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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 29

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 29

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 29

1. And these are the words of the scroll that Jeremiah the prophet sent from Jerusalem to the remaining elders of the exile and to the priests and to the prophets and to all the people that Nebuchadnezzar had exiled from Jerusalem to Babylon.   א. וְאֵלֶּה דִּבְרֵי הַסֵּפֶר אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַח יִרְמְיָה הַנָּבִיא מִירוּשָׁלִָם אֶל יֶתֶר זִקְנֵי הַגּוֹלָה וְאֶל הַכֹּהֲנִים וְאֶל הַנְּבִיאִים וְאֶל כָּל הָעָם אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה:
2. After Jeconiah the king and the queen-mother and the officers, the princes of Judah and Jerusalem, and the craftsmen and the gate sentries had left Jerusalem.   ב. אַחֲרֵי צֵאת יְכָנְיָה הַמֶּלֶךְ וְהַגְּבִירָה וְהַסָּרִיסִים שָׂרֵי יְהוּדָה וִירוּשָׁלִַם וְהֶחָרָשׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר מִירוּשָׁלִָם:
and the queen mother: The mother of the king.  
3. In the hand of Elasah the son of Shaphan and Gemariah the son of Hilkiah, whom Zedekiah the king of Judah had sent to Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon to Babylon, saying:   ג. בְּיַד אֶלְעָשָׂה בֶן שָׁפָן וּגְמַרְיָה בֶּן חִלְקִיָּה אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַח צִדְקִיָּה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אֶל נְבוּכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בָּבֶלָה לֵאמֹר:
4. So said the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, to all the exile which I have exiled from Jerusalem to Babylon:   ד. כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לְכָל הַגּוֹלָה אֲשֶׁר הִגְלֵיתִי מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה:
5. Build houses and dwell [therein], and plant gardens and eat their produce.   ה. בְּנוּ בָתִּים וְשֵׁבוּ וְנִטְעוּ גַנּוֹת וְאִכְלוּ אֶת פִּרְיָן:
6. Take wives and beget sons and daughters, and take wives for your sons and give your daughters to men, and they shall bear sons and daughters, and multiply there and be not diminished.   ו. קְחוּ נָשִׁים וְהוֹלִידוּ בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת וּקְחוּ לִבְנֵיכֶם נָשִׁים וְאֶת בְּנוֹתֵיכֶם תְּנוּ לַאֲנָשִׁים וְתֵלַדְנָה בָּנִים וּבָנוֹת וּרְבוּ שָׁם וְאַל תִּמְעָטוּ:
7. And seek the peace of the city where I have exiled you and pray for it to the Lord, for in its peace you shall have peace.   ז. וְדִרְשׁוּ אֶת שְׁלוֹם הָעִיר אֲשֶׁר הִגְלֵיתִי אֶתְכֶם שָׁמָּה וְהִתְפַּלְלוּ בַעֲדָהּ אֶל יְהֹוָה כִּי בִשְׁלוֹמָהּ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם שָׁלוֹם:
8. For so said the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel; Let not your prophets who are in your midst or your diviners mislead you, neither shall you heed your dreams, which you cause to dream.   ח. כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אַל יַשִּׁיאוּ לָכֶם נְבִיאֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר בְּקִרְבְּכֶם וְקֹסְמֵיכֶם וְאַל תִּשְׁמְעוּ אֶל חֲלֹמֹתֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר אַתֶּם מַחְלְמִים:
mislead: An expression of enticing. Cf: “The snake misled me (הֹשִיאַנִי)” (Gen. 3:13).  
9. For they prophesy to you falsely in My name; I have not sent them, says the Lord.   ט. כִּי בְשֶׁקֶר הֵם נִבְּאִים לָכֶם בִּשְׁמִי לֹא שְׁלַחְתִּים נְאֻם יְהֹוָה:
10. For so said the Lord: For at the completion of seventy years of Babylon I will remember you, and I will fulfill My good word toward you, to restore you to this place.   י. כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהֹוָה כִּי לְפִי מְלֹאת לְבָבֶל שִׁבְעִים שָׁנָה אֶפְקֹד אֶתְכֶם וַהֲקִמֹתִי עֲלֵיכֶם אֶת דְּבָרִי הַטּוֹב לְהָשִׁיב אֶתְכֶם אֶל הַמָּקוֹם הַזֶּה:
11. For I know the thoughts that I think about you, says the Lord, thoughts of peace and not of evil, to give you a future and a hope.   יא. כִּי אָנֹכִי יָדַעְתִּי אֶת הַמַּחֲשָׁבֹת אֲשֶׁר אָנֹכִי חֹשֵׁב עֲלֵיכֶם נְאֻם יְהֹוָה מַחְשְׁבוֹת שָׁלוֹם וְלֹא לְרָעָה לָתֵת לָכֶם אַחֲרִית וְתִקְוָה:
12. And you shall call Me and go and pray to Me, and I will hearken to you.   יב. וּקְרָאתֶם אֹתִי וַהֲלַכְתֶּם וְהִתְפַּלַּלְתֶּם אֵלָי וְשָׁמַעְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶם:
And you shall call Me and go: In My ways. This is an ellipsis.  
13. And you will seek Me and find [Me] for you will seek Me with all your heart.   יג. וּבִקַּשְׁתֶּם אֹתִי וּמְצָאתֶם כִּי תִדְרְשֻׁנִי בְּכָל לְבַבְכֶם:
14. And I will be found by you, says the Lord, and I will return your captivity and gather you from all the nations and from all the places where I have driven you, says the Lord, and I will return you to the place whence I exiled you.   יד. וְנִמְצֵאתִי לָכֶם נְאֻם יְהֹוָה וְשַׁבְתִּי אֶת שְׁבוּתְכֶם וְקִבַּצְתִּי אֶתְכֶם מִכָּל הַגּוֹיִם וּמִכָּל הַמְּקוֹמוֹת אֲשֶׁר הִדַּחְתִּי אֶתְכֶם שָׁם נְאֻם יְהֹוָה וַהֲשִׁבֹתִי אֶתְכֶם אֶל הַמָּקוֹם אֲשֶׁר הִגְלֵיתִי אֶתְכֶם מִשָּׁם:
15. For you have said: The Lord has set up prophets for us in Babylon.   טו. כִּי אֲמַרְתֶּם הֵקִים לָנוּ יְהֹוָה נְבִאִים בָּבֶלָה:
16. For so said the Lord concerning the king who sits on the throne of David and concerning the entire people that dwells in this city: Your brethren who have not left with you into exile.   טז. כִּי כֹה | אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ הַיּוֹשֵׁב אֶל כִּסֵּא דָוִד וְאֶל כָּל הָעָם הַיּוֹשֵׁב בָּעִיר הַזֹּאת אֲחֵיכֶם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָצְאוּ אִתְּכֶם בַּגּוֹלָה:
concerning the king: Zedekiah, who has not been exiled.  
17. So said the Lord of Hosts: Behold I incite upon them the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, and I will make them as the loathsome figs, which cannot be eaten because they are so bad.   יז. כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת הִנְנִי מְשַׁלֵּחַ בָּם אֶת הַחֶרֶב אֶת הָרָעָב וְאֶת הַדָּבֶר וְנָתַתִּי אוֹתָם כַּתְּאֵנִים הַשֹּׁעָרִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא תֵאָכַלְנָה מֵרֹעַ:
as the loathsome figs: Heb. הֹשֹּעָרִים, an expression of, ֹשַעֲרוּרִיָּה, “a disgraceful thing” (Hos. 6:10).  
18. And I will pursue them with the sword, with the famine, and with the pestilence, and I will make them a horror to all the kingdoms of the earth, for an oath, for astonishment, for hissing, and for a reproach among all the nations where I have exiled them.   יח. וְרָדַפְתִּי אַחֲרֵיהֶם בַּחֶרֶב בָּרָעָב וּבַדָּבֶר וּנְתַתִּים לְזַעֲוָה לְכֹל | מַמְלְכוֹת הָאָרֶץ לְאָלָה וּלְשַׁמָּה וְלִשְׁרֵקָה וּלְחֶרְפָּה בְּכָל הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִדַּחְתִּים שָׁם:
and for a reproach: That they will reproach them, and so is every expression of ירפה in Scripture.  
19. Because they have not hearkened to My words, says the Lord, which I sent to them with My servants, the prophets, sending [them] betimes, but you did not hearken, says the Lord.   יט. תַּחַת אֲשֶׁר לֹא שָׁמְעוּ אֶל דְּבָרַי נְאֻם יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַחְתִּי אֲלֵיהֶם אֶת עֲבָדַי הַנְּבִאִים הַשְׁכֵּם וְשָׁלֹחַ וְלֹא שְׁמַעְתֶּם נְאֻם יְהֹוָה:
20. Now you, hearken to the word of the Lord, all the exile that I have sent away from Jerusalem to Babylon.   כ. וְאַתֶּם שִׁמְעוּ דְבַר יְהֹוָה כָּל הַגּוֹלָה אֲשֶׁר שִׁלַּחְתִּי מִירוּשָׁלִַם בָּבֶלָה:
21. So said the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, concerning Ahab the son of Kolaiah and concerning Zedekiah the son of Maaseiah, who prophesy to you falsely in My name: Behold I deliver them into the hands of Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon, and he shall slay them before your eyes.   כא. כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל אַחְאָב בֶּן קוֹלָיָה וְאֶל צִדְקִיָּהוּ בֶן מַעֲשֵׂיָה הַנִּבְּאִים לָכֶם בִּשְׁמִי שָׁקֶר הִנְנִי | נֹתֵן אֹתָם בְּיַד נְבוּכַדְרֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וְהִכָּם לְעֵינֵיכֶם:
22. And a curse shall be taken from them by the entire exile of Judah which is in Babylon, saying: May the Lord make you like Zedekiah and like Ahab, whom the king of Babylon burnt with fire.   כב. וְלֻקַּח מֵהֶם קְלָלָה לְכֹל גָּלוּת יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר בְּבָבֶל לֵאמֹר יְשִׂמְךָ יְהֹוָה כְּצִדְקִיָּהוּ וּכְאֶחָב אֲשֶׁר קָלָם מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בָּאֵשׁ:
whom… burnt: an expression of “roasted with fire” (Lev. 2:14).  
23. Because they committed a disgrace in Israel, and they committed adultery with the wives of their neighbors, and they spoke false things in My name, which I had not commanded them, and I am He Who knows and a witness, says the Lord.   כג. יַעַן אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ נְבָלָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְנַאֲפוּ אֶת נְשֵׁי רֵעֵיהֶם וַיְדַבְּרוּ דָבָר בִּשְׁמִי שֶׁקֶר אֲשֶׁר לוֹא צִוִּיתִם וְאָנֹכִי הַיּוֹדֵעַ וָעֵד נְאֻם יְהֹוָה:
and they committed adultery with the wives of their neighbors: As is explained in Sanhedrin (93a), “So said the Holy One, blessed be He, ‘Lie with my friend.’”  
and a witness: an expression of testimony (עֵדוּת).  
24. And to Shemaiah the Nehelamite, you shall say, saying:   כד. וְאֶל שְׁמַעְיָהוּ הַנֶּחֱלָמִי תֹּאמַר לֵאמֹר:
the Nehelamite: A place name.  
25. So said the Lord of Hosts, the God of Israel, saying: Because you sent in your name letters to the entire people that is in Jerusalem and to Zephaniah the son of Maaseiah the priest and to all the priests, saying:   כה. כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר יַעַן אֲשֶׁר אַתָּה שָׁלַחְתָּ בְשִׁמְכָה סְפָרִים אֶל כָּל הָעָם אֲשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלִַם וְאֶל צְפַנְיָה בֶן מַעֲשֵׂיָה הַכֹּהֵן וְאֶל כָּל הַכֹּהֲנִים לֵאמֹר:
26. The Lord made you a priest instead of Jehoiada the priest, to be officers in the house of the Lord, over every man who is mad and makes himself a prophet, that you should put him into the prison or into the stocks.   כו. יְהֹוָה נְתָנְךָ כֹהֵן תַּחַת יְהוֹיָדָע הַכֹּהֵן לִהְיוֹת פְּקִדִים בֵּית יְהֹוָה לְכָל אִישׁ מְשֻׁגָּע וּמִתְנַבֵּא וְנָתַתָּה אֹתוֹ אֶל הַמַּהְפֶּכֶת וְאֶל הַצִּינֹק:
made you a priest: He wrote this to Zephaniah.  
officers: appointees.  
the prison: כִּפָה  
the stocks: a tree trunk (ceps in French).  
27. And now, why have you not rebuked Jeremiah the Anathothite, who is prophesying to you?   כז. וְעַתָּה לָמָּה לֹא גָעַרְתָּ בְּיִרְמְיָהוּ הָעַנְּתֹתִי הַמִּתְנַבֵּא לָכֶם:
28. Forasmuch as he sent to us to Babylon, saying: It is long; build houses and dwell, and plant gardens and eat their produce.   כח. כִּי עַל כֵּן שָׁלַח אֵלֵינוּ בָּבֶל לֵאמֹר אֲרֻכָּה הִיא בְּנוּ בָתִּים וְשֵׁבוּ וְנִטְעוּ גַנּוֹת וְאִכְלוּ אֶת פְּרִיהֶן:
Forasmuch as: For you should rebuke him since he sent to us to Babylon saying, “Your exile there is long.”  
Forasmuch as: like עַל-אֹשֶר because of which.  
29. And Zephaniah the priest read this letter in the ears of Jeremiah the prophet.   כט. וַיִּקְרָא צְפַנְיָה הַכֹּהֵן אֶת הַסֵּפֶר הַזֶּה בְּאָזְנֵי יִרְמְיָהוּ הַנָּבִיא:
30. And the word of the Lord came to Jeremiah, saying:   ל. וַיְהִי דְּבַר יְהֹוָה אֶל יִרְמְיָהוּ לֵאמֹר:
31. Send to all the exile, saying: So said the Lord concerning Shemaiah the Nehelamite: Since Shemaiah prophesied to you although I did not send him, and he assured you with a lie.   לא. שְׁלַח עַל כָּל הַגּוֹלָה לֵאמֹר כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֶל שְׁמַעְיָה הַנֶּחֱלָמִי יַעַן אֲשֶׁר נִבָּא לָכֶם שְׁמַעְיָה וַאֲנִי לֹא שְׁלַחְתִּיו וַיַּבְטַח אֶתְכֶם עַל שָׁקֶר:
32. Therefore, so said the Lord: Behold I will visit on Shemaiah the Nehelamite and upon his seed [that] he shall have no man sitting in the midst of this people, and he shall not see the good that I am doing to My people, says the Lord, for he spoke perversion against the Lord.   לב. לָכֵן כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה הִנְנִי פֹקֵד עַל שְׁמַעְיָה הַנֶּחֱלָמִי וְעַל זַרְעוֹ לֹא יִהְיֶה לוֹ אִישׁ | יוֹשֵׁב | בְּתוֹךְ הָעָם הַזֶּה וְלֹא יִרְאֶה בַטּוֹב אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי עֹשֶׂה לְעַמִּי נְאֻם יְהֹוָה כִּי סָרָה דִבֶּר עַל יְהֹוָה:
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