבָּעָה אַרְבָּעָה פָנִים לְאֶחָד וְאַרְבַּע כְּנָפַיִם לְאֶחָד וּדְמוּת יְדֵי אָדָם תַּחַת כַּנְפֵיהֶם:
22As for the likeness of their faces-those were the faces that I saw by the river Chebar-their appearance and themselves; each one would go in the direction he was facing.   כבוּדְמוּת פְּנֵיהֶם הֵמָּה הַפָּנִים אֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי עַל נְהַר כְּבָר מַרְאֵיהֶם וְאוֹתָם אִישׁ אֶל עֵבֶר פָּנָיו יֵלֵכוּ:
 Email
The text on this page contains sacred literature. Please do not deface or discard.