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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 14

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 14

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Chapter 14

1In the second year of Joash the son of Joahaz the king of Israel, Amaziah the son of Joash the king of Judah, became king.   אבִּשְׁנַת שְׁתַּיִם לְיוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יוֹאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל מָלַךְ אֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה:
2He was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem twenty-nine years. His mother's name was Jehoadan of Jerusalem.   בבֶּן עֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה הָיָה בְמָלְכוֹ וְעֶשְׂרִים וָתֵשַׁע שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ יְהוֹעַדָּן (כתיב יְהוֹעַדָּין) מִן יְרוּשָׁלָםִ:
3And he did what was right in the eyes of the Lord, however, not like his father David; like all that Joash his father did, he did.   גוַיַּעַשׂ הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה רַק לֹא כְּדָוִד אָבִיו כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה יוֹאָשׁ אָבִיו עָשָֹה:
4However, the high places were not removed; the people were still slaughtering sacrifices and burning incense on the high places.   דרַק הַבָּמוֹת לֹא סָרוּ עוֹד הָעָם מְזַבְּחִים וּמְקַטְּרִים בַּבָּמוֹת:
5And it was, when the kingdom became well established in his hand, that he slew his servants who had assassinated his father.   הוַיְהִי כַּאֲשֶׁר חָזְקָה הַמַּמְלָכָה בְּיָדוֹ וַיַּךְ אֶת עֲבָדָיו הַמַּכִּים אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ אָבִיו:
6But the sons of the assassins he did not execute, as it is written in the book of the Torah of Moses, which the Lord commanded saying: "Fathers shall not be put to death for sons, nor shall sons be put to death for fathers, but each man shall be put to death for his own sin."   ווְאֶת בְּנֵי הַמַּכִּים לֹא הֵמִית כַּכָּתוּב בְּסֵפֶר תּוֹרַת מֹשֶׁה אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהֹוָה לֵאמֹר לֹא יוּמְתוּ אָבוֹת עַל בָּנִים וּבָנִים לֹא יוּמְתוּ עַל אָבוֹת כִּי אִם אִישׁ בְּחֶטְאוֹ יוּמָת (כתיב יֻמָות) :
7He struck down ten thousand of the Edomites in the valley of salt, and he seized the rock in battle, and he called its name Joktheel until this day.   זהוּא הִכָּה אֶת אֱדוֹם בְּגֵיא מֶלַח (כתיב המֶלַח) עֲשֶֹרֶת אֲלָפִים וְתָפַשׂ אֶת הַסֶּלַע בַּמִּלְחָמָה וַיִּקְרָא אֶת שְׁמָהּ יָקְתְאֵל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
and he called its name Joktheel: for it set his teeth on edge, [קִהוּי שִׁנַיִם in Heb; i.e., the results of this conquest were unfavorable for Amaziah] as it is written. (II Chron. 25: 14) “After Amaziah came from striking down the Edomites, he brought the gods of the children of Seir… for deities. And before them he would prostrate himself.” And the prophet castigated him and said to him (v. 16), “I know that God has advised in order to destroy you.” Now what was the advice? That He persuaded him to incite the king of Israel.  
8Then Amaziah sent messengers to Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz the son of Jehu the king of Israel, saying, "Come, let us confront each other."   חאָז שָׁלַח אֲמַצְיָה מַלְאָכִים אֶל יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יְהוֹאָחָז בֶּן יֵהוּא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לֵאמֹר לְכָה נִתְרָאֶה פָנִים:
Then Amaziah sent messengers… “… let us confront each other.” in war. 9:  
The thistle that was in Lebanon: Shechem the son of Hamor.  
sent to the cedar: Jacob.  
and the wild beast that was in Lebanon came: Jacob’s sons came upon the slain. Here too, you come to compare yourself to me. This was a degrading comparison, for he likened him to a thistle, and himself to a cedar.  
and the wild beast that was in Lebanon came and trampled: Because you are arrogant, you too, the troops of my armies will trample you.  
9And Jehoash the king of Israel sent to Amaziah the king of Judah, saying, "The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon saying, 'Give your daughter to my son for a wife,' and the wild beast that was in Lebanon came and trampled the thistle.   טוַיִּשְׁלַח יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה לֵאמֹר הַחוֹחַ אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן שָׁלַח אֶל הָאֶרֶז אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן לֵאמֹר תְּנָה אֶת בִּתְּךָ לְבְנִי לְאִשָּׁה וַתַּעֲבֹר חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן וַתִּרְמֹס אֶת הַחוֹחַ:
10You have defeated the Edomites and your heart has made you arrogant. Retain your honor by staying home. Now why should you provoke evil and fall, you and Judah with you? "   יהַכֵּה הִכִּיתָ אֶת אֱדוֹם וּנְשָׂאֲךָ לִבֶּךָ הִכָּבֵד וְשֵׁב בְּבֵיתֶךָ וְלָמָּה תִתְגָּרֶה בְּרָעָה וְנָפַלְתָּה אַתָּה וִיהוּדָה עִמָּךְ:
11Amaziah did not heed, however, and Jehoash the king of Israel went up and they confronted one another, he and Amaziah the king of Judah, in Beth-shemesh, which belongs to Judah.   יאוְלֹא שָׁמַע אֲמַצְיָהוּ וַיַּעַל יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתְרָאוּ פָנִים הוּא וַאֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה בְּבֵית שֶׁמֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר לִיהוּדָה:
12And Judah was beaten before Israel, and they fled each man to his dwelling places.   יבוַיִּנָּגֶף יְהוּדָה לִפְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּנֻסוּ אִישׁ לְאֹהָלָיו (כתיב לְאֹהָלָו) :
13And Jehoash the king of Israel seized Amaziah the king of Judah, the son of Jehoash the son of Ahaziah, in Beth-shemesh, and he came to Jerusalem and breached the wall of Jerusalem at the gate of Ephraim until the corner gate, four hundred cubits.   יגוְאֵת אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה בֶּן יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן אֲחַזְיָהוּ תָּפַשׂ יְהוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּבֵית שָׁמֶשׁ וַיָּבֹא (כתיב וַיָּבֹאו) יְרוּשָׁלַםִ וַיִּפְרֹץ בְּחוֹמַת יְרוּשָׁלַםִ בְּשַׁעַר אֶפְרַיִם עַד שַׁעַר הַפִּנָּה אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אַמָּה:
14And he took all the gold and silver and all the vessels that were found in the house of the Lord and in the treasuries of the king's palace, and the hostage children; and he returned to Samaria.   ידוְלָקַח אֶת כָּל הַזָּהָב וְהַכֶּסֶף וְאֵת כָּל הַכֵּלִים הַנִּמְצְאִים בֵּית יְהֹוָה וּבְאוֹצְרוֹת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֵת בְּנֵי הַתַּעֲרֻבוֹת וַיָּשָׁב שֹׁמְרוֹנָה:
and the hostage children: the children of the princes, who were placed in the king’s palace as security that their fathers would not rebel against him. And so did Jonathan render: the children of the princes.  
15And the rest of the deeds of Jehoash which he performed, and his might, and how he fought with Amaziah the king of Judah, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   טווְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹאָשׁ אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ וַאֲשֶׁר נִלְחַם עִם אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
16And Jehoash slept with his forefathers, and he was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel, and Jeroboam his son reigned in his stead.   טזוַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹאָשׁ עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ יָרָבְעָם בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
17And Amaziah the son of Joash the king of Judah lived fifteen years after the death of Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz the king of Israel.   יזוַיְחִי אֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי מוֹת יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יְהוֹאָחָז מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה:
And Amaziah… lived…: The entire fifteen years, Uzziah his son reigned during his lifetime, for so it is written in II Chron. (25:26): “And since the time that Amaziah turned away from following the Lord, [they rebelled against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish. And they sent after him to Lachish and assassinated him there].”  
18And the rest of the deeds of Amaziah are written in the book of chronicles of the kings of Judah.   יחוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי אֲמַצְיָהוּ הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה:
19And they revolted against him in Jerusalem, and he fled to Lachish. And they sent after him to Lachish and assassinated him there.   יטוַיִּקְשְׁרוּ עָלָיו קֶשֶׁר בִּירוּשָׁלַםִ וַיָּנָס לָכִישָׁה וַיִּשְׁלְחוּ אַחֲרָיו לָכִישָׁה וַיְמִתֻהוּ שָׁם:
And they revolted against him in Jerusalem: since they heard what the prophet said, “That God has given counsel to destroy you.”  
and he fled to Lachish: He was there for the entire fifteen years.  
20And they carried him on the horses, and he was buried in Jerusalem with his forefathers in the city of David.   כוַיִּשְׂאוּ אֹתוֹ עַל הַסּוּסִים וַיִּקָּבֵר בִּירוּשָׁלַםִ עִם אֲבֹתָיו בְּעִיר דָּוִד:
21And the entire nation of Judah took Azariah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king instead of his father Amaziah.   כאוַיִּקְחוּ כָּל עַם יְהוּדָה אֶת עֲזַרְיָה וְהוּא בֶּן שֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה וַיַּמְלִכוּ אֹתוֹ תַּחַת אָבִיו אֲמַצְיָהוּ:
22He built up Elath and restored it to Judah, after the king had slept with his forefathers.   כבהוּא בָּנָה אֶת אֵילַת וַיְשִׁבֶהָ לִיהוּדָה אַחֲרֵי שְׁכַב הַמֶּלֶךְ עִם אֲבֹתָיו:
after the king had slept with his forefathers: after the death of his father Amaziah. From here you deduce that Uzziah reigned during his father’s lifetime. Nevertheless, Elath was not given into his hand until after his father’s death, for if he did not reign during his father’s lifetime, why was it necessary to state, “after the king had slept with his forefathers?” And when you count the days of the Temple according to the years of the kings, if you do not subtract these fifteen years, which are counted for Amaziah and Uzziah, you will find that it existed four hundred twenty-five years, [instead of the traditional four hundred and ten (Yoma 9a)].  
23In the fifteenth year of Amaziah the son of Joash the king of Judah, Jeroboam the son of Joash the king of Israel, ruled in Samaria forty-one years.   כגבִּשְׁנַת חֲמֵשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה לַאֲמַצְיָהוּ בֶן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ יָרָבְעָם בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן אַרְבָּעִים וְאַחַת שָׁנָה:
24And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not turn away from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat that he had caused Israel to sin.   כדוַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לֹא סָר מִכָּל חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל:
25He restored the boundary of Israel from the approach to Hamath until the sea of the Arabah, according to the word of the Lord God of Israel which He spoke through his servant Jonah the son of Amittai the prophet, who was from Gath-hepher.   כההוּא הֵשִׁיב אֶת גְּבוּל יִשְׂרָאֵל מִלְּבוֹא חֲמָת עַד יָם הָעֲרָבָה כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד עַבְדּוֹ יוֹנָה בֶן אֲמִתַּי הַנָּבִיא אֲשֶׁר מִגַּת הַחֵפֶר:
He restored: from the hand of the kings of Aram.  
Jonah the son of Amittai: He was the one who anointed Jehu, who said to him (10:30), “Your descendants of the fourth generation will occupy…” Our Rabbis, however, deduced from Jonah 3:1, “And the word of the Lord came to Jonah a second time,” [i.e., a second time] but not a third time, since he demanded the honor of the son, [Israel,] but he did not demand the honor of the Father, [God]. This verse was therefore difficult to them [since this would make a third prophecy], and they reconciled it thus. Just like the word of the Lord, which He had spoken through Jonah concerning Nineveh, and the evil decree was changed for good, so was it changed for Israel in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, from the distress in which they were found, [i.e.,] that “the king of Aram had destroyed them and made them like dust to trample” (13:7), and now it was changed for the good.  
26For the Lord saw the affliction of Israel becoming increasingly severe, with neither stored property nor free property, and no one to help Israel.   כוכִּי רָאָה יְהֹוָה אֶת עֳנִי יִשְׂרָאֵל מֹרֶה מְאֹד וְאֶפֶס עָצוּר וְאֶפֶס עָזוּב וְאֵין עֹזֵר לְיִשְׂרָאֵל:
increasingly severe: very vexing (kontrarios in O.F.). Similar to (Jos. 1:18) “who will rebel (יַמְרֶה) against your command” ; (Deut. 9:24) “You have been contrary (מַמְרִים) with the Lord” ; (Gen. 26:38) “And they were of contrary spirit (מֹרַת רוּחַ).” Others interpret מְאֹד מֹרֶה as “very low,” an expression of (Ex. 15:4) “He cast (יָרָה) into the sea.”  
27And the Lord did not speak to eradicate the name of Israel from under the heavens, and He saved them through Jeroboam the son of Joash.   כזוְלֹא דִבֶּר יְהֹוָה לִמְחוֹת אֶת שֵׁם יִשְׂרָאֵל מִתַּחַת הַשָּׁמָיִם וַיּוֹשִׁיעֵם בְּיַד יָרָבְעָם בֶּן יוֹאָשׁ:
28And the rest of the events of Jeroboam and all that he did and his mighty deeds, how he fought, and how he restored Damascus and Hamath to Judah through Israel, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   כחוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יָרָבְעָם וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָׂה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר נִלְחָם וַאֲשֶׁר הֵשִׁיב אֶת דַּמֶּשֶׂק וְאֶת חֲמָת לִיהוּדָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
29And Jeroboam slept with his forefathers, with the kings of Israel, and his son Zechariah reigned in his stead.   כטוַיִּשְׁכַּב יָרָבְעָם עִם אֲבֹתָיו עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּמְלֹךְ זְכַרְיָה בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
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