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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 17

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 17

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 17

1. In the twelfth year of Ahaz the king of Judah, Hoshea the son of Elah reigned over Israel for nine years.   א. בִּשְׁנַת שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה לְאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ הוֹשֵׁעַ בֶּן אֵלָה בְשֹׁמְרוֹן עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל תֵּשַׁע שָׁנִים:
In the twelfth year of Ahaz…: It is impossible to say that Hoshea became king in the twelfth year of Ahaz, for in the fourth year of Ahaz, he assassinated Pekah and reigned in his stead (See above 15:30), and when you calculate Pekah’s years you will find it so. Likewise, it is impossible to say that he did not reign more than nine years, for he reigned from the fourth year of Ahaz until the sixth year of Hezekiah, when Samaria was captured. This amounts to more than sixteen years. What then is the meaning of “nine years” ? Since he rebelled against the king of Assyria. This is what we learned in Seder Olam (ch. 23). Now it is impossible to say that in the twelfth year of Ahaz he started to rebel, for if so, you will find the years of his revolt five years during the days of Hezekiah, making eleven years, yet here he states that he reigned nine years. The twelfth year of Ahaz was mentioned only in connection with the following verse, “Shalmaneser the king of Assyria went up against him,” that in the twelfth year of Ahaz, Sennacherib went up against Hoshea and exiled those who were on the eastern bank of the Jordan. Thus we learned in Seder Olam (ch. 22), and a verse is written in Chron. I (5:26): “The God of Israel aroused Pul the king of Assyria… and he exiled the Reubenites and the Gadites…” And he did not explain at what time. Here he explains that it was in the twelfth year of Ahaz. The ten tribes were exiled at three different times (lit. three exiles were the ten tribes exiled): (1) in the twentieth year of Pekah, as it is written above, (15:29)… “Tiglath Pileser the king of Assyria came and took Ijon and Dan… and the entire land of Naphtali (sic) and exiled them to Assyria.” Now this was the fourth year of Ahaz. (2) He waited eight years and came upon them in the twelfth year of Ahaz, and exiled the Reubenites and the Gadites. When Hoshea the son of Elah saw this, he revolted against him and sent messengers to So the king of Egypt. (3) He waited eight years and came and laid siege to Samaria. After three years it was captured, and everyone was exiled. This is the meaning of that which is written (Is. 8:23): “Like the first time, he dealt mildly, the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali.” [I.e., just as the king of Assyria dealt mildly with Israel in the first exile by exiling only Zebulun and Naphtali,] so did he deal mildly also in the second exile, for he exiled but two tribes. But “in the last one, he swept (Heb. ‘hichbid’)” . He swept everything out like one who sweeps a house. In any case, according to the figures he wrote here as the number of years of his revolt, [i.e.,] nine years, he did not revolt against him until the fourteenth year of Ahaz, for Ahaz reigned sixteen years; the revolt was three years of Ahaz and six years in the days of Hezekiah.  
2. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord, though not like the kings of Israel who had preceded him.   ב. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה רַק לֹא כְּמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר הָיוּ לְפָנָיו:
though not like the kings of Israel: for he abolished the sentries who were stationed since the days of Jeroboam, on the roads, to guard lest the Israelites perform the pilgrimage for the festivals, and this one abolished them, for the golden calves had already been exiled in the two exiles. In the first exile “he took Ijon and Dan.” He exiled the calf that was in Dan. And in the second, when Reuben and Gad were exiled, he took the calf that was in Bethel, to fulfill what was stated (Hosea 10:6), “That too, to Assyria will be transported.” Since the sentries were abolished, and they (the Israelites) refrained from performing the pilgrimage, therefore, their verdict was sealed to be exiled in his days, for until now, they had blamed the corruption on their kings, but now they had no one to blame. This is what Hosea the son of Beeri said (Hosea 5:3), “For now you have gone astray, Ephraim; Israel has become defiled.” Now your evil has been revealed.  
3. Shalmaneser the king of Assyria went up against him, and Hoshea became his vassal, and he paid him tribute.   ג. עָלָיו עָלָה שַׁלְמַנְאֶסֶר מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר וַיְהִי לוֹ הוֹשֵׁעַ עֶבֶד וַיָּשֶׁב לוֹ מִנְחָה:
4. And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea, that he sent messengers to So the king of Egypt and did not pay tribute to the king of Assyria as year by year, and the king of Assyria arrested him and confined him in prison.   ד. וַיִּמְצָא מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר בְּהוֹשֵׁעַ קֶשֶׁר אֲשֶׁר שָׁלַח מַלְאָכִים אֶל סוֹא מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם וְלֹא הֶעֱלָה מִנְחָה לְמֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר כְּשָׁנָה בְשָׁנָה וַיַּעַצְרֵהוּ מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר וַיַּאַסְרֵהוּ בֵּית כֶּלֶא:
5. And the king of Assyria went up through the entire land, and he went up to Samaria and besieged it three years.   ה. וַיַּעַל מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר בְּכָל הָאָרֶץ וַיַּעַל שֹׁמְרוֹן וַיָּצַר עָלֶיהָ שָׁלשׁ שָׁנִים:
6. In the ninth year of Hoshea, the king of Assyria took Samaria and exiled the Israelites to Assyria, and he repatriated them in Halah, and in Habor, the Gozan River, and the cities of Media.   ו. בִּשְׁנַת הַתְּשִׁיעִית לְהוֹשֵׁעַ לָכַד מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר אֶת שֹׁמְרוֹן וַיֶּגֶל אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל אַשּׁוּרָה וַיּשֶׁב אוֹתָם בַּחְלַח וּבְחָבוֹר נְהַר גּוֹזָן וְעָרֵי מָדָי:
In the ninth year: of Hoshea’s revolt.  
and exiled the Israelites: [Heb. וַיֶגֶל,] like וַיַגְלֶה אֶת יִשׂרָאֵל This is the rule of every word whose verb root [ends] with a mute ‘heh’, [e.g. פנה, to face,] בנה, to build, גלה, to go in exile, זנה to commit harlotry, רבה, to multiply, when one comes to prefix the word with “vav” “yud,” [i.e., the “vav” that converts the verb from future to past,] if the word applies to the doer, [i. e.,] if the verb appears in the light conjugation, involving only one doer, the “yud” will be voweled with a “hirik,” e. g.“and he built (וַיִבֶן) there an altar” (Gen. 12:8);“And Moses turned (וַיִפֶן) and descended” (Ex. 32:15);“And Judah was exiled (וַיִגֶל) off its land” (below 25:21);“And she too went and committed harlotry (וַתִּזֶן) ” (Jer. 3:8);“And the people multiplied (וַיִרֶב) and became very strong” (Ex. 1:20). If, however, one is talking in the causative conjugation, the “yud” will be voweled with a “segol” , [e.g.] “and turned (וַיֶפֶן) tail to tail” (Jud. 15:4);“And exiled (וַיֶגֶל) the Israelites to Assyria” (here);“And he caused the dwellers of Jerusalem to commit harlotry (וַיֶזֶן) ” (II Chron. 21:11);“And He increased (וַיֶרֶב) among the people of Judah grief and lamentation” (Lam. 2:5).  
7. And it was, when the children of Israel sinned to the Lord their God, who brought them up from the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and they feared other gods.   ז. וַיְהִי כִּי חָטְאוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לַיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם הַמַּעֲלֶה אֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם מִתַּחַת יַד פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ מִצְרָיִם וַיִּירְאוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים:
8. And they followed the statutes of the nations whom the Lord had driven out from before the children of Israel, and [of] the kings of Israel that they practiced.   ח. וַיֵּלְכוּ בְּחֻקּוֹת הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הוֹרִישׁ יְהֹוָה מִפְּנֵי בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וּמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ:
9. And the children of Israel fabricated things which were not so about the Lord their God, and they built themselves high places in all their cities, from watchtower to fortified city.   ט. וַיְחַפְּאוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל דְּבָרִים אֲשֶׁר לֹא כֵן עַל יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם וַיִּבְנוּ לָהֶם בָּמוֹת בְּכָל עָרֵיהֶם מִמִּגְדַּל נוֹצְרִים עַד עִיר מִבְצָר:
And they fabricated: This interpretation is according to context.  
from watchtower: which is made only to station a lookout to watch. In every high house they erected idols.  
to fortified city: like “from small to big” (Gen. 19:11 and many other places).  
10. And they erected for themselves monuments and asherim on every high hill and under every green tree.   י. וַיַּצִּבוּ לָהֶם מַצֵּבוֹת וַאֲשֵׁרִים עַל כָּל גִּבְעָה גְבֹהָה וְתַחַת כָּל עֵץ רַעֲנָן:
11. And they burned incense there on all the high places, like the nations that the Lord had exiled from before them, and they did evil things to anger the Lord.   יא. וַיְקַטְּרוּ שָׁם בְּכָל בָּמוֹת כַּגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הֶגְלָה יְהֹוָה מִפְּנֵיהֶם וַיַּעֲשׂוּ דְּבָרִים רָעִים לְהַכְעִיס אֶת יְהֹוָה:
12. And they worshipped the idols, which the Lord had said to them, "You shall not do this thing."   יב. וַיַּעַבְדוּ הַגִּלֻּלִים אֲשֶׁר אָמַר יְהֹוָה לָהֶם לֹא תַעֲשֹוּ אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה:
13. And the Lord warned Israel and Judah through all prophets of all visions, saying, "Repent of your evil ways, and keep My commandments, My statutes, according to the entire Law that I commanded your forefathers, and that I sent to you through My servants, the prophets."   יג. וַיָּעַד יְהֹוָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וּבִיהוּדָה בְּיַד כָּל נְבִיאֵי כָל חֹזֶה לֵאמֹר שֻׁבוּ מִדַּרְכֵיכֶם הָרָעִים וְשִׁמְרוּ מִצְו‍ֹתַי חֻקּוֹתַי כְּכָל הַתּוֹרָה אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִי אֶת אֲבֹתֵיכֶם וַאֲשֶׁר שָׁלַחְתִּי אֲלֵיכֶם בְּיַד עֲבָדַי הַנְּבִיאִים:
And the Lord warned: He warned them.  
all prophets of all visions: Heb. נְבִיאֵי כָל חֹזֶה, prophets of all visions. [Although חוֹזֶה usually means “seer,”] there is [a word] חוֹזֶה that is a noun, such as (Is.28:5) “and with the grave have we made a boundary (חוֹזֶה).”  
14. But they did not heed, and they hardened their nape like the nape of their forefathers who did not believe in the Lord their God.   יד. וְלֹא שָׁמֵעוּ וַיַּקְשׁוּ אֶת עָרְפָּם כְּעֹרֶף אֲבו‍ֹתָם אֲשֶׁר לֹא הֶאֱמִינוּ בַּיהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם:
15. And they despised His statutes and His covenant that He had enacted with their forefathers and His warnings that He had warned them, and they followed worthless things and became worthless, and after the nations that were around them, concerning whom the Lord had commanded them not to do like them.   טו. וַיִּמְאֲסוּ אֶת חֻקָּיו וְאֶת בְּרִיתוֹ אֲשֶׁר כָּרַת אֶת אֲבוֹתָם וְאֵת עֵדְו‍ֹתָיו אֲשֶׁר הֵעִיד בָּם וַיֵּלְכוּ אַחֲרֵי הַהֶבֶל וַיֶּהְבָּלוּ וְאַחֲרֵי הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר סְבִיבֹתָם אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֹתָם לְבִלְתִּי עֲשֹוֹת כָּהֶם:
16. And they forsook all the commandments of the Lord their God, and made for themselves two molten calves, and they made an asherah, and they prostrated themselves before the entire host of the heavens, and they worshipped the Baal.   טז. וַיַּעַזְבוּ אֶת כָּל מִצְו‍ֹת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם וַיַּעֲשֹוּ לָהֶם מַסֵּכָה שְׁנֵי עֲגָלִים וַיַּעֲשֹוּ אֲשֵׁירָה וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ לְכָל צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם וַיַּעַבְדוּ אֶת הַבָּעַל:
two molten calves: [lit. a molten image, two calves] - in Bethel and in Dan.  
the Baal: a pagan deity named Baal.  
17. And they passed their sons and daughters through fire, and they practiced enchantment and divination, and they committed themselves to do what was evil in the eyes of the Lord, to anger Him.   יז. וַיַּעֲבִירוּ אֶת בְּנֵיהֶם וְאֶת בְּנוֹתֵיהֶם בָּאֵשׁ וַיִּקְסְמוּ קְסָמִים וַיְנַחֵשׁוּ וַיִּתְמַכְּרוּ לַעֲשֹוֹת הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לְהַכְעִיסוֹ:
and they committed themselves: [lit.] they sold themselves to that.  
18. And the Lord became very much incensed against Israel, and He sent them away from before Him; none was left but the tribe of Judah alone.   יח. וַיִּתְאַנַּף יְהֹוָה מְאֹד בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְסִרֵם מֵעַל פָּנָיו לֹא נִשְׁאַר רַק שֵׁבֶט יְהוּדָה לְבַדּוֹ:
and He sent them away from before Him: for they were exiled with Hoshea the son of Elah.  
19. Neither did Judah observe the commandments of the Lord their God, and they followed the practices of Israel that they did.   יט. גַּם יְהוּדָה לֹא שָׁמַר אֶת מִצְוֹת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם וַיֵּלְכוּ בְּחֻקּוֹת יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ:
20. And the Lord despised all the seed of Israel, and He afflicted them, and delivered them into the hands of plunderers until He cast them away from before Him.   כ. וַיִּמְאַס יְהֹוָה בְּכָל זֶרַע יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְעַנֵּם וַיִּתְּנֵם בְּיַד שֹׁסִים עַד אֲשֶׁר הִשְׁלִיכָם מִפָּנָיו:
21. For Israel had torn away from the house of David and had appointed Jeroboam the son of Nebat as king, and Jeroboam led Israel astray from following the Lord and caused them to commit a grave sin.   כא. כִּי קָרַע יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵעַל בֵּית דָּוִד וַיַּמְלִיכוּ אֶת יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט וַיַּדַּח יָרָבְעָם אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵאַחֲרֵי יְהֹוָה וְהֶחֱטִיאָם חֲטָאָה גְדוֹלָה:
22. And the children of Israel followed all the sins of Jeroboam that he committed; they did not turn away from it.   כב. וַיֵּלְכוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּכָל חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה לֹא סָרוּ מִמֶּנָּה:
23. Until the Lord removed Israel from His Presence, as He had spoken through all His servants, the prophets, and Israel went in exile from their land to Assyria until this day.   כג. עַד אֲשֶׁר הֵסִיר יְהֹוָה אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵעַל פָּנָיו כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד כָּל עֲבָדָיו הַנְּבִיאִים וַיִּגֶל יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵעַל אַדְמָתוֹ אַשּׁוּרָה עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
and Israel went in exile: [Heb. וַיִגֶל.] This is vowelized with a “hirik,” which is an expression of “went in exile.” It is not an expression of “exiled.”  
24. And the king of Assyria brought [people] from Babylonia and from Cuthah and from Avva and from Hamath and from Sepharvaim, and he settled them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel, and they took possession of Samaria and dwelt in its cities.   כד. וַיָּבֵא מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר מִבָּבֶל וּמִכּוּתָה וּמֵעַוָּא וּמֵחֲמָת וּמִסְפַרְוַיִם וַיּשֶׁב בְּעָרֵי שֹׁמְרוֹן תַּחַת בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּרְשׁוּ אֶת שֹׁמְרוֹן וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בְּעָרֶיהָ:
25. And it was in the beginning of their dwelling there, that they did not fear the Lord, and the Lord incited lions against them, and they were killing them.   כה. וַיְהִי בִּתְחִלַּת שִׁבְתָּם שָׁם לֹא יָרְאוּ אֶת יְהֹוָה וַיְשַׁלַּח יְהֹוָה בָּהֶם אֶת הָאֲרָיוֹת וַיִּהְיוּ הֹרְגִים בָּהֶם:
they did not fear the Lord: Even though the pagan nations fear him and call him the God of the gods, in the manner it is written (Malachi 1:14), “and My Name is feared among the nations,” these did not fear Me, for they said, “If He were worthy of fear, He would not have delivered His people into exile.”  
26. And they said to the king of Assyria, saying, "The nations that you exiled and settled in the cities of Samaria, do not know the law of the God of the land, and He has incited lions against them, and behold they are killing them, as they do not know the law of the God of the land."   כו. וַיֹּאמְרוּ לְמֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר לֵאמֹר הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִגְלִיתָ וַתּוֹשֶׁב בְּעָרֵי שֹׁמְרוֹן לֹא יָדְעוּ אֶת מִשְׁפַּט אֱלֹהֵי הָאָרֶץ וַיְשַׁלַּח בָּם אֶת הָאֲרָיוֹת וְהִנָּם מְמִיתִים אוֹתָם כַּאֲשֶׁר אֵינָם יֹדְעִים אֶת מִשְׁפַּט אֱלֹהֵי הָאָרֶץ:
27. And the king of Assyria commanded, saying, "Bring there one of the priests whom I have exiled from there, and let them go and dwell there, and teach them the law of the God of the land."   כז. וַיְצַו מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר לֵאמֹר הֹלִיכוּ שָׁמָּה אֶחָד מֵהַכֹּהֲנִים אֲשֶׁר הִגְלִיתֶם מִשָּׁם וְיֵלְכוּ וְיֵשְׁבוּ שָׁם וְיֹרֵם אֶת מִשְׁפַּט אֱלֹהֵי הָאָרֶץ:
28. And one of the priests whom they had exiled from Samaria came and settled in Bethel, and he would direct them how they should fear the Lord.   כח. וַיָּבֹא אֶחָד מֵהַכֹּהֲנִים אֲשֶׁר הִגְלוּ מִשֹּׁמְרוֹן וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּבֵית אֵל וַיְהִי מוֹרֶה אֹתָם אֵיךְ יִירְאוּ אֶת יְהֹוָה:
29. Now each nation made its god, and they placed [it] in the temple of the high places that the people of Samaria had made, each nation in their cities wherein they were dwelling.   כט. וַיִּהְיוּ עֹשִֹים גּוֹי גּוֹי אֱלֹהָיו וַיַּנִּיחוּ | בְּבֵית הַבָּמוֹת אֲשֶׁר עָשׂוּ הַשֹּׁמְרֹנִים גּוֹי גּוֹי בְּעָרֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר הֵם ישְׁבִים שָׁם:
the people of Samaria had made: [i.e.,] the Israelites while they were still there.  
each nation its god (sic): Every nation (as per R. Joseph Kara), the deity they had worshipped in their land, here, too, each nation did so in the city (as per R. Joseph Kara) which Sennacherib had given them as a possession (or had settled them Kara) there in the cities of Israel.  
30. And the people of Babylonia made Succoth-benoth, and the people of Cuth made Nergal, and the people of Hamath made Ashima.   ל. וְאַנְשֵׁי בָבֶל עָשׂוּ אֶת סֻכּוֹת בְּנוֹת וְאַנְשֵׁי כוּת עָשֹוּ אֶת נֵרְגַל וְאַנְשֵׁי חֲמָת עָשֹוּ אֶת אֲשִׁימָא:
Succoth benoth: a likeness of a hen with her chicks.  
Nergal: the likeness of a rooster.  
Ashima: the likeness of a goat. So they are called in the language of every nation, and so did our Rabbis explain in Sanhedrin (63b).  
31. And the Avvites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adramelech and Anamelech, the gods of Sepharvaim.   לא. וְהָעַוִּים עָשֹוּ נִבְחַז וְאֶת תַּרְתָּק וְהַסְפַרְוִים שֹׁרְפִים אֶת בְּנֵיהֶם בָּאֵשׁ לְאַדְרַמֶּלֶךְ וַעֲנַמֶּלֶךְ אֱלֹהֵי סְפַרְוָיִם:
Nibhaz: the likeness of a dog.  
Tartak: the likeness of a donkey.  
to Adramelech: the likeness of a mule.  
Anamelech: the likeness of a horse.  
32. And they feared the Lord, and they made some of them priests of the high places, and they would practice their [rites] in the temple of the high places.   לב. וַיִּהְיוּ יְרֵאִים אֶת יְהֹוָה וַיַּעֲשֹוּ לָהֶם מִקְצוֹתָם כֹּהֲנֵי בָמוֹת וַיִּהְיוּ עֹשִֹים לָהֶם בְּבֵית הַבָּמוֹת:
33. They feared the Lord, yet they worshipped their own gods, as was the custom of the nations whom they had exiled from there.   לג. אֶת יְהֹוָה הָיוּ יְרֵאִים וְאֶת אֱלֹהֵיהֶם הָיוּ עֹבְדִים כְּמִשְׁפַּט הַגּוֹיִם אֲשֶׁר הִגְלוּ אֹתָם מִשָּׁם:
as was the custom of the nations whom they had exiled from there: Those deities that the nations whom Sennacherib and his armies had exiled from there, worshipped, these they would worship here.  
34. Until this day, they practice just as their earlier practices; they do not fear the Lord, neither do they practice according to their statutes and laws, nor according to the Law and the commandment that the Lord commanded the sons of Jacob, whose name He called Israel.   לד. עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה הֵם עֹשִֹים כַּמִּשְׁפָּטִים הָרִאשֹׁנִים אֵינָם יְרֵאִים אֶת יְהֹוָה וְאֵינָם עֹשִֹים כְּחֻקֹּתָם וּכְמִשְׁפָּטָם וְכַּתּוֹרָה וְכַמִּצְוָה אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה אֶת בְּנֵי יַעֲקֹב אֲשֶׁר שָֹם שְׁמוֹ יִשְׂרָאֵל:
they do not fear the Lord: a complete fear as the custom of the Israelites. Even though they were converted because of the fear of the lions, their fear of the Lord was not a complete fear, (like Jewish practice) as Scripture goes on to elaborate, that they were not engaged in the Torah and the commandments which He (or, which the Lord) commanded the sons of Jacob, neither do they practice according to their statutes and according to their law, which they are duty bound to practice since they converted, but as the priest who was of the people of Samaria, who were idolatrous, instructed them.  
35. And the Lord enacted a covenant with them, saying, "You shall not fear other gods, neither shall you prostrate yourselves to them nor worship them, and you shall not slaughter [sacrifices] to them.   לה. וַיִּכְרֹת יְהֹוָה אִתָּם בְּרִית וַיְצַוֵּם לֵאמֹר לֹא תִירְאוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וְלֹא תִשְׁתַּחֲווּ לָהֶם וְלֹא תַעַבְדוּם וְלֹא תִזְבְּחוּ לָהֶם:
And the Lord enacted a covenant with them: when He gave them the Torah on Mt. Sinai.  
36. Only the Lord Who brought you up from the land of Egypt with great might and with an outstretched arm, Him shall you fear, and to Him shall you prostrate yourselves and to Him shall you slaughter sacrifices.   לו. כִּי אִם אֶת יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה אֶתְכֶם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם בְּכֹחַ גָּדוֹל וּבִזְרוֹעַ נְטוּיָה אֹתוֹ תִירָאוּ וְלוֹ תִשְׁתַּחֲווּ וְלוֹ תִזְבָּחוּ:
37. And the statutes and the judgments, and the Law and the commandment that He wrote for you, you shall heed to perform all times, and you shall not fear strange gods.   לז. וְאֶת הַחֻקִּים וְאֶת הַמִּשְׁפָּטִים וְהַתּוֹרָה וְהַמִּצְוָה אֲשֶׁר כָּתַב לָכֶם תִּשְׁמְרוּן לַעֲשֹוֹת כָּל הַיָּמִים וְלֹא תִירְאוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים:
38. And the covenant that I enacted with you, you shall not forget, neither shall you fear strange gods.   לח. וְהַבְּרִית אֲשֶׁר כָּרַתִּי אִתְּכֶם לֹא תִשְׁכָּחוּ וְלֹא תִירְאוּ אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים:
39. But the Lord your God you shall fear, and He will deliver you from the hand of all your enemies."   לט. כִּי אִם אֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיכֶם תִּירָאוּ וְהוּא יַצִּיל אֶתְכֶם מִיַּד כָּל אֹיְבֵיכֶם:
40. But they did not obey, but according to their earlier practice they were doing.   מ. וְלֹא שָׁמֵעוּ כִּי אִם כְּמִשְׁפָּטָם הָרִאשׁוֹן הֵם עֹשִֹים:
41. And these nations feared the Lord, yet they worshipped their graven images; also their children and their grandchildren, as their forefathers had done, they are doing until this day.   מא. וַיִּהְיוּ | הַגּוֹיִם הָאֵלֶּה יְרֵאִים אֶת יְהֹוָה וְאֶת פְּסִילֵיהֶם הָיוּ עֹבְדִים גַּם בְּנֵיהֶם | וּבְנֵי בְנֵיהֶם כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ אֲבֹתָם הֵם עֹשִֹים עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
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