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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 24

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 24

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 24

1. In his days, Nebuchadnezzar went up, and Jehoiakim was his vassal for three years, then he turned and rebelled against him.   א. בְּיָמָיו עָלָה נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל וַיְהִי לוֹ יְהוֹיָקִים עֶבֶד שָׁלשׁ שָׁנִים וַיָּשָׁב וַיִּמְרָד בּוֹ:
2. And the Lord incited against him bands of Chaldeans and bands of Arameans and bands of Moabites and bands of the children of Ammon, and he incited them against Judah to destroy it, according to the word of the Lord which He had spoken through His servants, the prophets.   ב. וַיְשַׁלַּח יְהֹוָה | בּוֹ אֶת גְּדוּדֵי כַשְׂדִּים וְאֶת גְּדוּדֵי אֲרָם וְאֵת | גְּדוּדֵי מוֹאָב וְאֵת גְּדוּדֵי בְנֵי עַמּוֹן וַיְשַׁלְּחֵם בִּיהוּדָה לְהַאֲבִידוֹ כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד עֲבָדָיו הַנְּבִיאִים:
3. Indeed, it was by the order of the Lord against Judah to remove them from before Him, because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done.   ג. אַךְ | עַל פִּי יְהֹוָה הָיְתָה בִּיהוּדָה לְהָסִיר מֵעַל פָּנָיו בְּחַטֹּאת מְנַשֶּׁה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה:
Indeed, it was by the order of the Lord: all the calamity that befell Judah through these bands.  
4. And also [because of] the innocent blood that he had shed, and he filled Jerusalem with innocent blood and the Lord did not want to forgive.   ד. וְגַם דַּם הַנָּקִי אֲשֶׁר שָׁפָךְ וַיְמַלֵּא אֶת יְרוּשָׁלַםִ דָּם נָקִי וְלֹא אָבָה יְהֹוָה לִסְלֹחַ:
5. And the rest of the events of Jehoiakim and all that he did are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah.   ה. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹיָקִים וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה:
6. And Jehoiakim slept with his forefathers, and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead.   ו. וַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹיָקִים עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ יְהוֹיָכִין בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
And Jehoiakim slept with his forefathers: not in his bed, for Nebuchadnezzar bound him with copper chains to take him to Babylon, and they were dragging him, and he died in their hands, as it is said (Jer. 22:19), “The burial of a donkey you shall be buried, dragged and thrown [past the gates of Jerusalem.]” And in II Chron. 36:6, it is written that Nebuchadnezzar bound him to take him to Babylon.  
7. And the king of Egypt no longer went out of his land, for the king of Babylonia had taken from the river of Egypt until the Euphrates River, all that belonged to the king of Egypt.   ז. וְלֹא הֹסִיף עוֹד מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם לָצֵאת מֵאַרְצוֹ כִּי לָקַח מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל מִנַּחַל מִצְרַיִם עַד נְהַר פְּרָת כֹּל אֲשֶׁר הָיְתָה לְמֶלֶךְ מִצְרָיִם:
went out of his land: to aid Jehoiakim  
for the king of Babylonia had taken…: for he defeated him in battle in the fourth year of Jehoiakim in Carchemish on the Euphrates River, as is written in the Book of Jeremiah (46:2.)  
8. Jehoiachin was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem.   ח. בֶּן שְׁמֹנֶה עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה יְהוֹיָכִין בְּמָלְכוֹ וּשְׁלשָׁה חֳדָשִׁים מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ נְחֻשְׁתָּא בַת אֶלְנָתָן מִירוּשָׁלָםִ:
9. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord like all that his father had done.   ט. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה אָבִיו:
10. At that time, the servants of Nebuchadnezzar went up against Jerusalem and the city was brought under siege.   י. בָּעֵת הַהִיא עָלוּ עַבְדֵי נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל יְרוּשָׁלָםִ וַתָּבֹא הָעִיר בַּמָּצוֹר:
11. And Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylonia came to the city, and his servants were besieging it.   יא. וַיָּבֹא נְבֻכַדְנֶאצַּר מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל עַל הָעִיר וַעֲבָדָיו צָרִים עָלֶיהָ:
12. And Jehoiachin, the king of Judah, came out to the king of Babylonia, he and his mother and his servants and his officers and his mighty warriors, and the king of Babylonia took him in the eighth year of his reign.   יב. וַיֵּצֵא יְהוֹיָכִין מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה עַל מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל הוּא וְאִמּוֹ וַעֲבָדָיו וְשָׂרָיו וְסָרִיסָיו וַיִּקַּח אֹתוֹ מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל בִּשְׁנַת שְׁמֹנֶה לְמָלְכוֹ:
And Jehoiachin, the king of Judah, came out to the king of Babylonia: that he should do to him as he wishes, not for war.  
13. And he removed from there all the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king's palace, and he stripped off all the golden decorations that Solomon king of Israel had made in the Temple of the Lord, as the Lord had spoken.   יג. וַיּוֹצֵא מִשָּׁם אֶת כָּל אוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית יְהֹוָה וְאוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיְקַצֵּץ אֶת כָּל כְּלֵי הַזָּהָב אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה שְׁלֹמֹה מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּהֵיכַל יְהֹוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר יְהֹוָה:
14. And he exiled all Jerusalem and all the officers and all the mighty warriors, ten thousand exiles, and all the craftsmen and the sentries of the gates. No one remained except the poorest of the people of the land.   יד. וְהִגְלָה אֶת כָּל יְרוּשָׁלִַם וְאֶת כָּל הַשָּׂרִים וְאֵת | כָּל גִּבּוֹרֵי הַחַיִל עֲשֶֹרֶת אֲלָפִים גּוֹלֶה וְכָל הֶחָרָשׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר לֹא נִשְׁאַר זוּלַת דַּלַּת עַם הָאָרֶץ:
the craftsmen and the sentries of the gates: [Heb. וְהַמַסְגֵר הֶחָרָשׁ] Jonathan rendered: the craftsmen and the sentries of the gates, [translating harash as craftsmen, as in Ex. 28:11, and masger as closing, i.e., those who close the gates.] Our Rabbis, however, said that these were great Torah scholars, that when one would open his mouth to speak, all would remain silent, as it is written (Is. 41:1), “Keep silence (הַחֲרִישׁוּ) before Me, O islands.” “Masger,” all would sit before him and learn from him, as it is said (Is. 22:22), “And he will open, and no one will close, and he will close, and no one will open.”  
15. And he exiled Jehoiachin to Babylon, and the king's mother and the king's wives, and his officers and the dignitaries of the land, he led in exile from Jerusalem to Babylon.   טו. וַיֶּגֶל אֶת יְהוֹיָכִין בָּבֶלָה וְאֶת אֵם הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת נְשׁי הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֶת סָרִיסָיו וְאֵת אֵילֵי הָאָרֶץ הוֹלִיךְ גּוֹלָה מִירוּשָׁלַםִ בָּבֶלָה:
and the dignitaries of the land: These are the dignitaries of Judah and Benjamin, who were righteous men. Concerning them the Scripture states (Jer. 24:5), “Like these good figs, so will I recognize the exiles of Judah.”  
16. And all the military men seven thousand, and the craftsmen and the gate sentries one thousand, all mighty warriors; and the king of Babylonia brought them into exile to Babylon.   טז. וְאֵת כָּל אַנְשֵׁי הַחַיִל שִׁבְעַת אֲלָפִים וְהֶחָרָשׁ וְהַמַּסְגֵּר אֶלֶף הַכֹּל גִּבּוֹרִים עֹשֵֹי מִלְחָמָה וַיְבִיאֵם מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל גּוֹלָה בָּבֶלָה:
seven thousand: Yet above (v. 14) he states, “ten thousand.” The third verse comes to reconcile the difference between them. In Jeremiah 52:28, [we read], “This is the people whom Nebuchadnezzar exiled in the seventh year, three thousand Judeans.” We deduce from here that three thousand were of the tribe of Judah and seven thousand of Benjamin and other tribes. Also in Seder Olam ch. 25 I learned this.  
17. And the king of Babylonia crowned Mattaniah his uncle in his stead, and changed his name to Zedekiah.   יז. וַיַּמְלֵךְ מֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל אֶת מַתַּנְיָה דֹדוֹ תַּחְתָּיו וַיַּסֵּב אֶת שְׁמוֹ צִדְקִיָּהוּ:
and he changed his name to Zedekiah: May the Lord justify (יָהּ יַצְדִּיק) the judgment upon you if you rebel against me.  
18. Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned twenty-one years in Jerusalem. His mother's name was Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah from Libnah.   יח. בֶּן עֶשְׂרִים וְאַחַת שָׁנָה צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְמָלְכוֹ וְאַחַת עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ חֲמוּטַל בַּת יִרְמְיָהוּ מִלִּבְנָה:
19. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord, like all that Jehoiakim had done.   יט. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה יְהוֹיָקִים:
20. Because the wrath of the Lord was against Jerusalem and against Judah until He cast them away from before His presence, Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylonia.   כ. כִּי | עַל אַף יְהֹוָה הָיְתָה בִירוּשָׁלַםִ וּבִיהוּדָה עַד הִשְׁלִכוֹ אֹתָם מֵעַל פָּנָיו וַיִּמְרֹד צִדְקִיָּהוּ בְּמֶלֶךְ בָּבֶל:
Because the wrath of the Lord was…: Therefore, Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylonia. The Holy One, Blessed be He, gave [the desire] into his heart to rebel against him in order that he would be exiled.  
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