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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 15

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 15

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 15

1. In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam the king of Israel, Azariah the son of Amaziah the king of Judah, became king.   א. בִּשְׁנַת עֶשְׂרִים וָשֶׁבַע שָׁנָה לְיָרָבְעָם מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל מָלַךְ עֲזַרְיָה בֶן אֲמַצְיָה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה:
In the twenty-seventh year of Jeroboam: Is it possible to say so? Did not Uzziah and Jeroboam reign simultaneously, as I explained shortly before this (14:22)? What, then, is the meaning of the verse, “In the twenty seventh year of Jeroboam… Azariah… became king” ? That from that year, he reigned a plagued kingship. We learn that he was stricken with “zaraath” in the twenty-seventh year of his reign.  
2. He was sixteen years old when he became king, and he reigned fifty-two years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Jecoliah of Jerusalem.   ב. בֶּן שֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה הָיָה בְמָלְכוֹ וַחֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁתַּיִם שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ יְכָלְיָהוּ מִירוּשָׁלָםִ:
3. And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, like all that Amaziah his father did.   ג. וַיַּעַשׂ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה אֲמַצְיָהוּ אָבִיו:
4. However, the high places were not removed; the people were still slaughtering sacrifices and burning incense on the high places.   ד. רַק הַבָּמוֹת לֹא סָרוּ עוֹד הָעָם מְזַבְּחִים וּמְקַטְּרִים בַּבָּמוֹת:
5. And the Lord brought a plague upon the king, and he was stricken with zaraath until the day of his death, and he lived in a house of retirement, and Jotham the king's son, who was appointed over the palace, judged the people of the land.   ה. וַיְנַגַּע יְהֹוָה אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיְהִי מְצֹרָע עַד יוֹם מֹתוֹ וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּבֵית הַחָפְשִׁית וְיוֹתָם בֶּן הַמֶּלֶךְ עַל הַבַּיִת שֹׁפֵט אֶת עַם הָאָרֶץ:
And the Lord brought a plague upon the king: It is explained in Chronicles (II 26:16-21) that he entered the heichal, the Temple proper, to burn incense on the altar of incense.  
in a house of retirement: [lit. in a house of freedom] He made himself a house in the cemetery, as it is said (Ps. 88: 6), “Among the dead a free man.”  
6. And the rest of the events of Azariah and all that he did, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah.   ו. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי עֲזַרְיָהוּ וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה:
7. And Azariah slept with his forefathers, and they buried him with his forefathers in the city of David, and Jotham his son reigned in his stead.   ז. וַיִּשְׁכַּב עֲזַרְיָה עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֹתוֹ עִם אֲבֹתָיו בְּעִיר דָּוִד וַיִּמְלֹךְ יוֹתָם בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
8. In the thirty-eighth year of Azariah the king of Judah, Zechariah the son of Jeroboam reigned over Israel in Samaria six months.   ח. בִּשְׁנַת שְׁלשִׁים וּשְׁמֹנֶה שָׁנָה לַעֲזַרְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ זְכַרְיָהוּ בֶן יָרָבְעָם עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן שִׁשָּׁה חֳדָשִׁים:
In the thirty eighth year of Azariah the king of Judah, Zechariah… reigned: From here too it is possible to deduce that Azariah reigned from the time that Joash king of Israel died, fifteen years during the lifetime of Amaziah his father, for if he did not rise until his father died, it follows that he did not rise until the fifteenth year of Jeroboam the son of Joash. Now, since Jeroboam reigned forty-one years, it follows that Jeroboam died in the twenty-seventh year of Uzziah. Now, how does Scripture say, “In the thirty-eighth year” ? Rather, we are forced [to admit that] Uzziah and Jeroboam reigned simultaneously, except that Jeroboam reigned three years during the lifetime of his father Jehoash. Therefore, Scripture states (13:13), “and Jeroboam had sat on his throne,” meaning that he had already sat. Now Uzziah rose when Joash died and Jeroboam reigned as a full fledged monarch (lit. a full kingship). I saw in Seder Olam (ch. 19) that Jeroboam reigned one year during his father’s lifetime, and I do not know whether it is the copyists’ error, for I cannot reconcile [the verse reading,] “In the thirty eighth year of Azariah… Zechariah… reigned,” except in this manner.  
9. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord, as his forefathers had done; he did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he caused Israel to sin.   ט. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כַּאֲשֶׁר עָשֹוּ אֲבֹתָיו לֹא סָר מֵחַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל:
10. And Shallum the son of Jabesh revolted against him and struck him before the people and slew him, and reigned in his stead.   י. וַיִּקְשֹׁר עָלָיו שַׁלֻּם בֶּן יָבֵשׁ וַיַּכֵּהוּ קָבָל עָם וַיְמִיתֵהוּ וַיִּמְלֹךְ תַּחְתָּיו:
and struck him before the people: Jonathan. [I.e.,] before the eyes of the people.  
11. And the rest of the deeds of Zechariah are written in the book of chronicles of the kings of Israel.   יא. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי זְכַרְיָה הִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
12. This was the word of the Lord which he had spoken to Jehu, saying, "Your descendants of the fourth generation will sit on the throne of Israel," and it was so.   יב. הוּא דְבַר יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר אֶל יֵהוּא לֵאמֹר בְּנֵי רְבִיעִים יֵשְׁבוּ לְךָ עַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיְהִי כֵן:
and it was so: Not that his kingdom deserved to last that long, but to fulfill the word of the King, as it is said, (Is. 55:11) “So shall be My word, which will go forth from My mouth, [it will not return] to Me empty…”  
13. Shallum the son of Jabesh became king in the thirty-ninth year of Uzziah the king of Judah, and he reigned a full month in Samaria.   יג. שַׁלּוּם בֶּן יָבֵשׁ מָלַךְ בִּשְׁנַת שְׁלשִׁים וָתֵשַׁע שָׁנָה לְעֻזִיָּה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה וַיִּמְלֹךְ יֶרַח יָמִים בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן:
14. And Menahem the son of Gadi went up from Tirzah and came to Samaria; and he struck down Shallum the son of Jabesh and slew him, and reigned in his stead.   יד. וַיַּעַל מְנַחֵם בֶּן גָּדִי מִתִּרְצָה וַיָּבֹא שֹׁמְרוֹן וַיַּךְ אֶת שַׁלּוּם בֶּן יָבֵישׁ בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן וַיְמִיתֵהוּ וַיִּמְלֹךְ תַּחְתָּיו:
15. And the rest of the deeds of Shallum and his revolt that he revolted, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   טו. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי שַׁלּוּם וְקִשְׁרוֹ אֲשֶׁר קָשָׁר הִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
16. Then Menahem attacked Tiphsah and all those therein and its boundaries from Tirzah; since he did not open, he attacked it; he ripped open all its pregnant women.   טז. אָז יַכֶּה מְנַחֵם אֶת תִּפְסַח וְאֶת כָּל אֲשֶׁר בָּהּ וְאֶת גְּבוּלֶיהָ מִתִּרְצָה כִּי לֹא פָתַח וַיַּךְ אֵת כָּל הֶהָרוֹתֶיהָ בִּקֵּעַ:
since he did not open: [I.e.,] the mayor of the city did not open the city for him, to accept him as king over them.  
its pregnant women: The pregnant women therein, he ripped open.  
17. In the thirty-ninth year of Azariah the king of Judah, Menahem the son of Gadi reigned over Israel ten years in Samaria.   יז. בִּשְׁנַת שְׁלשִׁים וָתֵשַׁע שָׁנָה לַעֲזַרְיָה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ מְנַחֵם בֶּן גָּדִי עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל עֶשֶׂר שָׁנִים בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן:
18. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat that he caused Israel to sin, all his days.   יח. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לֹא סָר מֵעַל חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל כָּל יָמָיו:
19. Pul the king of Assyria invaded the land, and Menahem gave Pul one thousand talents of silver that his hands might be with him to strengthen the kingdom in his hand.   יט. בָּא פוּל מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר עַל הָאָרֶץ וַיִּתֵּן מְנַחֵם לְפוּל אֶלֶף כִּכַּר כָּסֶף לִהְיוֹת יָדָיו אִתּוֹ לְהַחֲזִיק הַמַּמְלָכָה בְּיָדוֹ:
20. Menahem exacted the money from Israel, from all the mighty warriors, that each man give fifty shekels of silver. And the king of Assyria returned and did not remain there in the land.   כ. וַיֹּצֵא מְנַחֵם אֶת הַכֶּסֶף עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל עַל כָּל גִּבּוֹרֵי הַחַיִל לָתֵת לְמֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר חֲמִשִּׁים שְׁקָלִים כֶּסֶף לְאִישׁ אֶחָד וַיָּשָׁב מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר וְלֹא עָמַד שָׁם בָּאָרֶץ:
21. And the rest of the events of Menahem and all that he did, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   כא. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי מְנַחֵם וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הֲלוֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
22. And Menahem slept with his forefathers, and Pekahiah his son reigned in his stead.   כב. וַיִּשְׁכַּב מְנַחֵם עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ פְּקַחְיָה בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
23. In the fiftieth year of Azariah the king of Judah, Pekahiah the son of Menahem reigned over Israel in Samaria for two years.   כג. בִּשְׁנַת חֲמִשִּׁים שָׁנָה לַעֲזַרְיָה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ פְּקַחְיָה בֶן מְנַחֵם עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן שְׁנָתָיִם:
24. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, that he caused the Israelites to sin.   כד. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לֹא סָר מֵחַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל:
25. And Pekah the son of Remaliah his officer, revolted against him, and he struck him down in Samaria in the inner chamber of the king's palace, near the palace and near the lion, and with him were fifty men of the Gileadites; and he slew him and reigned in his stead.   כה. וַיִּקְשֹׁר עָלָיו פֶּקַח בֶּן רְמַלְיָהוּ שָׁלִישׁוֹ וַיַּכֵּהוּ בְשֹׁמְרוֹן בְּאַרְמוֹן בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ אֶת אַרְגֹּב וְאֶת הָאַרְיֵה וְעִמּוֹ חֲמִשִּׁים אִישׁ מִבְּנֵי גִלְעָדִים וַיְמִיתֵהוּ וַיִּמְלֹךְ תַּחְתָּיו:
his officer: his mighty warrior.  
near the palace: (אַרְגֹּב)  
and near the lion: Every “argov” is an expression of important palaces, and every mention of “terachunin” in Aramaic (See Rashi, Deut. 3:4) means palaces important for the kingdom. [Hence, he assassinated him] in the great chamber that was next to the palace.  
and near the lion: It is possible to say that a golden lion was standing in that palace (or chamber).  
26. And the rest of the events of Pekahiah and all that he did, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   כו. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי פְּקַחְיָה וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
27. In the fifty-second year of Azariah the king of Judah, Pekah the son of Remaliah reigned over Israel in Samaria twenty years.   כז. בִּשְׁנַת חֲמִשִּׁים וּשְׁתַּיִם שָׁנָה לַעֲזַרְיָה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ פֶּקַח בֶּן רְמַלְיָהוּ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן עֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה:
28. And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not turn away from the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he had caused Israel to commit.   כח. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לֹא סָר מִן חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל:
29. In the days of Pekah the king of Israel, Tiglath-pileser the king of Assyria came and took Ijon, Abel-beth-maacah, Janoah, Kedesh, Hazor, Gilead, and Galilee, the entire land of Naphtali; and he exiled them to Assyria.   כט. בִּימֵי פֶּקַח מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בָּא תִּגְלַת פִּלְאֶסֶר מֶלֶךְ אַשּׁוּר וַיִּקַּח אֶת עִיּוֹן וְאֶת אָבֵל בֵּית מַעֲכָה וְאֶת יָנוֹחַ וְאֶת קֶדֶשׁ וְאֶת חָצוֹר וְאֶת הַגִּלְעָד וְאֶת הַגָּלִילָה כֹּל אֶרֶץ נַפְתָּלִי וַיַּגְלֵם אַשּׁוּרָה:
30. And Hoshea the son of Elah revolted against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and he struck him and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.   ל. וַיִּקְשָׁר קֶשֶׁר הוֹשֵׁעַ בֶּן אֵלָה עַל פֶּקַח בֶּן רְמַלְיָהוּ וַיַּכֵּהוּ וַיְמִיתֵהוּ וַיִּמְלֹךְ תַּחְתָּיו בִּשְׁנַת עֶשְׂרִים לְיוֹתָם בֶּן עֻזִיָּה:
in the twentieth year of Jotham: He should have said, “in the fourth year of Ahaz,” since Jotham’s entire reign lasted sixteen years, but since Ahaz was wicked, Scripture preferred to count them (i. e., the years) to Jotham who was in the grave, rather than to Ahaz, who was alive. Thus it is stated in Seder Olam (Ch. 22).  
31. And the rest of the events of Pekah and all that he did are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   לא. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי פֶקַח וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הִנָּם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
32. In the second year of Pekah the son of Remaliah the king of Israel, Jotham the son of Uzziah the king of Judah became king.   לב. בִּשְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם לְפֶקַח בֶּן רְמַלְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל מָלַךְ יוֹתָם בֶּן עֻזִיָּהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה:
33. He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned sixteen years in Jerusalem; and his mother's name was Jerusha the daughter of Zadok.   לג. בֶּן עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה הָיָה בְמָלְכוֹ וְשֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ יְרוּשָׁא בַּת צָדוֹק:
34. And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord; like all that his father Uzziah did, he did.   לד. וַיַּעַשׂ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה עֻזִיָּהוּ אָבִיו עָשָֹה:
35. However, the high places were not removed; the people were still slaughtering sacrifices and burning incense on the high places. He built the upper gate of the house of the Lord.   לה. רַק הַבָּמוֹת לֹא סָרוּ עוֹד הָעָם מְזַבְּחִים וּמְקַטְּרִים בַּבָּמוֹת הוּא בָּנָה אֶת שַׁעַר בֵּית יְהֹוָה הָעֶלְיוֹן:
36. And the rest of the events of Jotham and all that he did, are written in the book of chronicles of the kings of Judah.   לו. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יוֹתָם אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה:
37. In those days, the Lord began to incite Rezin the king of Aram and Pekah the son of Remaliah against Judah.   לז. בַּיָּמִים הָהֵם הֵחֵל יְהֹוָה לְהַשְׁלִיחַ בִּיהוּדָה רְצִין מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם וְאֵת פֶּקַח בֶּן רְמַלְיָהוּ:
In those days: at the end of Jotham’s days.  
38. And Jotham slept with his forefathers, and he was buried with his forefathers in the city of David his father, and Ahaz his son reigned in his stead.   לח. וַיִּשְׁכַּב יוֹתָם עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר עִם אֲבֹתָיו בְּעִיר דָּוִד אָבִיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ אָחָז בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
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