Here's a great tip:
Enter your email address and we'll send you our weekly magazine by email with fresh, exciting and thoughtful content that will enrich your inbox and your life, week after week. And it's free.
Oh, and don't forget to like our facebook page too!
Contact Us
The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 30

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 30

 Email
Rashi's Commentary:
Show content in:

Chapter 30

1The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, saying:   אהַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר הָיָה אֶל יִרְמְיָהוּ מֵאֵת יְהֹוָה לֵאמֹר:
2So said the Lord, the God of Israel, saying: Write for you the words that I have spoken to you, on a scroll.   בכֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר כְּתָב לְךָ אֵת כָּל הַדְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתִּי אֵלֶיךָ אֶל סֵפֶר:
3For, behold, days are coming, says the Lord, when I will restore the captivity of My people Israel and Judah, says the Lord, and I will restore them to the land that I gave their forefathers and they shall possess it.   גכִּי הִנֵּה יָמִים בָּאִים נְאֻם יְהֹוָה וְשַׁבְתִּי אֶת שְׁבוּת עַמִּי יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוּדָה אָמַר יְהֹוָה וַהֲשִׁבֹתִים אֶל הָאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לַאֲבֹתָם וִירֵשׁוּהָ:
For, behold, days are coming: And you shall not say, Why should I write it, since they all will perish, and no one will read it, neither will anyone remember it anymore, for, “behold, days are coming, etc.”  
4And these are the words that the Lord spoke concerning Israel and concerning Judah.   דוְאֵלֶּה הַדְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה אֶל יִשְׂרָאֵל וְאֶל יְהוּדָה:
5For so said the Lord: A sound of quaking we have heard, fear, and there is no peace.   הכִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהֹוָה קוֹל חֲרָדָה שָׁמָעְנוּ פַּחַד וְאֵין שָׁלוֹם:
A sound of quaking we have heard: Some interpret this as alluding to the tidings of Babylon, from which those exiled there quaked. But the Midrash Aggadah explains it as an allusion to the war of Gog and Magog.  
6Ask now and see whether a male gives birth. Why have I seen every man [with] his hands on his loins like a woman in confinement, and every face has turned to pallor?   ושַׁאֲלוּ נָא וּרְאוּ אִם יֹלֵד זָכָר מַדּוּעַ רָאִיתִי כָל גֶּבֶר יָדָיו עַל חֲלָצָיו כַּיּוֹלֵדָה וְנֶהֶפְכוּ כָל פָּנִים לְיֵרָקוֹן:
whether a male gives birth: Whether it is customary for males to give birth, so that labor pains should seize them like a woman in confinement.  
his loins: like מָתְנָיו.  
7Ho! For that day is great, with none like it, and it is a time of distress for Jacob, through which he shall be saved.   זהוֹי כִּי גָדוֹל הַיּוֹם הַהוּא מֵאַיִן כָּמֹהוּ וְעֵת צָרָה הִיא לְיַעֲקֹב וּמִמֶּנָּה יִוָּשֵׁעַ:
that day: The day of the assassination of Belshazzar and the downfall of Babylon. Another explanation: the day of the downfall of Gog.  
8And it shall be on that day, says the Lord of Hosts, [that] I will break his yoke off your neck, and I will break your thongs, and strangers shall no longer enslave them.   חוְהָיָה בַיּוֹם הַהוּא נְאֻם | יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֶשְׁבֹּר עֻלּוֹ מֵעַל צַוָּארֶךָ וּמוֹסְרוֹתֶיךָ אֲנַתֵּק וְלֹא יַעַבְדוּ בוֹ עוֹד זָרִים:
I will break his yoke: The yoke of the heathens will be removed from Israel.  
9And they shall serve the Lord their God and David their king, whom I will set up for them.   טוְעָבְדוּ אֵת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם וְאֵת דָּוִד מַלְכָּם אֲשֶׁר אָקִים לָהֶם:
10And you, fear not, My servant Jacob, says the Lord, and do not be dismayed, O Israel, for behold I save you from afar and your seed from the land of their captivity, and Jacob shall again be silent and at ease, and no one will frighten them.   יוְאַתָּה אַל תִּירָא עַבְדִּי יַעֲקֹב נְאֻם יְהֹוָה וְאַל תֵּחַת יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי הִנְנִי מוֹשִׁיעֲךָ מֵרָחוֹק וְאֶת זַרְעֲךָ מֵאֶרֶץ שִׁבְיָם וְשָׁב יַעֲקֹב וְשָׁקַט וְשַׁאֲנַן וְאֵין מַחֲרִיד:
And you, fear not: Because of all the evils that you will see befalling Babylon in whose midst you are.  
and at ease: like וֹשָקֵט.  
11For I am with you, says the Lord, to save you, for I will make an end of all the nations where I dispersed you, but of you I will not make an end, but I will chasten you in measure, and I will not completely destroy you.   יאכִּי אִתְּךָ אֲנִי נְאֻם יְהֹוָה לְהוֹשִׁיעֶךָ כִּי אֶעֱשֶׂה כָלָה בְּכָל הַגּוֹיִם | אֲשֶׁר הֲפִצוֹתִיךָ שָּׁם אַךְ אֹתְךָ לֹא אֶעֱשֶׂה כָלָה וְיִסַּרְתִּיךָ לַמִּשְׁפָּט וְנַקֵּה לֹא אֲנַקֶּךָּ:
but I will chasten you in measure: according to the law of the Torah.  
and I will not completely destroy you: an expression of a sweeping destruction.  
12For so said the Lord: Your injury is painful, your wound grievous.   יבכִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהֹוָה אָנוּשׁ לְשִׁבְרֵךְ נַחְלָה מַכָּתֵךְ:
Your injury is painful, your wound grievous: (Enfers in Old French).  
13No one deems your wound to be healed, you have no healing medicines.   יגאֵין דָּן דִּינֵךְ לְמָזוֹר רְפֻאוֹת תְּעָלָה אֵין לָךְ:
to be healed: cure. No one thinks that you will have salvation.  
healing: a cure, an expression of availing.  
14All your lovers have forgotten you, they do not seek you, for I have smitten you with the wound of an enemy, cruel chastisement, for the greatness of your iniquity; your sins are many.   ידכָּל מְאַהֲבַיִךְ שְׁכֵחוּךְ אוֹתָךְ לֹא יִדְרֹשׁוּ כִּי מַכַּת אוֹיֵב הִכִּיתִיךְ מוּסַר אַכְזָרִי עַל רֹב עֲו‍ֹנֵךְ עָצְמוּ חַטֹּאתָיִךְ:
cruel chastisement: chastisements of cruelty. The chastisement is cruel.  
15Why do you cry about your injury [that] your pain is severe? For the magnitude of your iniquity, [since] your sins are many, I have done these to you.   טומַה תִּזְעַק עַל שִׁבְרֵךְ אָנוּשׁ מַכְאֹבֵךְ עַל | רֹב עֲו‍ֹנֵךְ עָצְמוּ חַטֹּאתַיִךְ עָשִׂיתִי אֵלֶּה לָךְ:
16Therefore, all who devour you shall be devoured, and all your adversaries, yea all of them, shall go into captivity, and those who plunder you shall be plunder, and all who prey upon you I will give for prey.   טזלָכֵן כָּל אֹכְלַיִךְ יֵאָכֵלוּ וְכָל צָרַיִךְ כֻּלָּם בַּשְּׁבִי יֵלֵכוּ וְהָיוּ שֹׁאסַיִךְ לִמְשִׁסָּה וְכָל בֹּזְזַיִךְ אֶתֵּן לָבַז:
Therefore: This is an expression denoting an oath.  
those who plunder you: an expression of spoil, and so did Jonathan render it: וִיהוֹן עָדַיִ לַעֲדִי.  
17For I will bring healing to you, and of your wounds I will heal you, says the Lord, for they called you an outcast, that is Zion whom no one seeks out.   יזכִּי אַעֲלֶה אֲרֻכָה לָךְ וּמִמַּכּוֹתַיִךְ אֶרְפָּאֵךְ נְאֻם יְהֹוָה כִּי נִדָּחָה קָרְאוּ לָךְ צִיּוֹן הִיא דֹּרֵשׁ אֵין לָהּ:
healing: Heb. ארכה.  
18So said the Lord: Behold I am returning the captivity of the tents of Jacob, and his dwellings I will pity, and the city shall be built on its mound and the palace on its proper site shall be established.   יחכֹּה | אָמַר יְהֹוָה הִנְנִי שָׁב שְׁבוּת אָהֳלֵי יַעֲקוֹב וּמִשְׁכְּנֹתָיו אֲרַחֵם וְנִבְנְתָה עִיר עַל תִּלָּהּ וְאַרְמוֹן עַל מִשְׁפָּטוֹ יֵשֵׁב:
and the palace: The Temple.  
19And thanksgiving and the voice of those making merry shall proceed from them, and I will multiply them, and they shall not be diminished, and I will increase them, and they shall not become few in number.   יטוְיָצָא מֵהֶם תּוֹדָה וְקוֹל מְשַׂחֲקִים וְהִרְבִּתִים וְלֹא יִמְעָטוּ וְהִכְבַּדְתִּים וְלֹא יִצְעָרוּ:
and I will increase them: I will make them a numerous nation.  
and they shall not become few in number: like יִמְעָטוּ.  
20And their children shall be as of old, and their congregation shall be established before Me, and I will visit [evil] upon all their oppressors.   כוְהָיוּ בָנָיו כְּקֶדֶם וַעֲדָתוֹ לְפָנַי תִּכּוֹן וּפָקַדְתִּי עַל כָּל לֹחֲצָיו:
21And their prince shall be from them, and their ruler shall emerge from their midst, and I will bring him near, and he shall approach Me, for who is it who pledged his heart to approach Me? says the Lord.   כאוְהָיָה אַדִּירוֹ מִמֶּנּוּ וּמֹשְׁלוֹ מִקִּרְבּוֹ יֵצֵא וְהִקְרַבְתִּיו וְנִגַּשׁ אֵלָי כִּי מִי הוּא זֶה עָרַב אֶת לִבּוֹ לָגֶשֶׁת אֵלַי נְאֻם יְהֹוָה:
their prince: lit., his mighty one.  
pledged his heart: an expression of a pledge (fermaille, aatine in French).  
to approach Me: to war, to stop Me.  
22And you shall be My people, and I will be your God.   כבוִהְיִיתֶם לִי לְעָם וְאָנֹכִי אֶהְיֶה לָכֶם לֵאלֹהִים:
23Behold a storm from the Lord has gone forth [with] fury, yea a settling storm; on the head[s] of the wicked it shall rest.   כגהִנֵּה | סַעֲרַת יְהֹוָה חֵמָה יָצְאָה סַעַר מִתְגּוֹרֵר עַל רֹאשׁ רְשָׁעִים יָחוּל:
settling storm: camping and dwelling an expression of “the land of the sojournings of (מְגוּרֵי) ” (Gen. 37:1), and a similar case is “and a whirling (מִתְחוֹלֵל) storm” (supra 23:19) stated in the other verse is the same as this for both of them are expressions of camping.  
on the head[s] of the wicked: On the heads of the heathens.  
24The kindling of the Lord's anger shall not return until He has executed it, and until He has fulfilled the plans of His heart. At the end of the days you shall consider it.   כדלֹא יָשׁוּב חֲרוֹן אַף יְהֹוָה עַד עֲשֹׂתוֹ וְעַד הֲקִימוֹ מְזִמּוֹת לִבּוֹ בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים תִּתְבּוֹנְנוּ בָהּ:
25At that time, says the Lord, I will be the God of all the families of Israel, and they shall be My people.   כהבָּעֵת הַהִיא נְאֻם יְהֹוָה אֶהְיֶה לֵאלֹהִים לְכֹל מִשְׁפְּחוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל וְהֵמָּה יִהְיוּ לִי לְעָם:
 Email
The text on this page contains sacred literature. Please do not deface or discard.