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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 18

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 18

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 18

1. And it was [after] many days that the word of God came to Elijah in the third year saying, "Go, appear to Ahab and I will give rain upon the surface of the earth.   א. וַיְהִי יָמִים רַבִּים וּדְבַר יְהֹוָה הָיָה אֶל אֵלִיָּהוּ בַּשָּׁנָה הַשְּׁלִישִׁית לֵאמֹר לֵךְ הֵרָאֵה אֶל אַחְאָב וְאֶתְּנָה מָטָר עַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה:
2. And Elijah went to appear to Ahab. Now the famine was severe in the land.   ב. וַיֵּלֶךְ אֵלִיָּהוּ לְהֵרָאוֹת אֶל אַחְאָב וְהָרָעָב חָזָק בְּשֹׁמְרוֹן:
3. Ahab had called to Obadiah, who was over the household, and Obadiah feared of the Lord greatly.   ג. וַיִּקְרָא אַחְאָב אֶל עֹבַדְיָהוּ אֲשֶׁר עַל הַבָּיִת וְעֹבַדְיָהוּ הָיָה יָרֵא אֶת יְהֹוָה מְאֹד:
4. And it was when Jezebel cut off of the prophets of the Lord, that Obadiah took one hundred prophets and hid them fifty men in a cave, and he nourished them with bread and water.   ד. וַיְהִי בְּהַכְרִית אִיזֶבֶל אֵת נְבִיאֵי יְהֹוָה וַיִּקַּח עֹבַדְיָהוּ מֵאָה נְבִיאִים וַיַּחְבִּיאֵם חֲמִשִּׁים אִישׁ בַּמְּעָרָה וְכִלְכְּלָם לֶחֶם וָמָיִם:
And it was when Jezebel cut off: [Scripture] comes to tell [us] how Obadiah feared the Lord.  
fifty men in a cave: [i.e., fifty men in one cave] and fifty men in another cave.  
5. And Ahab said to Obadiah, "Go in the land to all the wells of water and to all the brooks, maybe we will find grass, and we will save the lives of horse and mule and we will not lose all our beasts.   ה. וַיֹּאמֶר אַחְאָב אֶל עֹבַדְיָהוּ לֵךְ בָּאָרֶץ אֶל כָּל מַעְיְנֵי הַמַּיִם וְאֶל כָּל הַנְּחָלִים אוּלַי | נִמְצָא חָצִיר וּנְחַיֶּה סוּס וָפֶרֶד וְלוֹא נַכְרִית מֵהַבְּהֵמָה:
and we will not lose all our beasts: all our beasts will not be cut off from us.  
6. They divided the land between them to pass through it; Ahab went on one way by himself and Obadiah went on one way by himself.   ו. וַיְחַלְּקוּ לָהֶם אֶת הָאָרֶץ לַעֲבָר בָּהּ אַחְאָב הָלַךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ אֶחָד לְבַדּוֹ וְעֹבַדְיָהוּ הָלַךְ בְּדֶרֶךְ אֶחָד לְבַדּוֹ:
7. Now Obadiah was on the road and behold Elijah was in front of him. He recognized him and fell on his face, and he said, "Is this you, my master, Elijah? "   ז. וַיְהִי עֹבַדְיָהוּ בַּדֶּרֶךְ וְהִנֵּה אֵלִיָּהוּ לִקְרָאתוֹ וַיַּכִּרֵהוּ וַיִּפֹּל עַל פָּנָיו וַיֹּאמֶר הַאַתָּה זֶה אֲדֹנִי אֵלִיָּהוּ:
8. And he said to him, "This is I Go and tell your master 'Here is Elijah.' "   ח. וַיֹּאמֶר לוֹ אָנִי לֵךְ אֱמֹר לַאדֹנֶיךָ הִנֵּה אֵלִיָּהוּ:
9. And he said, "What have I sinned that you have delivered your servant into the hands of Ahab to kill me?   ט. וַיֹּאמֶר מֶה חָטָאתִי כִּי אַתָּה נֹתֵן אֶת עַבְדְּךָ בְּיַד אַחְאָב לַהֲמִיתֵנִי:
to kill me: as he goes on to explain (v. 12) “And a wind from the Lord will carry you to a place I know not where.”  
10. As the Lord your God lives, if there is a nation or a kingdom where my master has not sent to search for you, and they have said, 'He is not there,' and he adjured the kingdom and nation that they did not find you.   י. חַי | יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אִם יֶשׁ גּוֹי וּמַמְלָכָה אֲשֶׁר לֹא שָׁלַח אֲדֹנִי שָׁם לְבַקֶּשְׁךָ וְאָמְרוּ אָיִן וְהִשְׁבִּיעַ אֶת הַמַּמְלָכָה וְאֶת הַגּוֹי כִּי לֹא יִמְצָאֶכָּה:
that they did not find you: [i.e., he made them swear] that the nation was unable to find you.  
11. And now you say, 'Go tell your master, Here is Elijah.'   יא. וְעַתָּה אַתָּה אֹמֵר לֵךְ אֱמֹר לַאדֹנֶיךָ הִנֵּה אֵלִיָּהוּ:
12. And it will be that I will go from here, and a wind from the Lord will carry you to [a place] I know not where, and I will come to tell Ahab, and he will not find you and he will kill me; yet your servant fears the Lord from my youth.   יב. וְהָיָה אֲנִי | אֵלֵךְ מֵאִתָּךְ וְרוּחַ יְהֹוָה | יִשָּׂאֲךָ עַל אֲשֶׁר לֹא אֵדָע וּבָאתִי לְהַגִּיד לְאַחְאָב וְלֹא יִמְצָאֲךָ וַהֲרָגָנִי וְעַבְדְּךָ יָרֵא אֶת יְהֹוָה מִנְּעֻרָי:
13. My master was surely told what I did when Jezebel killed all the prophets of the Lord. I hid one hundred men of the prophets of the Lord by fifty men in a cave, and provided them with bread and water.   יג. הֲלֹא הֻגַּד לַאדֹנִי אֵת אֲשֶׁר עָשִֹיתִי בַּהֲרֹג אִיזֶבֶל אֵת נְבִיאֵי יְהֹוָה וָאַחְבִּא מִנְּבִיאֵי יְהֹוָה מֵאָה אִישׁ חֲמִשִּׁים חֲמִשִּׁים אִישׁ בַּמְּעָרָה וָאֲכַלְכְּלֵם לֶחֶם וָמָיִם:
14. And now you say 'Go tell your master, "Here is Elijah" '; and he will kill me."   יד. וְעַתָּה אַתָּה אֹמֵר לֵךְ אֱמֹר לַאדֹנֶיךָ הִנֵּה אֵלִיָּהוּ וַהֲרָגָנִי:
15. And Elijah said, "As the Lord of Hosts before whom I have stood, lives, I will appear to him today."   טו. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ חַי יְהֹוָה צְבָאוֹת אֲשֶׁר עָמַדְתִּי לְפָנָיו כִּי הַיּוֹם אֵרָאֶה אֵלָיו:
16. And Obadiah went towards Ahab and he told him, and Ahab went towards Elijah.   טז. וַיֵּלֶךְ עֹבַדְיָהוּ לִקְרַאת אַחְאָב וַיַּגֶּד לוֹ וַיֵּלֶךְ אַחְאָב לִקְרַאת אֵלִיָּהוּ:
17. And it was when Ahab saw Elijah, that Ahab said to him, "Is this you, the one who brings trouble upon Israel?"   יז. וַיְהִי כִּרְאוֹת אַחְאָב אֶת אֵלִיָּהוּ וַיֹּאמֶר אַחְאָב אֵלָיו הַאַתָּה זֶה עֹכֵר יִשְׂרָאֵל:
18. And he said, "I have not brought trouble upon Israel, but you and your father's house, since you have forsaken the commandments of the Lord, and you went after the Baalim.   יח. וַיֹּאמֶר לֹא עָכַרְתִּי אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל כִּי אִם אַתָּה וּבֵית אָבִיךָ בַּעֲזָבְכֶם אֶת מִצְוֹת יְהֹוָה וַתֵּלֶךְ אַחֲרֵי הַבְּעָלִים:
19. And now, send and gather for me all of Israel to Mount Carmel, and the prophets of the Baal four hundred and fifty and the prophets of the Ashera four hundred who eat at Jezebel's table.   יט. וְעַתָּה שְׁלַח קְבֹץ אֵלַי אֶת כָּל יִשְׂרָאֵל אֶל הַר הַכַּרְמֶל וְאֶת נְבִיאֵי הַבַּעַל אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת וַחֲמִשִּׁים וּנְבִיאֵי הָאֲשֵׁרָה אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת אֹכְלֵי שֻׁלְחַן אִיזָבֶל:
20. And Ahab sent among all of the Children of Israel, and he gathered the prophets to Mount Carmel.   כ. וַיִּשְׁלַח אַחְאָב בְּכָל בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּקְבֹּץ אֶת הַנְּבִיאִים אֶל הַר הַכַּרְמֶל:
21. And Elijah drew near to all the people and said, "Until when are you hopping between two ideas? If the Lord is God, go after Him, and if the Baal, go after him." And the people did not answer him a word.   כא. וַיִּגַּשׁ אֵלִיָּהוּ אֶל כָּל הָעָם וַיֹּאמֶר עַד מָתַי אַתֶּם פֹּסְחִים עַל שְׁתֵּי הַסְּעִפִּים אִם יְהֹוָה הָאֱלֹהִים לְכוּ אַחֲרָיו וְאִם הַבַּעַל לְכוּ אַחֲרָיו וְלֹא עָנוּ הָעָם אֹתוֹ דָּבָר:
two ideas: two thoughts, for you do not know to decide who is God.  
and if the Baal: is God, go after him.  
And the people did not answer him a word: because they did not know to distinguish.  
22. And Elijah spoke to the people, "I have remained a prophet to the Lord by myself, and the prophets of the Baal are four hundred and fifty men.   כב. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ אֶל הָעָם אֲנִי נוֹתַרְתִּי נָבִיא לַיהֹוָה לְבַדִּי וּנְבִיאֵי הַבַּעַל אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת וַחֲמִשִּׁים אִישׁ:
23. And let them give us two bulls and let them choose one bull for themselves and cut it up and place it on the wood, but fire they shall not put, and I will prepare one bull, and I will put it on the wood, and fire will I not place.   כג. וְיִתְּנוּ לָנוּ שְׁנַיִם פָּרִים וְיִבְחֲרוּ לָהֶם הַפָּר הָאֶחָד וִינַתְּחֻהוּ וְיָשִֹימוּ עַל הָעֵצִים וְאֵשׁ לֹא יָשִֹימוּ וַאֲנִי אֶעֱשֶֹה | אֶת הַפָּר הָאֶחָד וְנָתַתִּי עַל הָעֵצִים וְאֵשׁ לֹא אָשִֹים:
24. And you will call in the name of your deity, and I will call in the name of the Lord, and it will be the God that will answer with fire, he is God." And all of the people answered and said, "The thing is good."   כד. וּקְרָאתֶם בְּשֵׁם אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וַאֲנִי אֶקְרָא בְשֵׁם יְהֹוָה וְהָיָה הָאֱלֹהִים אֲשֶׁר יַעֲנֶה בָאֵשׁ הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים וַיַּעַן כָּל הָעָם וַיֹּאמְרוּ טוֹב הַדָּבָר:
25. And Elijah said to the prophets of the Baal, "Choose for yourselves the one bull and prepare it first since you are the majority, and call in the name of your deity, and fire place not."   כה. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ לִנְבִיאֵי הַבַּעַל בַּחֲרוּ לָכֶם הַפָּר הָאֶחָד וַעֲשּׂוּ רִאשֹׁנָה כִּי אַתֶּם הָרַבִּים וְקִרְאוּ בְּשֵׁם אֱלֹהֵיכֶם וְאֵשׁ לֹא תָשִֹימוּ:
26. They took the bull that he gave them and prepared [it]. And they called in the name of the Baal from the morning until noon, saying, "O Baal, answer us!" But there was no voice and no answer, and they hopped on the altar that they had made.   כו. וַיִּקְחוּ אֶת הַפָּר אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לָהֶם וַיַּעֲשׂוּ וַיִּקְרְאוּ בְשֵׁם הַבַּעַל מֵהַבֹּקֶר וְעַד הַצָּהֳרַיִם לֵאמֹר הַבַּעַל עֲנֵנוּ וְאֵין קוֹל וְאֵין עֹנֶה וַיְפַסְּחוּ עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֲשֶׁר עָשָֹה:
that he gave them: For he slipped away from them lest he be offered to the idol. He escaped under the skirt of Elijah’s cloak. He said to him, Go! Through both of you the Omnipresent will be sanctified.  
and they hopped on the altar that they had made: Jonathan renders: And they raved. They were dancing according to their custom, on their altars.  
and they hopped: Heb. ויפסחו, like ויפסעו, and they stepped.  
27. And it was at noon that Elijah scoffed at them, and he said, "Call with a loud voice, for he is a god. [Perhaps] he is talking or he is pursuing [enemies] or he is on a journey; perhaps he is sleeping and will awaken.   כז. וַיְהִי בַצָּהֳרַיִם וַיְהַתֵּל בָּהֶם אֵלִיָּהוּ וַיֹּאמֶר קִרְאוּ בְקוֹל גָּדוֹל כִּי אֱלֹהִים הוּא כִּי שִֹיחַ וְכִי שִֹיג לוֹ וְכִי דֶרֶךְ לוֹ אוּלַי יָשֵׁן הוּא וְיִקָץ:
for he is a god: for you say he is one to be feared.  
Perhaps he is talking or he is pursuing: Perhaps he is having a conference with his advisors now, or he is overtaking and pursuing his enemies in war.  
or he is on a journey: to the water closet.  
28. And they called with a loud voice and gashed themselves as was their custom, with swords and lances, until blood gushed on them.   כח. וַיִּקְרְאוּ בְּקוֹל גָּדוֹל וַיִּתְגֹּדְדוּ כְּמִשְׁפָּטָם בַּחֲרָבוֹת וּבָרְמָחִים עַד שְׁפָךְ דָּם עֲלֵיהֶם:
and gashed themselves: an expression of tearing [the flesh] with an instrument. Such was their custom.  
29. And as the afternoon passed and they feined to prophesy until the time of the sacrifice of the [evening] offering, and there was no voice and no answer and no one was listening.   כט. וַיְהִי כַּעֲבֹר הַצָּהֳרַיִם וַיִּתְנַבְּאוּ עַד לַעֲלוֹת הַמִּנְחָה וְאֵין קוֹל וְאֵין עֹנֶה וְאֵין קָשֶׁב:
and they feigned to prophesy: and they raved.  
30. And Elijah said to all the people, "Come near to me," and all the people came near to him and he repaired the torn down altar of the Lord.   ל. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ לְכָל הָעָם גְּשׁוּ אֵלַי וַיִּגְּשׁוּ כָל הָעָם אֵלָיו וַיְרַפֵּא אֶת מִזְבַּח יְהֹוָה הֶהָרוּס:
and he repaired the torn down altar of the Lord: He built an altar and reminded Israel that the altar of the Lord should enter their thoughts and should be spoken of with fluency, for it was torn down and destroyed and its name and its mention had ceased from the mouth of all the ten tribes. Thus I heard its simple interpretation. And its Midrashic interpretation I have heard, that Saul built an altar on Mt. Carmel. That is what [Scripture means when] it states: (I Sam. 15:12) “Saul has come to Carmel, and behold, he is setting up a place,” and there (Gen. 33:20) it says: “And he set up an altar there.” [By a gezerah shavah, analogous expression, we deduce that Saul too, set up an altar]. And the kings of Israel tore down all the altars and high places in their land that were made in the name of Heaven, and Elijah built this altar of Saul that was torn down.  
31. Elijah took twelve stones, corresponding to the number of the tribes of the sons of Jacob, to whom the word of the Lord came, saying, "Israel shall be your name."   לא. וַיִּקַּח אֵלִיָּהוּ שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה אֲבָנִים כְּמִסְפַּר שִׁבְטֵי בְנֵי יַעֲקֹב אֲשֶׁר הָיָה דְבַר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו לֵאמֹר יִשְׂרָאֵל יִהְיֶה שְׁמֶךָ:
to whom the word of the Lord came, saying, “Israel shall be your name.”: Why is this stated here? Because on the day that the Shechinah was revealed to Jacob in Bethel and called him Israel, on that day He said to him, “A nation and a congregation of nations will be from you” (Gen. 35:11). Your children are destined to congregate like other nations and build an altar to burn sacrifices on it during the time when the high places are proscribed. Nevertheless, I will consent to it (Gen. Rabbah 82:6).  
32. He built the stones into an altar in the name of the Lord and he made a trench as great as would contain two se'ah of seed, around the altar.   לב. וַיִּבְנֶה אֶת הָאֲבָנִים מִזְבֵּחַ בְּשֵׁם יְהֹוָה וַיַּעַשׂ תְּעָלָה כְּבֵית סָאתַיִם זֶרַע סָבִיב לַמִּזְבֵּחַ:
a trench: fosse in French.  
as great as would contain two se’ah: Its width was as great as to hold two se’ah, one hundred cubits by fifty cubits like the court of the mishkan.  
33. And he arranged the wood, and he cut up the bull and placed [it] upon the wood. And he said, "Fill me four pitchers of water and pour them on the burnt-offerings and on the wood."   לג. וַיַּעֲרֹךְ אֶת הָעֵצִים וַיְנַתַּח אֶת הַפָּר וַיָּשֶׂם עַל הָעֵצִים:
34. And he said, "Repeat it," and they repeated it. And he said, "Do it a third time," and they did it a third time.   לד. וַיֹּאמֶר מִלְאוּ אַרְבָּעָה כַדִּים מַיִם וְיִצְקוּ עַל הָעֹלָה וְעַל הָעֵצִים וַיֹּאמֶר שְׁנוּ וַיִּשְׁנוּ וַיֹּאמֶר שַׁלֵּשׁוּ וַיְשַׁלֵּשׁוּ:
pitchers of water: to make the miracle greater.  
and pour: Elisha poured on his hands, and his fingers became like springs, and the trench became full. This is the meaning of what is stated (II Kings 3:11): “Here is Elisha the son of Shaphat who poured water on Elijah’s hands, and a miracle took place with the water through him.” He is fit that a miracle should take place with water through him.  
35. And the water went around the altar, and also the trench he filled with water.   לה. וַיֵּלְכוּ הַמַּיִם סָבִיב לַמִּזְבֵּחַ וְגַם אֶת הַתְּעָלָה מִלֵּא מָיִם:
36. And it was when the evening sacrifice was offered that Elijah the prophet came near and said, "Lord, the God of Abraham, Isaac and Israel, today let it be known that You are God in Israel and that I am Your servant, and at Your word have I done all these things.   לו. וַיְהִי | בַּעֲלוֹת הַמִּנְחָה וַיִּגַּשׁ אֵלִיָּהוּ הַנָּבִיא וַיֹּאמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי אַבְרָהָם יִצְחָק וְיִשְׂרָאֵל הַיּוֹם יִוָּדַע כִּי אַתָּה אֱלֹהִים בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל וַאֲנִי עַבְדֶּךָ וּבִדְבָרְךָ עָשִֹיתִי אֵת כָּל הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה:
and at Your word I have done: that I sacrificed on a high place at the time of the prohibition of high places.  
37. Answer me, O Lord, answer me, and this people shall know that You are the Lord God, and You have turned their hearts backwards."   לז. עֲנֵנִי יְהֹוָה עֲנֵנִי וְיֵדְעוּ הָעָם הַזֶּה כִּי אַתָּה יְהֹוָה הָאֱלֹהִים וְאַתָּה הֲסִבֹּתָ אֶת לִבָּם אֲחֹרַנִּית:
Answer me, O Lord, Answer me: Answer me with fire, answer me with rain. So did Jonathan render this. Our Rabbis, however, said: Answer me with fire, answer me that they do not say that these deeds were accomplished by sorcery.  
shall know that You are the Lord: and I am Your servant, and when You send me to bring them tidings [of the forthcoming redemption], they will believe me if You answer me today.  
and You have turned their hearts backwards: You have given them a place to turn away from following You, although You were able to direct their hearts toward You. And according to Midrash Agadah, if You do not answer me, I will deny and say, You turned their hearts. And so did Moses say (Num. 16:29), “If these people die the death of all men, I, too, will deny and I will say that the Lord did not send me to speak [the words of] the Torah and the commandments,” and so said Micaiah (below 22:28), “If you return safely, God did not speak through me.”  
38. And the fire of the Lord fell and consumed the burnt offerings and the wood and the stones and the earth, and the water which was in the trench it licked up.   לח. וַתִּפֹּל אֵשׁ יְהֹוָה וַתֹּאכַל אֶת הָעֹלָה וְאֶת הָעֵצִים וְאֶת הָאֲבָנִים וְאֶת הֶעָפָר וְאֶת הַמַּיִם אֲשֶׁר בַּתְּעָלָה לִחֵכָה:
39. And all the people saw and fell on their faces, and they said, "The Lord is God, the Lord is God."   לט. וַיַּרְא כָּל הָעָם וַיִּפְּלוּ עַל פְּנֵיהֶם וַיֹּאמְרוּ יְהֹוָה הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים יְהֹוָה הוּא הָאֱלֹהִים:
The Lord is God: and the Baal is not God.  
40. Elijah said to them, "Seize the prophets of the Baal; let no one of them escape." And they seized them. Elijah took them down the brook Kishon and slew them there.   מ. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ לָהֶם תִּפְשֹוּ | אֶת נְבִיאֵי הַבַּעַל אִישׁ אַל יִמָּלֵט מֵהֶם וַיִּתְפְּשֹוּם וַיּוֹרִדֵם אֵלִיָּהוּ אֶל נַחַל קִישׁוֹן וַיִּשְׁחָטֵם שָׁם:
41. And Elijah said to Ahab, "Go up, eat and drink, for now you will hear the rumbling sound of the rain.   מא. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ לְאַחְאָב עֲלֵה אֱכֹל וּשְׁתֵה כִּי קוֹל הֲמוֹן הַגָּשֶׁם:
42. And Ahab went up to eat and drink. Elijah went up to the top of Mt. Carmel and crouched on the ground, and he put his head between his knees.   מב. וַיַּעֲלֶה אַחְאָב לֶאֱכֹל וְלִשְׁתּוֹת וְאֵלִיָּהוּ עָלָה אֶל רֹאשׁ הַכַּרְמֶל וַיִּגְהַר אַרְצָה וַיָּשֶׂם פָּנָיו בֵּין בִּרְכָּיו:
and he crouched on the ground: And he crouched on the ground to pray for rain.  
43. And he said to his servant, "Please go up and look toward the sea." And he went up and looked, and he said, "There is nothing." And he said, "Go again" seven times.   מג. וַיֹּאמֶר אֶל נַעֲרוֹ עֲלֵה נָא הַבֵּט דֶּרֶךְ יָם וַיַּעַל וַיַּבֵּט וַיֹּאמֶר אֵין מְאוּמָה וַיֹּאמֶר שֻׁב שֶׁבַע פְּעָמִים:
toward the sea: If you see a cloud ascending from the sea.  
44. And it was on the seventh time, that he said, "There is a cloud as small as a man's palm, rising from the sea." And he said, "Go up, say to Ahab, "Hitch up [the horses to the chariot] and descend, lest the rain stop you."   מד. וַיְהִי בַּשְּׁבִעִית וַיֹּאמֶר הִנֵּה עָב קְטַנָּה כְּכַף אִישׁ עֹלָה מִיָּם וַיֹּאמֶר עֲלֵה אֱמֹר אֶל אַחְאָב אֱסֹר וָרֵד וְלֹא יַעַצָרְכָה הַגָּשֶׁם:
Hitch up and descend: Hitch up your chariots and descend quickly from Mt. Carmel, to return to your house, lest the rain oppress you on the way.  
45. Meanwhile, the heavens grew dark with clouds and wind, and there was a heavy rain; and Ahab rode and went to Jezreel.   מה. וַיְהִי | עַד כֹּה וְעַד כֹּה וְהַשָּׁמַיִם הִתְקַדְּרוּ עָבִים וְרוּחַ וַיְהִי גֶּשֶׁם גָּדוֹל וַיִּרְכַּב אַחְאָב וַיֵּלֶךְ יִזְרְעֶאלָה:
Meanwhile: While the messenger went, and while he hitched up the chariot, the heavens grew dark.  
46. And a spirit of strength from the Lord was with Elijah, and he girded his loins and ran before Ahab until coming to Jezreel.   מו. וְיַד יְהֹוָה הָיְתָה אֶל אֵלִיָּהוּ וַיְשַׁנֵּס מָתְנָיו וַיָּרָץ לִפְנֵי אַחְאָב עַד בֹּאֲכָה יִזְרְעֶאלָה:
And a spirit of strength from the Lord: A spirit of strength from before the Lord. He became invested with strength to run before the chariot on foot, so that Ahab would not go alone, for he paid regards to royalty.  
and he girded his loins: Heb. וישנס, like ויאזר, yet there is no similar word [in the Bible], and even this one came only to teach us an expression of quickness, i.e., he was as quick as a strong man.  
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