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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 11

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 11

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 11

1. The word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord, to say;   א. הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר הָיָה אֶל יִרְמְיָהוּ מֵאֵת יְהֹוָה לֵאמֹר:
2. Hearken to the words of this covenant, and you shall speak to the men of Judah and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.   ב. שִׁמְעוּ אֶת דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית הַזֹּאת וְדִבַּרְתֶּם אֶל אִישׁ יְהוּדָה וְעַל יֹשְׁבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִָם:
3. And you shall say to them, so said the Lord God of Israel; Cursed be the man who will not hearken to the words of this covenant,   ג. וְאָמַרְתָּ אֲלֵיהֶם כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אָרוּר הָאִישׁ אֲשֶׁר לֹא יִשְׁמַע אֶת דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית הַזֹּאת:
4. Which I commanded your forefathers on the day I took them out of the land of Egypt, out of the iron furnace, saying: Hearken to My voice and do them, according to all that I will command you, and you shall be to Me for a people, and I will be to you for a God.   ד. אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי אֶת אֲבוֹתֵיכֶם בְּיוֹם הוֹצִיאִי אוֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מִכּוּר הַבַּרְזֶל לֵאמֹר שִׁמְעוּ בְקוֹלִי וַעֲשִׂיתֶם אוֹתָם כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר אֲצַוֶּה אֶתְכֶם וִהְיִיתֶם לִי לְעָם וְאָנֹכִי אֶהְיֶה לָכֶם לֵאלֹהִים:
5. In order to establish the oath that I swore to your forefathers to give them a land flowing with milk and honey as of this day. And I replied and said, "Amen, O Lord."   ה. לְמַעַן הָקִים אֶת הַשְּׁבוּעָה אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁבַּעְתִּי לַאֲבוֹתֵיכֶם לָתֵת לָהֶם אֶרֶץ זָבַת חָלָב וּדְבַשׁ כַּיּוֹם הַזֶּה וָאַעַן וָאֹמַר אָמֵן | יְהֹוָה:
“Amen, O Lord”: that he be cursed.  
6. And the Lord said to me; Proclaim all these words in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying: Hearken to the words of this covenant and you shall do them.   ו. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי קְרָא אֶת כָּל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה בְּעָרֵי יְהוּדָה וּבְחֻצוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם לֵאמֹר שִׁמְעוּ אֶת דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית הַזֹּאת וַעֲשִׂיתֶם אוֹתָם:
7. For I warned your forefathers on the day I brought them up from the land of Egypt until this day, warning early every morning, saying: Hearken to My voice.   ז. כִּי הָעֵד הַעִדֹתִי בַּאֲבוֹתֵיכֶם בְּיוֹם הַעֲלוֹתִי אוֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה הַשְׁכֵּם וְהָעֵד לֵאמֹר שִׁמְעוּ בְּקוֹלִי:
For I warned: Heb. העידתי, an expression of warning.  
8. But they did not hearken, neither did they bend their ears, and they went, each man according to the view of his evil heart, and I brought upon them all the words of this covenant that I commanded to do, and they did not do.   ח. וְלֹא שָׁמְעוּ וְלֹא הִטּוּ אֶת אָזְנָם וַיֵּלְכוּ אִישׁ בִּשְׁרִירוּת לִבָּם הָרָע וָאָבִיא עֲלֵיהֶם אֶת כָּל דִּבְרֵי הַבְּרִית הַזֹּאת אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי לַעֲשׂוֹת וְלֹא עָשׂוּ:
And I brought upon them all the words of this covenant: The curses stated in the covenant for the things that I commanded to do and they did not do.  
9. And the Lord said to me; A conspiracy has been found among the men of Judah, and among the inhabitants of Jerusalem.   ט. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלָי נִמְצָא קֶשֶׁר בְּאִישׁ יְהוּדָה וּבְיֹשְׁבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִָם:
10. They have returned to the iniquities of their first forefathers, who refused to hearken to My words, and they followed other gods to worship them; the house of Israel and the house of Judah broke My covenant that I made with their forefathers.   י. שָׁבוּ עַל עֲו‍ֹנֹת אֲבוֹתָם הָרִאשֹׁנִים אֲשֶׁר מֵאֲנוּ לִשְׁמוֹעַ אֶת דְּבָרַי וְהֵמָּה הָלְכוּ אַחֲרֵי אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים לְעָבְדָם הֵפֵרוּ בֵית יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבֵית יְהוּדָה אֶת בְּרִיתִי אֲשֶׁר כָּרַתִּי אֶת אֲבוֹתָם:
11. Therefore, so says the Lord: Behold, I bring upon them evil which they shall be unable to escape, and, although they shall cry out to Me, I will not heed them.   יא. לָכֵן כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה הִנְנִי מֵבִיא אֲלֵיהֶם רָעָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא יוּכְלוּ לָצֵאת מִמֶּנָּה וְזָעֲקוּ אֵלַי וְלֹא אֶשְׁמַע אֲלֵיהֶם:
12. And they shall go [from] the cities of Judah and the inhabitants of Jerusalem and cry out to the gods to whom they burn incense, and they shall not save them at the time of their misfortune.   יב. וְהָלְכוּ עָרֵי יְהוּדָה וְיֹשְׁבֵי יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְזָעֲקוּ אֶל הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר הֵם מְקַטְּרִים לָהֶם וְהוֹשֵׁעַ לֹא יוֹשִׁיעוּ לָהֶם בְּעֵת רָעָתָם:
And they shall go the cities of Judah: From the cities of Judah.  
13. For as many as your cities were your gods, O Judah, and as many as the streets of Jerusalem you have made altars for the shameful thing, altars to burn incense for the Baal.   יג. כִּי מִסְפַּר עָרֶיךָ הָיוּ אֱלֹהֶיךָ יְהוּדָה וּמִסְפַּר חֻצוֹת יְרוּשָׁלִַם שַׂמְתֶּם מִזְבְּחוֹת לַבֹּשֶׁת מִזְבְּחוֹת לְקַטֵּר לַבָּעַל:
14. And you, do not pray for this people, neither shall you lift up cry nor prayer, for I do not hearken at the time they call out to Me because of their misfortune.   יד. וְאַתָּה אַל תִּתְפַּלֵּל בְּעַד הָעָם הַזֶּה וְאַל תִּשָּׂא בַעֲדָם רִנָּה וּתְפִלָּה כִּי אֵינֶנִּי שֹׁמֵעַ בְּעֵת קָרְאָם אֵלַי בְּעַד רָעָתָם:
cry nor prayer: This follows the Targum.  
15. What has My beloved to do in My house, [seeing that] the many perform evil design, and the holy flesh they remove from you, for [with] your evil then you rejoice.   טו. מֶה לִידִידִי בְּבֵיתִי עֲשׂוֹתָהּ הַמְזִמָּתָה הָרַבִּים וּבְשַׂר קֹדֶשׁ יַעַבְרוּ מֵעָלָיִךְ כִּי רָעָתֵכִי אָז תַּעֲלֹזִי:
What has my beloved to do in My house: What reason has My treasured people to come anymore into My house?  
[seeing that]… perform evil design: That she does the evil design of her sinful plans.  
the many: of them.  
and the holy flesh they remove from you: Even the circumcision through which they were hallowed to Me, they have abolished from their flesh.  
for [with] your evil, then you rejoice: When you commit a transgression, you rejoice.  
16. A leafy olive-tree fair with goodly fruit, has the Lord called your name; to the sound of a great tumult, He has kindled fire upon it, and they have broken its branches.   טז. זַיִת רַעֲנָן יְפֵה פְרִי תֹאַר קָרָא יְהֹוָה שְׁמֵךְ לְקוֹל | הֲמוּלָּה גְדֹלָה הִצִּית אֵשׁ עָלֶיהָ וְרָעוּ דָּלִיּוֹתָיו:
to the sound of a great tumult: Heb. המולה, an expression of the tumult of a large multitude that will come upon them.  
17. And the Lord of Hosts Who planted you spoke evil concerning you, about the evil of the house of Israel and the house of Judah, which they did to them to provoke Me, to burn sacrifices to Baal.   יז. וַיהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת הַנּוֹטֵעַ אוֹתָךְ דִּבֶּר עָלַיִךְ רָעָה בִּגְלַל רָעַת בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל וּבֵית יְהוּדָה אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ לָהֶם לְהַכְעִסֵנִי לְקַטֵּר לַבָּעַל:
18. And the Lord let me know, and I knew, then You showed me their deeds.   יח. וַיהֹוָה הוֹדִיעַנִי וָאֵדָעָה אָז הִרְאִיתַנִי מַעַלְלֵיהֶם:
And the Lord let me know: So said the prophet, The Holy One, blessed be He, let me know their retribution.  
19. And I was like a lamb and a bull, [that is] brought to the slaughter, and I did not know that they had devised plans about me, "Let us destroy his food with wood, and let us cut him off from the land of the living, and let his name no longer be remembered."   יט. וַאֲנִי כְּכֶבֶשׂ אַלּוּף יוּבַל לִטְבּוֹחַ וְלֹא יָדַעְתִּי כִּי עָלַי | חָשְׁבוּ מַחֲשָׁבוֹת נַשְׁחִיתָה עֵץ בְּלַחְמוֹ וְנִכְרְתֶנּוּ מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים וּשְׁמוֹ לֹא יִזָּכֵר עוֹד:
And I was like a lamb [and] a bull: that will be brought to the slaughter.  
brought: Since I let them know of the evil, they plan to kill me.  
like a lamb [and] a bull: Heb. אלוף ככבש. Dunash and Judah son of Kudish (Karish) interpreted it as a lamb and a bull, brought to the slaughter. And אלוף is like (Deut. 28:4) “the offspring of your cattle (אלפיך).” Although it was not stated ואלוף, we find similar cases, e.g., (Habukkuk 3:11) “The sun [and] the moon (ירח) stood on high” ; (Isaiah 38:14) “Like a crane [and] a swallow (עגור) so I chirp.” And Menahem interpreted אלוף ככבש, a large lamb (see Psalms 58:9, Rashi ad loc.), and Jonathan supports him, since he renders like a choice lamb.  
Let us destroy his food with wood: Let us put poison into his food.  
20. And the Lord of Hosts is a just Judge, Who searches the kidneys and the heart, "Let me see Your vengeance against them, for to You, I have revealed my cause.   כ. וַיהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת שֹׁפֵט צֶדֶק בֹּחֵן כְּלָיוֹת וָלֵב אֶרְאֶה נִקְמָתְךָ מֵהֶם כִּי אֵלֶיךָ גִּלִּיתִי אֶת רִיבִי:
Let me see Your vengeance against them: He cursed the people of Anathoth.  
21. Therefore, so says the Lord of Hosts concerning the men of Anathoth, who seek your life, saying, "You shall not prophesy in the name of the Lord, and you shall not die by our hand."   כא. לָכֵן כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה עַל אַנְשֵׁי עֲנָתוֹת הַמְבַקְשִׁים אֶת נַפְשְׁךָ לֵאמֹר לֹא תִנָּבֵא בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה וְלֹא תָמוּת בְּיָדֵנוּ:
22. Therefore, so says the Lord of Hosts: Behold, I will visit retribution upon them; the young men shall die by the sword; their sons and daughters shall die through hunger.   כב. לָכֵן כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת הִנְנִי פֹקֵד עֲלֵיהֶם הַבַּחוּרִים יָמֻתוּ בַחֶרֶב בְּנֵיהֶם וּבְנֹתֵיהֶם יָמֻתוּ בָּרָעָב:
23. And they shall have no remnant, for I will bring misfortune upon the men of Anathoth in the year of their remembrance.   כג. וּשְׁאֵרִית לֹא תִהְיֶה לָהֶם כִּי אָבִיא רָעָה אֶל אַנְשֵׁי עֲנָתוֹת שְׁנַת פְּקֻדָּתָם:
upon the men of Anathoth: Heb. אל-אנשי ענתות, like ענתות על-אנשי, upon the men of Anathoth.  
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