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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 25

Yeshayahu- Isaiah - Chapter 25

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 25

1. You are the Lord, my God: I will exalt You, I will praise Your name, for You have dealt wondrously; counsels from long ago in true faith.   א. יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהַי אַתָּה אֲרוֹמִמְךָ אוֹדֶה שִׁמְךָ כִּי עָשִׂיתָ פֶּלֶא עֵצוֹת מֵרָחֹק אֱמוּנָה אֹמֶן:
counsels from long ago in true faith: Counsels that You advised from long ago to Abraham in the Covenant between the Parts.  
true faith: (אֱמוּנָה אֹמֶן). אֹמֶן is like אֹהֶל, tent, אֹכֶל, food, and it is not a verb in present tense but an expression of a noun, obrement (truth) in O.F.  
2. For You made from a city a heap, a fortified city into a ruin; a palace of strangers, because of the city, it shall never be rebuilt.   ב. כִּי שַׂמְתָּ מֵעִיר לַגָּל קִרְיָה בְצוּרָה לְמַפֵּלָה אַרְמוֹן זָרִים מֵעִיר לְעוֹלָם לֹא יִבָּנֶה:
For You have made: Mount Seir from a city into a heap.  
a palace of strangers, because of the city: Because of the iniquity they committed in Your city, that they destroyed it, You shall make its palaces a ruin, which shall never be rebuilt.  
3. Therefore, shall a strong people honor You; a city of tyrannical nations shall fear You.   ג. עַל כֵּן יְכַבְּדוּךָ עַם עָז קִרְיַת גּוֹיִם עָרִיצִים יִירָאוּךָ:
4. For You were a fortress for the poor, a fortress for the pauper in time of his distress, a shelter from pouring rain, a shade from heat, for the spirit of the tyrants is like a flood against a wall.   ד. כִּי הָיִיתָ מָעוֹז לַדָּל מָעוֹז לָאֶבְיוֹן בַּצַּר לוֹ מַחְסֶה מִזֶּרֶם צֵל מֵחֹרֶב כִּי רוּחַ עָרִיצִים כְּזֶרֶם קִיר:
a shelter from pouring rain: a covering of a tent to save from pouring rain and a shade to protect from heat. Now, what is that pouring rain? A spirit of tyrants, for their spirit is like a stream that floods the wall and causes it to fall.  
5. Like heat in the dry season, a multitude of strangers You shall humble; like heat with a thick cloud, so shall the downfall of the tyrants be sung.   ה. כְּחֹרֶב בְּצָיוֹן שְׁאוֹן זָרִים תַּכְנִיעַ חֹרֶב בְּצֵל עָב זְמִיר עָרִיצִים יַעֲנֶה:
Like heat in the dry season: In the dry season, when the seeds dry out to be cut off, so shall You humble the multitude of the strangers.  
like heat with a thick cloud: When the heavens thicken with thick clouds in the hot season, with which everyone rejoices, so will the song of the righteous be sung concerning the cutting down of the tyrants and their downfall.  
the downfall of: (lit., the cutting down of. זְמִיר). An expression related to (Lev. 25:4): “You shall not prune (תִזְמֹר).”  
6. And the Lord of Hosts shall make for all the peoples on this mount, a feast of fat things, a feast of dregs; fat things full of marrow, dregs well refined.   ו. וְעָשָׂה יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת לְכָל הָעַמִּים בָּהָר הַזֶּה מִשְׁתֵּה שְׁמָנִים מִשְׁתֵּה שְׁמָרִים שְׁמָנִים מְמֻחָיִם שְׁמָרִים מְזֻקָּקִים:
And the Lord of Hosts shall make for all the peoples: when they come to mobilize against Jerusalem.  
a feast of fat things: which they think that it will be easy for them like fat, which is smooth and soft, will be converted for them to a feast of dregs.  
fat things full of marrow: soft and fat like the marrow of bones, will be dregs well refined from any liquid of wine or oil, for there will be there only the dregs. All this will be in the war of Gog and Magog.  
7. And He shall destroy on this mountain the face of the covering that covers all the peoples and the kingdom that rules over all the nations.   ז. וּבִלַּע בָּהָר הַזֶּה פְּנֵי הַלּוֹט | הַלּוֹט עַל כָּל הָעַמִּים וְהַמַּסֵּכָה הַנְּסוּכָה עַל כָּל הַגּוֹיִם:
the covering: The covering that covers all the people. Heb. הלוט, similar to “he wrapped his face” (I Kings 19:13), and to “behold, it is wrapped in a garment” (I Samuel 21:10).  
and the kingdom: (Heb. וְהַמַּסֵּכָה.) An expression of kingdom and ruling.  
8. He has concealed death forever, and the Lord God shall wipe the tears off every face, and the shame of His people He shall remove from upon the entire earth, for the Lord has spoken.   ח. בִּלַּע הַמָּוֶת לָנֶצַח וּמָחָה אֲדֹנָי יֱהֹוִה דִּמְעָה מֵעַל כָּל פָּנִים וְחֶרְפַּת עַמּוֹ יָסִיר מֵעַל כָּל הָאָרֶץ כִּי יְהֹוָה דִּבֵּר:
He has concealed death: He will cover it and hide it forever from Israel.  
9. And they shall say on that day, "Behold, this is our God: we hoped for Him that He would save us; this is the Lord for Whom we hoped; let us rejoice and be happy with His salvation.   ט. וְאָמַר בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא הִנֵּה אֱלֹהֵינוּ זֶה קִוִּינוּ לוֹ וְיוֹשִׁיעֵנוּ זֶה יְהֹוָה קִוִּינוּ לוֹ נָגִילָה וְנִשְׂמְחָה בִּישׁוּעָתוֹ:
And they shall say: (Lit., and he shall say, i.e.,) His people (shall say) on that day, “Behold, etc.”  
we hoped for Him that he would save us: We were hoping for Him that He would save us.  
10. For the hand of the Lord shall rest on this mount, and Moab shall be trampled in its place as the straw is trampled in the mire.   י. כִּי תָנוּחַ יַד יְהֹוָה בָּהָר הַזֶּה וְנָדוֹשׁ מוֹאָב תַּחְתָּיו כְּהִדּוּשׁ מַתְבֵּן בְּמוֹ מַדְמֵנָה:
For the hand of the Lord shall rest: The might of the Omnipresent.  
shall be trampled: וְנָדוֹשׁ, shall be trampled.  
in its place: (תַּחְתָּיו, lit., under him,) in its place. וְנָדוֹשׁ is of the same structure as (Eccl. 12: 6) “And the wheel is crushed (וְנָרוֹץ) ,” the “nun” indicating the passive voice.  
straw: (מַתְבֵּן) derived from תֶּבֶן.  
mire: (מַדְמֵנָה) mire. Comp. (Jer. 8:2) “For dung (לְדֹמֶן) on the face of the earth.”  
11. And he shall spread out his hands in his midst as the swimmer spreads out [his hands] to swim and He shall humble his haughtiness [together] with the cunning of His hands.   יא. וּפֵרַשׂ יָדָיו בְּקִרְבּוֹ כַּאֲשֶׁר יְפָרֵשׂ הַשּׂחֶה לִשְׂחוֹת וְהִשְׁפִּיל גַּאֲוָתוֹ עִם אָרְבּוֹת יָדָיו:
And he shall spread out his hands: (וּפֵרַשׂ) He shall break his hands and his arms by clapping his hands in weeping.  
the swimmer: (הַשׂחֶה) the one who floats upon the water.  
to swim: (לִשְׂחוֹת) to float, as: (Ezekiel 47:5) “Water fit to swim in (מֵי שָׂחוּ).”  
and He shall humble: the One Who humbles his haughtiness.  
with the cunning of His hands: (אָרְבוֹת,) an expression similar to (Deut. 19:11): “And he lay in wait for him (וְאָרַב).” Jonathan renders: The layings of His hands. The place where He lays His hands to lie in wait. These are the high towers. אַשְׁוַת is an expression of walls and towers, as: (Jer. 50:15) “Her walls fell (אָשְׁיוֹתֶיהָ).”  
12. And the fortress of the strength of your walls He humbled. He brought it low; it reached the earth down to the dust.   יב. וּמִבְצַר מִשְׂגַּב חוֹמֹתֶיךָ הֵשַׁח הִשְׁפִּיל הִגִּיעַ לָאָרֶץ עַד עָפָר:
the strength of your walls: He addresses Moab.  
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