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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 10

Yirmiyahu - Jeremiah - Chapter 10

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 10

1. Hearken to the word that the Lord spoke about you, O house of Israel.   א. שִׁמְעוּ אֶת הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה עֲלֵיכֶם בֵּית יִשְׂרָאֵל:
2. So says the Lord: of the way of the nations you shall not learn, and from the signs of the heaven be not dismayed, for the nations are dismayed from them.   ב. כֹּה | אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֶל דֶּרֶךְ הַגּוֹיִם אַל תִּלְמָדוּ וּמֵאֹתוֹת הַשָּׁמַיִם אַל תֵּחָתּוּ כִּי יֵחַתּוּ הַגּוֹיִם מֵהֵמָּה:
Of the way of the nations you shall not learn: Of the way of the nations you shall not learnand then, from the signs of the heavens you will not be dismayed, from the eclipse of the sun or the eclipse of the luminaries.  
3. For the statutes of the peoples are vanity, for it is but a stock that one cut from the forest, the handiwork of a carpenter with a small axe.   ג. כִּי חֻקּוֹת הָעַמִּים הֶבֶל הוּא כִּי עֵץ מִיַּעַר כְּרָתוֹ מַעֲשֵׂה יְדֵי חָרָשׁ בַּמַּעֲצָד:
a carpenter: Heb. חרש, a craftsman.  
a small axe: Dolodojjre in O.F.  
4. With silver and gold he beautifies it, with nails and with sledge hammers they strengthen them so that it does not bend.   ד. בְּכֶסֶף וּבְזָהָב יְיַפֵּהוּ בְּמַסְמְרוֹת וּבְמַקָּבוֹת יְחַזְּקוּם וְלוֹא יָפִיק:
with nails: clous in French.  
and with sledge hammers: A hammer, marteau in French.  
it does not bend: Heb. יפיק, it does not kneel with its knees. Comp. (I Sam. 25: 31) “a stumbling block (פוקה) ” ; (Nahum 2:11) “and tottering (ופיק) of the knees.”  
5. Like a palm tree they are beaten, and they do not speak; they are carried for they do not step; fear them not for they will do no harm, neither is it in them to do good.   ה. כְּתֹמֶר מִקְשָׁה הֵמָּה וְלֹא יְדַבֵּרוּ נָשׂוֹא יִנָּשׂוּא כִּי לֹא יִצְעָדוּ אַל תִּירְאוּ מֵהֶם כִּי לֹא יָרֵעוּ וְגַם הֵיטֵיב אֵין אוֹתָם:
Like a palm tree they are beaten: He hammers them with a hammer until it has an upright stature like a palm tree.  
fear them not: if you separate from them for they will not harm you.  
neither is it in them to do good: If you worship them. היטיב is like להיטיב to do good.  
6. There is none like You, O Lord; You are great, and Your name is great with might.   ו. מֵאֵין כָּמוֹךָ יְהֹוָה גָּדוֹל אַתָּה וְגָדוֹל שִׁמְךָ בִּגְבוּרָה:
7. Who will not fear You, O King of the nations, for it befits You, for among all the wise men of the nations and among all their kingdom there is none like You.   ז. מִי לֹא יִרָאֲךָ מֶלֶךְ הַגּוֹיִם כִּי לְךָ יָאָתָה כִּי בְכָל חַכְמֵי הַגּוֹיִם וּבְכָל מַלְכוּתָם מֵאֵין כָּמוֹךָ:
for it befits You: It is proper for you.  
8. But with one thing they are brutish and foolish, the vanities for which they will be punished are but wood.   ח. וּבְאַחַת יִבְעֲרוּ וְיִכְסָלוּ מוּסַר הֲבָלִים עֵץ הוּא:
But with one thing they are brutish: i.e., the heathens, and what is that one thing? Their vanities of wood for which they will be punished, and they will be punished for it. יבערו is an expression of foolishness, so is ויכסלו.  
9. Silver beaten into plates is brought from Tarshish, and gold from Uphaz, the work of a craftsman and the hands of a smith; their raiment is blue and purple, all of them the work of experts.   ט. כֶּסֶף מְרֻקָּע מִתַּרְשִׁישׁ יוּבָא וְזָהָב מֵאוּפָז מַעֲשֵׂה חָרָשׁ וִידֵי צוֹרֵף תְּכֵלֶת וְאַרְגָּמָן לְבוּשָׁם מַעֲשֵׂה חֲכָמִים כֻּלָּם:
Silver beaten into plates: Heb. מרקע.  
10. But the Lord God is true; He is a living God and the King of the world; from His anger the earth quakes, and the nations cannot contain His fury.   י. וַיהֹוָה אֱלֹהִים אֱמֶת הוּא אֱלֹהִים חַיִּים וּמֶלֶךְ עוֹלָם מִקִּצְפּוֹ תִּרְעַשׁ הָאָרֶץ וְלֹא יָכִלוּ גוֹיִם זַעְמוֹ:
But the Lord God is true: Why? Because He is a living God and the King of the world. Therefore, He can make His words come true. A mortal person, however, plans to do something and dies or becomes weak or loses his property, and has no ability to execute his plans.  
11. So shall you say to them, "The gods who did not make the heavens and the earth, shall perish from the earth and from beneath these heavens.   יא. כִּדְנָה תֵּאמְרוּן לְהוֹם אֱלָהַיָּא דִּי שְׁמַיָּא וְאַרְקָא לָא עֲבַדוּ יֵאבַדוּ מֵאַרְעָא וּמִן תְּחוֹת שְׁמַיָּא אֵלֶּה:
So shall you say to them: This is a letter that Jeremiah sent to Jeconiah and those exiled with him in exile, to reply to the Chaldees in Aramaic, a reply if they tell them to worship idols.  
12. Who made the earth with His strength, He prepared the world by His wisdom, and with His understanding He stretched out the heavens.   יב. עֹשֵׂה אֶרֶץ בְּכֹחוֹ מֵכִין תֵּבֵל בְּחָכְמָתוֹ וּבִתְבוּנָתוֹ נָטָה שָׁמָיִם:
He stretched out: Tendre in French.  
13. At the sound of His giving a multitude of waters in the heaven, and He brought up clouds from the end of the earth, He made lightning for the rain, and He took wind out of His treasuries.   יג. לְקוֹל תִּתּוֹ הֲמוֹן מַיִם בַּשָּׁמַיִם וַיַּעֲלֶה נְשִׂאִים מִקְצֵה הָאָרֶץ בְּרָקִים לַמָּטָר עָשָׂה וַיּוֹצֵא רוּחַ מֵאֹצְרוֹתָיו:
At the sound of His giving: At the time the sound comes that He is giving a multitude of water in the heavens.  
clouds: Heb. נשאים, clouds.  
lightning: plaindres in old French.  
14. Every man is brutish without knowledge; every smith is put to shame by his graven image, for his molten images are false, without spirit in them.   יד. נִבְעַר כָּל אָדָם מִדַּעַת הֹבִישׁ כָּל צוֹרֵף מִפָּסֶל כִּי שֶׁקֶר נִסְכּוֹ וְלֹא רוּחַ בָּם:
brutish: Heb. נבער. Comp. (Psalms 92:7) “a brutish (בער) man” ; also here (infra 10:21), “the shepherds have become brutish (נבערו).”  
his molten images: Heb. נסכו. An expression of מסכה, a molten image.  
15. They are vanity, a work of delusion; at the time of their visitation they shall perish.   טו. הֶבֶל הֵמָּה מַעֲשֵׂה תַּעְתֻּעִים בְּעֵת פְּקֻדָּתָם יֹאבֵדוּ:
at the time of their visitation: When I will visit retribution upon them.  
16. Not like these is Jacob's portion, for He is the One Who formed everything, and Israel is the tribe of His inheritance; the Lord of Hosts is His name."   טז. לֹא כְאֵלֶּה חֵלֶק יַעֲקֹב כִּי יוֹצֵר הַכֹּל הוּא וְיִשְׂרָאֵל שֵׁבֶט נַחֲלָתוֹ יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת שְׁמוֹ:
17. Gather in from the land your merchandise, you who sit in the fortified cities.   יז. אִסְפִּי מֵאֶרֶץ כִּנְעָתֵךְ יוֹשֶׁבֶת בַּמָּצוֹר:
Gather in from the land your merchandise: Heb. כנעתך. Hide, gather in from the land your merchandise. Comp. (Hos. 12:8) “The trafficker (כּנען) in his hand are deceitful scales.” Menahem explains כנעתך as an expression of humility (הכנעה) and lowliness. And אספי is an expression of bending down. Bend down and humble yourself more than the lowliness of the earth, you Jerusalem, that dwells now in a fortified city (Machbereth p. 107).  
18. For, so says the Lord: Behold, I will sling the inhabitants of the land this time, and I will bring troubles to them that they may find.   יח. כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהֹוָה הִנְנִי קוֹלֵעַ אֶת יוֹשְׁבֵי הָאָרֶץ בַּפַּעַם הַזֹּאת וַהֲצֵרֹתִי לָהֶם לְמַעַן יִמְצָאוּ:
sling: as one slings a stone with a slingshot.  
that: they may find their just deserts.  
19. Woe is to me for my hurt, my wound is grievous, and I said, "This is but an illness, and I will bear it."   יט. אוֹי לִי עַל שִׁבְרִי נַחְלָה מַכָּתִי וַאֲנִי אָמַרְתִּי אַךְ זֶה חֳלִי וְאֶשָּׂאֶנּוּ:
grievous: Heb. נחלה, an expression of sickness (חלי).  
and I will bear it: Heb. ואשאנו. Jonathan renders. And I will bear it ([a] souffrir lui in O. F.).  
20. My tent has been spoiled, and all my cords have been broken; my children have left me and they are not here. No one pitches my tent anymore, or sets up my curtains.   כ. אָהֳלִי שֻׁדָּד וְכָל מֵיתָרַי נִתָּקוּ בָּנַי יְצָאֻנִי וְאֵינָם אֵין נֹטֶה עוֹד אָהֳלִי וּמֵקִים יְרִיעוֹתָי:
have left me: Heb. יצאוני, have left me, Jerusalem says this.  
21. For the shepherds have become brutish, and they did not seek the Lord: therefore, they have not prospered, and all their flocks have been scattered.   כא. כִּי נִבְעֲרוּ הָרֹעִים וְאֶת יְהֹוָה לֹא דָרָשׁוּ עַל כֵּן לֹא הִשְׂכִּילוּ וְכָל מַרְעִיתָם נָפוֹצָה:
For the shepherds: The kings.  
they have not prospered: They have not prospered in their kingdom. Comp. (Prov. 17:8)"To all that he turns, he will prosper (ישכיל).  
their flocks: Heb. מרעיתם, lit. their pasture, the flocks of their pasture.  
22. Hark! A report, behold it comes, and a great tumult from the northland, to make the cities of Judah a desolation, a lair of jackals.   כב. קוֹל שְׁמוּעָה הִנֵּה בָאָה וְרַעַשׁ גָּדוֹל מֵאֶרֶץ צָפוֹן לָשֹוּם אֶת עָרֵי יְהוּדָה שְׁמָמָה מְעוֹן תַּנִּים:
23. I know, O Lord, that man's way is not his; neither has the man who goes, to prepare his step.   כג. יָדַעְתִּי יְהֹוָה כִּי לֹא לָאָדָם דַּרְכּוֹ לֹא לְאִישׁ הֹלֵךְ וְהָכִין אֶת צַעֲדוֹ:
man’s way is not his: For the evil inclination that You created in him leads him astray from the way. Another explanation is: I know, O Lord, that man’s way is not his; not every man has the power to make his way prosper, and if it were not for Your command, the enemy would have no power to destroy Your Temple.  
24. Chasten me, O Lord, but with a measure, not with Your wrath, lest You diminish me.   כד. יַסְּרֵנִי יְהֹוָה אַךְ בְּמִשְׁפָּט אַל בְּאַפְּךָ פֶּן תַּמְעִטֵנִי:
but with justice: With chastisements.  
with justice: (justice in French).  
but with justice: Jonathan renders: but with mild judgment.  
not with Your wrath: lest there be complete destruction.  
25. Pour out Your wrath upon the nations that do not know You and upon the families that have not called in Your name, for they have devoured Jacob and consumed him and destroyed him, and have wasted his dwelling.   כה. שְׁפֹךְ חֲמָתְךָ עַל הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר לֹא יְדָעוּךָ וְעַל מִשְׁפָּחוֹת אֲשֶׁר בְּשִׁמְךָ לֹא קָרָאוּ כִּי אָכְלוּ אֶת יַעֲקֹב וַאֲכָלֻהוּ וַיְכַלֻּהוּ וְאֶת נָוֵהוּ הֵשַׁמּוּ:
they have devoured: (devorerent in French). The same applies to “and consumed him” (ואכלהוּ).  
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