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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 2

Yechezkel - Ezekiel - Chapter 2

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 2

1. And He said to me; "Son of man, stand on your feet, and I shall speak with you."   א. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָי בֶּן אָדָם עֲמֹד עַל רַגְלֶיךָ וַאֲדַבֵּר אֹתָךְ:
And He said to me: “Son of man, etc.”: He calls Ezekiel “son of man” because he saw the Celestial Chariot while walking among [the denizens ofMalbim ed.] the heavenly heights and involving himself with it like the angels, as if to say “There is no one here of woman born but this one.” (So did a man explain this to my rabbi, and he [thus] pleased him. I hold, however, that He called him “son of man” only so that he should not become haughty from having become familiar with the Celestial Chariot and with workings of the heavenly beings.This [latter remark] does not appear in other editions.  
2. Now the spirit entered me when He spoke to me, and it stood me on my feet, and I heard what was being spoken to me.   ב. וַתָּבֹא בִי רוּחַ כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֵלַי וַתַּעֲמִדֵנִי עַל רַגְלָי וָאֶשְׁמַע אֵת מִדַּבֵּר אֵלָי:
what was being spoken to me: Heb. מִדַבֵּר. What was being spoken with me. And it is respectful to write מִדַבֵּר when referring to [the One in] Heaven, for if one says מְדַבֵּר, the implication is [that He speaks] like a man who speaks to his fellow, turning to him face to face; but if one says מִדַבֵּר, it means that the Shechinah, in His eminence, is soliloquizing, and His messengers will overhear; porpariliz in Old French, intimate words.  
3. And He said to me; "Son of man, I am sending you to the children of Israel, to rebellious nations, which rebelled against Me; they and their fathers rebelled against Me to this very day.   ג. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלַי בֶּן אָדָם שׁוֹלֵחַ אֲנִי אוֹתְךָ אֶל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל גּוֹיִם הַמּוֹרְדִים אֲשֶׁר מָרְדוּ בִי הֵמָּה וַאֲבוֹתָם פָּשְׁעוּ בִי עַד עֶצֶם הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
to rebellious nations: Two tribes are called two nations.  
4. And the sons, who are brazen-faced and hard-hearted-I send you to them, and you shall say to them, 'So said the Lord God.'   ד. וְהַבָּנִים קְשֵׁי פָנִים וְחִזְקֵי לֵב אֲנִי שׁוֹלֵחַ אוֹתְךָ אֲלֵיהֶם וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה אָמַר אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה:
And the sons: Since He says, “their fathers rebelled against Me,” and these sons of theirs are brazen-faced.  
5. And they, whether they listen or whether they forbear-for they are a rebellious house-they shall know that a prophet was in their midst.   ה. וְהֵמָּה אִם יִשְׁמְעוּ וְאִם יֶחְדָּלוּ כִּי בֵּית מְרִי הֵמָּה וְיָדְעוּ כִּי נָבִיא הָיָה בְתוֹכָם:
And they whether they listen or whether they forbear: from listening.  
for they are a rebellious house: They are remonstrative people, but I want them to know at the time of their retribution that a prophet had been in their midst who reproved them, and they did not heed.  
6. And you, son of man, fear them not, and fear not their words, for they are obstinate and thorny with you, and you sit on eglantines; fear not their words, neither be dismayed by them, for they are a rebellious house.   ו. וְאַתָּה בֶן אָדָם אַל תִּירָא מֵהֶם וּמִדִּבְרֵיהֶם אַל תִּירָא כִּי סָרָבִים וְסַלּוֹנִים אוֹתָךְ וְאֶל עַקְרַבִּים אַתָּה יוֹשֵׁב מִדִּבְרֵיהֶם אַל תִּירָא וּמִפְּנֵיהֶם אַל תֵּחָת כִּי בֵּית מְרִי הֵמָּה:
obstinate: Heb. סָרָבִים, a term for disobedience, like סָרְבָנִים (Menachem p.129), but Dunash (p. 77) interpreted it as a word for thorns [like the next word, סלונים. Consequently] there are two words [for thorns].  
and thorny: Heb. וְסַלוֹנִים, a word for thorns, and so (below 28:24) “a pricking briar (סִלוֹן) and a piercing thorn.”  
and you sit on eglantines: Heb. עַקְרַבִּים. The people whom you reprove will weary you and provoke you [making you feel] as if you were sitting on eglantines, which prick you on all sides. עַקְרַבִּים are eglantiers in French, eglantines. Another interpretation: literally scorpions [the usual meaning of עַקְרַבִּים] and so did Jonathan render: “and among people whose deeds are like scorpions, you dwell.”  
7. And you shall speak My words to them; whether they listen or they forbear, for they are rebellious.   ז. וְדִבַּרְתָּ אֶת דְּבָרַי אֲלֵיהֶם אִם יִשְׁמְעוּ וְאִם יֶחְדָּלוּ כִּי מְרִי הֵמָּה:
8. But you, son of man, hearken to what I speak to you; do not be rebellious like the rebellious house; open your mouth and eat what I give you."   ח. וְאַתָּה בֶן אָדָם שְׁמַע אֵת אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי מְדַבֵּר אֵלֶיךָ אַל תְּהִי מֶרִי כְּבֵית הַמֶּרִי פְּצֵה פִיךָ וֶאֱכֹל אֵת אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי נֹתֵן אֵלֶיךָ:
do not be rebellious: [to refrain] from going on My mission.  
open: Heb. פְּצֵה, open, and so (Lam. 3:46): “they have opened (פָּצוּ) their mouth against us.”  
open your mouth and eat: This is figurative. Bend your ear and hearken, and it will please you as if you are hungrily eating food.  
what I give you: What is the giving? It is the scroll of the book.  
9. And I saw, and behold, a hand stretched out to me, and behold, in it was a scroll of a book.   ט. וָאֶרְאֶה וְהִנֵּה יָד שְׁלוּחָה אֵלָי וְהִנֵּה בוֹ מְגִלַּת סֵפֶר:
and behold, etc.: Some things adopt both masculine and feminine gender, such as (Gen. 19:23): “The sun had risen (יָצָא) [msc.] over the earth, etc.” ; (Mal. 3:20), “And for you who fear My name, shall the sun of mercy rise (וְזָרְחָה) [fem.]), etc.” [Likewise] (Gen. 32:9),"If Esau comes to the one camp (הָאַחַת) [fem.] and strikes it (וְהִכָּהוּ) [msc.].  
10. And it spread it out before me, and it was inscribed before and behind, and there was written upon it lamentations and murmuring and woe.   י. וַיִּפְרֹשׂ אוֹתָהּ לְפָנַי וְהִיא כְתוּבָה פָּנִים וְאָחוֹר וְכָתוּב אֵלֶיהָ קִנִים וָהֶגֶה וָהִי:
before and behind: That which existed from the beginning and that which is destined to be in the end.  
lamentations: The retribution of the righteous in this world.  
and murmuring: Heb. וָהֶגֶה. The gift of their reward, over which they will sing in the future.  
and woe: The woe of the wicked in the world to come.  
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