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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 22

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 22

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 22

1. And they lived [peacefully] three years; there were no wars between Aram; and Israel.   א. וַיֵּשְׁבוּ שָׁלשׁ שָׁנִים אֵין מִלְחָמָה בֵּין אֲרָם וּבֵין יִשְׂרָאֵל:
2. And it was during the third year, that Jehoshaphat, the king of Judah came down to the king of Israel.   ב. וַיְהִי בַּשָּׁנָה הַשְּׁלִישִׁית וַיֵּרֶד יְהוֹשָׁפָט מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה אֶל מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל:
in the third year: since he had released Ben-Hadad.  
3. And the king of Israel said to his servants: "Do you know that Ramoth-Gilead is ours, and we are doing nothing about taking it out of the hands of the king of Aram."   ג. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל עֲבָדָיו הַיְדַעְתֶּם כִּי לָנוּ רָמֹת גִּלְעָד וַאֲנַחְנוּ מַחְשִׁים מִקַּחַת אֹתָהּ מִיַּד מֶלֶךְ אֲרָם:
and we do nothing: We are lazy [siamo pigri in Italian].  
4. And he said to Jehoshaphat, "Will you go with me to do battle in Ramoth Gilead?" And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel: "I am as you are, my people is as your people, my horses are as your horses."   ד. וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל יְהוֹשָׁפָט הֲתֵלֵךְ אִתִּי לַמִּלְחָמָה רָמֹת גִּלְעָד וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹשָׁפָט אֶל מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל כָּמוֹנִי כָמוֹךָ כְּעַמִּי כְעַמֶּךָ כְּסוּסַי כְּסוּסֶיךָ:
Is there no other prophet of the Lord here?: I have a tradition that no two prophets prophesy with one expression, and these are all saying the same expression.  
5. And Jehoshaphat said to the king of Israel: "Please inquire today the word of the Lord. "   ה. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹשָׁפָט אֶל מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל דְּרָשׁ נָא כַיּוֹם אֶת דְּבַר יְהֹוָה:
6. And the king of Israel gathered the prophets, about four hundred men and said to them, "Shall I go on to Ramoth Gilead, to do battle, or shall I refrain?" And they said, "Ascend, and the Lord will deliver [it] into the hands of the king."   ו. וַיִּקְבֹּץ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶת הַנְּבִיאִים כְּאַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אִישׁ וַיֹּאמֶר אֲלֵהֶם הַאֵלֵךְ עַל רָמֹת גִּלְעָד לַמִּלְחָמָה אִם אֶחְדָּל וַיֹּאמְרוּ עֲלֵה וְיִתֵּן אֲדֹנָי בְּיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ:
7. And Jehoshaphat said, "Is there no other prophet of the Lord here from whom we may inquire?"   ז. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹשָׁפָט הַאֵין פֹּה נָבִיא לַיהֹוָה עוֹד וְנִדְרְשָׁה מֵאוֹתוֹ:
8. And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "There is one more man from whom to inquire the word of the Lord, but I hate him for he does not prophesy good about me, only bad; Micaiah the son of Imlah." And Jehoshaphat said, "The king should not say so."   ח. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל | אֶל יְהוֹשָׁפָט עוֹד אִישׁ אֶחָד לִדְרשׁ אֶת יְהֹוָה מֵאֹתוֹ וַאֲנִי שְׂנֵאתִיו כִּי לֹא יִתְנַבֵּא עָלַי טוֹב כִּי אִם רָע מִיכָיְהוּ בֶּן יִמְלָה וַיֹּאמֶר יְהוֹשָׁפָט אַל יֹאמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ כֵּן:
only bad: For he said to me, Since you released the man whom I designated for destruction…  
9. And the king of Israel summoned one eunuch, and said, "Bring Micaiah the son of Imlah at once."   ט. וַיִּקְרָא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל סָרִיס אֶחָד וַיֹּאמֶר מַהֲרָה מִיכָיְהוּ בֶן יִמְלָה:
10. Now the king of Israel and Jehoshaphat, king of Judah were seated each on his throne, dressed in [their] attire in a threshing-floor at the entrance of the gate of Samaria, and all the prophets were prophesying before them.   י. וּמֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוֹשָׁפָט מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה ישְׁבִים אִישׁ עַל כִּסְאוֹ מְלֻבָּשִׁים בְּגָדִים בְּגֹרֶן פֶּתַח שַׁעַר שֹׁמְרוֹן וְכָל הַנְּבִיאִים מִתְנַבְּאִים לִפְנֵיהֶם:
11. And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah made himself iron horns, and he said, "So said the Lord, 'With these shall you gore the Arameans until you destroy them completely.' "   יא. וַיַּעַשׂ לוֹ צִדְקִיָּה בֶן כְּנַעֲנָה קַרְנֵי בַרְזֶל וַיֹּאמֶר כֹּה אָמַר יְהֹוָה בְּאֵלֶּה תְּנַגַּח אֶת אֲרָם עַד כַּלּוֹתָם:
12. And all the prophets were prophesying so, saying, "Go up to Ramoth-Gilead and triumph, and the Lord will deliver [it] into the king's hand."   יב. וְכָל הַנְּבִאִים נִבְּאִים כֵּן לֵאמֹר עֲלֵה רָמֹת גִּלְעָד וְהַצְלַח וְנָתַן יְהֹוָה בְּיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ:
13. Now the messenger who had gone to summon Micaiah, spoke to him saying, "Behold, the words of the prophets are unanimously favorable to the king. Please let your word be like the word of one of them, and you shall speak favorably."   יג. וְהַמַּלְאָךְ אֲשֶׁר הָלַךְ | לִקְרֹא מִיכָיְהוּ דִּבֶּר אֵלָיו לֵאמֹר הִנֵּה נָא דִּבְרֵי הַנְּבִיאִים פֶּה אֶחָד טוֹב אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ יְהִי נָא דְבָרְךָ כִּדְבַר אַחַד מֵהֶם וְדִבַּרְתָּ טּוֹב:
14. And Micaiah said, "As the Lord lives, for what the Lord will say to me, that will I speak."   יד. וַיֹּאמֶר מִיכָיְהוּ חַי יְהֹוָה כִּי אֶת אֲשֶׁר יֹאמַר יְהֹוָה אֵלַי אֹתוֹ אֲדַבֵּר:
15. And he came to the king, and the king said to him, "Micaiah, shall we go to Ramoth-Gilead to war or shall we refrain?" And he said to him, "Go up and triumph, and may the Lord deliver it into the king's hand."   טו. וַיָּבוֹא אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיֹּאמֶר הַמֶּלֶךְ אֵלָיו מִיכָיְהוּ הֲנֵלֵךְ אֶל רָמֹת גִּלְעָד לַמִּלְחָמָה אִם נֶחְדָּל וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו עֲלֵה וְהַצְלַח וְנָתַן יְהֹוָה בְּיַד הַמֶּלֶךְ:
Go up and triumph: He did not say it to him in the name of the Lord.  
and may the Lord deliver it: If only the Lord deliver it into the king’s hand.  
16. And the king said to him, "How many times must I adjure you that you shall not speak to me but truth in the name of the Lord?"   טז. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלָיו הַמֶּלֶךְ עַד כַּמֶּה פְעָמִים אֲנִי מַשְׁבִּיעֶךָ אֲשֶׁר לֹא תְדַבֵּר אֵלַי רַק אֱמֶת בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה:
17. And he said, "I saw all the Israelites scattered over the mountains like sheep who have no shepherd. And the Lord said, 'These have no master. Let them return each one to his house in peace.' "   יז. וַיֹּאמֶר רָאִיתִי אֶת כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל נְפֹצִים אֶל הֶהָרִים כַּצֹּאן אֲשֶׁר אֵין לָהֶם רֹעֶה וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה לֹא אֲדֹנִים לָאֵלֶּה יָשׁוּבוּ אִישׁ לְבֵיתוֹ בְּשָׁלוֹם:
These have no master: You alone will perish in the war, as it is stated below (v. 31), “Do not battle with great or small, except with the king of Israel only.” Even though it was stated, (above 20: 42) “and your people instead of his people,” the drop of blood that came out of the righteous man, Micaiah, whose friend struck him, striking and wounding him, was an atonement for all Israel. So it is explained in the Aggadah.  
18. And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "Did I not say to you that he does not prophesy good concerning me, only bad?"   יח. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל יְהוֹשָׁפָט הֲלוֹא אָמַרְתִּי אֵלֶיךָ לוֹא יִתְנַבֵּא עָלַי טוֹב כִּי אִם רָע:
19. And he said, "Therefore, listen to the word of the Lord. I saw the Lord seated on His throne, and all the host of heaven were standing by Him on His right and on His left.   יט. וַיֹּאמֶר לָכֵן שְׁמַע דְּבַר יְהֹוָה רָאִיתִי אֶת יְהֹוָה ישֵׁב עַל כִּסְאוֹ וְכָל צְבָא הַשָּׁמַיִם עֹמֵד עָלָיו מִימִינוֹ וּמִשְּׂמֹאלוֹ:
On His right and on His left: Now is there left in Heaven? It is not stated, (Ps. 118:16) “The right hand of the Lord is exalted; the right hand of the Lord does valiantly” ; (Ex. 15:6) “Your right hand, O Lord, is mighty with power; Your right hand, O Lord, dashes the foe” ? But rather, the passage means that these would stand on the right and these would stand on the left. Those who stand on the right present the case for the defense and those who stand on the left present the case for the prosecution.  
20. And the Lord said, 'Who will entice Ahab so that he will go up and fall in Ramoth-Gilead?' One said in this manner and another one said in that manner.   כ. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה מִי יְפַתֶּה אֶת אַחְאָב וְיַעַל וְיִפֹּל בְּרָמֹת גִּלְעָד וַיֹּאמֶר זֶה בְּכֹה וְזֶה אֹמֵר בְּכֹה:
21. And a certain spirit came forth and stood before the Lord and said, 'I will entice him,' and the Lord said to him 'How?'   כא. וַיֵּצֵא הָרוּחַ וַיַּעֲמֹד לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמֶר אֲנִי אֲפַתֶּנּוּ וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו בַּמָּה:
And a certain spirit came forth: The spirit of Naboth.  
22. And he said, 'I will go forth, and I will be a lying spirit in the mouth of all his prophets.' And He said, 'You will entice and you will prevail. Go forth and do so.'   כב. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵצֵא וְהָיִיתִי רוּחַ שֶׁקֶר בְּפִי כָּל נְבִיאָיו וַיֹּאמֶר תְּפַתֶּה וְגַם תּוּכָל צֵא וַעֲשֵׂה כֵן:
23. And now, behold the Lord has placed a lying spirit in the mouth of all these prophets of yours, whereas the Lord spoke evil concerning you."   כג. וְעַתָּה הִנֵּה נָתַן יְהֹוָה רוּחַ שֶׁקֶר בְּפִי כָּל נְבִיאֶיךָ אֵלֶּה וַיהֹוָה דִּבֶּר עָלֶיךָ רָעָה:
24. And Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah approached and struck Micaiah on the cheek, and he said, "Which [way] did the spirit of the Lord pass from me to speak with you?"   כד. וַיִּגַּשׁ צִדְקִיָּהוּ בֶן כְּנַעֲנָה וַיַּכֶּה אֶת מִיכָיְהוּ עַל הַלֶּחִי וַיֹּאמֶר אֵי זֶה עָבַר רוּחַ יְהֹוָה מֵאִתִּי לְדַבֵּר אוֹתָךְ:
Which did the spirit of the Lord pass: Which way did it pass? This is an abbreviated verse. In II Chron. 18:23, it is written: “which way (דרך) did… pass.”  
25. And Micaiah said, "Behold you will see on that day that you will come into a chamber within a chamber to hide."   כה. וַיֹּאמֶר מִיכָיְהוּ הִנְּךָ רֹאֶה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא אֲשֶׁר תָּבֹא חֶדֶר בְּחֶדֶר לְהֵחָבֵה:
26. And the king of Israel said, "Take Micaiah and return him to Amon the mayor of the city and to Joash the king's son.   כו. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל קַח אֶת מִיכָיְהוּ וַהֲשִׁיבֵהוּ אֶל אָמֹן שַׂר הָעִיר וְאֶל יוֹאָשׁ בֶּן הַמֶּלֶךְ:
27. And you shall say, 'So said the king, "Place this one in prison, and feed him a scant amount of bread and a scant amount of water until I come back in peace.' "   כז. וְאָמַרְתָּ כֹּה אָמַר הַמֶּלֶךְ שִֹימוּ אֶת זֶה בֵּית הַכֶּלֶא וְהַאֲכִילֻהוּ לֶחֶם לַחַץ וּמַיִם לַחַץ עַד בֹּאִי בְשָׁלוֹם:
28. And Micaiah said: "If you will return in peace, the Lord did not speak to me." And he said, "All the nations listen."   כח. וַיֹּאמֶר מִיכָיְהוּ אִם שׁוֹב תָּשׁוּב בְּשָׁלוֹם לֹא דִבֶּר יְהֹוָה בִּי וַיֹּאמֶר שִׁמְעוּ עַמִּים כֻּלָּם:
29. The king of Israel and Jehoshaphat the king of Judah went up to Ramoth-Gilead.   כט. וַיַּעַל מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וִיהוֹשָׁפָט מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה רָמֹת גִּלְעָד:
30. And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, "[I will] disguise [myself] and go into battle, and you wear your [regal] garb; the king of Israel disguised himself and went into battle.   ל. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל יְהוֹשָׁפָט הִתְחַפֵּשֹ וָבֹא בַמִּלְחָמָה וְאַתָּה לְבַשׁ בְּגָדֶיךָ וַיִּתְחַפֵּשֹ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיָּבוֹא בַּמִּלְחָמָה:
And the king of Israel said to Jehoshaphat, I will disguise myself and go into battle: [lit. disguise and go into battle. He told Jehoshaphat of his plans] to disguise himself and go [into battle]. I will disguise myself I will change my regal garb, lest they recognize me, for if they recognize me, they will turn to me to attack me.  
and you wear your regal garb: that you are wearing, for you are not the king of Israel, but the king of Judah, and with you they have no conflict.  
31. The king of Aram commanded the thirty-two officers of his chariots saying, "Attack neither small nor great, except the king of Israel only."   לא. וּמֶלֶךְ אֲרָם צִוָּה אֶת שָׂרֵי הָרֶכֶב אֲשֶׁר לוֹ שְׁלֹשִׁים וּשְׁנַיִם לֵאמֹר לֹא תִּלָּחֲמוּ אֶת קָטֹן וְאֶת גָּדוֹל כִּי אִם אֶת מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל לְבַדּוֹ:
32. And it was when the officers of the chariots saw Jehoshaphat that they said: "This is but the king of Israel." They turned upon him to attack [him] and Jehoshaphat cried out.   לב. וַיְהִי כִּרְאוֹת שָׂרֵי הָרֶכֶב אֶת יְהוֹשָׁפָט וְהֵמָּה אָמְרוּ אַךְ מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא וַיָּסֻרוּ עָלָיו לְהִלָּחֵם וַיִּזְעַק יְהוֹשָׁפָט:
and Jehoshaphat cried out: to the Holy One, Blessed be He.  
33. And it was when the officers of the chariots saw that he was not the king of Israel, that they turned back from [going] after him.   לג. וַיְהִי כִּרְאוֹת שָׂרֵי הָרֶכֶב כִּי לֹא מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל הוּא וַיָּשׁוּבוּ מֵאַחֲרָיו:
34. A man drew his bow innocently and hit the king of Israel between the scales and the coat of mail, and he said to his charioteer, "Turn your hand and carry me out of the camp for I have become sick."   לד. וְאִישׁ מָשַׁךְ בַּקֶּשֶׁת לְתֻמּוֹ וַיַּכֶּה אֶת מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל בֵּין הַדְּבָקִים וּבֵין הַשִּׁרְיָן וַיֹּאמֶר לְרַכָּבוֹ הֲפֹךְ יָדְךָ וְהוֹצִיאֵנִי מִן הַמַּחֲנֶה כִּי הָחֳלֵיתִי:
A man drew: This was Naaman.  
innocently: not knowing that he was the king of Israel.  
between the scales and the coat of mail: Some coats of mail are made of layers of scales, in the manner it is stated (I Sam. 17:5) “and a coat of mail,” and the scales fall on the holes of the coat and close them, and they are called דבקים.  
35. The battle became more intense that day and the king was standing in the chariot against the Arameans. He died at evening and the blood of his wounds ran out into the inside of the chariot.   לה. וַתַּעֲלֶה הַמִּלְחָמָה בַּיּוֹם הַהוּא וְהַמֶּלֶךְ הָיָה מָעֳמָד בַּמֶּרְכָּבָה נֹכַח אֲרָם וַיָּמָת בָּעֶרֶב וַיִּצֶק דַּם הַמַּכָּה אֶל חֵיק הָרָכֶב:
was standing in the chariot: He exerted himself to remain standing so that the Israelites would not become aware of his wound and flee, for flight is the beginning of defeat.  
36. A cry passed through the camp as the sun went down saying, "Everyone to his city, every person to his country."   לו. וַיַּעֲבֹר הָרִנָּה בַּמַּחֲנֶה כְּבֹא הַשֶּׁמֶשׁ לֵאמֹר אִישׁ אֶל עִירוֹ וְאִישׁ אֶל אַרְצוֹ:
37. And the king died and was brought to Samaria, and they buried the king in Samaria.   לז. וַיָּמָת הַמֶּלֶךְ וַיָּבוֹא שֹׁמְרוֹן וַיִּקְבְּרוּ אֶת הַמֶּלֶךְ בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן:
38. And he washed the chariot at the pool of Samaria, and the dogs licked his blood, and they washed the weapons there as according to the word of the Lord which He had spoken.   לח. וַיִּשְׁטֹף אֶת הָרֶכֶב עַל | בְּרֵכַת שֹׁמְרוֹן וַיָּלֹקּוּ הַכְּלָבִים אֶת דָּמוֹ וְהַזֹּנוֹת רָחָצוּ כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֵּר:
and the dogs licked his blood: I say that Naboth was killed there, for the prophet said, “In the place that the dogs have licked the blood of Naboth…” (21:19).  
and they washed the weapons there of the blood: Jonathan rendered it in this manner. Our Rabbis said, [however, rendering ‘zonoth’ as harlots,] “Ahab was a cold person [who disliked sexual relations” (San. 39b)]. Therefore, Jezebel made for him the image of two harlots in his chariot to stimulate him. [When the chariot was washed, these two images were washed in the pool of Samaria.]  
39. The remainder of the deeds of Ahab and all that he accomplished and the ivory palace which he built and all the cities that he built are written in the book of Chronicles of the kings of Israel.   לט. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי אַחְאָב וְכָל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה וּבֵית הַשֵּׁן אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה וְכָל הֶעָרִים אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה הֲלוֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל:
the ivory palace: Heb. ביתהשן, lit. the palace of the tooth, i.e.,] elephant tooth.  
40. Ahab lay with his forefathers, and Achaziah his son reigned in his place.   מ. וַיִּשְׁכַּב אַחְאָב עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ אֲחַזְיָהוּ בְנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
41. Jehoshaphat the son of Asa reigned over Judah in the fourth year of Ahab the king of Israel.   מא. וִיהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן אָסָא מָלַךְ עַל יְהוּדָה בִּשְׁנַת אַרְבַּע לְאַחְאָב מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל:
42. Jehoshaphat was thirty-five years of age when he became king; he reigned twenty- five years in Jerusalem, and his mother's name was Azubah, the daughter of Shilhi.   מב. יְהוֹשָׁפָט בֶּן שְׁלשִׁים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה בְּמָלְכוֹ וְעֶשְׂרִים וְחָמֵשׁ שָׁנָה מָלַךְ בִּירוּשָׁלָםִ וְשֵׁם אִמּוֹ עֲזוּבָה בַּת שִׁלְחִי:
43. He went in all the ways of his father Asa-he did not veer from those ways-doing what was proper in the eyes of the Lord.   מג. וַיֵּלֶךְ בְּכָל דֶּרֶךְ אָסָא אָבִיו לֹא סָר מִמֶּנּוּ לַעֲשֹוֹת הַיָּשָׁר בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה:
44. However, the high places [of worship] he did not remove. The people were still sacrificing and offering in the high places.   מד. אַךְ הַבָּמוֹת לֹא סָרוּ עוֹד הָעָם מְזַבְּחִים וּמְקַטְּרִים בַּבָּמוֹת:
45. Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel.   מה. וַיַּשְׁלֵם יְהוֹשָׁפָט עִם מֶלֶךְ יִשְׂרָאֵל:
Jehoshaphat made peace with the king of Israel: Since there was war between Assa his father and Baasha the king of Israel, it was necessary to say this.  
46. The rest of the acts of Jehoshaphat and his heroic deeds that he performed and [the wars] he fought, are written in the Chronicles of the kings of Judah.   מו. וְיֶתֶר דִּבְרֵי יְהוֹשָׁפָט וּגְבוּרָתוֹ אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה וַאֲשֶׁר נִלְחָם הֲלֹא הֵם כְּתוּבִים עַל סֵפֶר דִּבְרֵי הַיָּמִים לְמַלְכֵי יְהוּדָה:
47. The remainder of the prostitutes that remained from the days of Asa his father he purged from the land.   מז. וְיֶתֶר הַקָּדֵשׁ אֲשֶׁר נִשְׁאַר בִּימֵי אָסָא אָבִיו בִּעֵר מִן הָאָרֶץ:
The remainder of the prostitutes: who fornicated in public.  
48. There was no king in Edom; a governor was king.   מח. וּמֶלֶךְ אֵין בֶּאֱדוֹם נִצָּב מֶלֶךְ:
There was no king in Edom: Since the time of David, the governor was the king This was written here because in the days of Jehoram his son who sinned, in his days Edom rebelled and crowned a king for themselves, but in the time of Jehoshaphat they were still subordinate to him.  
49. Jehoshaphat made ships of Tarshish to go to Ophir for gold; but he did not go, since the ships were broken at Ezion-Geber.   מט. יְהוֹשָׁפָט עָשָׂה אֳנִיּוֹת תַּרְשִׁישׁ לָלֶכֶת אוֹפִירָה לַזָּהָב וְלֹא הָלָךְ כִּי נִשְׁבְּרוּ אֳנִיּוֹת בְּעֶצְיוֹן גָּבֶר:
since the ships were broken: Since he joined Ahaziah in this undertaking, therefore, they were broken. And so did the prophet say to him in II Chron. (20:37), “Because you have joined a wicked man (sic), the Lord has caused a breach in your undertaking.”  
50. Then Ahaziah the son of Ahab said to Jehoshaphat, "Let my servants go with your servants in the ships," but Jehoshaphat did not want.   נ. אָז אָמַר אֲחַזְיָהוּ בֶן אַחְאָב אֶל יְהוֹשָׁפָט יֵלְכוּ עֲבָדַי עִם עֲבָדֶיךָ בָּאֳנִיּוֹת וְלֹא אָבָה יְהוֹשָׁפָט:
51. Jehoshaphat lay with his fathers and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father, and Jehoram his son reigned in his stead.   נא. וַיִּשְׁכַּב יְהוֹשָׁפָט עִם אֲבֹתָיו וַיִּקָּבֵר עִם אֲבֹתָיו בְּעִיר דָּוִד אָבִיו וַיִּמְלֹךְ יְהוֹרָם בְּנוֹ תַּחְתָּיו:
52. Ahaziah the son of Ahab reigned over Israel in Samaria in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat, king of Judah, and he ruled over Israel for two years.   נב. אֲחַזְיָהוּ בֶן אַחְאָב מָלַךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן בִּשְׁנַת שְׁבַע עֶשְׂרֵה לִיהוֹשָׁפָט מֶלֶךְ יְהוּדָה וַיִּמְלֹךְ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל שְׁנָתָיִם:
in the seventeenth year of Jehoshaphat: Some wonder about this verse, since it is stated concerning Ahab that he reigned twenty-two, and concerning Jehoshaphat it is stated that he became king in the fourth year of Ahab. It is found that Ahab’s rule ended in the nineteenth year of Jehoshaphat. Yet here [Scripture states that Ahaziah became king in the seventeenth year of Jeohshaphat. However, I searched and found that concerning most kings of Israel [Scripture] is not exact in the number of their years, and if one became king at the end of a year, he counts it at the beginning, but he does not count it elsewhere. Therefore, I say that “in the fourth year of Ahab” (v. 41) that is mentioned in reference to Jehoshaphat’s becoming king, does not count with it Ahab’s first year. And so you find in the majority of cases. Also, the year in which Jehoshaphat became king is not included in these seventeen years.  
53. He did what was bad in the eyes of the Lord. He went in the path of his father and the path of his mother, and in the path of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin.   נג. וַיַּעַשׂ הָרַע בְּעֵינֵי יְהֹוָה וַיֵּלֶךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ אָבִיו וּבְדֶרֶךְ אִמּוֹ וּבְדֶרֶךְ יָרָבְעָם בֶּן נְבָט אֲשֶׁר הֶחֱטִיא אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל:
54. He worshipped the Baal, he bowed to him and he provoked the Lord, God of Israel to anger, like all that his father had done.   נד. וַיַּעֲבֹד אֶת הַבַּעַל וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲוֶה לוֹ וַיַּכְעֵס אֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה אָבִיו:
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