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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 13

Melachim II - II Kings - Chapter 13

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Chapter 13

1In the twenty-third year of Joash the son of Ahaziah the king of Judah, Jehoahaz the son of Jehu reigned over Israel in Samaria seventeen years.   אבִּשְׁנַת עֶשְׂרִים וְשָׁלשׁ שָׁנָה לְיוֹאָשׁ בֶּן אֲחַזְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ יְהוֹאָחָז בֶּן יֵהוּא עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן שְׁבַע עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה:
2And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; and he followed the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat which he caused Israel to sin; he did not turn away from it.   בוַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה וַיֵּלֶךְ אַחַר חַטֹּאת יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא סָר מִמֶּנָּה:
3And the Lord became angry with Israel, and He delivered them into the hand of Hazael the king of Aram and into the hand of Ben-Hadad the son of Hazael all the days.   גוַיִּחַר אַף יְהֹוָה בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּתְּנֵם בְּיַד | חֲזָאֵל מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם וּבְיַד בֶּן הֲדַד בֶּן חֲזָאֵל כָּל הַיָּמִים:
4And Jehoahaz prayed before the Lord; and the Lord hearkened to his prayer, for He saw Israel's oppression, for the king of Aram oppressed them.   דוַיְחַל יְהוֹאָחָז אֶת פְּנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיִּשְׁמַע אֵלָיו יְהֹוָה כִּי רָאָה אֶת לַחַץ יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי לָחַץ אֹתָם מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם:
5And the Lord gave Israel a savior and they went free from under Aram's hands, and the children of Israel dwelt in their dwelling places as yesterday and the day before.   הוַיִּתֵּן יְהֹוָה לְיִשְׂרָאֵל מוֹשִׁיעַ וַיֵּצְאוּ מִתַּחַת יַד אֲרָם וַיֵּשְׁבוּ בְנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּאָהֳלֵיהֶם כִּתְמוֹל שִׁלְשׁוֹם:
And the Lord gave Israel a savior: Joash the son of Jehoahaz, concerning whom it is stated, (v. 19) “Three times shall you strike Aram.”  
6However, they did not turn away from the sins of the house of Jeroboam which he made Israel sin; they persisted in them; and also the Asherah stood in Samaria.   ואַךְ לֹא סָרוּ מֵחַטֹּאות בֵּית יָרָבְעָם אֲשֶׁר הֱחֱטִיא (כתיב הֱחֱטִי) אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל בָּהּ הָלָךְ וְגַם הָאֲשֵׁרָה עָמְדָה בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן:
7For he had not left to Jehoahaz but fifty riders and ten chariots, for the king of Aram had destroyed them and made them like dust to trample.   זכִּי לֹא הִשְׁאִיר לִיהוֹאָחָז עָם כִּי אִם חֲמִשִּׁים פָּרָשִׁים וַעֲשָֹרָה רֶכֶב וַעֲשֶֹרֶת אֲלָפִים רַגְלִי כִּי אִבְּדָם מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם וַיְשִׂמֵם כֶּעָפָר לָדֻשׁ:
8And the rest of the events of Jehoahaz and all that he did and his might, are written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel.   חוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹאָחָז וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ הֲלוֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
9And Jehoahaz slept with his forefathers, and they buried him in Samaria; and his son Joash reigned in his stead.   טוַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹאָחָז עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקְבְּרֻהוּ בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן וַיִּמְלֹךְ יוֹאָשׁ בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
10In the thirty-seventh year of Joash the king of Judah, Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz reigned over Israel in Samaria sixteen years.   יבִּשְׁנַת שְׁלשִׁים וָשֶׁבַע שָׁנָה לְיוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה מָלַךְ יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יְהוֹאָחָז עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן שֵׁשׁ עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה:
In the thirty-seventh year…: This verse is contradicted from two sides, and I have not found any reconciliation, for he should have said, “thirty- nine,” since his father rose in the twenty-third year of Joash, and reigned seventeen years. It is found that he died in the thirty-ninth year of Joash. Furthermore, it is stated below in this section (14:1), “In the second year of Joash the son of Joahaz the king of Israel, Amaziah the son of Joash the king of Judah, became king.” It is found that Joash the son of Jehoahaz rose in the fortieth year of Joash, which was his last year, and in the second year of Joash the son of Jehoahaz, Amaziah became king. And even if you say that Amaziah became king in the year of his father’s death, and Scripture calls this the second year of Joash, you, [nevertheless,] deduce that Joash the king of Israel did not become king until the thirty-ninth year of Joash the king of Judah.  
11And he did what was evil in the eyes of the Lord; he did not turn away from all the sins of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, which he had made Israel sin; he persisted in it.   יאוַיַּעֲשֶֹה הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה לֹא סָר מִכָּל חַטֹּאות יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל בָּהּ הָלָךְ:
12And the rest of the events of Joash and all that he did and his mighty deeds, how he fought with Amaziah the king of Judah, are written in the book of chronicles of the kings of Israel.   יבוְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יוֹאָשׁ וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה וּגְבוּרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר נִלְחַם עִם אֲמַצְיָה מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה הֲלוֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
13And Joash slept with his forefathers, and Jeroboam sat on his throne, and Joash was buried in Samaria with the kings of Israel.   יגוַיִּשְׁכַּב יוֹאָשׁ עִם אֲבֹתָיו וְיָרָבְעָם יָשַׁב עַל כִּסְאוֹ וַיִּקָּבֵר יוֹאָשׁ בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן עִם מַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
and Jeroboam sat on his throne: He was his son. There is [reason] to wonder why these two verses were written here, for Scripture continues to relate the events of Joash, and then repeats, “And the rest of the deeds of Jehoash… And Joash slept with his forefathers…” (14:15, 16). I say that these [two verses] were written for the sole purpose of breaking continuity, so as not to juxtapose Elisha’s demise with a verse dealing with idolatry, by saying, “And he did what was evil… And Elisha became ill…”  
14Now Elisha became ill with the illness he was to die of; and Joash the king of Israel went down to him and wept on his face, and said, "My master, my master, Israel's chariots and riders!"   ידוֶאֱלִישָׁע חָלָה אֶת חָלְיוֹ אֲשֶׁר יָמוּת בּוֹ וַיֵּרֶד אֵלָיו יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיֵּבְךְּ עַל פָּנָיו וַיֹּאמַר אָבִי | אָבִי רֶכֶב יִשְׂרָאֵל וּפָרָשָׁיו:
15And Elisha said to him, "Fetch a bow and arrows." And he fetched him a bow and arrows.   טווַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ אֱלִישָׁע קַח קֶשֶׁת וְחִצִּים וַיִּקַּח אֵלָיו קֶשֶׁת וְחִצִּים:
16And he said to the king of Israel, "Place your hand on the bow," and he placed his hand; and Elisha placed his hands on the king's hands.   טזוַיֹּאמֶר | לְמֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל הַרְכֵּב יָדְךָ עַל הַקֶּשֶׁת וַיַּרְכֵּב יָדוֹ וַיָּשֶׂם אֱלִישָׁע יָדָיו עַל יְדֵי הַמֶּלֶךְ:
17And he said, "Open the window to the east," and he opened it; and Elisha said, "Shoot!" And he shot. And he said, "[This is] an arrow of salvation from the Lord, and an arrow of victory over Aram, and you shall strike the Arameans in Aphek until they are completely annihilated."   יזוַיֹּאמֶר פְּתַח הַחַלּוֹן קֵדְמָה וַיִּפְתָּח וַיֹּאמֶר אֱלִישָׁע יְרֵה וַיּוֹר וַיֹּאמֶר חֵץ תְּשׁוּעָה לַיהֹוָה וְחֵץ תְּשׁוּעָה בַאֲרָם וְהִכִּיתָ אֶת אֲרָם בַּאֲפֵק עַד כַּלֵּה:
“Open the window to the east: Opposite the land of Aram, as it is said, (Is. 9: 11) ” Aram from the east."  
“Shoot!” and he shot: This follows Jonathan.  
And he said, “This is an arrow of salvation…”: Elisha said, This arrow is a symbol of salvation for Israel.  
in Aphek: the name of the city.  
18And he said, "Take the arrows." And he took them. And he said to the king of Israel, "Strike at the ground," and he struck three times and stopped.   יחוַיֹּאמֶר קַח הַחִצִּים וַיִּקָּח וַיֹּאמֶר לְמֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל הַךְ אַרְצָה וַיַּךְ שָׁלשׁ פְּעָמִים וַיַּעֲמֹד:
19And the man of God was incensed against him, and he said, "You should have struck five or six times, then you would strike the Arameans until you would annihilate them completely, but now, you shall strike the Arameans but three times."   יטוַיִּקְצֹף עָלָיו אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים וַיֹּאמֶר לְהַכּוֹת חָמֵשׁ אוֹ שֵׁשׁ פְּעָמִים אָז הִכִּיתָ אֶת אֲרָם עַד כַּלֵּה וְעַתָּה שָׁלשׁ פְּעָמִים תַּכֶּה אֶת אֲרָם:
And he said, You should have struck five or six times: [lit. to strike five or six times.]  
then: Had you done so, you would have struck Aram five or six times, for as a symbol of victory, I placed your hands on the bow.  
20And Elisha died and they buried him, and Moabite bands would invade the land at the beginning of the year.   כוַיָּמָת אֱלִישָׁע וַיִּקְבְּרֻהוּ וּגְדוּדֵי מוֹאָב יָבֹאוּ בָאָרֶץ בָּא שָׁנָה:
would invade the land: were wont to come and plunder the land.  
at the beginning of the year: Jonathan [renders]: at the entrance of the year. At the return of the year, when the earth is still full of vegetation, and there is food for their animals, it is customary for bands to set out.  
21And it came to pass that they were burying a man, and behold, they saw the band, and they threw the man into Elisha's grave, and he went and touched Elisha's bones, and he came to life and stood up on his feet.   כאוַיְהִי הֵם | קֹבְרִים אִישׁ וְהִנֵּה רָאוּ אֶת הַגְּדוּד וַיַּשְׁלִיכוּ אֶת הָאִישׁ בְּקֶבֶר אֱלִישָׁע וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיִּגַּע הָאִישׁ בְּעַצְמוֹת אֱלִישָׁע וַיְחִי וַיָּקָם עַל רַגְלָיו:
22Now Hazael the king of Aram oppressed Israel all the days of Jehoahaz.   כבוַחֲזָאֵל מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם לָחַץ אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל כֹּל יְמֵי יְהוֹאָחָז:
23And the Lord was gracious and merciful to them, and he turned to them for the sake of His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and He did not want to destroy them, and He did not cast them off from His presence until now.   כגוַיָּחָן יְהֹוָה אֹתָם וַיְרַחֲמֵם וַיִּפֶן אֲלֵיהֶם לְמַעַן בְּרִיתוֹ אֶת אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיַעֲקֹב וְלֹא אָבָה הַשְׁחִיתָם וְלֹא הִשְׁלִיכָם מֵעַל פָּנָיו עַד עָתָּה:
24And Hazael died, and his son Ben-Hadad reigned in his stead.   כדוַיָּמָת חֲזָאֵל מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם וַיִּמְלֹךְ בֶּן הֲדַד בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
25And Jehoash the son of Jehoahaz returned and took the cities from the hand of Ben-Hadad the son of Hazael, which he had taken from the hand of His father Jehoahaz in battle; Joash beat him three times and recovered the cities of Israel.   כהוַיָּשָׁב יְהוֹאָשׁ בֶּן יְהוֹאָחָז וַיִּקַּח אֶת הֶעָרִים מִיַּד בֶּן הֲדַד בֶּן חֲזָאֵל אֲשֶׁר לָקַח מִיַּד יְהוֹאָחָז אָבִיו בַּמִּלְחָמָה שָׁלשׁ פְּעָמִים הִכָּהוּ יוֹאָשׁ וַיָּשֶׁב אֶת עָרֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
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