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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 17

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 17

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 17

1. And Elijah the Tishbite of the settlers of Gilead said to Ahab, "As the Lord, the God of Israel, whom I serve, lives, if there will be during these years dew or rain except according to my word."   א. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ הַתִּשְׁבִּי מִתֹּשָׁבֵי גִלְעָד אֶל אַחְאָב חַי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל אֲשֶׁר עָמַדְתִּי לְפָנָיו אִם יִהְיֶה הַשָּׁנִים הָאֵלֶּה טַל וּמָטָר כִּי אִם לְפִי דְבָרִי:
And Elijah the Tishbite: from a land named Toshav.  
As the Lord… lives: Why was this placed here? For Elijah and Ahab went to console Hiel in his mourning. Said Ahab to Elijah, Is it possible that the disciple’s curse was fulfilled while Moses our teacher’s curse was not fulfilled, as it is said: (Deut. 11:15) “And you will turn and worship other gods, and bow down to them, the Lord’s wrath will be kindled against you, and He will shut up the heaven.” Now, all Israel are worshipping idols, and the rains are not being withheld. Immediately, Elijah… said…  
2. And the word of the Lord came to him saying.   ב. וַיְהִי דְבַר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו לֵאמֹר:
3. "Go from here and you shall turn eastward and hide in the brook of Cherith, which is before the Jordan.   ג. לֵךְ מִזֶּה וּפָנִיתָ לְּךָ קֵדְמָה וְנִסְתַּרְתָּ בְּנַחַל כְּרִית אֲשֶׁר עַל פְּנֵי הַיַּרְדֵּן:
and hide: from Ahab and Jezebel.  
4. And it shall be from the brook you shall drink and I have commanded the ravens to feed you there.   ד. וְהָיָה מֵהַנַּחַל תִּשְׁתֶּה וְאֶת הָעֹרְבִים צִוִּיתִי לְכַלְכֶּלְךָ שָׁם:
5. He went and did as the word of the Lord, and he went and resided in the Brook of Cherith which is before the Jordan.   ה. וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיַּעַשׂ כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה וַיֵּלֶךְ וַיֵּשֶׁב בְּנַחַל כְּרִית אֲשֶׁר עַל פְּנֵי הַיַּרְדֵּן:
6. And the ravens brought him bread and meat in the morning and bread and meat in the evening, and from the brook did he drink.   ו. וְהָעֹרְבִים מְבִיאִים לוֹ לֶחֶם וּבָשָׂר בַּבֹּקֶר וְלֶחֶם וּבָשָֹר בָּעָרֶב וּמִן הַנַּחַל יִשְׁתֶּה:
7. And it came to pass after a time that the brook dried up because there was no rain in the land.   ז. וַיְהִי מִקֵּץ יָמִים וַיִּיבַשׁ הַנָּחַל כִּי לֹא הָיָה גֶשֶׁם בָּאָרֶץ:
the brook dried up: in order that that he know the necessity of rain and trouble himself to go into exile, for it was displeasing to the Holy One, Blessed be He, that Israel should live in hunger.  
8. And the word of the Lord came to him saying.   ח. וַיְהִי דְבַר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו לֵאמֹר:
9. "Arise, go to Zarephath which belongs to Zidon and sojourn there. Behold I have commanded a widow there to feed you."   ט. קוּם לֵךְ צָרְפָתָּה אֲשֶׁר לְצִידוֹן וְיָשַׁבְתָּ שָׁם הִנֵּה צִוִּיתִי שָׁם אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה לְכַלְכְּלֶךָ:
to Zarephath: the name of a city.  
Behold I have commanded there: in My household that a widow shall feed you there.  
10. And he rose and went to Zarephath, and he came to the entrance of the city, and behold there was a widow gathering wood. He called her and said, "Please take to me a little water in a vessel and I shall drink."   י. וַיָּקָם | וַיֵּלֶךְ צָרְפַתָּה וַיָּבֹא אֶל פֶּתַח הָעִיר וְהִנֵּה שָׁם אִשָּׁה אַלְמָנָה מְקשֶׁשֶׁת עֵצִים וַיִּקְרָא אֵלֶיהָ וַיֹּאמַר קְחִי נָא לִי מְעַט מַיִם בַּכְּלִי וְאֶשְׁתֶּה:
Please take to me a little water: He did not recognize the widow concerning whom the Holy One, Blessed be He, had told him. He learned from Eliezer, the servant of Abraham, (Gen. 24:15), and said, The one who gives me water is the widow.  
11. And she went to take, and he called her and said, "Take to me a morsel of bread in your hand."   יא. וַתֵּלֶךְ לָקַחַת וַיִּקְרָא אֵלֶיהָ וַיֹּאמַר לִקְחִי נָא לִי פַּת לֶחֶם בְּיָדֵךְ:
12. And she said, "As the Lord your God lives, if I have a cake, [nothing] but a handful of flour and a little oil in a flask. Behold, I am gathering two pieces of wood and I will come and make this for myself and for my son, and we will eat it, and we will die."   יב. וַתֹּאמֶר חַי יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֶיךָ אִם יֶשׁ לִי מָעוֹג כִּי אִם מְלֹא כַף קֶמַח בַּכַּד וּמְעַט שֶׁמֶן בַּצַּפָּחַת וְהִנְנִי מְקשֶׁשֶׁת שְׁנַיִם עֵצִים וּבָאתִי וַעֲשִׂיתִיהוּ לִי וְלִבְנִי וַאֲכַלְנֻהוּ וָמָתְנוּ:
a cake: Heb. מעוג [like עוגה, a cake].  
[nothing] but a handful: Jonathan rendered: the palm of a handful.  
in a flask: bouteille in French, [a bottle,] as it is stated regarding Saul, “the jug (צפחת) of water that was at his head” (I Sam. 26:16).  
and we will die: From then on, we will die of hunger.  
13. Elijah said to her, "Do not fear. Come and do as you said, but first make for me a small cake from there and bring it out to me, and for you and your son make last.   יג. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ אֵלִיָּהוּ אַל תִּירְאִי בֹּאִי עֲשִֹי כִדְבָרֵךְ אַךְ עֲשִׂי לִי מִשָּׁם עֻגָה קְטַנָּה בָרִאשֹׁנָה וְהוֹצֵאת לִי וְלָךְ וְלִבְנֵךְ תַּעֲשִֹי בָּאַחֲרֹנָה:
but first make for me a small cake: There is a Midrash Agadah in Gen. Rabbah (why he wanted his cake first) on the verse: “And Leah said, ” Good fortune has come" (Gen. 30: 11).  
14. For thus has spoken the Lord, the God of Israel, 'The pitcher of flour shall not end nor will the flask of oil be diminished until the day the Lord gives rain upon the land.' "   יד. כִּי כֹה אָמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל כַּד הַקֶּמַח לֹא תִכְלָה וְצַפַּחַת הַשֶּׁמֶן לֹא תֶחְסָר עַד יוֹם תֵּת יְהֹוָה גֶּשֶׁם עַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה:
15. She went and did as Elijah had said, and she and he and her household ate [many] days.   טו. וַתֵּלֶךְ וַתַּעֲשֶֹה כִּדְבַר אֵלִיָּהוּ וַתֹּאכַל הִיא וָהוּא וּבֵיתָהּ יָמִים:
16. The pitcher of flour did not end neither did the flask of oil diminish as the word of the Lord which He had spoken through Elijah.   טז. כַּד הַקֶּמַח לֹא כָלָתָה וְצַפַּחַת הַשֶּׁמֶן לֹא חָסֵר כִּדְבַר יְהֹוָה אֲשֶׁר דִּבֶּר בְּיַד אֵלִיָּהוּ:
17. And it was after these happenings, that the son of the woman, the mistress of the house, became ill; and his illness was very serious until no soul was left within him.   יז. וַיְהִי אַחַר הַדְּבָרִים הָאֵלֶּה חָלָה בֶּן הָאִשָּׁה בַּעֲלַת הַבָּיִת וַיְהִי חָלְיוֹ חָזָק מְאֹד עַד אֲשֶׁר לֹא נוֹתְרָה בּוֹ נְשָׁמָה:
the son of the woman: became ill in order that he should need the key of Resurrection of the dead, as it is stated at the end of the Agadah of chapter Chelek (San. 113a).  
18. And she said to Elijah, "What is there between me and you, man of God, that you have come to me to cause my sins to be remembered and to kill my son?"   יח. וַתֹּאמֶר אֶל אֵלִיָּהוּ מַה לִּי וָלָךְ אִישׁ הָאֱלֹהִים בָּאתָ אֵלַי לְהַזְכִּיר אֶת עֲו‍ֹנִי וּלְהָמִית אֶת בְּנִי:
to cause my sin to be remembered: Before you came, the Heavenly Tribunal would weigh my deeds and the deeds of the people of my city, and I was worthy of a miracle. Since you have come, here, I am not counted as anything since my righteousness is not noticeable And similarly, concerning Lot Scripture states: “And I am not able to flee to the mountain” (Gen. 19:19) to Abraham, for my merit will not be remembered in comparison to his.  
19. And he said to her, "Give me your son." And she took him from her bosom, and she brought him up to the upstairs chamber where he was living, and he lay him on his bed.   יט. וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלֶיהָ תְּנִי לִי אֶת בְּנֵךְ וַיִּקָּחֵהוּ מֵחֵיקָהּ וַיַּעֲלֵהוּ אֶל הָעֲלִיָּה אֲשֶׁר הוּא ישֵׁב שָׁם וַיַּשְׁכִּבֵהוּ עַל מִטָּתוֹ:
20. And he called to the Lord and said, "O Lord my God, also on the widow with whom I am sojourning have You brought evil, to kill her son?"   כ. וַיִּקְרָא אֶל יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָי הֲגַם עַל הָאַלְמָנָה אֲשֶׁר אֲנִי מִתְגּוֹרֵר עִמָּהּ הֲרֵעוֹתָ לְהָמִית אֶת בְּנָהּ:
21. And he prostrated himself on the boy three times, and he called to the Lord and said, "O Lord, my God, restore please the soul of this child within him."   כא. וַיִּתְמֹדֵד עַל הַיֶּלֶד שָׁלשׁ פְּעָמִים וַיִּקְרָא אֶל יְהֹוָה וַיֹּאמַר יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהָי תָּשָׁב נָא נֶפֶשׁ הַיֶּלֶד הַזֶּה עַל קִרְבּוֹ:
And he prostrated himself: Heb. ויתמודד, from an expression of מדה, a measure, i.e., he prostrated himself upon him.  
22. And the Lord hearkened to the voice of Elijah and the child's soul returned within him, and he lived.   כב. וַיִּשְׁמַע יְהֹוָה בְּקוֹל אֵלִיָּהוּ וַתָּשָׁב נֶפֶשׁ הַיֶּלֶד עַל קִרְבּוֹ וַיֶּחִי:
23. And Elijah took the child and he brought him down from the upstairs chamber to the house, and he gave him to his mother. And Elijah said, "See, your son is alive."   כג. וַיִּקַּח אֵלִיָּהוּ אֶת הַיֶּלֶד וַיֹּרִדֵהוּ מִן הָעֲלִיָּה הַבַּיְתָה וַיִּתְּנֵהוּ לְאִמּוֹ וַיֹּאמֶר אֵלִיָּהוּ רְאִי חַי בְּנֵךְ:
24. And the woman said to Elijah, "Now I know that you are a Man of God and the word of the Lord that is in your mouth, is true."   כד. וַתֹּאמֶר הָאִשָּׁה אֶל אֵלִיָּהוּ עַתָּה זֶה יָדַעְתִּי כִּי אִישׁ אֱלֹהִים אָתָּה וּדְבַר יְהֹוָה בְּפִיךָ אֱמֶת:
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