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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 3

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 3

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 3

1. And He said to me; "Son of man, that which you find, eat; eat this scroll and go, speak to the house of Israel."   א. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֶּן אָדָם אֵת אֲשֶׁר תִּמְצָא אֱכוֹל אֱכוֹל אֶת הַמְּגִלָּה הַזֹּאת וְלֵךְ דַּבֵּר אֶל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל:
2. So I opened my mouth, and He fed me this scroll.   ב. וָאֶפְתַּח אֶת פִּי וַיַּאֲכִלֵנִי אֵת הַמְּגִלָּה הַזֹּאת:
3. And He said to me, "Feed your stomach and fill your bowels with this scroll, which I give you"; so I ate, and in my mouth it was as sweet as honey.   ג. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֶּן אָדָם בִּטְנְךָ תַאֲכֵל וּמֵעֶיךָ תְמַלֵּא אֵת הַמְּגִלָּה הַזֹּאת אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן אֵלֶיךָ וָאֹכְלָה וַתְּהִי בְפִי כִּדְבַשׁ לְמָתוֹק:
so I ate, and in my mouth, etc.: I accepted it, and its words were in my mouth as sweet honey.  
4. And He said to me; "Son of man, go, come to the house of Israel and speak to them with My words.   ד. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי בֶּן אָדָם לֶךְ בֹּא אֶל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְדִבַּרְתָּ בִדְבָרַי אֲלֵיהֶם:
5. For it is not to a people of an unfathomable language and a heavy tongue that you are sent, [but] to the house of Israel.   ה. כִּי לֹא אֶל עַם עִמְקֵי שָׂפָה וְכִבְדֵי לָשׁוֹן אַתָּה שָׁלוּחַ אֶל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל:
of an unfathomable language: Who have a deep language, which you do not understand.  
to the house of Israel: But to the house of Israel I send you, whose language is like your language.  
6. Not to many peoples, of deep language and heavy tongue, whose words you do not understand-had I sent you to them, I swear they would hearken to you!   ו. לֹא | אֶל עַמִּים רַבִּים עִמְקֵי שָׂפָה וְכִבְדֵי לָשׁוֹן אֲשֶׁר לֹא תִשְׁמַע דִּבְרֵיהֶם אִם לֹא אֲלֵיהֶם שְׁלַחְתִּיךָ הֵמָּה יִשְׁמְעוּ אֵלֶיךָ:
had I sent you to them, etc.: [lit. had I not sent you to them, they would hearken to you.] This is an expression of an oath: Had I sent you to themas I live, if they would not hearken to you! [i.e.,] this is a transposed verse.  
7. But the house of Israel will not be willing to hearken to you, because they are not willing to hearken to Me; for all the house of Israel are brazen and of stubborn heart.   ז. וּבֵית יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא יֹאבוּ לִשְׁמֹעַ אֵלֶיךָ כִּי אֵינָם אֹבִים לִשְׁמֹעַ אֵלָי כִּי כָּל בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל חִזְקֵי מֵצַח וּקְשֵׁי לֵב הֵמָּה:
8. Behold I have set your face hard against their face and your forehead hard against their forehead.   ח. הִנֵּה נָתַתִּי אֶת פָּנֶיךָ חֲזָקִים לְעֻמַּת פְּנֵיהֶם וְאֶת מִצְחֲךָ חָזָק לְעֻמַּת מִצְחָם:
9. As shamir, stronger than flint, I have set your forehead; fear them not, neither shall you be intimidated by them, for they are a rebellious house."   ט. כְּשָׁמִיר חָזָק מִצֹּר נָתַתִּי מִצְחֶךָ לֹא תִירָא אוֹתָם וְלֹא תֵחַת מִפְּנֵיהֶם כִּי בֵּית מְרִי הֵמָּה:
As shamir: It is a kind of worm, to which they show a stone, and it [the stone] splits in front of it. [Gloss: Another explanation: Shumir is a term for a strong rock, and in Targum Yerushalmi it is used as the translation of צוּר, rock, and so too is the Targum of מִצוּר הָחֲלָמִישּׂ as מִשְּׂמִיר טִנָרָא“out of the flinty rock” (Deut. 8:15). Shamir also means the strongest iron. For just as the strongest rock is called shamir, so is the [element] iron called shamir because of its strength. [This does not appear in all editions.]  
10. And He said to me; "Son of man, all My words which I shall speak to you, take into your heart, and hearken with your ears.   י. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי בֶּן אָדָם אֶת כָּל דְּבָרַי אֲשֶׁר אֲדַבֵּר אֵלֶיךָ קַח בִּלְבָבְךָ וּבְאָזְנֶיךָ שְׁמָע:
11. And go, come to the exile, to the children of your people, and speak to them, and say to them, 'So said the Lord God,' whether they will listen or whether they will forbear."   יא. וְלֵךְ בֹּא אֶל הַגּוֹלָה אֶל בְּנֵי עַמֶּךָ וְדִבַּרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה אִם יִשְׁמְעוּ וְאִם יֶחְדָּלוּ:
So said the Lord God: this prophecy, to say it to you.  
whether they will listen or they will forbear: you say it to them.  
12. And a wind lifted me up, and I heard behind me the sound of a great uproar: "Blessed is the glory of the Lord from His place."   יב. וַתִּשָּׂאֵנִי רוּחַ וָאֶשְׁמַע אַחֲרַי קוֹל רַעַשׁ גָּדוֹל בָּרוּךְ כְּבוֹד יְהֹוָה מִמְּקוֹמוֹ:
And a wind lifted me up: After He finished His words, He commanded the wind to carry me to the place where the people of the exile were.  
13. Then the sound of the wings of the living beings were [heard] touching one another, and the sound of the wheels opposite them, and the sound of a great uproar.   יג. וְקוֹל | כַּנְפֵי הַחַיּוֹת מַשִּׁיקוֹת אִשָּׁה אֶל אֲחוֹתָהּ וְקוֹל הָאוֹפַנִּים לְעֻמָּתָם וְקוֹל רַעַשׁ גָּדוֹל:
touching: Heb. מַשִּׁיקוֹת, an expression of kissing (נְשִּׁיקָה). They would knock one against the other, and a song was heard with their knocking, as he said above (1:24): “And I heard the sound of their wings.”  
14. And a wind lifted me and took me, and I went, embittered in the wrath of my spirit, and the hand of the Lord became strong upon me.   יד. וְרוּחַ נְשָׂאַתְנִי וַתִּקָּחֵנִי וָאֵלֵךְ מַר בַּחֲמַת רוּחִי וְיַד יְהֹוָה עָלַי חָזָקָה:
and I went, embittered: because it was distasteful to me to chide the children of my people.  
and the hand of the Lord became strong upon me: His coercion and His strength to lead me against my will.  
15. And I came to the exiled, to Tel Aviv, who dwelt by the river Chebar, and I dwelt where they were dwelling, and I sat there seven days bewildered among them.   טו. וָאָבוֹא אֶל הַגּוֹלָה תֵּל אָבִיב הַיֹּשְׁבִים אֶל נְהַר כְּבָר וָאֵשֵׁב הֵמָּה יוֹשְׁבִים שָׁם וָאֵשֵׁב שָׁם שִׁבְעַת יָמִים מַשְׁמִים בְּתוֹכָם:
Tel Aviv: To Tel Aviv, a place name.  
bewildered: Heb. מַשְּׁמִים, bewildered, a man silenced and unable to speak.  
16. And it came to pass at the end of seven days, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying:   טז. וַיְהִי מִקְצֵה שִׁבְעַת יָמִים פסקא באמצע פסוק וַיְהִי דְבַר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי לֵאמֹר:
17. "Son of man, I have made you a lookout for the house of Israel, and you shall hear a word from My mouth, and you shall give them warning from Me.   יז. בֶּן אָדָם צֹפֶה נְתַתִּיךָ לְבֵית יִשְׂרָאֵל וְשָׁמַעְתָּ מִפִּי דָּבָר וְהִזְהַרְתָּ אוֹתָם מִמֶּנִּי:
I have made you a lookout: Why are you silent? Is it not as a lookoutone who is appointed over the towers to see to it that if armies come to the city, the shofar shall be sounded to warn the people to gather and strengthen themselvesthat I have appointed you; to warn them to beware of retribution, so that I need not bring it upon them.  
18. If I say to the wicked man, 'You will die,' and you do not exhort him, nor speak to exhort a wicked man [to repent] of his wicked way, to save his life, he is guilty; he will die because of his iniquity, and I shall require his blood from your hand.   יח. בְּאָמְרִי לָרָשָׁע מוֹת תָּמוּת וְלֹא הִזְהַרְתּוֹ וְלֹא דִבַּרְתָּ לְהַזְהִיר רָשָׁע מִדַּרְכּוֹ הָרְשָׁעָה לְחַיֹּתוֹ הוּא רָשָׁע בַּעֲו‍ֹנוֹ יָמוּת וְדָמוֹ מִיָּדְךָ אֲבַקֵּשׁ:
19. But you-if you do warn the wicked man, and he does not repent of his wickedness and of his evil way, he will die because of his iniquity, and you-you will have saved your soul.   יט. וְאַתָּה כִּי הִזְהַרְתָּ רָשָׁע וְלֹא שָׁב מֵרִשְׁעוֹ וּמִדַּרְכּוֹ הָרְשָׁעָה הוּא בַּעֲו‍ֹנוֹ יָמוּת וְאַתָּה אֶת נַפְשְׁךָ הִצַּלְתָּ:
20. And when a righteous man repents of his righteousness and commits injustice, I shall place a stumbling block before him-he will die; if you do not warn him, he will die because of his sin, and his righteous deeds that he performed will not be remembered, but I shall require his blood from your hand.   כ. וּבְשׁוּב צַדִּיק מִצִּדְקוֹ וְעָשָׂה עָוֶל וְנָתַתִּי מִכְשׁוֹל לְפָנָיו הוּא יָמוּת כִּי לֹא הִזְהַרְתּוֹ בְּחַטָּאתוֹ יָמוּת וְלֹא תִזָּכַרְןָ צִדְקֹתָיו אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וְדָמוֹ מִיָּדְךָ אֲבַקֵּשׁ:
I shall place a stumbling block before him: When he does his deeds in secret and displays himself as a righteous man, I place an overt sin before him in order to reveal his deeds, and when I bring evil upon him, they will not question Me.  
and his righteous deeds… will not be remembered: Our Rabbis explained this as referring to one who regrets his first oneshe regrets the first righteous deeds that he performed.  
21. But you, if you warn him-the righteous man-that a righteous man should not sin, and he does not sin-he will live because he took heed, and you-you will have saved your soul."   כא. וְאַתָּה כִּי הִזְהַרְתּוֹ צַדִּיק לְבִלְתִּי חֲטֹא צַדִּיק וְהוּא לֹא חָטָא חָיוֹ יִחְיֶה כִּי נִזְהָר וְאַתָּה אֶת נַפְשְׁךָ הִצַּלְתָּ:
22. The hand of the Lord came upon me there, and He said to me, "Arise, go out to the plain, and there I shall speak with you."   כב. וַתְּהִי עָלַי שָׁם יַד יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי קוּם צֵא אֶל הַבִּקְעָה וְשָׁם אֲדַבֵּר אוֹתָךְ:
23. So I arose and went out to the plain and behold, there the glory of the Lord was standing, like the glory that I saw by the river Chebar, and I fell on my face.   כג. וָאָקוּם וָאֵצֵא אֶל הַבִּקְעָה וְהִנֵּה שָׁם כְּבוֹד יְהֹוָה עֹמֵד כַּכָּבוֹד אֲשֶׁר רָאִיתִי עַל נְהַר כְּבָר וָאֶפֹּל עַל פָּנָי:
and behold, there the glory of the Lord we standing: He went there before me, [thereby demonstrating] a trait of extreme humility, such as is not conventional for a flesh and blood person to practice: [As a rule,] the disciple awaits the Master, whereas here, the Master awaits the disciple.  
24. And a spirit entered into me and stood me up on my feet, and He spoke with me and said to me, "Come, confine yourself within your house.   כד. וַתָּבֹא בִי רוּחַ וַתַּעֲמִדֵנִי עַל רַגְלָי וַיְדַבֵּר אֹתִי וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֹּא הִסָּגֵר בְּתוֹךְ בֵּיתֶךָ:
confine yourself within your house: to show them that they are not worthy of reproof.  
25. And you, son of man, behold they have placed ropes upon you and have bound you with them, and you shall not go out among them.   כה. וְאַתָּה בֶן אָדָם הִנֵּה נָתְנוּ עָלֶיךָ עֲבוֹתִים וַאֲסָרוּךָ בָּהֶם וְלֹא תֵצֵא בְּתוֹכָם:
behold they have placed ropes upon you: Be imprisoned in your house as if you were bound with ropes. This is also how Jonathan paraphrases it: Behold the decree of My words upon you is like the binding of ropes, etc.  
26. And I shall cause your tongue to cling to your palate, and you shall become dumb, and you shall not be a reprover to them, for a house of rebellion are they.   כו. וּלְשׁוֹנְךָ אַדְבִּיק אֶל חִכֶּךָ וְנֶאֱלַמְתָּ וְלֹא תִהְיֶה לָהֶם לְאִישׁ מוֹכִיחַ כִּי בֵּית מְרִי הֵמָּה:
27. And when I speak with you, I shall open your mouth, and you shall say to them, 'So said the Lord God.' He who listens will listen, and he who forbears will forbear, for a house of rebellion are they.   כז. וּבְדַבְּרִי אוֹתְךָ אֶפְתַּח אֶת פִּיךָ וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה הַשֹּׁמֵעַ | יִשְׁמָע וְהֶחָדֵל | יֶחְדָּל כִּי בֵּית מְרִי הֵמָּה:
And when I speak with you: When I shall wish to speak with you, I shall send you to them.  
and you shall say to them, “So said the Lord God”: all the words of My message.  
He who listens will listen: This is not part of the mission. Rather, the holy spirit told the prophet, “You tell them My message, and as for them, he who listens will listen, and he who forbears will forbear, for I know that not all of them will listen, for they are a rebellious house.”  
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