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The Complete Jewish Bible with Rashi Commentary
   

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 9

Melachim I - I Kings - Chapter 9

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Rashi's Commentary:

Chapter 9

1. And it was when Solomon had finished building the Temple of the Lord and the King's palace and all Solomon's desire that he wished to make.   א. וַיְהִי כְּכַלּוֹת שְׁלֹמֹה לִבְנוֹת אֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה וְאֶת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ וְאֵת כָּל חֵשֶׁק שְׁלֹמֹה אֲשֶׁר חָפֵץ לַעֲשֹוֹת:
2. The Lord appeared to Solomon a second time as He had appeared to him in Gibeon.   ב. וַיֵּרָא יְהֹוָה אֶל שְׁלֹמֹה שֵׁנִית כַּאֲשֶׁר נִרְאָה אֵלָיו בְּגִבְעוֹן:
3. And the Lord spoke to him: "I have heard your prayer and your petition, which you have petitioned before Me. I have consecrated this Temple which you have built to place My name there forever, and My eyes and My heart shall be there at all times.   ג. וַיֹּאמֶר יְהֹוָה אֵלָיו שָׁמַעְתִּי אֶת תְּפִלָּתְךָ וְאֶת תְּחִנָּתְךָ אֲשֶׁר הִתְחַנַּנְתָּה לְפָנַי הִקְדַּשְׁתִּי אֶת הַבַּיִת הַזֶּה אֲשֶׁר בָּנִתָה לָשֹוּם שְׁמִי שָׁם עַד עוֹלָם וְהָיוּ עֵינַי וְלִבִּי שָׁם כָּל הַיָּמִים:
and My eyes and My heart shall be there at all times: Jonathan rendered: And My Shechinah shall dwell there if My will is done.  
And My eyes and My heart shall be there: if My heart and My will are there.  
4. As for You, if you go before Me, as David your father went wholeheartedly and with uprightness to do in accordance with all that I have commanded you [and] you will keep My statutes and laws.   ד. וְאַתָּה אִם תֵּלֵךְ לְפָנַי כַּאֲשֶׁר הָלַךְ דָּוִד אָבִיךָ בְּתָם לֵבָב וּבְישֶׁר לַעֲשֹוֹת כְּכֹל אֲשֶׁר צִוִּיתִיךָ חֻקַּי וּמִשְׁפָּטַי תִּשְׁמֹר:
5. I will establish the throne of your kingdom over Israel forever as I have spoken to David your father, saying: A man will not fail you upon the throne of Israel.   ה. וַהֲקִמֹתִי אֶת כִּסֵּא מַמְלַכְתְּךָ עַל יִשְׂרָאֵל לְעֹלָם כַּאֲשֶׁר דִּבַּרְתִּי עַל דָּוִד אָבִיךָ לֵאמֹר לֹא יִכָּרֵת לְךָ אִישׁ מֵעַל כִּסֵּא יִשְׂרָאֵל:
6. But if you and your children turn away from following Me, and you will not adhere to My commandments and My statutes, which I have placed before you, but go and worship other gods and bow before them.   ו. אִם שׁוֹב תְּשֻׁבוּן אַתֶּם וּבְנֵיכֶם מֵאַחֲרַי וְלֹא תִשְׁמְרוּ מִצְו‍ֹתַי חֻקֹּתַי אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לִפְנֵיכֶם וַהֲלַכְתֶּם וַעֲבַדְתֶּם אֱלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וְהִשְׁתַּחֲוִיתֶם לָהֶם:
7. Then I will cut Israel off, from the land which I have given to them, and this house which I have made sacrosanct for My Name will I dismiss from My presence, and Israel shall be for a proverb and a byword among all nations.   ז. וְהִכְרַתִּי אֶת יִשְׂרָאֵל מֵעַל פְּנֵי הָאֲדָמָה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתִּי לָהֶם וְאֶת הַבַּיִת אֲשֶׁר הִקְדַּשְׁתִּי לִשְׁמִי אֲשַׁלַּח מֵעַל פָּנָי וְהָיָה יִשְׂרָאֵל לְמָשָׁל וְלִשְׁנִינָה בְּכָל הָעַמִּים:
and this house which I have made sacrosanct for My Name: There is a condition between Me and You, “If you heed not…” What is stated there? “I shall make desolate your sanctuaries” (Lev. 26:31).  
and a byword: As the Targum renders: וּלְשׁוּעִי and for a topic of conversation. They will tell [about the] evils [that] have befallen them and will scoff at them. Just as וַיְסַפֵּר“and he told” (Gen. 37:9) the Targum renders וְאִשְׁתָּעֵי. The expression שְׁנִינָה too is an expression of speech, as in וְשִׁנַּנְתָּם לְבָנֶי “And you shall repeat them to your children” (Deut. 5:7).  
8. And this Temple [which] is exalted, [shall become forlorn] and every passerby shall be astounded and will hiss, and they will say: "Why has the Lord done this to this country and to this Temple?"   ח. וְהַבַּיִת הַזֶּה יִהְיֶה עֶלְיוֹן כָּל עֹבֵר עָלָיו יִשֹּׁם וְשָׁרָק וְאָמְרוּ עַל מֶה עָשָֹה יְהֹוָה כָּכָה לָאָרֶץ הַזֹּאת וְלַבַּיִת הַזֶּה:
And this house will be exalted: as long as you have not sinned. And from the time you will sin, every passerby will be astounded and will hiss. And so it is written in Chron II 7:21: “And this house that was exalted by everyone who passed by it…” And this is its interpretation: And this house that was exalted and revered even by the gentiles, as is stated above: “And also to the gentile who is not of Your people…” (Chron. II 6:32), now in its destruction, everyone who passes by it, even the gentiles, will be astounded and will hiss, and will say that the Jews’ sins were the cause.  
will be astounded: יִשֹּׁם in Heb. will wonder, like “… and your enemies will wonder (ושממו) about it.” (Lev. 25:32. Also, “Concerning his day the later ones will wonder (נשמו) ” (Job 18:20).  
and will hiss: siffler in French. Such is the habit of anyone who suddenly sees desolation, to hiss.  
9. They will be told, "Because they abandoned the Lord, their God, Who delivered their forefathers out of the Land of Egypt; and took hold of other gods and bowed to them and served them. Therefore, has the Lord brought all this retribution upon them. "   ט. וְאָמְרוּ עַל אֲשֶׁר עָזְבוּ אֶת יְהֹוָה אֱלֹהֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר הוֹצִיא אֶת אֲבֹתָם מֵאֶרֶץ מִצְרַיִם וַיַּחֲזִקוּ בֵּאלֹהִים אֲחֵרִים וַיִּשְׁתַּחֲווּ לָהֶם וַיַּעַבְדֻם עַל כֵּן הֵבִיא יְהֹוָה עֲלֵיהֶם אֵת כָּל הָרָעָה הַזֹּאת:
10. And it was at the end of twenty years during which Solomon had built the two houses, the Temple of the Lord and the King's house.   י. וַיְהִי מִקְצֵה עֶשְׂרִים שָׁנָה אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת שְׁנֵי הַבָּתִּים אֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה וְאֶת בֵּית הַמֶּלֶךְ:
Twenty years: i.e., seven years for the Temple, and thirteen years for his own palace, as mentioned above 6:38, 7:1.  
11. Hiram, the king of Tyre, had supplied Solomon with cedar wood, and with cypress wood, and with gold, as according to all his wishes, then king Solomon gave Hiram in return twenty cities in the land of Galilee.   יא. חִירָם מֶלֶךְ צֹר נִשָּׂא אֶת שְׁלֹמֹה בַּעֲצֵי אֲרָזִים וּבַעֲצֵי בְרוֹשִׁים וּבַזָּהָב לְכָל חֶפְצוֹ אָז יִתֵּן הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה לְחִירָם עֶשְׂרִים עִיר בְּאֶרֶץ הַגָּלִיל:
had supplied Solomon: An expression of bearing, i.e., he bore his burden in this matter.  
12. And Hiram left Tyre to see the cities that Solomon had given him, and they did not please him.   יב. וַיֵּצֵא חִירָם מִצֹּר לִרְאוֹת אֶת הֶעָרִים אֲשֶׁר נָתַן לוֹ שְׁלֹמֹה וְלֹא יָשְׁרוּ בְּעֵינָיו:
13. And he said: "What are these cities that you have given me, my brother?" And he called them the land of Cabul, which they are called to this day.   יג. וַיֹּאמֶר מָה הֶעָרִים הָאֵלֶּה אֲשֶׁר נָתַתָּה לִּי אָחִי וַיִּקְרָא לָהֶם אֶרֶץ כָּבוּל עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
the land of Cabul: A land of chains; i.e., a muddy land into which the foot sinks and is entrapped.  
14. And Hiram sent to the king one hundred and twenty talents of gold.   יד. וַיִּשְׁלַח חִירָם לַמֶּלֶךְ מֵאָה וְעֶשְׂרִים כִּכַּר זָהָב:
15. And this is the matter of the tax levy which king Solomon raised; to build the Temple of the Lord, and his own house and the Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem and Hazor and Megiddo and Gezer.   טו. וְזֶה דְבַר הַמַּס אֲשֶׁר הֶעֱלָה | הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה לִבְנוֹת אֶת בֵּית יְהֹוָה וְאֶת בֵּיתוֹ וְאֶת הַמִּלּוֹא וְאֵת חוֹמַת יְרוּשָׁלָםִ וְאֶת חָצֹר וְאֶת מְגִדּוֹ וְאֶת גָּזֶר:
And this is the matter of the tax levy: delineated at the end of this topic (below v. 20- 21).“All the remaining people… of them did Solomon raise a levy of forced labor.” This tax levy was to build therewith all these [structures].  
and the Millo: Heb. מלוא, a place that was in Jerusalem, in the city of David, that was called Millo, since it was enclosed by a low wall and was filled (מלא) with dirt.  
16. Pharaoh, king of Egypt, had gone up and conquered Gezer and burnt it with fire, and slayed the Canaanites who inhabited the city; and he gave it as a gift to his daughter, Solomon's wife.   טז. פַּרְעֹה מֶלֶךְ מִצְרַיִם עָלָה וַיִּלְכֹּד אֶת גֶּזֶר וַיִּשְׂרְפָהּ בָּאֵשׁ וְאֶת הַכְּנַעֲנִי הַיֹּשֵׁב בָּעִיר הָרָג וַיִּתְּנָהּ שִׁלֻּחִים לְבִתּוֹ אֵשֶׁת שְׁלֹמֹה:
a gift: a dowry.  
17. And Solomon built Gezer and the lower Beth-horon.   יז. וַיִּבֶן שְׁלֹמֹה אֶת גָּזֶר וְאֶת בֵּית חֹרֹן תַּחְתּוֹן:
18. And Baalath and Tadmor in the desert in the land.   יח. וְאֶת בַּעֲלָת וְאֶת תַּדְמֹר בַּמִּדְבָּר בָּאָרֶץ:
And Tadmor in the desert in the land: near civilization.  
19. And all the store-cities that Solomon had and the cities of his chariots and the cities of his riders and Solomon's desire that he desired to build in Jerusalem and in Lebanon and in all the land of his sovereignty.   יט. וְאֵת כָּל עָרֵי הַמִּסְכְּנוֹת אֲשֶׁר הָיוּ לִשְׁלֹמֹה וְאֵת עָרֵי הָרֶכֶב וְאֵת עָרֵי הַפָּרָשִׁים וְאֵת | חֵשֶׁק שְׁלֹמֹה אֲשֶׁר חָשַׁק לִבְנוֹת בִּירוּשָׁלַםִ וּבַלְּבָנוֹן וּבְכֹל אֶרֶץ מֶמְשַׁלְתּוֹ:
the store-cities: cities of storehouses.  
20. All the remaining people of the Amorites, Hittites, the Perizzites, the Hivites, the Jebusites, who were not of the children of Israel.   כ. כָּל הָעָם הַנּוֹתָר מִן הָאֱמֹרִי הַחִתִּי הַפְּרִזִּי הַחִוִּי וְהַיְבוּסִי אֲשֶׁר לֹא מִבְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל הֵמָּה:
21. (Even) Their children who remained after them, in the land, whom the Children of Israel were unable to annihilate, of them did Solomon raise a levy of forced labor until this day.   כא. בְּנֵיהֶם אֲשֶׁר נֹתְרוּ אַחֲרֵיהֶם בָּאָרֶץ אֲשֶׁר לֹא יָכְלוּ בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לְהַחֲרִימָם וַיַּעֲלֵם שְׁלֹמֹה לְמַס עֹבֵד עַד הַיּוֹם הַזֶּה:
22. But of the Children of Israel, Solomon made no levy of forced labor, because they were the warriors, his servants, his officers, his commanders, and the officers of his chariots and his horsemen.   כב. וּמִבְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל לֹא נָתַן שְׁלֹמֹה עָבֶד כִּי הֵם אַנְשֵׁי הַמִּלְחָמָה וַעֲבָדָיו וְשָׂרָיו וְשָׁלִישָׁיו וְשָׂרֵי רִכְבּוֹ וּפָרָשָׁיו:
23. These were the commanders over officers who were [appointed] over Solomon's work, five hundred and fifty, who ruled over the people who engaged in the work.   כג. אֵלֶּה | שָׂרֵי הַנִּצָּבִים אֲשֶׁר עַל הַמְּלָאכָה לִשְׁלֹמֹה חֲמִשִּׁים וַחֲמֵשׁ מֵאוֹת הָרֹדִים בָּעָם הָעֹשִֹים בַּמְּלָאכָה:
These were the commanders of the officers: That is to say, those who were appointed subordinate to the officers who were in overall command.  
five hundred fifty: Three hundred of them were proselytes appointed over the 70,000 who bore burdens and the 80,000 hewers in the mountains, and the 3,300 who bore rule over the people, as stated above: “Besides Solomon’s chief officers… three thousand and three hundred” (5:30). And in II Chron. (2:1) it is stated: “six hundred.” These three hundred that are missing here (5:30), he counted there, for they were appointed over all of them. The two hundred and fifty remaining were Israelites appointed over the other laborers. In II Chron. (8:10) he counted them separately: “And these were Solomon’s chief officers two hundred fifty who bore rule over the people who did the work.”  
24. But Pharaoh's daughter came up from the City of David to her house, which Solomon had built for her, then he built the Millo.   כד. אַךְ בַּת פַּרְעֹה עָלְתָה מֵעִיר דָּוִד אֶל בֵּיתָהּ אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה לָהּ אָז בָּנָה אֶת הַמִּלּוֹא:
But Pharaoh’s daughter: who was originally in the city of David, as it is stated in the beginning of this book (3:1): “and he brought her to the city of David.”  
came up from the city of David: … In Chronicles (II 8:11) Scripture explains: “… for he said, A woman shall not live with me in the city of David (the exact wording is: ”… in the house of David, king of Israel.“) for they [the entire city and all the houses] are holy, for the Ark of the Lord was brought in to them.”  
then he built up: i.e., Solomon.  
the Millo: (See above v. 15) to build within it houses for her manservants and maidservants. Concerning this Jeroboam admonished him, saying: Your father left it open for the pilgrims, and you enclosed it to make a labor force for Pharaoh’s daughter. This is [the inference of] “But” mentioned here. But in this did Solomon sin. So have I heard. I say, however, But Pharaoh’s daughter… i.e., the above mentioned cities were necessary to build for store- cities, for chariots, for riders, and for greatness. But, the Millo he did not build for any greatness, for his father had left it for the pilgrims to pitch their tents therein, but since Pharaoh’s daughter had gone up to her house, and the Millo was adjacent to that house, then he built up the Millo.  
25. And three times in a year did Solomon offer up burnt-offerings and peace-offerings upon the altar he had built to the Lord, burning upon it incense [upon the altar] that was before the Lord, so he completed [the service of] the Temple.   כה. וְהֶעֱלָה שְׁלֹמֹה שָׁלשׁ פְּעָמִים בַּשָּׁנָה עֹלוֹת וּשְׁלָמִים עַל הַמִּזְבֵּחַ אֲשֶׁר בָּנָה לַיהֹוָה וְהַקְטֵיר אִתּוֹ אֲשֶׁר לִפְנֵי יְהֹוָה וְשִׁלַּם אֶת הַבָּיִת:
upon the altar: i.e., the altar of the Temple.  
and burning upon it, upon the altar that was before the Lord: And that incense altar that was before the Lord for the burning of incense.  
26. King Solomon made a ship in Etzion Geber, which is beside Eloth on the shore of the Red Sea, in the land of Edom.   כו. וָאֳנִי עָשָׂה הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה בְּעֶצְיוֹן גֶּבֶר אֲשֶׁר אֶת אֵלוֹת עַל שְׂפַת יַם סוּף בְּאֶרֶץ אֱדוֹם:
King Solomon made a ship: [The usual word is אֳנִיָה] a ship.  
27. And Hiram sent in ships his servants, seafarers, those navigators of the sea, with Solomon's servants.   כז. וַיִּשְׁלַח חִירָם בָּאֳנִי אֶת עֲבָדָיו אַנְשֵׁי אֳנִיּוֹת יֹדְעֵי הַיָּם עִם עַבְדֵי שְׁלֹמֹה:
28. And they came to Ophir, and obtained from there gold-four hundred and twenty talents, and delivered [it] to King Solomon.   כח. וַיָּבֹאוּ אוֹפִירָה וַיִּקְחוּ מִשָּׁם זָהָב אַרְבַּע מֵאוֹת וְעֶשְׂרִים כִּכָּר וַיָּבִאוּ אֶל הַמֶּלֶךְ שְׁלֹמֹה:
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